- Expressways of China
The Expressway Network of the People's Republic of China (simplified Chinese: 中国高速网; traditional Chinese: 中國高速網; pinyin: Zhōngguó gāosùwǎng) is one of the longest in the world. The network is also known as National Trunk Highway System (NTHS). The total length of China's expressways was 74,000 kilometres (46,000 mi) at the end of 2010, the world's second longest only after the United States and slightly longer than the total expressway length in the European Union. In 2010, 9,816 kilometres (6,099 mi) of expressways were added to the network. The length of China's expressway system is expected to surpass that of the Interstate Highway System in 2011, but will remain shorter than that country's National Highway System.
Expressways in China are a fairly recent addition to a complex network of roads. China's first expressway was built in 1988. Until 1993, very few expressways existed. One of the earliest expressways nationwide was the Jingshi Expressway between Beijing and Shijiazhuang in Hebei province. This expressway now forms part of the Jingzhu Expressway, currently one of the longest expressways nationwide at over 2,000 km.
Originally, China had been carrying out an ambitious plan to build up a 35,000 kilometer national trunk highway system. Construction of expressways began in 1988 and the network had been scheduled to be complete in 2020. The scale of the project can be seen by the fact that on January 1, 1989, the PRC had 147 km of freeways, but by January 1, 2008, it had 53,600 km of freeway, about 8,000 km of which were built in 2007. The main objective of the NTHS was to construct 12 high standard trunk roads: five longitudinal roads and seven latitudinal roads. 70% of the trunk roads are expressways. This project was completed by the end of 2007, 13 years ahead of the original plan. By the end of 2007, there were already 3.57 million km of highways, which includes 53,600 km (33,300 mi) of expressways. Design standards for China's National Trunk Highway System are derived from the standards used on the American Interstate Highway System, with Chinese expressway cross-sections, interchange profiles, and bridge designs closely reflecting their counterparts in the United States.
On January 13, 2005, it was announced by Zhang Chunxian, minister of communications, that China would build a network of 85,000 km expressways over the next three decades, connecting all provincial capitals and cities with a population of over 200,000. Of this total length, 68,000 km are trunk roads and 17,000 km are 5 regional ring roads. There are also 2 parallel routes and more than 30 connecting links. 32,000 km of expressway are to be built in central and western regions.
Historical development of expressway length in Mainland China
Historical Development of Expressway Length in Mainland China Year Distance (KM) 01-01-1988 0 01-01-1989 147 km (91 mi) 01-01-1990 271 km (168 mi) 01-01-1991 522 km (324 mi) 01-01-1992 574 km (357 mi) 01-01-1993 652 km (405 mi) 01-01-1994 1,145 km (711 mi) 01-01-1995 1,603 km (996 mi) 01-01-1996 2,141 km (1,330 mi) 01-01-1997 3,422 km (2,126 mi) 01-01-1998 4,771 km (2,965 mi) 01-01-1999 8,733 km (5,426 mi) 01-01-2000 11,605 km (7,211 mi) 01-01-2001 16,314 km (10,137 mi) 01-01-2002 19,453 km (12,088 mi) 01-01-2003 25,200 km (15,700 mi) 01-01-2004 29,800 km (18,500 mi) 01-01-2005 34,300 km (21,300 mi) 01-01-2006 41,005 km (25,479 mi) 01-01-2007 45,339 km (28,172 mi) 01-01-2008 53,913 km (33,500 mi) 01-01-2009 60,436 km (37,553 mi) 01-01-2010 65,065 km (40,430 mi) 01-01-2011 74,000 km (46,000 mi) 01-01-2016 108,000 km (67,000 mi)
The total costs of the national expressway network are estimated to be 2 trillion yuan (some 240 billion US dollars). From 2005 to 2010, the annual investment was planned to run from 140 billion yuan (17 billion US dollars) to 150 billion yuan (18 billion US dollars), while from 2010 to 2020, the annual investment planned is to be around 100 billion yuan (12 billion US dollars).
The construction fund will come from vehicle purchase tax, fees and taxes collected by local governments, state bonds, domestic investment and foreign investment. Unlike other freeway systems, almost all of the roads on the NTHS/"7918 Network" are toll roads that are largely financed by private companies under contract from provincial governments. The private companies raise money through bond and stock offerings and recover money through tolls.
