Pomfret

Pomfret
Atlantic Pomfret, Brama brama
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Perciformes
Suborder: Percoidei
Superfamily: Percoidea
Family: Bramidae
Genera

Brama
Collybus
Eumegistus
Pteraclis
Pterycombus
Taractes
Taractichthys
Xenobrama
See text for species.

Pomfret are perciform fishes belonging to the family Bramidae.

They are found in the Atlantic, Indian, and Pacific Oceans, and the largest species, the Atlantic pomfret, Brama brama, grows up to 1 metre (3.3 ft) long.

Several species are important food fish, especially Brama brama in south Asia. The earlier form of the pomfret's name was pamflet, a word which probably ultimately comes from Portuguese pampo, referring to various fish such as the blue butterfish (Stromateus fiatola).

Species

Fried pomfret, Chinese style
Deep fried pomfret served in National University of Singapore

There are about twenty species in eight genera:

  • Genus Brama
    • Brama australis Valenciennes, 1837.
    • Atlantic pomfret, Brama brama (Fries, 1837).
    • Caribbean pomfret, Brama caribbea Mead, 1972.
    • Lesser bream, Brama dussumieri Cuvier, 1831.
    • Pacific pomfret, Brama japonica Hilgendorf, 1878.
    • Brama myersi Mead, 1972.
    • Bigtooth pomfret, Brama orcini Cuvier, 1831.
    • Brama pauciradiata Moteki, Fujita & Last, 1995.
  • Genus Collybus
    • Collybus drachme Snyder, 1904.
  • Genus Eumegistus
  • Genus Pteraclis
    • Pacific fanfish, Pteraclis aesticola (Jordan & Snyder, 1901).
    • Pteraclis carolinus Valenciennes, 1833.
      Pteraclis carolinus
    • Spotted fanfish, Pteraclis velifera australiae Whitley, 1935.
  • Genus Pterycombus
    • Atlantic fanfish, Pterycombus brama Fries, 1837.
    • Prickly pomfret, Pterycombus petersii (Hilgendorf, 1878).
  • Genus Taractes
    • Rough pomfret, Taractes asper Lowe, 1843.
    • Pomfret, Taractes rubescens (Jordan & Evermann, 1887).
  • Genus Taractichthys
    • Bigscale pomfret, Taractichthys longipinnis (Lowe, 1843).
    • Sickle pomfret, Taractichthys steindachneri (Döderlein, 1883). Called "mon' chong" in Hawai'ian.
  • Genus Xenobrama
    • Xenobrama microlepis Yatsu & Nakamura, 1989.

See also

  • Several species of butterfishes in the genus Pampus are also known as "pomfrets".
  • Some species of Pomfret are also known as Monchong, specifically in Hawaiian cuisine. [1]
  • List of fish families

References

  • Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (2006). "Bramidae" in FishBase. January 2006 version.

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Pomfret — Pom fret, n. [Perhaps corrupt. fr. Pg. pampano a kind of fish.] (Zo[ o]l.) (a) One of two or more species of marine food fishes of the genus {Stromateus} ({Stromateus niger}, {Stromateus argenteus}) native of Southern Europe and Asia. (b) A… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Pomfret — Pomfret, John, Volksdichter, geb. 1677 zu Luton in Bedfordshire; Pfarrer zu Malden in Bedfordshire, st. das. 1703; Gedichte, Lond. 1699, n.A. 1766 …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • pomfret — [päm′frət, pum′frət] n. any of a family (Bramidae) of edible, marine percoid fishes …   English World dictionary

  • Pomfret — Der Begriff Pomfret ist mehrdeutig und kann folgende Bedeutungen haben: Ein Ort in England Pomfret Castle, in dem Richard II. von England zu Tode kam Der Name mehrerer Orte in den Vereinigten Staaten: Pomfret (Connecticut) Pomfret (Maryland)… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • pomfret — /pom frit, pum /, n., pl. (esp. collectively) pomfret, (esp. referring to two or more kinds or species) pomfrets. 1. any of several scombroid fishes of the family Bramidae, found in the North Atlantic and Pacific. 2. any of several East Indian… …   Universalium

  • Pomfret — This very interesting name is English. It is a dialectual tease being the recognised pronunciation for the town in the county of Yorkshire called Pontefract, and from whence originate the famous Pomfret Cakes a black liquorice sweet. There are… …   Surnames reference

  • pomfret — /ˈpɒmfrət/ (say pomfruht) noun (plural pomfret or pomfrets) any food fish of the Pampus species, found in the Indian and Pacific oceans. {? diminutive of Portuguese pampo} Usage: For variation in the plural inflection, see note at fish1 …   Australian English dictionary

  • pomfret — noun Etymology: alteration of earlier pamflet, probably from French pample, from Portuguese pampo Date: 1813 1. any of a family (Bramidae) of usually deep bodied spiny finned oceanic fishes some of which are used for food 2. a silvery deep bodied …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • pomfret — noun a type of fish of family Bramidae …   Wiktionary

  • pomfret — [ pɒmfrɪt] noun an edible deep bodied sea fish. [Brama brama and other species, family Bramidae.] Origin C18: appar. from Port. pampo …   English new terms dictionary


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