James E. Ferguson

James E. Ferguson

Infobox Governor
name = James Edward Ferguson

order = 26th
office = Governor of Texas
term_start = January 19, 1915
term_end = August 25, 1917
lieutenant = William P. Hobby
predecessor = Oscar Branch Colquitt
successor = William P. Hobby
birth_date = August 31, 1871
birth_place = Salado, Texas
death_date = September 21, 1944
death_place =
party = Democrat
spouse = Miriam A. Ferguson
profession =
religion =

James Edward "Pa" Ferguson (August 31, 1871 - September 21, 1944) was a United States politician from the state of Texas.

Early life

Ferguson was born near Salado, Texas. At the age of 16, he left home and drifted though the states of the American Old West. After he returned to Texas, he was admitted to the bar. He married Miriam A. "Ma" Wallace [ [http://www.tsha.utexas.edu/handbook/online/articles/FF/ffe6.html TSHA Online - Texas State Historical Association - Home ] at www.tsha.utexas.edu] on December 31, 1899. During the 1900s and 1910s, Ferguson ran several local campaigns.

Governor of Texas

In 1914, Ferguson was elected Governor of Texas running as an anti-prohibitionist Democrat. He served in this position from January 19, 1915 to August 25, 1917.

After being re-elected in 1916, Ferguson vetoed the appropriations for the University of Texas. This was in retribution for the university's refusal to dismiss certain faculty members which Ferguson found objectionable. This move spurred the drive to impeach Ferguson. A leading Ferguson critic on the UT campus was historian Eugene C. Barker. Ferguson was indicted on nine charges in July 1917. The Texas House of Representatives prepared twenty-one charges against Ferguson and the Senate convicted him on ten of those charges. The Senate removed him from the office of Governor and declared him ineligible to hold office in the state of Texas. Despite this ruling, Ferguson ran for Governor in 1918 but he was defeated by William P. Hobby.

Presidential candidate

Ferguson also ran for President of the United States in the 1920 election as the candidate of the American Party. Ferguson was on the ballot in only Texas, where he received 47,968 votes (9.86% of the vote in Texas, 0.18% of the vote nationwide). The election was won by Republican candidate Warren Gamaliel Harding.

Ferguson was also surpassed by four other unsuccessful candidates:

*James Middleton Cox of the Democratic Party.
*Eugene Victor Debs of the Socialist Party of America.
*Parley Parker Christensen of the United States Farmer-Labor Party.
*Aaron Sherman Watkins of the United States Prohibition Party.

Senate bid and First Gentleman of Texas

He failed at his bid for the United States Senate in 1922, making it to the runoff election but losing to Earle B. Mayfield. Ferguson ran the campaigns of his wife Miriam A. Ferguson, who was elected to two terms as Governor of Texas (January 20, 1925 - January 17, 1927 and January 17, 1933 - January 15, 1935).


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