Efforts to impose a national gasoline tax to finance construction of the tollways met with opposition and it has been very difficult for both the Communist Party of China and the State Council to pass such a tax through the National People's Congress of China.
Neither officially named "motorway" nor "highway", the PRC used to call these roads "freeways". In this sense, the word "free" means that the traffic is free-flowing; that is, cross traffic is grade separated and the traffic on the freeway is not impeded by traffic control devices like traffic lights and stop signs. However, many misinterpret "free" as meaning "no cost", and this may be misleading because most of the expressways charge tolls. Sometime in the 1990s, "expressways" became the standardised term.
Note that "highways" refers to China National Highways, which are not expressways at all.
"Express routes" exist too; they are akin to expressways but are mainly inside cities. The "express route" name is a derivation of the Chinese name kuaisu gonglu (compare with expressway, gaosu gonglu). Officially, "expressway" is used for both expressways and express routes, which is also the standard used here.
The names of the individual expressways regularly are composed by two characters representing start and end of expressway, e.g. "Jingcheng" expressway is the expressway between "Jing" (meaning Beijing) and Chengde.
Expressway speed limits
The Road Traffic Safety Law of the People's Republic of China has raised the speed limit nationwide from 110 km/h to 120 km/h (75 mph), effective May 1, 2004. It may still take some time for local expressways to raise the speed limit accordingly.
A minimum speed limit is in force, of 70 km/h. On overtaking lanes, however, this could be as high as 100 km/h to 110 km/h. Penalties for driving both below and in excess of the prescribed speed limits are in force.
Only motor vehicles are allowed to enter expressways. As of May 1, 2004, "new drivers" (i.e., those with a PRC driver's licence for less than a year) are allowed on expressways, something that was prohibited from the mid-1990s.
Overtaking on the right, speeding, and illegal use of the emergency belt (or hard shoulder) cost violators stiff penalties.
Expressways in China are signed in both Simplified Chinese and English (except for parts of the Jingshi Expressway, which relies only on Chinese characters, and some provinces, in Inner Mongolia for example signs are in Mongolian and Chinese). This sharply reduces the language barrier; however, very few toll officials at toll gates speak English.
The signs on Chinese expressways use white lettering on a green background, like Japanese highways, Swiss autobahns and United States freeways. Newer signage places the exit number in an exit tab to the upper right of the sign, making them very similar in appearance to American freeway signs.
Exits are well signed, with signs far ahead of exits. There are frequent signs that announce the next three exits. At each exit, there is a sign with the distance to the next exit. Exit signs are also posted 3000 m, 2000 m, 1000 m, and 500 m ahead of the exit, immediately before the exit, and at the exit itself.
Service areas and refreshment areas are standard on some of the older, more established expressways, and are expanding in number. Gas stations are frequent.
Signs indicate exits, toll gates, service/refreshment areas, intersections, and also warn about keeping a fair distance apart. "Distance checks" are commonplace; the idea here is to keep the two second rule (or, as PRC law requires, at least a 100 m distance between cars). Speed checks and speed traps are often signposted (in fact, on the Jingshen Expressway in the Beijing section, even the cameras have a warning sign above them), but some may just be scarecrow signs. Signs urging drivers to slow down, warning about hilly terrain, banning driving in emergency lanes, or about different road surfaces are also present. Also appearing from time to time are signs signaling the overtaking lane (which legally should only be used to pass other cars). Although most English signs are comprehensible, occasionally the English is garbled.
Some, if not most, expressways have digital displays. These displays may advise against speeding, indicate upcoming road construction, warn of traffic jams, or alert drivers to rain. Recommended detours are also signaled. The great majority of messages are only in Chinese.
Expressway exit numbering
Exit numbering has been standard in China from virtually day one, while some other nations are just catching on (e.g. Switzerland only in 2002). Most Chinese expressways, especially those in the national network, use distance-based exit numbering, with the last three numbers before the decimal point taken used as the exit number. Hence, an exit present at km 982.7 would be Exit 982, whereas an exit at km 3,121.2 would be Exit 121.
Mostly regional expressways still use sequential exit numbering, although even here, new signage feature distance-based exit numbering. Before the 2009–2010 numbering switchover, nearly all of China's expressways used sequential numbering, and a few expressways used Chinese names outright.
The exit is written inside an oval in green letters to the immediate right of the Chinese word for exit, "出口" (chukou).
