Bareilly

Infobox Indian Jurisdiction
native_name= Bareilly
type= city
skyline = A Monument At Bareilly.jpg
skyline_caption = A Monument At Bareilly
locator_position= left
latd = 28.35 | longd = 79.42
state_name= Uttar Pradesh
district=Bareilly
leader_title=Mayor
leader_name= Mrs. Supriya Airan
altitude= 166
population_total = 699839| area_magnitude = 9
area_total= 168.5
area_telephone= 0581
postal_code= 2430xx
vehicle_code_range= UP-25
footnotes = |

Bareilly audio|Bareilly.ogg|pronunciation (Hindi: बरेली, Urdu: بریلی) is a city in Bareilly district in the northern Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. Standing on the Ramganga river, it is the capital of Rohilkhand Division and is a center for the manufacture of furniture and for trade in cotton, grain, and sugar. The city's population in 2001 [http://www.censusindia.net/results/data/upd_uatowns.PDF Census March 1 2001] ] was 699,839. Geographically it forms the outer gateway to enter Uttarakhand State. According to Government of India, the district Bareilly is one of the Minority Concentrated District in India on the basis of the 2001 census data on population, socio-economic indicators and basic amenities indicators [http://pib.nic.in/release/release.asp?relid=28770] .

This fast-growing city is also known as Bans-Bareilly, named after the name of two sons of the King of Bareilly, one is Bansal Dev & second is Baral Dev. Though Bareilly is also a production center for cane(Bans) furniture, but it is just a coincidence. The name Bans Bareilly is not derived from its big bans (bamboo) market. The status of the city has been upgraded when its name was included in the Counter Magnets of NCR, because it is equidistant from New Delhi and Lucknow and has a lot of potential for setting up industries to attract people to settle. Historically it was the part of the ancient kingdom of Panchal. In the Medieval period it was under the Rohillas. The modern city's foundation was laid by Mukrand Rai in 1657.

Climate & Geography

Bareilly is located at 28°10′N, 78°23′E, and lies in northern India. It borders Pilibhit and Shahjahanpur on East and Rampur on west, Udham Singh Nagar(Uttarakhand) in North and Badaun in South. Bareilly lies entirely in the Gangetic plains. The low-lying Gangetic plains provide fertile alluvial soil suitable for agriculture. However, these some lower part of plains are prone to recurrent floods. Bareilly lies on the bank of river Ramganga and there are seven rivers passing through this district. The lower Himalayan range is just 100 km from it and it lies in north of it. Bareilly has a semi-arid climate with high variation between summer and winter temperatures. Summers are long, from early April to October, with the monsoon season in between. Winter starts in October and peaks in January and is notorious for its heavy fog. Extreme temperatures range from 4°C to 47 °C. The annual mean temperature is 25 °C (77 °F); monthly mean temperatures range from 14 °C to 33 °C (58 °F to 92 °F). The average annual rainfall is approximately 714 mm (28.1 inches), most of which is during the monsoons in July and August.The average date of the advent of monsoon winds in Bareilly is 25 June.

Demographics

According to the 2001 census report of Govt. of India, the total population of Bareilly City Region(Bareilly Municipal Corporation & Bareilly Cantt.) is 617,350 having distribution as 53% males and 47% females nearly. The area under the city region is 123.46 sq. km. The density of the population is among the highest in the country touching 5000 per sq. km. Bareilly has an average literacy rate of 78%, higher than the national average of 59.5%; with 68% of the males and 32% of females literate making it under top 3 districts in terms of literacy.For Administrative convenience, the district of Bareilly has been divided into 6 tehsils namely Aonla, Faridpur, Bareilly, Meerganj, Nawabganj, and Baheri and 14 blocks.The below given table showing the statistics of Bareilly District..

Economy

Bareilly is one of the fastest growing cities of India and the reason behind its growth story is its rapidly booming economy through various sectors, however Bareilly's economy is still largely agrarian-based .

Health care

Bareilly is among one of the leading cities of Uttar Pradesh in terms of medical facilities, the city serves as a gateway to the patients of the Kumaun, Rohilkhand, and West Nepal region. Right now the city has two medical colleges, one dental college, one ayurvedic college and some of the distinguished healthcare zones. Bareilly is prominent for having the first Women Hospital in Asiafact|date=August 2008 (Clara Swain Hospital) and the recently built UP Spinal Research Center is among the only one in the state of Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand.Some of the important hospitals in the region are given below:

ON NH-74 Side (Outer North Area)
* Rohilkhand Medical College & Hospital, University Road
* Uttar Pradesh Spinal Research & Rehabilation Center, University Road
* Institute of Dental Sciences, University Road
* SRMS Institute of Medical Sciences & Hospital, Nainital Road

