Geography of New York


Geography of New York

The Geography of New York State varies widely. While the state is best known for New York City's urban atmosphere, especially Manhattan's skyscrapers, most of the state is dominated by farms, forests, rivers, mountains, and lakes. New York's Adirondack Park is larger than any U.S. National Park outside of Alaska. Niagara Falls, on the Niagara River as it flows from Lake Erie to Lake Ontario, is a popular attraction. The Hudson River begins with Lake Tear of the Clouds and flows south through the eastern part of the state without draining Lakes George or Champlain. Lake George empties at its north end into Lake Champlain, whose northern end extends into Canada, where it drains into the Richelieu and then the St Lawrence Rivers. Four of New York City's five boroughs are on the three islands at the mouth of the Hudson River: Manhattan Island, Staten Island, and Brooklyn and Queens on Long Island.

"Upstate" is a common term for New York State counties north of suburban Westchester, Rockland and Dutchess counties. Upstate New York typically includes Lake George and Oneida Lake in the northeast; and rivers such as the Delaware, Genesee, Mohawk, and Susquehanna. The highest elevation in New York is Mount Marcy in the Adirondacks.

Location and size

New York is located in the northeastern United States, in the Mid-Atlantic Census Bureau division. New York covers an area of 54,556 square miles (141,299 km²) and ranks as the 27th largest state by size. [cite web| url =http://www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0108355.html| title =Land and Water Area of States (2000)| publisher =www.infoplease.com| accessdate = 2008-08-27 | accessyear = ] The state borders five other U.S. states: Pennsylvania and New Jersey to the south, and Connecticut, Massachusetts, and Vermont to the east. New York also borders the Canadian provinces of Ontario and Quebec to the north. Additionally, New York touches the Atlantic Ocean to the southeast, and two of the Great Lakes: Lake Erie to the west and Lake Ontario to the northwest.

tate parks

New York has many state parks and two major forest preserves. Adirondack Park, roughly the size of the state of Vermont and the largest state park in the United States, was established in 1892 and given state constitutional protection in 1894. The thinking that lead to the creation of the Park first appeared in George Perkins Marsh's "Man and Nature", published in 1864. Marsh argued that deforestation could lead to desertification; referring to the clearing of once-lush lands surrounding the Mediterranean, he asserted "the operation of causes set in action by man has brought the face of the earth to a desolation almost as complete as that of the moon."

The Catskill Park was protected in legislation passed in 1885, which declared that its land was to be conserved and never put up for sale or lease. Consisting of 700,000 acres (2,800 km²) of land, the park is a habitat for bobcats, minks and fishers. There are some 400 black bears living in the region. The state operates numerous campgrounds and there are over 300 miles (480 km) of multi-use trails in the Park.

ee also

*Golden Horseshoe
*Appalachia

Notes


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Geography of New York City — The geography of New York City is characterized by its coastal position at the meeting of the Hudson River and the Atlantic Ocean in a naturally sheltered harbor. The city s geography, with its scarce availability of land, is a contributing… …   Wikipedia

  • Geography of New York Harbor — [ Upper New York Bay,2. Lower New York Bay,3. Newark Bay, 4. Hudson River, 5. East River, 6. Raritan Bay, 7. Jamaica Bay, 8. Long Island Sound.9. New York Bight (North Atlantic Ocean), 10. Ambrose Channel11. Mud Dump Site12. Hudson CanyonMajor… …   Wikipedia

  • New Rochelle, New York —   City   Seal …   Wikipedia

  • New City, New York —   CDP   …   Wikipedia

  • New Windsor, New York —   Town   …   Wikipedia

  • New Baltimore, New York —   Town   …   Wikipedia

  • New Hudson, New York —   Town   …   Wikipedia

  • New Bremen, New York —   Town   …   Wikipedia

  • New Haven, New York —   Town   …   Wikipedia

  • New Suffolk, New York — New Suffolk   CDP   New Suffolk Submarine Base Landmark …   Wikipedia

  • New Lisbon, New York —   Town   Otsego County map with the Town of New Lisbon in Red Coordinates …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.