Expressway tolls and financing
Nearly all expressways charge tolls. Tolls are roughly around CNY 0.5 per kilometre, and minimum rates (e.g. CNY 5) usually apply regardless of distance. However, some are more expensive (the Jinji Expressway costs around CNY 0.66 per kilometre) and some are less expensive (the Jingshi Expressway in Beijing costs around CNY 0.33 per kilometre). It is noteworthy that cheaper expressways do not necessarily mean poorer roads or a greater risk of traffic congestion.
Expressway planning is performed by the Ministry of Transportation of the People's Republic of China. Unlike the road networks in most nations, most Chinese expressways are not directly owned by the state, but rather are owned by for-profit corporations (which have varying amounts of public and private ownership) which borrow money from banks or securities markets based on revenue from projected tollways. One reason for this is that Chinese provinces, which are responsible for road building, have extremely limited powers to tax and even fewer powers to borrow.
Expressway construction has also been one of the rare instances in which the Communist Party of China and the State Council has had to back down on a major policy initiative. During the late-1990s, there were proposals to fund public highways by means of a fuel tax, but this was voted down by the National People's Congress.
Most expressways use a card system. Upon entrance to an expressway (or to a toll portion of the expressway), an entry card is handed over to the driver. The tolls to be paid are determined from the distance traveled when the driver hands the entry card back to the exit toll gate upon leaving the expressway. A small number of expressways do not use a card system but charge unitary fares. Passage through these expressways is relatively faster but it is economically less advantageous. An example of such an expressway would be the Jingtong Expressway.
China is increasingly deploying a system of ETC systems, and in the latest edition of expressway toll gate signage, a new ETC sign is now shown at an increasing number of toll gates. ETC networks based around Beijing , Shanghai  and Guangdong province  all feature either mixed toll passages supporting toll card payment or full-service dedicated ETC lanes. Beijing, in particular, has a dedicated ETC lane at almost all toll gates.
City transit cards are not widely used; one of the first experiments with the Beijing Yikatong Card on what is now the Jingzang Expressway (G6) went live for only a year before a new national standard replaced it in early 2008.
Numeric System and List by number
A previous system, the 1992 "five vertical + seven horizontal expressways" system, was used for arterial expressways and were, in essence, G0-series expressways (e.g. G020, G025). This was replaced by the present-day new numeric system (see below).
New Numbering System
A new system, which dates from 2004 and began use on a nationwide level beginning late 2009 and early 2010, integrates itself into the present-day G-series number system. The present-day network, termed the 7918 Network (also known as the National Trunk Highway System (NTHS)), uses one, two or four digits in the G-series numbering system, leaving three-figured G roads as the China National Highways.
The new 7918 Network is composed of
- 7 radial expressways leaving Beijing (G1-G7)
- 9 vertical expressways going north to south (double digit G roads with numbers ending in an odd numeral)
- 18 horizontal expressways head west to east (double digit G roads with numbers ending in an even numeral)
The network is additionally composed of connection expressways as well as regional and metropolitan ring expressways.
On a nationwide basis, expressways use the G prefix (short for "guojia" or "nation" in Chinese), as well as the character "国家高速" (National Expressway, white letters on a red stripe on top of the sign). For regional expressways, the prefix S (short for "shengji" or "province-level") is used instead, as well as the one-character abbreviation of the province and "高速" (expressway, black letters on an orange-yellow stripe on top of the sign.) The same numbering system is used for both national and regional expressways.
- All expressways in this network begin with the letter G. (For regional expressways, the letter S is used instead.)
- All expressways have a thin band on top of the sign. For national expressways, this will be red; for regional expressways, it will be orange-yellow.
- For radial expressways leaving from or ending in Beijing, use a single digit from 1 to 9 (e.g. G1, G2).
- For north-south expressways, use an odd number from 11-89 (e.g. G13, G35).
- For west-east expressways, use an even number from 10-90 (e.g. G30, G46).
- For regional expressways in the 7918 network, use numbers from 91-99 (e.g. G91, G93)
- Note: G99 or the Taiwan Ring Expressway is currently a theoretical expressway based in Taiwan Province, which is claimed by the People's Republic of China, but is actually administered by the Republic of China. (In additional, the ROC has not built the eastern half as an expressway.) See Political status of Taiwan. See also Highway System in Taiwan for the current Republic of China-maintained Taiwan freeway system, which uses a different numbering system.
