- Demographics of New York
Historical populations Census Pop. %± 1790 340,120 — 1800 589,051 73.2% 1810 959,049 62.8% 1820 1,372,851 43.1% 1830 1,918,608 39.8% 1840 2,428,921 26.6% 1850 3,097,394 27.5% 1860 3,880,735 25.3% 1870 4,382,759 12.9% 1880 5,082,871 16.0% 1890 5,997,853 18.0% 1900 7,268,894 21.2% 1910 9,113,614 25.4% 1920 10,385,227 14.0% 1930 12,588,066 21.2% 1940 13,479,142 7.1% 1950 14,830,192 10.0% 1960 16,782,304 13.2% 1970 18,236,967 8.7% 1980 17,558,072 −3.7% 1990 17,990,455 2.5% 2000 18,976,457 5.5% 2010 19,378,102 2.1%
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, as of 2006, New York was the third largest state in population after California and Texas, with an estimated population of 19,306,183, which is a decrease of -9,538 from the prior year and an increase of 329,362, or 1.7%, since the year 2000. This includes a natural increase since the last census of 601,779 people (1,576,125 births minus 974,346 deaths) and a decrease due to net migration of 422,481 people out of the state. Immigration from outside the United States resulted in a net increase of 820,388 people, and migration within the country produced a net loss of about 800,213. This means a very small population change for the state.
New York is a slow growing state, that has a large emigration rate. Yet, when looking at immigration statistics, the state is a leading recipient of migrants from around the globe. Recently, the population has fallen, mostly because immigration failed to surpass emigration in 2006. However, on January 1, 2007, New York's population count increased, giving it a slight change from 2006. This could mean that the population will continue to increase, giving it a better chance for more house seats, otherwise, trends will remain.
The center of population of New York is located in Orange County, in the town of Deerpark. Roughly 64% of the states population lives in the New York City metropolitan area and 43% in New York City alone. 
Demographics of New York (csv) By race White Black AIAN* Asian NHPI* 2000 (total population) 75.62% 18.39% 0.95% 6.27% 0.17% 2000 (Hispanic only) 12.30% 2.65% 0.31% 0.14% 0.07% 2005 (total population) 74.98% 18.26% 0.99% 7.18% 0.19% 2005 (Hispanic only) 13.31% 2.66% 0.32% 0.15% 0.07% Growth 2000–05 (total population) 0.62% 0.74% 5.06% 16.18% 15.92% Growth 2000–05 (non-Hispanic only) -1.17% 0.57% 5.47% 16.35% 16.88% Growth 2000–05 (Hispanic only) 9.81% 1.72% 4.23% 8.64% 14.40% * AIAN is American Indian or Alaskan Native; NHPI is Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander
New York state's population is center around urban city's. The largest city in the state is New York City, which is also one of the world's most ethnically diverse and cosmopolitan cities. The state also has large population in cities of Albany, Buffalo, Rochester and Syracuse. The state has 20 counties the most populated one is Kings County (better known as Brooklyn).
According to 2004 estimate, 20.4% of the population was foreign-born. New York City is said to have the largest number of foreign-born residents in America, even higher than Los Angeles and Miami known to been major hubs of immigration in the late 20th century. The top ancestry groups in New York state are Italian American (15.8%), African American (14.4%), Hispanic (14.2%), Irish (12.9%), German (11.1%), English (6%) and Polish (5.27%). 1.5% of the state population is Mixed-Race/Multiracial.
New York contains the largest Puerto Rican population (concentrated in parts of New York City: The Bronx, Brooklyn, and Manhattan) and also the largest Dominican population (concentrated in Upper Manhattan and the Bronx) in the country. New York City is home to many African Americans the majority with roots in the US but includes those with roots in the Caribbean Islands like Jamaica and Haiti, and some are recent immigrants from Sub-Saharan African countries. The Bronx has a large population of blacks of Latin American origin, but so does northern Manhattan (Harlem) and Brooklyn which had American-born black majorities since the 1920s, as well the largest African-American population of any state. New York City has the state's largest Asian American population, while it has now surpassed California with the largest Chinese American community by population number. New York City is now over a third Latino, 15 percent Asian American and various estimates of 20 to 25 percent black/African-American.
