List of Iranian languages

The Iranian languages include some 84 (SIL estimate) languages and dialects spoken by about many people in Asia; this language family is a part of the Indo-Iranian language family. Each subfamily in this list contains subgroups and individual languages.

(* indicates extinct languages)

Eastern

Northeastern

# Avestan*
# Chorasmian* (Khwarezmian)
# Bactrian*
# Sogdian* (dialects: Christian, Buddhist, Manichaean), Yaghnobi
# Scythian*, Sarmatian*, Alanian*, Ossetian (dialects: Iron, Digor), Jassic*

Southeastern

# Pamir languages: Munji, Sanglechi, Ishkashimi, Zebaki, Sarikoli, Shughni, Rushani, Yazgulyam, Wakhi, Yidgha, Khufi.
# Saka* (dialects: Khotanese and Tumshuqese)
#Pashto
# Waneci
# Waziri

Western

Northwestern

# Azari ( the original Azeri language)
# Ormuri, Parachi
# Dialects of Central Iran:
#* Tafresh: Ashtiani, Amora’i, Kahaki, Vafsi, Judeo-Hamadani, Judeo-Borujerdi, Judeo-Nahavandi, Alviri, Vidari
#* Northwestern: Mahallati, Vanishani, Khunsari (Khwanshari), Judeo-Golpaygani, Judeo-Khunsari
#* Northeastern: Arani, Bidgoli, Delijani, Nashalji, Abuzaydabadi, Qohrudi, Badrudi, Kamu’i, Jowshaqani, Meyma’i, Abyana’i, Farizandi, Yarandi (Yarani),Soi (Sohi), Badi, Natanzi, Kasha’i, Tari, Taqi, Judeo-Kashani
#* Southwestern: Kafroni, Gazi, Sedehi, Ardestani, Nohuji, Sajzi, Jarquya’i, Rudashti, Kafrudi, Judeo-Esfahani
#* Southeastern: Dari (Yazdi), Kermani, Nayini (Na’ini), Zefra’i, Anaraki, Varzenei, Judeo-Yazdi, Judeo-Kermani, Tudeshki, Keyjani, Abchuya’i
#* Kavir: Khuri, Farvi, Farroki, Mehrjani
#* Sivandi: Sivandi
# Kurdish (Dialects: Sorani (Central Kurdish), Kurmanji (Northern Kurdish), Southern Kurdish), Laki
# Gorani (Hawrami), Bajelan, Kirmanjki (Northern Zaza), Dimli (Southern Zaza), Shabak, Sarli
#Parthian*
# Semnani, Sangisari, Lasgerdi, Sorkhei
# Median*
# Mazandarani (Dialects: Saravi, Baboli, Amoli, Lafori;Salousi, Kelari, Shahsavari; Gorgani, Delandi; Shahmirzadi, Kholardi, Firoozkoohi; Astarabadi, Katouli)
# Balochi, Koroshi
# Gilaki, Rashti
# Talysh, Harzani, Eshtehardi, Gozarkhani, Kabatei, Kajali, Karingani, Kho'ini, Koresh-e Rostam, Maraghei, Kuhpaya’i, Razajerdi, Rudbari, Shahrudi, Takestani, Taromi
# Dezfuli
# Khalaj

Southwestern

# Old Persian*, Middle Persian*, Modern Persian: Iranian Persian, Dari Persian, Tajik Persian, Hazaragi Persian, Dzhidi Persian (Judeo-Persian), Madaglashti Persian, Judeo-Shirazi, Judeo-Bukharic, Khuzestani Persian, Aimaq, Darwazi Persian, Dehwari Persian, Pahlavani Persian
# Judeo-Tat, Muslim Tat
# Fars, Lari (Larestani), Bashkardi
# Luri (dialects: Luri, Mamasani, Kohkiluyeh, Bakhtiari), Kumzari

Unclassified


# Tangshewi

External links

* [http://www.ethnologue.com/show_family.asp?subid=90019 Iranian language tree]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Iranian languages — This article is about the Iranian languages. For languages spoken in Iran, see Languages of Iran. For the official language of Iran, see Persian language. Iranian Geographic distribution: Southwest Asia, Central Asia, and western South Asia… …   Wikipedia

  • Iranian languages — Major subgroup of the Indo Iranian branch of the Indo European language family. Iranian languages are probably spoken by more than 80 million people in southwestern and southern Asia. Only two Old Iranian languages are known, Avestan and Old… …   Universalium

  • List of Indo-Iranian languages — The Indo Iranian languages include some 296 (SIL estimate) languages and dialects spoken by about many people in Asia; this language family is a part of the Indo European language family. Each subfamily in this list contains subgroups and… …   Wikipedia

  • List of extinct languages of Asia — This is a list of extinct languages of Asia, languages which have undergone language death, have no native speakers, and no spoken descendant. China*Khitan *Saka *Tocharian *Yurchen *Zhang Zhung *TangutKorea*GoguryeoCentral and Northern… …   Wikipedia

  • List of living languages in Europe — * Only living languages are listed that is, languages that are currently spoken as a native tongue. The only exception to this rule is Latin, which is listed because it has official status in the Vatican. * Only indigenous languages are listed.… …   Wikipedia

  • List of Iranian Americans — This is a list of notable Iranian Americans of all Iranian ethnic backgrounds.List Academia/science* Ali Reza Mohseni Ejiyeh, Specialist of IT and programming * Shahriar Afshar, physicist, namesake of Afshar experiment * Siavash Alamouti, CTO… …   Wikipedia

  • List of Iranian women — Notice: As one person may have contributed to more than one field, they can be categorized in multiple areas. Nobel laureates and nominees * Shirin Ebadi, 2003 Nobel Laureate. (Peace) * Simin Behbahani, 1997 Nobel prize Nominee. (Literature)… …   Wikipedia

  • Western Iranian languages — Western Iranian Geographic distribution: Southwest Asia, Central Asia, and western South Asia Linguistic classification: Indo European Indo Iranian Iranian …   Wikipedia

  • Eastern Iranian languages — Eastern Iranian Geographic distribution: Scythia, Central Asia Linguistic classification: Indo European Indo Iranian Iranian Eastern Iranian …   Wikipedia

  • Indo-Iranian languages — Indo Iranian Geographic distribution: Eastern Europe, Southwest Asia, Central Asia, South Asia Linguistic classification: Indo European Indo Iranian Proto language …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.