- For the parallel expressways running alongside primary expressways, add the direction signal "W", "E", "N", "S" after the primary expressway number (e.g. G4W).
- For connection expressways, use "1" plus an order number after the main line (e.g. G1511).
- For city ring expressways, use "0" plus an order number after the main line number, starting from the smallest possible number.
Number and Name Origin Terminus Length
Notes Radial Expressways from Beijing G1 Beijing–Harbin Expressway Beijing Harbin 1,280 km (800 mi) G2 Beijing–Shanghai Expressway Beijing Shanghai 1,245 km (774 mi) G3 Beijing–Taipei Expressway Beijing Fuzhou (Taipei) 2,030 mi (3,270 km) See also Political Status of Taiwan. G4 Beijing–Hong Kong–Macau Expressway Beijing Hong Kong–Mainland China border 2,285 km (1,420 mi) Extends into Shenzhen section of Hong Kong Route 10 and connects other expressways in Hong Kong. Hong Kong is a special administrative region of China. G4W Guangzhou–Macau Expressway Guangzhou Macau–Mainland China border Connects to Macau's roads. Macao is a special administrative region of China. G5 Beijing–Kunming Expressway Beijing Kunming 2865 G6 Beijing–Lhasa Expressway Beijing Lhasa 3710 G7 Beijing–Ürümqi Expressway Beijing Ürümqi 2540 North–South Expressways G11 Hegang–Dalian Expressway Hegang Dalian 1390 G1111 Hegang–Harbin Expressway Hegang Harbin G1112 Ji’an–Shuangliao Expressway Ji'an Shuangliao G1113 Dandong–Fuxin Expressway Dandong Fuxin G15 Shenyang–Haikou Expressway Shenyang Haikou 3710 G15W Changshu–Taizhou Expressway Changshu Taizhou G1511 Rizhao–Lankao Expressway Rizhao Lankao G1512 Ningbo–Jinhua Expressway Ningbo Jinhua G1513 Wenzhou–Lishui Expressway Wenzhou Lishui G1514 Ningde–Shangrao Expressway Ningde Shangrao G25 Changchun–Shenzhen Expressway Changchun Shenzhen 3580 G2511 Xinmin–Lubei Expressway Xinmin Lubei, Jarud Banner G2512 Fuxin–Jinzhou Expressway Fuxin Jinzhou G2513 Huai'an–Xuzhou Expressway Huai'an Xuzhou G35 Jinan–Guangzhou Expressway Jinan Guangzhou 2110 G45 Daqing–Guangzhou Expressway Daqing Guangzhou 3550 G4511 Longnan–Heyuan Expressway Longnan Heyuan G55 Erenhot–Guangzhou Expressway Erenhot Guangzhou 2685 G5511 Jining–Arun Expressway Jining Arun (Arong) Banner G5512 Jincheng–Xinxiang Expressway Jincheng Xinxiang G5513 Changsha–Zhangjiajie Expressway Changsha Zhangjiajie G65 Baotou–Maoming Expressway Baotou Maoming 3130 G75 Lanzhou–Haikou Expressway Lanzhou Haikou 2570 G7511 Qinzhou–Dongxing Expressway Qinzhou Dongxing Connects Vietnamese expressway to Hanoi, Vietnam G85 Chongqing–Kunming Expressway Chongqing Kunming 838 G8511 Kunming–Mohan Expressway Kunming Mohan, Xishuangbanna Dai Autonomous Prefecture Part of the Kunming-Bangkok Expressway via Laos and Thailand to Bangkok East–West Expressways G10 Suifenhe–Manzhouli Expressway Suifenhe Manzhouli 1520 Two terminal are both boundary cities. Connects the expressway in Russia and Mongolia G1011 Harbin–Tongjiang Expressway Harbin Tongjiang, Heilongjiang G12 Huichun–Ulanhot Expressway Huichun Ulanhot 885 Connects the expressways in North Korea G1211 Jilin–Heihe Expressway Jilin City Heihe Connects the expressways in Russia G1212 Shenyang–Jilin Expressway Shenyang Jilin City G16 Dandong–Xilinhot Expressway Dandong Xilinhot 960 G18 Rongcheng–Wuhai Expressway Rongcheng, Shandong Wuhai 1820 G1811 Huanghua–Shijiazhuang