United Jewish Peoples' Order
The United Jewish Peoples' Order is a secular socialist Jewish cultural, political and educational fraternal organization in Canada. The UJPO traces its history to
1926and the founding of the Labour League. It was for many years associated with the Communist Party of Canada.
The UJPO has branches in Winnipeg, Montreal, Vancouver and Toronto where it operates the Winchevsky Centre, named after famed Jewish socialist
Morris Winchevsky. The Toronto branch sponsors several groups operating out of the centre including the Morris Winchevsky School(kindergarten to grade 7), the Toronto Jewish Folk Choir, and Camp Naivelt, an historically significant socialist Jewish camp. The Vancouver branch publishes the national progressive Jewish magazine "Outlook" as well as a number of cultural and educational activities. [http://www.winchevskycentre.org/institutions/A_PBrochure.pdf]
According to Professor
Gerald Tulchinsky, the UJPO "embraced many Jews, not all of them necessarily committed Communists, who in varying degrees supported collectivist ideals and tried in interesting ways to emulate some of those values in their personal lives. Camp Naivelt(New World) in Brampton, which also stressed collectivist values and a spirit of internationalism, drew thousands of children over its 78-year existence —it's still going — while many UJPO members rented or owned modest cottages in a colony at Eldorado Park, where for a few weeks they lived a modified communal existence and socialized long into the summer evenings"Gerald Tulchinsky, [http://www.historycooperative.org/journals/llt/56/tulchinsky.html Family Quarrel: Joe Salsberg, the 'Jewish' Question, and Canadian Communism] Labour/Le Travail, 56 (Fall 2005)]
The Jewish Folk Choir held well attended concerts, several of which included
Paul Robeson, featuring Yiddish and Hebrew music. Another contribution to music made, indirectly, by the UJPO was the founding of the folk group The Travellers, which originated at Camp Naiveltin the 1950s.
Nationally, the UJPO is affiliated to the
Canadian Jewish Congress, the Canadian Peace Alliance, the National Action Committee on the Status of Women, the Congress of Secular Jewish Organizations, the North American Federation of Secular Humanistic Jews, and the International Institute of Secular Humanistic Jews.
The UJPO evolved out of the Yiddish language "
Arbeiter Ring". In 1925 Communist and other radical members of the Ring were expelled and formed the Jewish Labour League Mutual Benefit Society (or Labour League) in Toronto and the Canadian Workers' Circle in Montreal and Winnipeg. In 1945 these organizations merged to form the UJPO.
At its peak in the 1940s and 1950s, the UJPO had more than 2,500 members nation-wide with branches being established in Hamilton and Niagara Falls Ontario, and Calgary, Alberta and Vancouver, British Columbia, among others.
The UJPO was persecuted during the
Cold War. On January 27, 1950, the group's Montreal headquarters was padlocked by police acting under the Quebec government's Padlock Lawwhich permitted the forced closure of subversive organizations. The police carted away boxes of seized books, files and organizational material. In 1951, the UJPO was expelled from the Canadian Jewish Congress for its Communist affiliations despite being, at the time, the largest Jewish fraternal organization in Canada. The UJPO would not be readmitted into the Canadian Jewish Congress until 1995.Ester Reiter & Roz Usiskin, [http://www.vcn.bc.ca/outlook/library/articles/jewsontheleft/p05Forum1.htm Jewish Dissent in Canada: The United Jewish People's Order] , Paper presented at the Forum on Jewish Dissent a conference of the Association of Canadian Jewish Studies (ACJS) in Winnipeg, May 30, 2004 and reprinted in "Outlook"]
The UJPO broke with the Communist Party (known at the time as the
Labour-Progressive Party) during the party's crisis in 1956 after long-time UJPO and party stalwart J. B. Salsbergreturned from a visit to the Soviet Union and reported his findings of anti-Semitism and suppression of Jewish culture.
A resolution was passed at the UJPO's December 1956 congress stating:
::For many years we accepted uncritically all developments in the Soviet Union. This was wrong. There were members who questioned the sudden disappearance of Jewish writers and cultural institutions. Their questioning was rejected and dismissed without justification. Developments and events in the Soviet Union, shall be examined and our attitude to them determined on the basis of full, free discussion in the organization
The UJPO provided for its members "a social world outside the increasingly commodified life" according to Ester Reiter Ester Reiter, "Secular Yiddishkait: Left Politics, Culture, and Community," Labour/Le Travail, 49 (Spring 2002), 121–146, 145.]
Originally groups of immigrant workers, the UJPO and its precursors provided mutual fraternal assistance, medical help and financial aid to its mostly working class membership as well as providing a "rich cultural and political milieu with shules (schools), choirs, mandolin orchestras and wind orchestras, sports groups, dance and theatre groups, lectures, symposia and panels on social and political events."
The Toronto branch of the UJPO was located for many years at 83-85 Christie Street in Toronto alongside
Christie Pits. In the years following World War IIthe Jewish community moved north along Bathurst Streetand so did the UJPO which in 1960 moved to its current location at the Winchevsky Centre located in the Bathurst and Lawrence area. [http://www.winchevskycentre.org/welcome/history.html] The old Christie Street location is now occupied by the Ukrainian Cultural Centre of Toronto.
Association of United Ukrainian Canadians
* [http://www.ujpo.org United Jewish People's Order website]
* [http://www.winchevskycentre.org The Winchevsky Centre - Toronto]
* [http://www.vcn.bc.ca/outlook/library/articles/jewsontheleft/p05Forum1.htm Jewish Dissent in Canada: The United Jewish People's Order] By Ester Reiter and Roz Usiskin
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