- Kala pani
The Kala Pani (literally, black water) represents the
tabooof the sea in Indian culture, for which sailing the high waves and leaving the mainland meant confronting "houglis" or monsters.
Fear of crossing the Kala Pani also derives from the notion that it entailed the end of the reincarnation cycle, as the traveller was cut off from the regenerating waters of the
Ganges. Such voyages also meant breaking family and social ties. This taboo accounts for the disinterest in overseas commerce on the part of high caste Hindus, who therefore left this lucrative field to Muslims, and to Christiansand Jewssettled in the spiceenclaves such as Cochinand Calicut.
When slavery was abolished in
Mauritiusin 1834, the authorities looked for indentured labor to replace the slaves who had been emancipated. The emissaries sent to India for this purpose were astute in attracting so-called " coolies" to the countries such as South Africa, Mauritius, Fiji and the Caribbean that requiring cheap labor, which were often presented as "promised lands." But many prospective candidates for the distant colonies expressed their fears of crossing the Kala Pani [See the website Kala Pani at http://indenturedindian.wordpress.com] . So the British often employed a stratagem to dispel the doubts of the indentured: they placed water from the Ganges in large cauldrons on the ships, to ensure the continuity of reincarnation beyond the Kala Pani. The sea voyage was then seen as less fearsome.
Mauritian poet and critic
Khal Torabullydescribes the Kala Pani as a source not only of the dissolution of identity, but also of beauty and reconstruction, leading to what he terms a "coral imaginary."
Khal Torabully, "Cale d'étoiles-coolitude explores".
Sorry the term Kala Pani was actually coined and associated as well as most commonly known as an off shore island used by British during their rule in India to incarcerate hard core criminals and anyone who strongly oppose to their rule in India. But off course today British government would not mention all that.
* Lomarsh Roopnarine, [http://www.guyanachronicle.com/supplement.html The Long Journey to Today: East Indians in Guyana] . "Guyana Chronicle Online"
* [http://www.ignca.nic.in/id_indentured_003.htm Crossing of Kala Pani] , from the exhibition [http://www.ignca.nic.in/id_exhib001.htm ORIGINS: Creative Tracks of Indian Diaspora]
* [http://indenturedindian.wordpress.com Kala Pani website]
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Kala Pani — can refer to:* Kalapani a 1958 Hindustani film. * Kala Pani a village in Abbottabad district in the North West Frontier Province of Pakistan … Wikipedia
Kala pani — Le Kala Pani désigne un tabou de l hindouisme de ne pas franchir les eaux sombres ou noires de l océan, nommément, l océan Indien et de ne pas entreprendre de longs voyages, car cela signifierait une rupture du cycle de la réincarnation, et une… … Wikipédia en Français
Kala Pani, Pakistan — Kala Pani is a village of Abbottabad District in the North West Frontier Province, Pakistan. It is located 12km from Abbottabad city on the Abbottabad Thandiani Road [http://www.wwfpak.org/22 07 05killingleopards.php WWF Pakistan] ] at 34°12 30N… … Wikipedia
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