3 Haripur District


Haripur District

Infobox Pakistan district
district = Haripur District
area = 1,725 km²
population = 803,000
pop_year = 2005
density = 466 per km²
caption = Location of Haripur District (highlighted in red) within the North West Frontier Province.
region = North-West Frontier Province
established =
nazim =
naib_nazim =
seats = x
tehsils = 3
languages = Hindko
Pashto
website = http://www.nwfp.gov.pk/


Haripur (Urdu: ہری پور) is a district of Hazara in the North-West Frontier Province of Pakistan that contains the city of Haripur, located on the bank of a stream called Dor. Haripur district has the highest Human Development Index of all districts in the NWFP. Haripur district is situated at latitude 33° 44' to 34° 22' and longitude 72° 35' to 73° 15' and about 610 meters above the sea level.

History

In 1399, central Asian conqueror Amir Timur, on his way back from his Indian campaign, left a legion of Karlugh Turks in the current Hazara region of Pakistan as the rulers. In 1472 Prince Shahabuddin, a descendant of Amir Timur came to Hazara to lead these Karlugh Turks and formed a state known as Pakhli Sarkar in the area between Hasan Abdal-Attock to Kashmir. Karlugh Turks continued to rule most of Hazara until 1703 but gradually lost their control initially from Hassan Abdal/Attock and then from Haripur, which came the control of the powerful Gakhars. The Turks however kept their grasp over the areas between Abbottabad to Kashmir until the collapse of their rule in the 18th century. Now the descendants of these Turk rulers live in several villages of districts Haripur, Abbottabad and Mansehra. Prominent villages where they live are Bihali Mansehra and Manakrai Haripur. One of the descendant of these Turks was Raja Amanuullah Khan who became Speaker of NWFP assembly in 1980s. [ [http://www.dtce.org.pk/DTCE/sources/nwfp/haripur/haripur.htm DISTRICT HARIPUR] ] .

Haripur (meaning Hari's town) was founded in 1822 by Hari Singh Nalwa, a Sikh General of Ranjit Singh's army. He was the Governor of Kashmir in 1822-23

Administration

The District of Haripur was a Tehsil of Abbottabad District until 1992 when it was separated from the District of Abbottabad and made into a district in its own right. The district is represented in the provincial assembly by four elected MPAs who represent the following constituencies: [ [http://www.panwfp.gov.pk/index.php/members/bydistrict/en/9/46 Constituencies and MPAs - Website of the Provincial Assembly of the NWFP] ]

Ghazi

Ghazi Tehsil is divided into 7 Union Councils

Khanpur

*Khanpur (newly Announced)

Importance

The area is rich in natural resources and holds special significance because of two very important water reservoirs - the Tarbela Dam and Khanpur dam.

This district has high importance from geographical point of view. Because it is known as a gateway between Hazara division and NWFP and other side its boundaries attached with the capital Islamabad.

The biggest Tarbel Dam made of mud is also situated here on the river Sindh. This dam produces 2200 megawatts of electricity to fulfil the country's energy needs.

Boundary

The geographical significance of the district lies in the fact that its boundaries touch Mardan District, a centre of the ancient Gandhara civilization in the north west. Abbottabad District in the north east, Mansehra District in the north, Margallah hills of Islamabad in the south east, Swat valley in the north-west, Buner and Swabi districts in the west. Besides Swabi, Mansehra and Abbottabad districts of NWFP, two districts of Punjab province i.e. Attock and Rawalpindi lie on the southwest and southeast respectively of Haripur district. The Federal Capital Islamabad is also adjacent to the district in the south.

Demography

Haripur's population was estimated to be 803,000 in 2005. Out of those only 12.0% of the population live in urban areas, while, the rest (88.0%) of the population lives in the rural areas.

The population is spread over 1,725 km², with population density of 401.3 persons per km² [ [http://www.infopak.gov.pk/districtPK.aspx Information Pakistan - Districts of Pakistan] ] , this compares to the average population density of 233 persons per km², in the North West Frontier as whole. The average household size of the district is 6.6 persons per household compared to 8 at the provincial level. Agriculture is the livelihood of the rural population, the total arable area is 77,370 acres (313.1 km²).

Language

According to the 1998 District Census Report, Hindko is the predominant language in the district, representing >68% of the total population. Other languages spoken are Punjabi, Pushto, Potohari, Gojri and Pahaari.

Growth rate

The average annual growth rate for the district during the 1981 to 1998 inter-census period has been 2.19%, lower than the provincial average (2.8%) and almost equal to the national average i.e. 2.2%.

Literacy rate

The overall literacy rate for Haripur district is 53.7%, substantially higher than the provincial literacy rate in NWFP (35.2%). The female literacy rate is dismally low at 37.4% compared to male literacy of 70.5%. The urban: rural break down show that rural literacy is lower (51.4%) than urban literacy (69.7%).

