Malolos City


Malolos City

:"This article is about the city. For the cathedral, see Malolos Cathedral. For the barangay, see Barili, Cebu or Malinao, AlbayInfobox Settlement
official_name = City of Malolos
other_name = "Li-Han" (ancient Chinese name)
native_name = "Lungsod ng Malolos"
nickname = "Seat of the First Philippine Republic"
settlement_type =
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image_caption = The Barasoain Church in Malolos City, Bulacan.


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seal_size = 110px
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map_caption = Map of Bulacan showing the location of Malolos City. Coordinates: 14° 50' 31" N, 120° 48' 42"E
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subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name =
flag|Philippines
subdivision_type1 = Region
subdivision_name1 = Central Luzon (Region III)
subdivision_type2 = Province
subdivision_name2 = Bulacan
subdivision_type3 = Congressional District
subdivision_name3 = 1st
subdivision_type4 = Barangays
subdivision_name4 = 51
government_type =
class = 4th class city;Component City
leader_title = Representative, 1st Congressional District
leader_name = Ma. Victoria M. Sy-Alvarado (Lakas-CMD)
leader_title1 = Governor
leader_name1 = Joselito R. Mendoza (Kampi)
leader_title2 = Mayor
leader_name2 = Atty. Danilo A. Domingo (2001-Present, Lakas-CMD)
leader_title3 = Vice Mayor
leader_name3 = Emmanuel R. Sacay
established_title = Founded
established_date = 1580
established_title2 = Independent Town
established_date2 = 1673
established_title3 = Chartered City
established_date3 = October 8, 2002 (rejected in 1999 but appealed)
Repuplic Act No. 8754
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area_total_km2 = 77.25
area_land_km2 = 67.30
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population_as_of = 2007
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population_total = 223,069
population_density_km2 = 3314
population_density_sq_mi =
population_metro = Manilla
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timezone = PST
utc_offset = +8
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elevation_m = 19.4
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postal_code_type = Zip code
postal_code = 3000
area_code = 044
blank_name = Languages
blank_info = Tagalog and English
blank_name = Income Class
blank_info = 4th Class
blank1_name = Classification
blank1_info = Component City; Urban
website = [http://www.maloloscity.gov.ph/ Official Website of Malolos City]
footnotes =

Malolos ("mälō'lōs") ("PSGC : [http://www.nscb.gov.ph/activestats/psgc/municipality.asp?muncode=031410000&regcode=03&provcode=14 031410000] "), officially called the City of Malolos (or "Lungsod ng Malolos" in Filipino) or simply Malolos City, is a 4th class urban component city in the Republic of the flag|Philippines. Malolos is considered as the 115th city in the country. [ [http://www.nscb.gov.ph/factsheet/pdf03/fs3_02.asp NSCB - 2003 Factsheet - One City and Eleven Barangays Created] ] It is the capital city of the province of Bulacan as the seat of the provincial government. It is also the seat of the Bishop of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Malolos.

The City is 45 kilometers north of Manila, it is one of the major suburbs conurbated to the Metropolitan Manila, situated southwestern part of Bulacan, located in the Central Luzon Region ("Region 3") in the island of Luzon and part of the Metro Luzon Urban Beltway Super Region. Bordering Malolos are the municipalities of Bulakan, Bulacan (the former capital of the province) to the southeast, Guiguinto to the east, Plaridel to the north, Calumpit to the northwest, and Paombong to the west. Malolos also lies on the north-eastern shore of Manila Bay.

Malolos was the site of the constitutional convention of 1898, known as the Malolos Convention, that led to the establishment of the First Philippine Republic, the first republic in Asia, at the sanctuary of the Barasoain Church. The "Convent" of the Malolos Cathedral served as the "Palacio Presidencial" of the Republic.

The major industries are agriculture, fisheries and manufacturing. It is also one of the centers of education in Central Luzon region, it has several universities like the government-funded Bulacan State University, and privately owned Centro Escolar University and University of Regina Carmeli. Malolos also houses the most populous high school in Central Luzon, Marcelo H. del Pilar National High School.

Demographics

Language and Ethnicity

Majority of the Maloleños (or "Malolenyo" in Filipino) traces their roots to Tagalog ethnicity although there are also Kapampangan, Bisaya, Muslims and other descents who migrated to the city. The vernacular language is Filipino in the form of Tagalog, while English is the language most widely used in education and business throughout the city.

