infobox UK place
country = England
civil_parish= The Gorge
population = 2,457cite web|title=National Statistics - Neighbourhood statistics by ward|url=http://neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk/dissemination/areasubject.do]
Telford and Wrekin
region= West Midlands
postcode_district = TF8
static_image_caption=Ironbridge village, seen from the
Ironbridge is a settlement on the
River Severn, at the heart of the Ironbridge Gorgein Telford, Shropshire, England. It lies in the parish of The Gorge, in the borough of Telford and Wrekin. The village developed beside, and takes its name from the famous Iron Bridge, a 30 metre (100 ft) cast iron bridgethat was built across the river there in 1779.
The area around Ironbridge is described as the "Birthplace of the
Industrial Revolution" because it is near a the place where Abraham Darby Iperfected the technique of smelting ironwith coke, allowing much cheaper production of iron. The grandson of the first Abraham Darby, Abraham Darby III, built the famous bridge - originally designed by Thomas Farnolls Pritchard- to link the two areas. Construction began in 1779 and the bridge opened on New Year's Day 1781. Soon afterwards the ancient Madeley market was relocated to the new purpose built square and Georgian Butter Cross and the former dispersed settlement of Madeley Wood gained a planned urban focus as Ironbridge, the commercial and administrative centre of the Coalbrookdalecoalfield. The Iron Bridge proprietors also built the TontineHotel to accommodate visitors to the new Bridge and the industrial sights of the Severn Gorge. On the hillside above the river are situated the stone-built 16th century hunting Lodge at Lincoln Hill, many 17th and 18th century workers cottages, some imposing Georgian houses built by ironmasters and mine and canal barge owners, and many early Victorian villas built from the various coloured bricks and tiles of the locality.
St Luke's Church (1837) in simple Commissioners' Gothic by Samuel Smith of Madeley, has
stained glassby David Evans of Shrewsbury. The living was endowed as a rectory when the parish was created from Madeley in 1847 and is now a united with Coalbrookdaleand Little Wenlock, in the Diocese of Hereford. The former Iron Bridge and Broseleyrailway station, on the Severn Valley line (GWR) from Hartleburyto Shrewsbury, was situated on the south side of the Iron Bridge until 1966.
s and many successful small shops.
Coracle Regattais held in August on the River Severnat Ironbridge, along with many other events throughout the year. Just outside Ironbridge in Coalbrookdaleis the Ironbridge Institute, a partnership between the University of Birminghamand the Ironbridge Gorge Museum Trustoffering postgraduate and professional development in heritage.
A number of historical sites in the village, including the wharfage and the bridge itself, are waypoints on the
South Telford Heritage Trail.
Ironbridge has an annually recurring problem of flooding from the
River Severn, as do many other parts of Shropshire. Flooding has previously caused much damage and disruption to the Wharfage, which accommodates both The Swan and White Hart pubs, Homeward Bound Home & Gift Store, Darlingtons of Ironbridge and various private homes. Starting in February 2004, DEFRAin association with the Environment Agencyimplemented a portable barrier which is erected at times of floods. At its peak, the flood water has reached a depth of one metre against the barrier.
Ironbridge Gorge Museums
The Iron Bridge
Ironbridge Power Station
Coalbrookdale by Night
References and notes
* [http://www.ironbridgeguide.info Ironbridge Visitor Guide]
* [http://www.ironbridge.org.uk/about_us/ironbridge_archaeology/ Ironbridge Archaeology]
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Look at other dictionaries:
Ironbridge — Ironbridge, Blick von der Iron Bridge Ironbridge ist ein Ort neben der Iron Bridge, der 1779 über den Severn gebauten weltweit ersten Eisenbrücke, von der der Ort seinen Namen ableitet. Um die Brücke bekannt zu machen, wurde auch das früher… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Ironbridge — [Ironbridge] a town near Telford in ↑Shropshire, England, in the Ironbridge Gorge which was an early centre of the ↑Industrial Revolution. It has the first major iron bridge in the world (opened in 1779) and several museums related to the history … Useful english dictionary
Ironbridge — (spr. air nbridsch), Ort in Shropshire (England), im tiefen Tal des Severn, über den die 1779 von A. Darby erbaute gußeiserne Brücke führt, zum städtischen Bezirk von Madeley (s. d.) gehörig … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
Ironbridge — Iron Bridge Iron Bridge Pays Angleterre Ville Ironbridge Coordonnées … Wikipédia en Français
Ironbridge — Original name in latin Ironbridge Name in other language Ironbridge State code GB Continent/City Europe/London longitude 52.62795 latitude 2.48465 altitude 71 Population 1595 Date 2011 03 03 … Cities with a population over 1000 database
Ironbridge — a town near Telford in Shropshire, England, which was an early centre of the Industrial Revolution. It has the first major iron bridge in the world (opened in 1779) and several industrial museums related to the Industrial Revolution including a… … Universalium
Ironbridge — I|ron|bridge a bridge over the River Severn in Shropshire, western England, or the area surrounding it. It was the first ↑cast iron bridge ever built, in 1779, and the area around the bridge was a centre of the ↑Industrial Revolution and is now a … Dictionary of contemporary English
Ironbridge Gorge — DEC … Deutsch Wikipedia
Ironbridge and Broseley railway station — was a railway station with two through platforms on the Severn Valley Railway Line in Shropshire, England. The station was on a section of the Severn Valley Line north of Bridgnorth and was demolished in 1966 to provide car parking space within… … Wikipedia
Ironbridge Power Station — Infobox UK power station static static image caption=Ironbridge/Buildwas Power Station os grid reference=SJ653037 latitude=52.63005 longitude= 2.511999 country=England region=West Midlands shire county=Shropshire operator=E.ON fuel=Coal fired… … Wikipedia