Muhammad Ibrahim Habsade

Muhammad Ibrahim Habsade (Somali: Maxamed Ibraahim Xaabsade) is former rebel soldier of the Rahanweyn Resistance Army, former Minister of Land and Air Transport, and current Minister of Agriculture in the Somali Transitional Federal Government. [1][2][3]

Mohamed Ibrahim Habsade was born in Toosweyne village of Berdale district of Bay region. He served in the military of Siad Barre and was located in northern region of Somalia, mainly in Hargeisa and Buro. He follows the Sufi sect of Islam, particularly Sheikh Banani Tariqah. He was among the leaders who laid the foudations of Rahanweyn Resistance Army (RRA), established in Jafay in the outskirts of Berdale district late 1995.

Prior to Aideed's invasion of Baidoa on 17 September 1995, the Leysan sub-clan of larger Rahanweyn clan were almost all the employees of the UNOSOM and the relief Service Organisation. The Al- Ahli Company, run by Aliyow Wardere from the Leysan subclan and his partner Sharif Hassan Sheikh Adan whose mother is from Leysan, had monopoly power in signing contract with the Relief Service Organisation whıch were stationed in Baidoa to offer aid to the victims of the famine which hit the area between Juba and Shabelle Regions of Somalia.

Thus most of the Relief Services Organisation employees were from the Leysan; Catholic Relief Services was a good example of this. It made the other Rahanwien subclans feel marginalised, and this prompted frequent clashes between the Leysan and Harin, Leysan and Jiron, and eventually Leysan and Eelay in September 1995. The Leysan captured the Elaay inhabited town of Buurhakaba. The Eelay elders resorted to Mohamed Farah Aidid and asked him to attack Baidoa. As a result of this Baidoa fell in the hands of Aideed on a Sunday morning on 17 September 1995. Most of the Rahanwein clans initially welcomed Aideed with the exception of the Leysan and Hadame. The Harin and Elaay sided with Aideed. The ousted leaders of the Leysan including Habsade resorted to armed resistance to free Baidoa from Aideed, and together with other Rahanwein politicians founded RRA in Jaffay and appointed Abdullahi Mohamoud Leysan (Abdullahi Tawo) the chairman.

Mr. Habsade opposed the then leader of RRA, Mr.Abdulahi Tawo. According to Habsade's view point, his subclan, Leysan, which was accused of marginalising the other subclans of Rahanwein during the presence of UNOSOM, was the target of Aideed's invasion of Baidoa. Therefore, he viewed that without the help of other Rahanwein subclans, they will not achieve their goals of liberating Baidoa. He opposed Abdullahi Tawo and worked hard to appoint Col. Hasan Muhammad Nur Shatigadud of the Harin subclan to the leadership of RRA. This move won the support he expected from other subclans, but after the liberation of Baidoa in 1999, his clan held him responsible for their third position of RRA leadership.

In 2002, Habsade, along with Sheikh Aden Madobe, who is from the Hadame clan, opposed Shatigudud when he declared himself the president of the short-lived semi-autonomous government of Shouthwestern. Habsade and Sheikh Aden Madowe then clashed a few years later, ensuing several fights within Baidoa city. Habsade's fighters, getting help from an ally named Mohamed Nur Saraonsor, another Hadame clan member, eventually ousted the militias loyal to both Sheikh Aden Madowe and Shatigadud. Habsade opposed the relocation of the TFG to Baidoa and eventually allied himself with the Mogadishu warlords.

References

  1. ^ Ismaaciil. "Somali Website Publishes Names of Newly Appointed Cabinet." Biyokulule Online. BBC, 3 Dec. 2007. Web. 11 Nov. 2010. <http://www.biyokulule.com/view_content.php?articleid=729>.
  2. ^ "IRIN Africa | SOMALIA: Talks in Kenya "on Course", Says Official | Somalia | Conflict." IRIN • Humanitarian News and Analysis from Africa, Asia and the Middle East - Updated Daily. UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs. Web. 11 Nov. 2010. <http://www.irinnews.org/report.aspx?reportid=46684>.
  3. ^ "Somalia — Central Intelligence Agency." Welcome to the CIA Web Site — Central Intelligence Agency. CIA, n.d. Web. 11 Nov. 2010. <https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/world-leaders-1/world-leaders-s/somalia.html>.

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