Shasta County, California


Shasta County, California
County of Shasta
—  County  —

Seal
Location in the state of California
California's location in the United States
Country  United States
State  California
Region Sacramento Valley/Cascade Range
Incorporated 1850
Named for Mount Shasta[1]
County seat Redding
Area
 – Total 9,964.8 km2 (3,847.44 sq mi)
 – Land 9,803.6 km2 (3,785.19 sq mi)
 – Water 161.2 km2 (62.24 sq mi)
Population (2010)
 – Total 177,223
 – Density 17.8/km2 (46.1/sq mi)
Time zone Pacific Standard Time (UTC-8)
 – Summer (DST) Pacific Daylight Time (UTC-7)
Website www.co.shasta.ca.us

Shasta County is a county located in the northern portion of the U.S. state of California. The county occupies the northern reaches of the Sacramento Valley, with portions extending into the southern reaches of the Cascade Range. As of the 2010 census, the population was 177,223, up from 163,256 at the 2000 census. The county seat is Redding.

Among the tourist attractions in Shasta County are Shasta Lake, Lassen Peak, and the Sundial Bridge.

Contents

History

Shasta County was one of the original counties of California, created in 1850 at the time of statehood. Parts of the county's territory were given to Siskiyou County in 1852, and to Tehama County in 1856.

The county was named after Mount Shasta; the name "Shasta" is derived from the English equivalent for the name of an Indian tribe that once lived in the area. The name of the tribe was spelled in various ways until the present version was used when the county was established. Originally Mt. Shasta was within the county, but it is now part of Siskiyou County, to the north. Its 14,179-foot (4,322 m) peak is visible throughout most of Shasta County.

Geography

According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 3,847.44 square miles (9,964.8 km2), of which 3,785.19 square miles (9,803.6 km2) (or 98.38%) is land and 62.24 square miles (161.2 km2) (or 1.62%) is water.[2] Mountains line the county on the east, north and west. The Sacramento River flows out of the mountains to the north, through the center of the county, and toward the Sacramento Valley to the south.

Cities and towns

Cities

Unincorporated Communities

Census-designated places

Other unincorporated communities

Adjacent counties

National protected areas

Transport

Major highways

Public transport

Redding Area Bus Authority (RABA) provides service in and around Redding. One route operates to Burney via State Route 299.

Greyhound buses and Amtrak trains both serve Redding.

Airports

Redding Municipal Airport has scheduled passenger flights. Other (general aviation) airports within the county include Benton Field (near Redding), Fall River Mills Airport, and Shingletown Airport.

Politics

Shasta County vote
by party in presidential elections
Year GOP DEM Others
2008 61.7% 49,588 36.0% 28,867 2.2% 1,734
2004 67.2% 52,249 31.3% 24,339 1.5% 1,143
2000 65.0% 43,278 30.3% 20,127 4.7% 3,139
1996 55.2% 34,736 33.1% 20,848 11.7% 7,377
1992 41.2% 28,190 31.6% 21,605 27.2% 18,564
1988 59.4% 32,402 38.8% 21,171 1.9% 1,012
1984 62.2% 33,041 36.3% 19,298 1.5% 788
1980 58.1% 27,547 32.4% 15,364 9.5% 4,507
1976 45.6% 17,273 50.7% 19,200 3.7% 1,381
1972 46.7% 16,618 48.4% 17,214 5.0% 1,771
1968 40.4% 11,821 49.6% 14,510 9.9% 2,899
1964 32.4% 9,178 67.5% 19,142 0.1% 30
1960 38.9% 9,462 60.5% 14,691 0.6% 148
1956 43.8% 8,833 55.8% 11,239 0.4% 77
1952 56.4% 10,073 42.9% 7,656 0.7% 122
1948 39.7% 5,010 56.9% 7,177 3.5% 436
1944 40.9% 4,023 58.9% 5,798 0.2% 22
1940 30.7% 3,909 68.0% 8,662 1.3% 162
1936 28.8% 2,159 69.7% 5,236 1.5% 115
1932 23.9% 1,382 72.1% 4,170 4.0% 230
1928 52.2% 2,301 45.9% 2,025 1.9% 82
1924 42.0% 1,951 12.9% 598 45.2% 2,102
1920 62.1% 2,108 30.3% 1,028 7.7% 260