Demographics from the 2000 census
In the 2000 Census, Italian Americans make up the largest ancestral group in Staten Island and Long Island, followed by Irish Americans and Polish Americans. Manhattan's leading ancestry group is Dominicans since the 2000 census, followed by Irish Americans, then Italian Americans and more than 200 nationalities are counted, plus comparably large numbers of residents with Dutch, Greek, Russian and Swedish ancestry. Albany and southeast-central New York are heavily Irish American and Italian American. In Buffalo and western New York, German Americans are the largest group along with Polish Americans and other Slavic nationalities; in the northern tip of the state, French Canadians. New York State has a higher number of Italian-Americans than any other U.S. state. New York City is also said to be home to two million of Italian descent alone. NYC was once called the largest German, Greek, Irish, Italian, Polish and Russian communities outside their representative countries of origin.
Sometimes classified an ethnic group by some demographers and sometimes as a religious identity (Judaism), American Jews of various nationalities and various denominations, but most are American-born, are a major social presence in New York. An estimated 1 to 2 million alone in New York City and another 1 to 1.5 million live in surrounding areas, sometimes New York is referred to as the "world's largest Jewish city" since the mid-19th century. The first wave of Jewish immigrants in New York are of Sephardic origin, a scant 10,000 from Holland, Italy, Spain and Portugal in the 17th and 18th centuries, but in the 19th century more newcomers were first German and finally in the early 20th century millions from Eastern Europe like Poland and Russia, both of Ashkenazi origin. In the late 20th century, a smaller wave of Russian Jews and Ukrainian Jews settled in the Brighton Beach section in Brooklyn, and New York has many Israeli-American residents.
The intense development, urbanization and suburban sprawl of New York City makes it the most populated region in the U.S., an estimated 20 to 30 million in the eight-state Megalopolis stretching 500 miles from Boston to Washington DC, with New York City in the middle has 15 million residents in a 100 mile radius including Philadelphia (1.5 million in its' city limits), northern New Jersey and Connecticut. The bulk of New York's population lives within two hours of New York City. According to the July 1, 2004 Census Bureau Estimate , New York City and its six closest New York State satellite counties (Suffolk, Nassau, Westchester, Rockland, Putnam and Orange) have a combined population of 12,626,200 people, or 65.67% of the state's population.
According to the 2000 U.S. Census, 13.61% of the population aged 5 and older speak Spanish at home, while 2.04% speak Chinese (including Cantonese and Mandarin), 1.65% Italian, and 1.23% Russian . In age demographics: 6.5% of New York's population were under 5 years of age, 24.7% under 18, and 12.9% were 65 or older. Females made up 51.8% of the population. New York state has a fluctating population growth rate, it has experienced some shrinkage in the 1970s and 1980s, but milder growth in the 1990s and the first decade of the 21st century.
As reported in 2001  the religious affiliations of the people of New York were:
- Christian – 68%
- Jewish – 9%
- Muslim/Islamic – 3.5%
- Buddhist – 1%
- Other Religions – 4%
- Non-Religious – 13%
6% of the people surveyed refused to answer.
- ^ "Estimates of Population Change for the United States and States, and for Puerto Rico and State Rankings: July 1, 2005 to July 1, 2006" (Excel Spreadsheet). http://www.census.gov/Press-Release/www/2006/statepopest_table1.xls. Retrieved 2007-01-05. [dead link]
- ^ "Population and Population Centers by State: 2000" (Text). http://www.census.gov/geo/www/cenpop/statecenters.txt. Retrieved 2007-01-05.
- ^ "DP-3. Profile of Selected Economic Characteristics: 2000, Geographic Area: New York". U.S. Census Bureau, Census 2000. http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/QTTable?-geo_id=04000US36&-qr_name=DEC_2000_SF3_U_DP3&-ds_name=DEC_2000_SF3_U. Retrieved 2007-01-05.
- ^ [|Egon Mayer, Ph.D.]; Barry A. Kosmin, Ph.D, Ariela Keysar, Ph.D. (2001). "American Religious Identification Survey(Key Findings)". The City University of New York. http://www.gc.cuny.edu/faculty/research_briefs/aris/key_findings.htm. Retrieved January 5, 2007.
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