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Coordinates: Country Brazil Region Southeast State São Paulo Founded April 9, 1833 Government - Mayor Marcia Rosa (PT) Area - Total 142.281 km2 (54.9 sq mi) Elevation 4 m (13 ft) Population (2007) - Total 120,271 - Density 845.31/km2 (2,189.3/sq mi) Time zone UTC-3 (UTC-3) - Summer (DST) UTC-2 (UTC-2) HDI (2000) 0,772 – medium Website Cubatão
Cubatão is a city in the state of São Paulo, Brazil, 12 kilometers away from Santos seaport, the largest in Latin America. The population in 2003 is 113,599, its density is 799.99/km² and the area is 142 km². It hosts 24 industries, refining oil, making steel and fertilizers.
In the early 1980s, Cubatão was one of the most polluted cities in the world, nicknamed "Valley of Death", due to births of brainless children and respiratory, hepatic and blood illnesses. High air pollution was killing forest over hills around the city. It's a rich town with a poor population. It was ranked the top ten dirtiest cities in the world by Popular Science.
On February 25, 1984 an oil spill set the shantytown Vila Socó on fire, killing 93 people according to official figures, but the actual death toll might be more than 200. The contamination of workers with Persistent organic pollutants put Rhodia into Greenpeace's top 10 world's worst corporate crimes ever in its report to Rio Summit in 1992.
Hard providences were taken to diminish pollution in the city, costing $1.2 billion so far. Although things have improved a lot, it is impossible to clean completely the soil and underground water and while many large industries continue to work in such a small area, there will always be some pollution.
Cubatão was mentioned in the Jello Biafra-Sepultura collaboration "Biotech is Godzilla" on the groups 1993 Album Chaos A.D. "Like Cubatao, world's most polluted town, air melts your face, deformed children all around."
Santo André São Bernardo do Campo Santos Cubatão São Vicente
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Look at other dictionaries:
Cubatão — Vue de Cubatão Blason de Cubatão … Wikipédia en Français
Cubatao — Cubatão Mongaguá im brasilianischen Bundesstaat São Paulo … Deutsch Wikipedia
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Cubatao — Cubatão Cubatão est une ville brésilienne de l État de São Paulo. Sa population était estimée à 121 002 habitants en 2006. La municipalité s étend sur 142 km². Jumelages Aveiro … Wikipédia en Français
Cubatão — [kuβa tãu], Industrieort im Bundesstaat São Paulo, Brasilien, am Fuß der Serra do Mar in der Küstenebene von Santos, 78 600 Einwohner; Wasserkraftwerk, Erdölraffinerie (Ölleitung nach São Paulo), Leder , Papier und chemische Industrie … Universal-Lexikon
cubatão — s. m. [Brasil] [Geografia] Pequena elevação na base de uma cordilheira. ‣ Etimologia: origem duvidosa, talvez de cubata + ão … Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa
Cubatão — ▪ Brazil city, eastern São Paulo estado (state), southeastern Brazil. It is situated on the Atlantic coastal lowlands 16 miles (26 km) northwest of the port of Santos. Created in 1948 from several municipalities of Santos, Cubatão has… … Universalium
Cubatao — Admin ASC 2 Code Orig. name Cubatão Country and Admin Code BR.27.3513504 BR … World countries Adminstrative division ASC I-II
Cubatao — Original name in latin Cubato Name in other language State code BR Continent/City America/Sao Paulo longitude 23.895 latitude 46.42528 altitude 6 Population 118410 Date 2012 08 03 … Cities with a population over 1000 database
Cubatão River (Paraná) — Origin Paraná state Basin countries Brazil The Cubatão River (Paraná) is a river of Paraná state in southern Brazil. See also List of rivers of Paraná References … Wikipedia