Population and Barangays

Based on the 2007 Census of Population and Housing, as of August 1st, the city's population reached 223,069. It had a population density of 3,314 persons per square kilometer. Malolos got the 42nd place among the most populated cities in the country [ [http://www.xist.org/cntry/philippines.aspx GeoHive: Philippines Statistics - Main Cities] ] , and 2nd in the province. According to the census conducted by Malolos City Office as of late 2007, there are 255,543 permanent inhabitants in the city. Majority of the Malolos households usually lives along the major roads. It has an average crime rate of 6.28% and has an crime solution efficiency of 97.11%.

Malolos City is subdivided into 51 barangays that are spread over a land area of 7,725 hectares consisting of agricultural, commercial, industrial, residential, bodies of water, fishponds, marshes and roads. Each barangay is administered by "Barangay Chairman or Captain."

Many of the name of the barangays were derived from the name of common Philippine trees, because Malolos was once a vast virgin land and forests, before the Spaniards came and Christianized the natives. While others were named in honor of their patron saints.

mnb|Malolos_Population|1Source: National Statistics Office

mnb|Malolos_Population|2From NSO 2000 Census. [http://www.census.gov.ph/census2000/p031400.html]

mnb|Malolos_Population|3From NSO 2007 Census. [ [http://www.census.gov.ph/data/sectordata/2007/region%203.pdf region 3.xls ] ]

Religion

Majority of "Malolenyos" are Christians. Roman Catholic is the predominant religion in City of Malolos. Other religious groups include The United Methodist Church (Methodists), Iglesia ni Cristo, Jehovah's Witness ("Saksi Ni Jehovah"), Seventh-day Adventist Church ("Sabadista"), Church of Jesus Christ of the Latter Day Saints (Mormons), Philippine Independent Church (Aglipayans), Jesus Is Lord Church (Born-Again Christians), United Church of Christ in the Philippines, Baptist churches and other Protestant, Evangelical, Pentecostal, Charismatic churches, ministries, fellowships and religious groups. Islam (Muslims) could also be found in the city.

History

No other towns in the Philippines can be linked to the great patriots and heroes in the country's history more than the City of Malolos — "capital of the short-lived Philippine Republic". Such name as General Emilio Aguinaldo, Pedro A. Paterno, Dr. Jose P. Rizal, Marcelo H. del Pilar, Pio del Pilar, Gregorio del Pilar, Apolinario Mabini, Antonio Luna, Felipe Calderon, General Isidoro D. Torres and a host of others are forever engraved and enshrined in the annals of Philippine History, all of whom share one commonality - MALOLOS.

According to Blair and Robertson, the name “Li-han” or "Li Han" was the ancient Chinese name for Malolos, whose leaders bore the title of “Gat-Salihan” or Gatchalian (derived from "Gat sa Li-Han"). [ [The Philippine Islands, 1493-1898, by Emma Helen Blair and James A. Robertson, Manila, 1903-1909] ]

In 1580, eight years after Maynilad (present_day Manila) was captured by the Spaniards from Rajah Soliman and Rajah Matanda, Spanish missionaries discovered a small settlement called Li Han, with 4,000 unbaptized souls. The settlement was named and founded as "Malolos" by the Augustinians under the direction of Fray Diego Ordoñez de Vivar. Later, after clearing forests and virgin lands, the settlement grew, and the population increased. After the construction of a big church, the place was made into a town. From the very beginning, Tagalog made up the majority of the Malolos populace. They were led by prominent families, among them the Gatsalians (Gatchalian), and the Manahans.

The name of Malolos was presumably derived from the Tagalog word "Paluslos", meaning " "downwards". The name resulted from a misunderstanding among the first Spanish missionaries who reached the place. Searching for inhabited places along the Calumpit River, these priests came upon some natives of a riverside barrio (now Kanalate or Canalate). They asked for the name of the place. The natives, not knowing the Spanish tongue, answered that the flow of the river in that part was downstream -"paluslos"-, which the Spaniards pronounced "Malolos" or "Malulos". Corruption of the word through the years led to present "Malolos".