Shasta at one time favored the Democratic party in Presidential elections and was one of the few counties in the state to be won by George McGovern. In more recent times it is a strongly Republican county in Presidential and congressional elections. The last Democrat to win a majority in the county was Jimmy Carter in 1976.

Shasta is part of California's 2nd congressional district, which is held by Republican Wally Herger. In the state legislature Shasta is in the 2nd Assembly district, which is held by Republican Jim Nielsen, and the 4th Senate district, which is held by Republican Doug LaMalfa.

Demographics

2010

The 2010 United States Census reported that Shasta County had a population of 177,223. The racial makeup of Shasta County was 153,726 (86.7%) White, 1,548 (0.9%) African American, 4,950 (2.8%) Native American, 4,391 (2.5%) Asian, 271 (0.2%) Pacific Islander, 4,501 (2.5%) from other races, and 7,836 (4.4%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 14,878 persons (8.4%).[3]

Population reported at 2010 United States Census
The County
Total
Population
White
African
American
Native
American
Asian
Pacific
Islander
other
races
two or
more races
Hispanic
or Latino
(of any race)
Shasta County 177,223 153,726 1,548 4,950 4,391 271 4,501 7,836 14,878
Incorporated
cities and towns
Total
Population
White
African
American
Native
American
Asian
Pacific
Islander
other
races
two or
more races
Hispanic
or Latino
(of any race)
Anderson 9,932 8,273 70 426 256 17 353 537 1,070
Redding 89,861 77,117 1,092 2,034 3,034 156 2,307 4,121 7,787
Shasta Lake City 10,164 8,749 67 389 233 13 201 512 865
Census-designated
places
Total
Population
White
African
American
Native
American
Asian
Pacific
Islander
other
races
two or
more races
Hispanic
or Latino
(of any race)
Bella Vista 2,781 2,559 16 41 30 6 43 86 179
Big Bend 102 85 0 10 0 0 1 6 2
Burney 3,154 2,685 13 233 7 2 61 153 265
Cassel 207 194 0 3 0 0 4 6 6
Cottonwood 3,316 2,844 4 99 108 2 120 139 352
Fall River Mills 573 450 0 30 3 2 56 32 105
French Gulch 346 296 3 15 3 1 8 20 17
Hat Creek 309 239 4 45 2 4 9 6 20
Keswick 451 389 0 23 6 0 4 29 14
Lakehead 461 421 0 13 2 0 3 22 11
McArthur 338 217 0 15 0 0 98 8 119
Millville 727 673 0 6 6 1 22 19 50
Montgomery Creek 163 117 2 16 0 0 9 19 18
Mountain Gate 943 850 7 27 5 0 13 41 49
Old Station 51 49 0 1 0 0 0 1 2
Palo Cedro 1,269 1,164 7 24 6 1 22 45 74
Round Mountain 155 126 1 12 3 1 1 11 12
Shasta 1,771 1,612 11 37 23 1 7 80 56
Shingletown 2,283 2,124 5 49 8 1 13 83 86
Unincorporated
communities
Total
Population
White
African
American
Native
American
Asian
Pacific
Islander
other
races
two or
more races
Hispanic
or Latino
(of any race)
All others not CDPs (combined) 47,866 42,493 246 1,402 656 63 1,146 1,860 3,719

2000

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 163,256 people, 63,426 households, and 44,017 families residing in the county. The population density was 43 people per square mile (17/km²). There were 68,810 housing units at an average density of 18 per square mile (7/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 89.32% White, 0.75% Black or African American, 2.77% Native American, 1.87% Asian, 0.11% Pacific Islander, 1.71% from other races, and 3.47% from two or more races. 5.51% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 15.7% were of German, 12.3% English, 11.2% Irish, 9.9% American and 5.2% Italian ancestry according to Census 2000. 94.0% spoke English and 3.3% Spanish as their first language.