Education

Notable educational institutes are:
* Haripur Campus of Hazara University
* Telecom Staff College
* Telecom Girls Public School & College
* Telecom Boys School and College
* Bright Vision Model College
* PILS (Paramount Institute of Languages and Skills)
* Sarhad Degree College of Commerce
* Sarhad College of Modern Education
* Frontier Education Complex
* HASDIS Computer Masters College
* Sir Syed Model School and College
* Model Public School, KTS
* Kausar Public School and College
* Jinnah Jamia Public School and college Haripur
* Basri Public School & College
* Sadat Model Public School
* Hazara Public School
* Pakistan International Public School
* Merit Schooling System
* Fauji Foundation Model School
* Islamic Universal Education System Kholian Bala.
* Zubaida aman degree collegeHaripur District has a Post Graduate College, that is funded by the Government, Providing education on Higher level.The city also has two Colleges for Girls which is also funded by the Government to provide Higher Education for Girls coming all around the City.

Haripur has 907 government primary schools, including 656 for boys and 251 for girls, in 2000–2001. In addition to government primary schools, 166 mosque schools were also functional in the district during this period.

The 907 government primary schools are there to cater a primary school age population (5–9 years) of 101,670, out of which 52,240 (51.38%) were boys and 49,430 (48.61%) were girls. The ratio of the primary schools with the primary school going age population indicates a limited access of the children to primary education. The district had 83 middle schools (56 for boys & 27 for girls), during 2001.

The mosque schools were introduced under the National Education Policy 1979 at the time of Fifth Five-Year Plan 1978–83. A mosque school is organized on the basis of 20–30 students, having normally one PTC teacher and Imam of the mosque as staff members, a shorter teaching programme (about four hours a day), same curriculum as of primary schools in addition to teaching of Holy Quran-e-Nazira (recitation of the Quran). The students qualifying from such schools are eligible for admission in formal schools for higher education.

During 2000–2001, 166 mosque schools (15.47% of the total primary schools) were functioning in district, while in 1997–98, this number was 180.Fact|date=February 2007 Details about the number of teachers and students, curricular activities and performance of these schools are not available. The school age population catered by the mosque schools is not available.

Industries

Haripur District is comparatively more industrialised than other districts in the NWF Province. There are many biggest factory units here like Telephone Industries of Pakistan, NRTC(National Radio Telecomunication Corporatin, Hazara fertilizers, Pak-China fertilizers, Terbela Cotton Mills etc. Furthermore, many small and big industrial factories are made in the Hatar industrial state such as Dewan Salman Fibre, Razzaq Blancket Industry, Ali Hussain Poltry, Khwaja Children Home and Heavy Electrical Complex. Because of these industries this district is playing an important role at country level in the economic development.

Since Haripur has developed situation of medium and big industries, its role in the agricultural field is also admirable. This district especially provides fruits and vegetable not only to Peshawar but also to Islamabad and the Punjab. There is more likelihood of social and economical development due to the project of Ghazi Brotha and Motorway from Peshawer to Islamabad.

One of the well known places of the district Haripur is Khalabat Town named after a village now under Tarbela Dam lake. It is a well planned town with a population of around 35,000 and is located at the bank of Tarbela Lake and is home to those displaced by the Terbela Dam.

Among other famous places are: Bandi Seeran (95% people are working overseas especially in gulf) Thipra (one of the village of Pakistan where litracy rate is 100%), Mirpur, Baldher, Rehana, the home town of (former president of Pakistan) Field Marshal Ayub Khan, Sikanderpur, Dervesh, Kot Najibullah,Bhera, Khanpur(Tehsil), Beer, Korakki, Mora Mamdooh, Mankrai (an old Turkic settlement which is famous for its old ruins), Sarai Saleh, Ali Khan, Shah Mohammad (For variety of plant nursery's) and Sirikot. The major railway station of Haripur city is actually located in Pandak village near TIP. One well known place of the district is Jagal, it is near the KTS (Kahlabut town ship) - it is very big village. One more very big village is Dehdan (Dahdan). On karakurm highway 13 km west of Haripur.

Famous people from Haripur

* Sardar Muhammad Mushtaq Khan, present MNA of Haripur & Ex-MPA and Provisional Minister of NWFP.
* Qazi Muhammad Asad, Former and Present MPA from PF-50 and Minister for Higher Education, NWFP.
* Pir Muhammad Sabir Shah, MPA, Former Chief Minister NWFP
* Raja Faisal Zaman, MPA
* Akhtar Nawaz Khan, MPA
* Dr. Faiza Rashid, MPA
* Field Marshal Ayub Khan, Former President, and Army Chief of Pakistan
* Muhammad Anwar Shamim, Air Chief Marshal and Chief of the Air Staff of Pakistan Air Force
* Qateel Shifai, famous Urdu poet;
* Gohar Ayub Khan, former Speaker of the National Assembly and Foreign Minister of Pakistan.
* Yousaf Ayub Khan, Zillah Nazim, Haripur.
* Habibullah Khan Tareen, former NWFP Speaker and Education Minister.
* Sardar Fakhr-e-Alam Khan ex-chief election commissioner of PAKISTAN and ex-chief justice of Peshawar high court.
* Raja Sikander Zaman, former senior federal minister and Chief Minister of NWFP.
* Dr. Raja Amir Zaman, Former Zillah Nazim
* Sultan Raja Erij Zaman Khan - Chief of Gakhars and Ex MPA.
* Major Gen. Mohammed Khalid, Pakistan Army
* General Iqbal Khan, Pakistan Army

References


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