ON Inner North Area
* Gangasheel Hospital & Heart Instiute, DD Puram
* KK Hospital, Rajendra Nagar
* Sheel Hospital, Rajendra Nagar
* NER Divisional Hospital, Izatnagar
* City Hospital, Dharam Kanta

ON CityCenter Area
* Clara Swain (Mission) Hospital, Civil Lines
* Ayurvedic Medical College, Bans Mandi
* Mental Hospital, Rampur Garden
* Shri Ganga Charan Hospital, Rampur Garden
* Military Hospital, Cantonment
* Siddhi Vinayak Hospital, Rampur Garden
* District Hospital, Kutubkhana
* Sitapur eye hospital
* Shivani heart centre,Rampur Garden

Future facilities

* Army Medical College, Military Hospital.
* Christian Medical College, Clara Swain Hospital to be rebuiltclarifyme

Education

You can easily relate Bareilly as an educational hub of Western Uttar Pradesh. The presence of University and other research institutes increases its status to a very good extent. Bareilly College, located in the heart of city is among the oldest institutions of the nation built prior Revolt of 1857. Bareilly is a seat of MJP Rohilkhand University and its suburb Izatnagar accommodates Asia's finest animal research Institute, IVRI and Birds' research institute CARI. The Categorised list of educational institutions are given below--

* Engineering and Applied Sciences

** Institute of Engineering & Technology, University Campus
** SRMS College of Engineering & Technology, Nainital Road
** Invertis Institute of Engineeering & Technology, Lucknow Road
** RBMI Institute of Technology, Budaun Road
** SRMS Women College of Engineering, Nainital Road

* Medical Sciences

** SRMS Institute of Medical Sciences, Nainital Road
** Rohilkhand Medical College, University Road
** Institute of Dental Sciences, University Road
** Ayurvedic Medical College, Bans Mandi

* Veterinary Sciences

** Indian Veterinary Research Institute (IVRI), Izatnagar (DEEMED University, Institute of National Importance)
** Central Aviary Research Institute, Izatnagar (DEEMED University, Institute of National Importance)
** Wildlife Referral Laboratory, IVRI Izatnagar (DEEMED University, Institute of National Importance)

* Management Studies

** College of Management Studies, University Campus
** SRMS College of Management, Nainital Road
** Invertis Institute of Management Sciences, Lucknow Road
** Rakshpal Bahadur Management Institute, Budaun Road
** Lal Bahadur Shastri Institute of Management, Cantonment
** Khandelwal College of Management & Technology, Pilibhit Road
** Lotus Institute of Management, Lucknow Road

* Arts, Commerce & Sciences

** Bareilly College, Rampur Garden
** Maharaja Agrasen College
** Sahu Ram Swaroop Girls Degree College
** Kanya Mahavidyalaya, Bhoor
** Khandelwal College of Management Science & Technology
** Rani Awanti Bai Lodhi Govt. Girls College, Bareilly
** Suraj Bhan Institute of Information Technology, Bareilly
** Woodrow Degree College, Bareilly
** Regional College of Professional Studies & Research, Bareilly

* Education & Law Studies

** University Campus, MJPRU Bareilly
** Bareilly College
** Khandelwal College of Management Science & Technology, Bareilly
** Maharaja Agrasen College, Bareilly
** Springdale Girls College, Bareilly
** Silver Law College

DOWNLOAD BROCHURE OF MJP Rohilkhand University Affiliated Colleges with courses : [http://mjpru.ac.in/afflcollege.pdf PDF FILE]

* Primary & Secondary Education

Affiliated to ICSE and ISC Boards,
** GPM College, Civil Lines
** Hartmann College
** St. Maria Gorretti Girls College, Cantt

Affiliated to CBSE Boards

** Radha Madhav Public School, Bisalpur Road
** Delhi Public School, Delhi Road
** BBL Public School, Nainital Road
** Bishop Conrad School, Cantt
** St. Francais,
** Woodrow Public School

Affiliated to UPSE
** Jay Narayan Inter College, University Road
** Saraswati Vidya Mandir, Nainital Road
** Uttam College, Rampur Garden, Bareilly

Sports

Bareilly has two sports stadium
* Dori Lal Sports Stadium, City Area, Bareilly
* Sadar Sports Stadium, Cantonment Area, Bareilly

References in Music

A famous song of a Hindi movie containing word Bareilly was "Jhumka gira re Bareilly ke bazzar mein" & " Surma bareilly vala akheeyo may aisa dala" & song of 'Aaja Nachle' movie 'jo gira tha bareilly ke bazar mein' (in Hindi). Aanother new song of 'U Me Aur Hum' movie 'Muaa Palle pada Bareilly Jaisa Saiyaan".