Expressway Huanghua, Hebei Shijiazhuang G20 Qingdao–Yinchuan Expressway Qingdao Yinchuan 1600 G2011 Qingxin Expressway Qingdao Xinhe County, Hebei G2012 Dingwu Expressway Dingbian Wuwei G22 Qingdao–Lanzhou Expressway Qingdao Lanzhou 1795 G30 Lianyungang–Khorgas Expressway Lianyungang Khorgas 4280 G3011 Liuyuan–Golmud Expressway Liuyuan, Guazhou County, Jiuquan Golmud G3012 Turpan–Hotan Expressway Turpan Hotan G3013 Kashgar–Irkeshtam Expressway Kashgar Irkeshtam Connects to Kyrgyzstan G3014 Kuytun–Aksu Expressway Kuytun Aksu G3015 Kuytun–Tacheng Expressway Kuytun Tacheng Connects Kazakh expressways G3016 Qingshuihe–Ghulja Expressway Qingshuihe Yining G36 Nanjing–Luoyang Expressway Nanjing Luoyang 712 G40 Shanghai–Xi'an Expressway Shanghai Xi'an 1490 G4011 Yangzhou–Liyang Expressway Yangzhou Liyang G42 Shanghai–Chengdu Expressway Shanghai Chengdu 1960 G4211 Nanjing–Wuhu Expressway Nanjing Wuhu G4212 Hefei–Anqing Expressway Hefei Anqing G50 Shanghai–Chongqing Expressway Shanghai Chongqing 1900 G5011 Wuhu–Hefei Expressway Wuhu Hefei G56 Hangzhou–Ruili Expressway Hangzhou Ruili 3405 Connects Burmese expressways G5611 Dali–Lijiang Expressway Dali Lijiang G60 Shanghai–Kunming Expressway Shanghai Kunming 2370 G70 Fuzhou–Yinchuan Expressway Fuzhou Yinchuan 2485 G7011 Shiyan–Tianshui Expressway Shiyan Tianshui G72 Quanzhou–Nanning Expressway Quanzhou Nanning 1635 G7211 Nanning–Youyiguan Expressway Nanning Youyiguan Connects Vietnamese expressways G76 Xiamen–Chengdu Expressway Xiamen Chengdu 2295 G78 Shantou–Kunming Expressway Shantou Kunming 1710 G80 Guangzhou–Kunming Expressway Guangzhou Kunming 1610 G8011 Kaiyuan–Hekou Expressway Kaiyuan Hekou County, Yunnan Connects Vietnamese expressways Zonal Ring Expressways G91 Liaozhong Ring Expressway Liaozhong Liaozhong Interconnects Tieling, Fushun, Benxi, Liaoyang,
Liaozhong, Xinmin, Tieling
G92 Hangzhou Bay Ring Expressway Shanghai Ningbo Interconnects Shanghai, Hangzhou, Ningbo G9211 Ningbo–Zhoushan Expressway Ningbo Zhoushan Interconnects Ningbo and Zhoushan G93 Chengdu–Chongqing Ring Expressway Chengdu Chengdu Interconnects Chengdu, Mianyang, Suining, Chongqing,
Hejiang, Luzhou, Yibin, Leshan, Yaan, and Chengdu
G94 Pearl River Delta Ring Expressway Hong Kong-Mainland China border Hong Kong-Mainland China border Interconnects Shenzhen, Zhuhai, Zhongshan, Jiangmen, Foshan, Huadu, Zengcheng and Dongguan of mainland China,
Hong Kong and
G9411 Dongguan–Foshan Expressway Dongguan Foshan Interconnects Dongguan, Humen, Foshan G98 Hainan Ring Expressway Haikou Haikou Interconnects Haikou, Qionghai, Sanya, Dongfang, Haikou G99 Taiwan Ring Expressway (observed)
TNH 1, TPH 1 [Kaohsiung-Fangshan],
TPH 9 [Fangshan-Luodong], & TNH 5 (counter clockwise)
Taipei Taipei Connects Taipei, Taichung, Kaoshiung, Taitung, Hualien, Taipei together
This is a theoretical expressway listed by the People's Republic of China.
Taiwan Province is currently administered by the Republic of China.
See Political Status of Taiwan. See also Highway System in Taiwan for the
current Republic of China-maintained Taiwan freeway system, which uses a different numbering system.
List of expressways in China
Municipalities: All expressways are ordered by direction (starting from the north, in west-to-east direction).
Other Regions: All expressways are ordered alphabetically.