There were 63,426 households out of which 31.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.0% were married couples living together, 11.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.6% were non-families. 24.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 2.98.

In the county the population was spread out with 26.1% under the age of 18, 8.2% from 18 to 24, 25.3% from 25 to 44, 25.2% from 45 to 64, and 15.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 95.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.2 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $34,335, and the median income for a family was $40,491. Males had a median income of $35,959 versus $24,773 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,738. About 11.3% of families and 15.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.0% of those under age 18 and 7.3% of those age 65 or over.

Flora and fauna

According to Willis Linn Jepson the biota of Shasta County were not explored in a scientific manner until just before the year 1900. Up until the 1920s the Southern Pacific Railroad Company owned vast tracts of natural grasslands; however, during the 1920s the railroad sold off much of its grassland holdings, leading to the rapid clearing of brush and large scale conversion from habitat to agricultural uses.[5] Shasta County has extensive forests, which cover over one half the land area with commercially productive forest systems.[6] Common forest alliances include mixed oak woodland and mixed conifer-oak woodland as well as douglas fir forest. Common trees found include White-bark pine,[7] California Black Oak and California Buckeye.[8]

Annual events

  • Kool April Nites (April) — A Classic Car Show
  • Rodeo Week Festivities (May)
  • Art Fair and Fiddler’s Jamboree (May)
  • Whiskeytown Regatta (May)
  • Watershed Festival (May)
  • Strawberry Festival (May)
  • Shasta Dragonwood Celtic Faire (May)
  • Redding Exchange Club Air Show (June)
  • Shasta District Fair (June)
  • Fall River Valley Century Bike Ride (July)
  • Fourth of July Fireworks Celebration (July)
  • Burney Basin Days (July)
  • Fall River Valley Wild Rice Festival (Aug)
  • Intermountain Fair, Fall River Valley (September) The Shasta County Fair
  • Stillwater Pow Wow (September)
  • Big Bike Weekend (October)
  • Fall River Valley Lights of Christmas Parade (December)

Education and housing

Colleges and universities

Shasta County has four colleges and universities:

Shasta College, Redding – 2 year, fully accredited
Simpson University, Redding – 4 year, fully accredited
National University, Redding – 4 year, fully accredited
Shasta Bible College - 4 year

High schools and below

  • 43 Elementary Schools
  • 10 Junior High Schools
  • 8 High Schools
  • 35 Private Schools

Housing

  • Median price for a house is about $248,000.
  • Median rental rate is $700/month.

Points of interest

Bailey Cove Campground near Lake Shasta within the Shasta-Trinity National Forest.

See also

References

  1. ^ Originally, Mount Shasta was within the county, but it is now part of Siskiyou County.
  2. ^ "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. http://www.census.gov/tiger/tms/gazetteer/county2k.txt. Retrieved 2011-02-13. 
  3. ^ "2010 Census P.L. 94-171 Summary File Data". United States Census Bureau. http://www2.census.gov/census_2010/01-Redistricting_File--PL_94-171/California/. 
  4. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ Mary C. Brinton, Victor Nee and Robert K. Merton (2001) The New Institutionalism in Sociology, Stanford University Press ISBN 0804742766, 352 pages
  6. ^ Forest Survey Release (1952) By California Forest and Range Experiment Station, Berkeley, California, no.13-3
  7. ^ George Bishop Sudworth (1908) Forest Trees of the Pacific Slope, United States Forest Service, published by the United States G.P.O., Washington DC
  8. ^ C. Michael Hogan. 2008. Aesculus californica, Globaltwitcher.com, ed. N. Stromberg [1]

External links

Coordinates: 40°46′N 122°02′W / 40.76°N 122.04°W / 40.76; -122.04


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