Doubs (department)


Doubs (department)

Infobox_Department_of_France
department=Doubs|number=25
region=Franche-Comté
prefecture=Besançon
subprefectures=Montbéliard
Pontarlier
population=499,062|pop_date=1999|pop_rank=51st|density=95
area=5234|area_scale=9
arrond=3|cantons=35|communes=594
president=Claude Jeannerot|pres_party=PS
img_coa=blason25.png

Doubs (Arpitan : "Dubs") is a department in eastern France named after the Doubs River. Its pronunciation is /du/ (the last two letters are silent).

History

As early as the 13th century, inhabitants of the northern two-thirds of Doubs spoke the Franc-Comtois language, a dialect of Langue d'Oïl. Residents of the southern third of Doubs spoke a dialect of the Arpitan language. Both languages co-existed with French, the official language of law and commerce, and continued to be spoken frequently in rural areas into the 20th century. They are both still spoken today but not on a daily basis.

Doubs was important as a portal to Switzerland through the pass at Joux. Many famous people, including Mirabeau, Toussaint Louverture and Heinrich von Kleist, were imprisoned in the Château de Joux.

Doubs is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on March 4, 1790. It was created from part of the former province of Franche-Comté. The prefecture (capital) is Besançon.

In 1793, the republic of Mandeure was added to the department, and in 1816 the principality of Montbéliard.

Victor Hugo, Gustave Courbet, and Auguste and Louis Lumière are among the famous people born in Doubs.

Geography

Doubs is part of the current region of Franche-Comté and is surrounded by the French departments of Jura, Haute-Saône, and Territoire de Belfort, and the Swiss cantons of Vaud, Neuchâtel, and Jura.

The department is dominated by the Jura mountains, which rise east of Besançon.

Demographics

The inhabitants of the department are called "Doubistes".

Tourism

The castles at Joux and Besançon are important tourist destinations.

ee also

*Cantons of the Doubs department
*Communes of the Doubs department
*Arrondissements of the Doubs department

External links

* [http://www.doubs.pref.gouv.fr/ Prefecture website]
* [http://www.cg25.fr/ General council website]
* [http://www.france-voyage.com/travel-guide/doubs.htm Doubs Tourism Guide]


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Arrondissements of the Doubs department — The 3 arrondissements of the Doubs department are: # Arrondissement of Besançon, (prefecture of the Doubs department: Besançon) with 17 cantons and 316 communes. The population of the arrondissement was 232,656 in 1990, and was 246,872 in 1999,… …   Wikipedia

  • Cantons of the Doubs department — The following is a list of the 35 cantons of the Doubs department, in France, sorted by arrondissement:Arrondissement of Besançon (17 cantons)* Amancey * Audeux * Baume les Dames * Besançon Est * Besançon Nord Est * Besançon Nord Ouest * Besançon …   Wikipedia

  • Communes of the Doubs department — The following is a list of the 594 communes of the Doubs département in France. (CAB) Communauté d agglomération du Grand Besançon, created in 2001. (CAM) Communauté d agglomération du Pays de Montbéliard, created in 2000. INSEE code Postal code …   Wikipedia

  • Doubs, Doubs — Doubs …   Wikipedia

  • Doubs (disambiguation) — Doubs may refer to: Doubs River, a river in France and Switzerland Doubs (department), a department of France Doubs, Doubs, a municipality in this department Doubs, Maryland, a place in the United States This disambiguation page lists articles… …   Wikipedia

  • Doubs — This article is about the French department. For the town in this department, see Doubs, Doubs. For other uses, see Doubs (disambiguation). Doubs   Department   …   Wikipedia

  • Doubs — /dooh/, n. 1. a river in E France, flowing into the Saône River. ab. 260 mi. (420 km) long. 2. a department in E France. 471,082; 2031 sq. mi. (5260 sq. km). Cap.: Besançon. * * * …   Universalium

  • Doubs — noun a) A river running through Switzerland and France, a tributary of the Saône. b) A department of France in the region of Franche Comté …   Wiktionary

  • Doubs — /du/ (say dooh) noun 1. a department in eastern France. 5260 km2. Capital: Besançon. 2. a river in eastern France, flowing into the Saône River. About 435 km …   Australian English dictionary

  • Doubs — /dooh/, n. 1. a river in E France, flowing into the Saône River. ab. 260 mi. (420 km) long. 2. a department in E France. 471,082; 2031 sq. mi. (5260 sq. km). Cap.: Besançon …   Useful english dictionary


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