Radial Expressways - Beijing
- Badaling Expressway (Madian - Kangzhuang)
- Jingcheng Expressway (Taiyonggong/Wanghe Bridge - Gaoliying)
- Airport Expressway (Sanyuanqiao - Beijing Capital International Airport)
- Jingtong Expressway (Dawangqiao - Balizhuang/Ximazhuang)
- Jingha Expressway (Tongzhou District Beiguan Roundabout - Yanjiao (Hebei))
- Jingshen Expressway (Sifang Bridge - Shenyang (Liaoning)
- Jingjintang Expressway (Fenzhongsi - TEDA (Tianjin)
Expressways under construction
- Jingcheng Expressway (Gaoliying - Chengde, under construction as of 2004)
- Airport Expressway (Northern Approach Route and 2nd Expressway, under construction as of 2004)
- Northern Jingjin Expressway (Tongzhou - Tianjin, under construction as of 2004)
- Litian Expressway
- Jingji Expressway (Jingping Expressway)
- Southern Jingjin Expressway
- Jingbao Expressway
Radial Expressways - Tianjin
- Jinji Expressway
- Tangjin Expressway
- Jinghu Expressway
- Baojin Expressway
- Jingjintang Expressway
- Jinbin Expressway
Radial Expressways - Shanghai
- Huhang Expressway (A8) (Xinzhuang Interchange - Hangzhou)
- Huning Expressway (A11) (Zhenbei Road Interchange - Nanjing)
- A9 Expressway (Waihuan Huqingping Interchange - Qingpu - Zhujiajiao)
- A12 Expressway (Wenshui Road - Jiading - Taicang)
- A4 Expressway (Xinzhuang Interchange - Fengxian - Jinshan)
- A5 Expressway
- A30 Expressway (Suburb circular expressway, partly G010 National Highway)
Radial Expressways - Chongqing
- Changwan Expressway
- Yufu Expressway
- Yuqian Expressway
- Chengyu Expressway
- Baojin Expressway
- Jinghu Expressway
- Jingjintang Expressway
- Jingshen Expressway
- Jingshi Expressway
- Jingzhang Expressway
- Shian Expressway
- Shicang Expressway
- Tangjin Expressway
- Tanggang Expressway
- Xuanda Expressway
Expressways under construction
- Chengtang Expressway
- Zhangshi Expressway
- Yanhai Expressway
- Qinghong Expressway
- Huning Expressway (Shanghai - Nanjing)
- Yanjiang Expressway (Taicang - Changzhou)
- Ningtong Expressway (Nanjing - Nantong)
- Ningma Expressway (Nanjing - Maanshan)
- Ningjingyan Expressway (Nanjing - Jingjiang - Yancheng)
- Yanlian Expressway (Yancheng - Lianyungang)
- Changtai Expressway(Zhejiang section) (Jiaxing - Shaoxing - Taizhou)
- Changshen Expressway(Zhejiang section) (Hangzhou - Jinhua - Lishui)
- Hangrui Expressway(Zhejiang section) (Hangzhou)
- Hangzhou Bay Ring Expressway(Zhejiang section) (Jiaxing - Hangzhou - Shaoxing - Ningbo)
- Hangzhou Ring Expressway (Hangzhou)
- Hukun Expressway(Zhejiang section) (Jiaxing - Hangzhou)
- Huyu Expressway(Zhejiang section) (Huzhou)
- Jingtai Expressway(Zhejiang section) (Quzhou)
- Ningbo Ring Expressway (Ningbo)
- Shenhai Expressway(Zhejiang section) (Jiaxing - Ningbo - Taizhou - Wenzhou)
- Wenli Expressway (Wenzhou - Lishui)
- Wenzhou Ring Expressway (Wenzhou)
- Yongjin Expressway (Ningbo - Jinhua)
- Yongzhou Expressway (Ningbo - Zhoushan)
- Ganyue Expressway
- Hurui Expressway
- Changjiu Expressway
- Jingfu Expressway
- Airport Expressway (Jianghan District, Wuhan - Huangpi District, Wuhan)
- G70 Fuyin Expressway (Huangmei County, Huanggang - Yunxi County, Shiyan)
- Hanshi Expressway (Huangpi District, Wuhan - Zhangwan District, Shiyan)
- Xiaoxiang Expressway (Xiaonan District, Xiaogan - Xiangyang District, Xiangfan)
- Huangxiao Expressway (Huangmei County, Huanggang)
- Shiman Expressway (Zhangwan District, Shiyan - Yunxi County, Shiyan)
