- Doubs (department)
Arpitan: "Dubs") is a department in eastern Francenamed after the Doubs River. Its pronunciation is /du/ (the last two letters are silent).
As early as the 13th century, inhabitants of the northern two-thirds of Doubs spoke the
Franc-Comtois language, a dialect of Langue d'Oïl. Residents of the southern third of Doubs spoke a dialect of the Arpitan language. Both languages co-existed with French, the official language of law and commerce, and continued to be spoken frequently in rural areas into the 20th century. They are both still spoken today but not on a daily basis.
Doubs was important as a portal to
Switzerlandthrough the pass at Joux. Many famous people, including Mirabeau, Toussaint Louvertureand Heinrich von Kleist, were imprisoned in the Château de Joux.
Doubs is one of the original 83 departments created during the
French Revolutionon March 4, 1790. It was created from part of the former province of Franche-Comté. The prefecture (capital) is Besançon.
In 1793, the republic of
Mandeurewas added to the department, and in 1816 the principality of Montbéliard. Victor Hugo, Gustave Courbet, and Auguste and Louis Lumièreare among the famous people born in Doubs.
The department is dominated by the
Jura mountains, which rise east of Besançon.
The inhabitants of the department are called "Doubistes".
The castles at Joux and
Besançonare important tourist destinations.
Cantons of the Doubs department
Communes of the Doubs department
Arrondissements of the Doubs department
* [http://www.doubs.pref.gouv.fr/ Prefecture website]
* [http://www.cg25.fr/ General council website]
* [http://www.france-voyage.com/travel-guide/doubs.htm Doubs Tourism Guide]
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Arrondissements of the Doubs department — The 3 arrondissements of the Doubs department are: # Arrondissement of Besançon, (prefecture of the Doubs department: Besançon) with 17 cantons and 316 communes. The population of the arrondissement was 232,656 in 1990, and was 246,872 in 1999,… … Wikipedia
Cantons of the Doubs department — The following is a list of the 35 cantons of the Doubs department, in France, sorted by arrondissement:Arrondissement of Besançon (17 cantons)* Amancey * Audeux * Baume les Dames * Besançon Est * Besançon Nord Est * Besançon Nord Ouest * Besançon … Wikipedia
Communes of the Doubs department — The following is a list of the 594 communes of the Doubs département in France. (CAB) Communauté d agglomération du Grand Besançon, created in 2001. (CAM) Communauté d agglomération du Pays de Montbéliard, created in 2000. INSEE code Postal code … Wikipedia
Doubs, Doubs — Doubs … Wikipedia
Doubs (disambiguation) — Doubs may refer to: Doubs River, a river in France and Switzerland Doubs (department), a department of France Doubs, Doubs, a municipality in this department Doubs, Maryland, a place in the United States This disambiguation page lists articles… … Wikipedia
Doubs — This article is about the French department. For the town in this department, see Doubs, Doubs. For other uses, see Doubs (disambiguation). Doubs Department … Wikipedia
Doubs — /dooh/, n. 1. a river in E France, flowing into the Saône River. ab. 260 mi. (420 km) long. 2. a department in E France. 471,082; 2031 sq. mi. (5260 sq. km). Cap.: Besançon. * * * … Universalium
Doubs — noun a) A river running through Switzerland and France, a tributary of the Saône. b) A department of France in the region of Franche Comté … Wiktionary
Doubs — /du/ (say dooh) noun 1. a department in eastern France. 5260 km2. Capital: Besançon. 2. a river in eastern France, flowing into the Saône River. About 435 km … Australian English dictionary
Doubs — /dooh/, n. 1. a river in E France, flowing into the Saône River. ab. 260 mi. (420 km) long. 2. a department in E France. 471,082; 2031 sq. mi. (5260 sq. km). Cap.: Besançon … Useful english dictionary