Malolos was once a part of the old pueblo or town of Bulakan, and then became an independent pueblo in 1673. [ [http://209.85.175.104/search?q=cache:nUrJQnYDFB8J:www.bulacan.gov.ph/bulacan/history.php+founding+of+the+town+of+malolos&hl=tl&ct=clnk&cd=5&gl=ph Municipality of Bulacan] ] In August 31, 1859, the town was divided into three districts; ""Malolos", ""Barasaoin", and ""Santa Isabel" with respective capitanes municipales and parish priests. These towns were again reunited into a single municipality in 1903, while the two districts became barangays under the political jurisdiction of Malolos..

To cite all the historical events that transpired in Malolos, one could very well fill a good-sized book. The major events especially those that revolved around the first Republic, cannot be left unmentioned. Some of these are the petition of the women of Malolos, the establishment of the Constitutional Convention, drafting and ratification of the Malolos Constitution, and the inauguration of the first Philippine Republic.

The wealth of Malolos lies not only in its more than four thousand hectares of fertile rice lands and more than two thousand hectares of fishponds, but in the character of its people as well. Its people have long been known for their diligence and ingenuity. In early days, farming and fishing took up most of the poultry, farming, pigeon rising, carpentry and woodwork, and other profitable cottage industries and handicrafts. A major factor in Malolos growth and development was the opening of the Manila-Dagupan railways or "Ferrocaril de Manila-Dagupan" (Spanish) in April 1892. With the advent of the railroad came new ideas from Manila and other places. Another factor is Malolos proximity to industrial and business centers. Only 42 kilometers off from Manila, the town and its people are inevitable subjected to an influx of metropolitan thoughts.

In work methods and tools, it is estranged to find Malolos folk using a combination of the old and the new Ramshackle hops tremble to the whirl of modern electric-powered machines. Fishermen go out to the sea in the same dugouts their grandfathers used. Some of them have outboard motors. And handicraftsmen, woodworkers and weavers still follow the ageless techniques of their forefathers.

By virtue of "Public Law No. 88" of the Philippine Commission, Malolos became the "capital of the province of Bulacan" on February 27, 1901.

Malolos was the site of the inauguration of Joseph Estrada on June 30, 1998 in Barasoain Church as the President of the Republic of the Philippines.

It was in summer of 2004, the construction of the Malolos flyover marks a new milestone in their flourishing history being the first in the city. Part of the President's Bridge Program, the construction was undertaken in a record-breaking 60 days only according to the Department of Public Works and Highways. The facility is expected to solve the daily traffic jam at the place, which have become a bane to motorist and also to employees in both private and government offices in this city. This remarkable feat will fastrack not only the city's development in commerce and trade but its neighboring municipalities as well.

During July 28-30, 2008, the city was chosen to host the first National Conference for Philippine-Spanish Relations. The conference's theme was "Philippine-Spanish Relations: Sharing Common History and Culture."

The Revolt of Ladia

In 1643, due to Spanish oppression throughout the country, Pedro Landia, a native of Borneo, who claimed to be descendant of Rajah Matanda and later proclaimed himself as "Rajah ng mga Tagalog" (Rajah of the Tagalogs), instigated the people of Malolos to rise in arms against the Spanish rule. He was able to recruit a number of followers. But before he could carry out his plan, Friar Cristobal Enriquez had already entreated the people to remain loyal to the Fatherland, Spain. Later, Pedro Ladia was arrested and sent to Manila to be executed. [For the accounts of the attempted revolt, see Blair and Robertson, Vol.XXXVIII, p.98-99]

The Women of Malolos

It was a town of so many heroes and great men along its enclaves, among which are the 21 Women of Malolos. On December 12, 1888, 20 young women from the Chinese-mestizo families of Malolos, Bulacan–the Reyeses, Tantocos, Tanchangcos, Tiongsons, Uitangcoys, petitioned the newly-arrived Gov. Gen. Valeriano Weyler to allow the opening of a night school - at their own expense where they could learn to read and write Spanish, the language which would eradicate friar domination and put them in touch with liberal ideas current in Europe. With Weyler's blessing and over the objections of the friar curate, the school opened in early 1889. The audacity and the success of these women did not go unnoticed. But the women's greatest adulation came from Dr. Jose Rizal in his letter of February 22, 1889, ""Sa Mga Kababayang Dalaga Sa Malolos"." The Women of Malolos were of the breed who looked at far horizons and thought of country above self, who stood up for what is right and just over what is merely convenient, who planned and acted not only for the future and the next generation, who decisively acted on their mouthed good intentions. [ [http://www.womenofmalolos.org/Pages/About.html Welcome to the official webpage of Women of Malolos ] ]