- Wuhuang Expressway (Hongshan District, Wuhan - Huangshigang District, Huangshi)
- Hanshi Expressway (Huangpi District, Wuhan - Zhangwan District, Shiyan)
- Hancai Expressway (Hanyang District, Wuhan - Caidian District, Wuhan)
- Han'e Expressway (Qingshan District, Wuhan - Hongshan District, Wuhan)
- Hanhong Expressway (Hanyang District, Wuhan - Hannan District, Wuhan)
- Hanhuang Expressway (Jiang'an District, Wuhan - Huangpi District, Wuhan)
- Hanma Expressway (Huangpi District, Wuhan - Hong'an County, Huanggang)
- Hanyi Expressway (Caidian District, Wuhan - Xiling District, Yichang)
- Huanghuang Expressway (Huangshigang District, Huangshi - Huangmei County, Huanggang)
- Jingdong Expressway (Jingzhou District, Jingzhou - Gong'an County, Jingzhou)
- Jingxiang Expressway (Jingzhou District, Jingzhou - Xiangyang District, Xiangfan)
- Jingzhu Expressway (Dawu County, Xiaogan - Chibi City, Xianning)
- Qingzheng Expressway (Hongshan District, Wuhan - Jiangxia District, Wuhan)
- Wuhan Middle Ring Expressway
- Wuhan Outer Ring Expressway (some parts concurrent with G4 Jinggang'ao Expressway, G42 Hurong Expressway, G50 Huyu Expressway, G70 Fuyin Expressway)
Expressways under construction
- G42 Hurong Expressway (Yingshan County, Huanggang - Badong County, Enshi)
- Hanying Expressway (Jiang'an District, Wuhan - Yingshan County, Huanggang)
- Suiyue Expressway (Zengdu District, Suizhou - Jianli County, Jingzhou)
- Guangfo Expressway
- Guangshen Expressway
- Guangsan Expressway
- Guangqing Expressway
- Guangzhan Expressway
- Guanghui Expressway
- Guangwu Expressway
- Shenshan Expressway
- Haiwen expressway
- Hainan Ring Expressway
- Yusan Expressway
- Sankai Expressway
- Kaima Expressway
- Guixin Expressway
- Qingzhen Expressway
- Zhensheng Expressway
- Chongzun Expressway
- Guizun Expressway
- Guibi Expressway
- Guanxing Expressway
- Liuhuang Expressway
- Yutong Expressway
- Guiyang City Ring Expressway
- Kunming-Bangkok Expressway
- Kunshi Expressway
- Xiyu Expressway
- Xihan Expressway
- Hanning Expressway
- Wuzi Expressway
- Zijing Expressway
- Jingwang Expressway
- Shaanxi section of Qinglan Expressway
- Xitong Expressway
- Xibao Expressway
- Xilan Expressway
- Shanmeng Expressway
- Yujing Expressway
- Jingan Expressway
- Huangyan Expressway
- Xihuang Expressway
- Xizha Expressway
- Xilan Expressway
- Yongxian Expressway
- Yongchang Expressway
- Shaanxi section of Dingwu Expressway
- Xi'an City Ring Expressway
- Shaanxi section of Shitian Expressway
- Xi'an Airport Expressway
- Tongfeng Expressway
- Liubai Expressway
- Bailan Expressway
- Lanhai Expressway
- Gansu section of Jingxin Expressway
- Tianding Expressway
- Dinglan Expressway
- Liuzhong Expressway
- Yinzhong Expressway
- Shuxu Expressway
- Xugu Expressway
- Guyong Expressway
- Yongshan Expressway
- Shanlin Expressway
- Linqing Expressway
- Qingjia Expressway
- Jia'an Expressway
- Gansu section of Fuyin Expressway
- Lanlin Expressway
- Gansu section of Dingwu Expressway
- Gansu section of Liuge Expressway
- Gansu section of Shitian Expressway
- Yinzhong Expressway
- Maping Expressway
- Pingxi Expressway
- Xihuang Expressway
- Qinghai section of Liuge Expressway
- Xita Expressway
- Ningda Expressway
- Ping'a Expressway
Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region
- Jilao Expressway
- Huji Expressway
- Hubao Expressway
- Baoli Expressway
- Liwu Expressway
- Inner Mongolia section of Jingxin Expressway
- Inner Mongolia section of Suiman Expressway