Radio Stations & Communication Networks

*List of Radio Stations in Bareilly
** All India Radio (100.4 MHz)
** Big 92.7 FM (92.7 MHz)
** Radio Mantra(91.9 MHz)

*Communication NetworksRegarding Communication networks, Bareilly offers a lot of to all its residents you can find any big name here, but the problem of Bareillites is somewhere concerns because if you want to call just a neighhouring district, you need to pay STD for it(Shahjahanpur Onwards)as Bareilly is a last city of Uttar Pradesh West telecom Circle, however whole of Uttarakhand is in a local base.

*List of Wireless Communication Networks (GSM)
** Idea Cellular
** Cellone
** Airtel
** Vodafone

*List of Wireless Communication Networks (CDMA)
** Reliance India Mobile
** Tata Indicom
** BSNL WLL

*Broadband Service Providers

** BSNL Broadband
** Sify iWay

Defense installations

Bareilly has a major settlement of the Indian Army's regimental headquarter of Jat Regimet, as well as an air-base (known as Trishul) of the Indian Air Force. The Trishul air-base had foxbats aircraft which were capable of flying up to 80,000 feet [ [http://www.militaryfactory.com/aircraft/detail.asp?aircraft_id=64 Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-25 (Foxbat) - History, Specifications and Pictures - World Military Aircraft ] ] . Bareilly has regional Headquarters of ITBP and BSF.

Hindu Temples

Bareilly is also home to a number of famous Hindu temples. It has four Nath (Shiva) temples at its four corners, Alakhnath, Trivatinath, Madhinath, and Dhopeshwarnath. Another tample of Lord Shiva is in Lala Champak Rai Ki Bagia Near Alakhnath tample opposite Ganga mandir. It is about 200 years old but due to not linked with road directly it is still waiting for people come here. It is also known as Jagganth Tample.Near Alakhnath there is a Tulsi math where Tulsidas writer of Ramayan was stayed for some time near about in 1600. One of the well known temples is the Chunne Miyan's Lakshmi Narayan Mandir (located in Katra Manrya street near Bara Bazar), Chunne Miyan's Lakshmi Narayan Mandir Its origin goes back to the time when the Hindus migrating from Pakistan to India at the time of independence in 1947, came to Bareilly. Nearly all Muslims of Bareilly that migrated to Pakistan settled in Karachi. These Hindu migrants built a small place of worship amongst some existing ruins but later discovered that the place belonged to Fazal-ul-Rahman, who was also known as 'Chunne Miyan' (his nickname). Fazal-ul-Rahman filed a claim against the illegal occupation of the land. Meanwhile, the proceedings of the temple continued. Once, HarMilapi ji Maharaj came from Haridwar to deliver a holy Sermon . Chunne Miyan was so impressed by his sermon that he decided not only to withdraw the case but also gave financial aid for the construction of the temple. Since then the temple is popularly known as Chunne Miyan's Mandir and is situated in the Katra maanrai region of Koharapeer. There is also another reputed temple of lord DoopeshwarNath which is assumed to be the place where Draupadi and Drishtadyumn was born by a grace of lord shiva in Mahabharata era.

Places of Importance

*Museums
** Army Service Corps. Museum, Cantonment
** Panchala Museum, University Campus

*Historical sites
** Ramnagar Fort, 25 km Aonla
** Teerthankar Temple, Ramnagar 25 km Aonla

*Religious sites
** Dhopeshwar Nath Temple, Cantonment
** Alak Nath Temple, Nainital Road
** Teebrinath Temple, BDA Colony
** Chunna Miyan Jii ka Mandir, Bara Bazar
** Pashupati Nath Temple, University Road
** Freewill Baptist Church, Cantonment
** Church of North India, Cantonment
** Bhole Nath Temple, Kurmanchal Nagar
** Bhagwaan Mahaveer Temple, Rampur Garden
** Bada Gurudwara, Model Town
** Dargah Ala Hazrat, Beharipur
** Anand Ashram, Rampur Garden
** Cathedral of St. Alphonsus de Ligouri, seat of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Bareilly

*Parks
** Children's Park, Cantonment
** Phool Bagh, Cantonment
** Company Garden, Civil Lines
** C L Park, Prem Nagar
** Mayur Van Chetna Kendra, University Road
** Maharaja Agrasen Park, Rampur Garden Bareilly

*Amusement Parks
** Fun City, University Road
** Boond Water Park, University Road

References

External links

* [http://www.bareilly.nic.in Official Website of Bareilly]
* [http://www.bdainfo.org Bareilly Development Authority]
* [http://www.bareillynagarnigam.in Bareilly Municipal Corporation]
* [http://www.cbbareilly.org.in Bareilly Cantonment Board]
* [http://www.ivri.nic.in Indian Veterinary Research Institute]
* [http://www.mjpru.ac.in MJP Rohilkhand University]


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