The Malolos Republic

Malolos is the historical site of the constitutional convention of 1898 that led to the establishment of the First Philippine Republic, the first republic in Asia, led by Emilio Aguinaldo. Malolos served as the capital of the short-lived republic from 1898-1899. In 1899, after the Malolos Constitution was ratified, the "Universidad Literia de Filipinas" was established in Malolos, Bulacan. It offered Law as well as Medicine, Surgery and Notary Public; "Academia Militar" which was established on October 25, 1898; and The "Burgos Institute", an exclusive school for boys

Malolos Congress convened on September 15, 1898 at Barasoain Church. On the 18th, Aguinaldo proclaimed Malolos as the capital of the Philippines. The first important act of the Congress was the ratification on September 29, 1898 of the independence proclamation of June 12, 1898 at Kawit, Cavite. On October 19, 1898, by virtue of an act of Congress, the Universidad Literaria de Filipinas was established. It was in Malolos on December 20, 1898 when Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo declared December 30 of every year as a day of national mourning. The greatest achievement and for which the Malolos Congress was known was the framing of the Constitution, prepared by a committee headed by Felipe Calderon, was approved by the congress after amendments have been made on January 20, 1899, sanctioned by Aguinaldo the next day and promulgated on January 22. The last congressional act of the Malolos Congress was the inauguration of the Philippine Republic with Aguinaldo as the President on January 23, 1899, amidst the people’s jubilation. American forces captured Malolos on March 31, 1899.

During the Philippine-American War, Malolos was captured by the Americans through a bloody battle that led to the escape of Aguinaldo to San Fernando, Pampanga.

Balangay Apuy of the Katipunan

On the eve of 7 July 1892, the Katipunan was founded by Andres Bonifacio tegether with Ladislao Diwa, Deodato Arellano, Teodora Plata and Valentin Diaz in the house of Arellano is Azcaraga. The Katipunan fought against Spain for our independence. Many knew that there are many Katipuneros all over the country but few know their names. Bulacan was one of the 8 provinces declared by Governor-General Ramon Blanco as a state of war.

Balangay Apuy, chapter or “"balangay"” of Katipunan in Bulacan province was organized in March 1896. The earliest members of the Katipunan from Malolos were Isidoro Torres, Ramon de Leon and Luis Gatmaytan. They became members in March 1896 and, together with Doroteo Karagdag, they were authorized to organize chapters or "balangay" in Bulacan province.

As a result of their efforts, the "Balangay Apuy" was organized in Malolos with the following officials and members: Luis Gatmaytan, President; Ramon de Leon, Secretary; Victorino Gatmaytan, Treasurer; Isidoro Torres, Doroteo Karagdag, Damaso Kaluag, Vicente Villavicencio, Donato Teodoro, Dionicio Dimagiba, Maximino Borlongan, Agripino Buendia, members. Other members were Antonio Bautista, "Tagausig," Gregorio Santos, "Taliba" and Romualdo Concepcion, "Mabalasik."

In early 1896, there was also organized in the capital of Bulacan, a separatist organization affiliated with the Bonifacio-founded Katipunan. It was called Katipunan del Norte presided by Agustin Tantoko, coadjutor of Calumpit parish. It was most active in Bulacan province, especially around Malolos. Gabino Tantoko, a propietario from Malolos, was a member and so were Juan, Antonio, Ezequiel, all surnamed Tantoko, among others.

After the discovery of the Katipunan, the Malolos members were arrested and tortured, like the brothers Luis and Victorino Gatmaytan and Nicolas Buendia.

Later, the "Balangay Apuy" was reorganized and Isidoro became president. He easily headed the armed uprising in Malolos, and drove the Spanish forces in the decisive Battle of Malolos on June 1, 1897.