- Inner Mongolia section of Hunwu Expressway
- Chida Expressway
- G109 Highway
- Chitong Expressway
- Baijifeng Expressway
- Baodong Expressway
- Dongsu Expressway
- Tonglu Northwest Ring
- Inner Mongolia section of Ji'a Expressway
- Hohhot City Ring Expressway
- Huzhun Expressway
Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region
- Guiliu Expressway
- Liunan Expressway
- Nanwu Expressway
- Nanbai Expressway
- Nanyou Expressway
- Tibet section of Jingzang Expressway
Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region
- Yinchuan City Ring Expressway
- Ningxia section of Jingzang Expressway
- Ningxia section of Qingyin Expressway
- Ningxia section of Qinglan Expressway
- Ningxia section of Fuyin Expressway
- Ningxia section of Dingwu Expressway
Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region
- Xinjiang section of Jingxin Expressway
- Tuwu Expressway
- Wuda Expressway
- Wukui Expressway
- Kuisai Expressway
- Saihuo Expressway
- Tuhe Expressway
- Heku Expressway
- Xinjiang section of Tuhe Expressway
- Xinjiang section of Kuia Expressway
- Xinjiang section of Kuita Expressway
- Xinjiang section of Qingyi Expressway
- Wuda Expressway
- Ürümqi/Wulumuqi Airport Expressway
- ^ "China’s Highway Network Expands to 74,000 Kilometers". ChinaAutoWeb.com. http://chinaautoweb.com/2010/12/chinas-highway-network-expands-74000-kilometers/.
- ^ http://www.transdata.com.cn/info/infocontent.aspx?infoid=25620
- ^ China Expressway System to Exceed US Interstates, newgeography.com, Feb 10, 2011
- ^ a b National highway target set for year
- ^ http://www.stats.gov.cn/english/statisticaldata/yearlydata
- ^ Wang, Chongxu; Yuancheng Peng, Yinbo Liu (January 2009). "Crossing the Limits". Civil Engineering (Reston, Virginia: American Society of Civil Engineers) 79 (1): 64–69, 79–80. ISSN 0885-7024. http://pubs.asce.org/magazines/CEMag/2009/Issue_01-09/.
- ^ "365条ETC车道开通，基本实现全市收费站点全覆盖". 北京快通高速路电子收费系统有限公司. 2010-04-29. http://www.bjetc.cn/ETC_ASPX/N_XinWen_ZW.aspx?ID=117. Retrieved 2010-08-03.
- ^ "北京八达岭高速"速通卡"将停止使用". 京华时报. 2008-01-03. http://news.sohu.com/20080103/n254426805.shtml. Retrieved 2010-08-03.
Transport in the People's Republic of China History · Proposed public transport Government agencies Road RailHistory (Eastern-Qing · South Manchuria · Narrow-gauge) · Passenger rail · China Railways · High-speed (Wuhan-Guangzhou · Beijing-Tianjin · Qinhuangdao-Shenyang · Guangzhou-Shenzhen) · Lines (Beijing-Harbin · Beijing-Shanghai · Beijing-Hong Kong · Beijing-Guangzhou · Lanzhou-Lianyungang · Lanzhou-Xinjiang · Qinghai-Tibet) · Locomotives · Stations · Rapid transit systems · Maglev WaterCanals Aviation Other topicsTransport by province / city · * / * · Bridges · Tunnels · Chinese New Year Transit · Disasters Expressways of the National Trunk Highway System of ChinaRadial Expressways - Beijing PrimaryG1 • G2 • G3 • G4 • G5 • G6 • G7 BranchNorth-South Expressways PrimaryG11 • G15 • G25 • G35 • G45 • G55 • G65 • G75 • G85 Branch AuxiliaryEast-West Expressways PrimaryG10 • G12 • G16 • G18 • G20 • G22 • G30 • G36 • G40 • G42 • G50 • G56 • G60 • G70 • G72 • G76 • G78 • G80 AuxiliaryRegional Ring Expressways PrimaryG91 • G92 • G93 • G94 • G98 • G99 (observed) AuxiliaryCity Ring Expressways RingCategories:
- Expressways in China
- Roads in the People's Republic of China
- Limited-access roads by country
- Full access controlled highways by country
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