Tupelo

Taxobox
name = Tupelo



image_width = 240px
image_caption = Black tupelo foliage and immature fruit
regnum = Plantae
divisio = Magnoliophyta
classis = Magnoliopsida
ordo = Cornales
familia = Cornaceae (Nyssaceae)
genus = "Nyssa"
genus_authority = L.
subdivision_ranks = Species
subdivision = "Nyssa aquatica" - Water Tupelo "Nyssa biflora" - Swamp Tupelo "Nyssa javanica" - Indonesian Tupelo "Nyssa leptophylla" - Hunan Tupelo "Nyssa ogeche" - Ogeechee Tupelo "Nyssa sinensis" - Chinese Tupelo "Nyssa sylvatica" - Black Tupelo "Nyssa ursina" - Bear Tupelo "Nyssa yunnanensis" - Yunnan Tupelo

The tupelos, or pepperidge tree, genus "Nyssa", are a small genus of about 9 to 11 species of trees with alternate, simple leaves. Most are highly tolerant of wet soils and flooding, some needing to grow in such environments. Five of the species are native to eastern North America from the extreme south of Canada south to eastern Mexico; the others to east and south Asia from China south to Malaysia and west to the Himalaya. A related genus, "Davidia", the Dove tree, occurs in China.

Tupelos are valued honey plants in southeastern and Gulf Coast states, producing a very light, mild-tasting honey. In northern Florida, beekeepers keep beehives along the river swamps on platforms or floats during tupelo bloom to produce certified tupelo honey, which commands a high price on the market because of its flavor; monofloral honey made from the nectar of the Ogeechee Tupelo has such a high ratio of fructose to glucose that it does not crystallize.

The Apalachicola River in the Florida Panhandle is the center for tupelo honey. The honey is produced wherever tupelo trees (three species) bloom in southeastern USA, but the purest and most expensive version (which is certified by pollen analysis) is produced in this valley. In a good harvest year, the tupelo honey crop produced by a group of specialized Florida beekeepers approaches US$1,000,000.

Tupelo wood is used extensively by artistic woodcarvers, especially for carving ducks and other wildfowl. In commerce, it is used for shipping containers and interior parts of furniture, and is used extensively in the veneer and panel industry for crossbanding, plywood cores, and backs. The wood can be readily pulped and is used for high-grade book and magazine papers. In the past, the hollow trunks were used for bee gums to hold beehives.

Tupelo trees are also popular ornamental trees for their spectacular red fall color.

Tupelos are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species, including "Endoclita damor".

In pop culture

*In 1971, musician and songwriter Van Morrison released an album entitled "Tupelo Honey" featuring the popular title song, "Tupelo Honey."
*In the 1997 movie, "Ulee's Gold", the title character is a beekeeper who produces tupelo honey (the "gold" being the fine-flavored, high quality honey).
*Tupelo Honey is the name of a folk rock band in the vein of Patty Griffin and the Indigo Girls.
*Uncle Tupelo was an alternative country band.
*In Kurt Vonnegut's novel Timequake, Kilgore Trout's last poem goes: "When the tupelo/ Goes poop-a-lo / I'll come back to youp-a-lo".

ee also

*Tupelo, Mississippi

References

* [http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=2&taxon_id=122537 Nyssa in the Flora of China]
* [http://rnrstreamer.lsu.edu/ecosystems/webtour/species/watertupelo/watertupelo.htm Page on "Nyssa aquatica" in America] , including many photos, from Louisiana State University
* [http://www.cas.vanderbilt.edu/bioimages/species/frame/nyaq2.htm "Nyssa aquatica" images at bioimages.vanderbilt.edu]
* [http://eggtooth.homestead.com/AboutTupeloWood.html All About Tupelo Wood]
* [http://www.honey.com/consumers/honeyinfo/varietals.asp Varietals of Honey]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Synonyms:
, (Nyssa multiflora)


Look at other dictionaries:

  • Tupelo — Tupelo, AR U.S. town in Arkansas Population (2000): 177 Housing Units (2000): 93 Land area (2000): 0.311330 sq. miles (0.806342 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.311330 sq. miles (0.806342 sq.… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Tupelo — Tu pe*lo, n. [Tupelo, or tupebo, the native American Indian name.] (Bot.) A North American tree ({Nyssa multiflora}) of the Dogwood family, having brilliant, glossy foliage and acid red berries. The wood is crossgrained and very difficult to… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Tupelo — ist der Name mehrerer Orte in den Vereinigten Staaten: Tupelo (Arkansas) Tupelo (Mississippi) Tupelo (Oklahoma) Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Unterscheidung mehrerer mit demselben Wort bezeichneter Begriffe …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Tupelo, AR — U.S. town in Arkansas Population (2000): 177 Housing Units (2000): 93 Land area (2000): 0.311330 sq. miles (0.806342 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.311330 sq. miles (0.806342 sq. km) FIPS code …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Tupelo, MS — U.S. city in Mississippi Population (2000): 34211 Housing Units (2000): 14551 Land area (2000): 51.105468 sq. miles (132.362550 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.318565 sq. miles (0.825079 sq. km) Total area (2000): 51.424033 sq. miles (133.187629 sq …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Tupelo, OK — U.S. city in Oklahoma Population (2000): 377 Housing Units (2000): 178 Land area (2000): 0.401438 sq. miles (1.039719 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.401438 sq. miles (1.039719 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Tupelo — puede referirse a: La ciudad norteamericana de Tupelo (Misisipi). Un sinónimo del género botánico Nyssa. Esta página de desambiguación cataloga artículos relacionados con el mismo título. Si llegaste aquí a través de …   Wikipedia Español

  • Tupelo — Tupēlo (Nyssa aquatĭca L.), eine nordamerik. Sumpfpflanze der Kornazeen, die die quellbaren, in der Chirurgie verwandten Tupelostifte liefert …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • tupelo — (n.) black gum tree, 1730, apparently from Cree (Algonquian) ito opilwa swamp tree …   Etymology dictionary

  • tupelo — ☆ tupelo [to͞o′pə lō΄ ] n. pl. tupelos [< ? Creek * topilwa, lit., swamp tree < íto, tree + opílwa, swamp] 1. any of a genus (Nyssa) of the sour gum family of tall North American trees found in moist forests or swamps, including the black… …   English World dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.