Cityhood

It became that the municipality of Malolos was proposed to be a city in 1999 through "Republic Act No. 8754" entitled "An Act Converting the Municipality of Malolos in Bulacan Province into a Component City to be known as the City of Malolos" by former Representative, now Vice Governor Wilhelmino M. Sy-Alvarado (as its author) with efforts of former Malolos Mayor Restituto "Resty" Roque. The plebiscite was conducted on December 18, 1999. However, the conversion was rejected by the majority votes cast. As a result, a protest was filed impugning the results. Said protest was granted by the Second Division of COMELEC per Resolution No. Election Protest Case (EPC) 99-2, and became a city officially in October 8, 2002, and became final and executory on November 08, 2002.

Proposed Lone Congressional District of the City of Malolos

Through the years, the City of Malolos has grown and developed from a mere municipality to a key component city of Bulacan province. Being the known capital of Bulacan, the City of Malolos has a population of some 255,000 Bulakeños and has greatly progressed and developed as a local economy with major industries like agriculture, real estate, bag making, flowers and ornamental plants, food and food processing, garments, gifts, house ware and decors.

It cannot be doubted that the City of Malolos is in itself a strong political unit with a booming local economy. The City of Malolos, therefore, deserves to have its own separate congressional district to further sustain its continuing growth and development. This historic, bustling, and progressive city deserves an era of political and economic peace, independence, and prosperity, which can only take place if the City of Malolos is converted into a separate congressional district, having its own representative to congress who would advance its political and economic welfare in the national stage.

"Ang Malolos, mula noon hanggang ngayon, ay simbolo ng kadakilaan ng Pilipino, ng kanyang pagmamahal sa kalayaan at giting upang ipagtanggol ito. Nararapat Iamang na biyayaan ang Malolos ng sanying distrito upang magampanan nito ang papel bilang kanlungan ng mga bayani at puso ng progresibong lalawigan ng Bulakan." - Senador Mar Roxas (Senate Bill 1986, Amending Section 57 of Republic Act No. 8754

In The Senate of the Philippines.

According to Senate Bill 1986, introduced and filled on December 19, 2007 by Honorable Senator Manuel "Mar" Araneta Roxas II, "AN ACT AMENDING SECTION 57 OF REPUBLIC ACT NO. 8754, ENTITLED “AN ACT CONVERTING THE MUNICIPALITY OF MALOLOS, BULACAN PROVINCE INTO A COMPONENT CITY TO BE KNOWN AS THE CITY OF MALOLOS.”" The Bill was read on First Reading and Referred to the Committee on Rules on the same day as it was filled. On May 13, 2008, it was referred to the Committee on Local Government, on motion of Senator Pangilinan.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the Philippines in Congress assembled.

"Section 57. Representative District - [Until otherwise provided by law,] [t] The City of Malolos shall [continue to be part of the First Congressional District of Bulacan Province] HAVE ITS OWN CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT TO BE KNOWN AS THE LONE CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT OF THE CITY OF MALOLOS, TO COMMENCE IN THE NEXT NATIONAL ELECTIONS AFTER THE EFFECTIVITY OF THIS ACT." [ [http://www.senate.gov.ph/lisdata/66475888!.pdf Senate Bill 1986, Amending Section 57 of Republic Act No. 8754] ]

In The House of the Representatves.

In House Bill 3162 entitled "Amending Sec. 57 of RA 8754 or the act converting the municipality of Malolos, Bulacan into a component city to be known as the city of Malolos", was authored by Honorable Ma. Victoria Sy-Alvarado, Representative of the first district of Bulacan. The Committee on Local Government, of the House of the Representatves, approved House Bill 3162, declaring Malolos City as a lone congressional district separate and distinct from the first congressional district of the province of Bulacan. The said House Bill was substituted by House Bill 3693 which had been approved by the House on April 29, 2008; transmitted to on May 5 and received by the Senate on May 6, 2008.

City Government

The City aims to continuously provide its contituents with basic services such as social services, health services, economic services, environmental protection, tourism, peace and order, infrastructure and human resources development.

Current City Officials (2007-2010)

*Mayor: Atty. Danilo A. Domingo
*Vice Mayor: Emmanuel R. Sacay

City Councilors:

*Coun. Dennis D. San Diego
*Coun. Therese Cheryll B. Ople
*Coun. Tomas D. Reyes
*Coun. Crispin G. Erjas
*Coun. Ireneo V. Manalaysay
*Coun. Francisco A. Centeno, Jr.
*Coun. Armando A. Alba
*Coun. Alberto Q. Ramos
*Coun. Felino M. Teodoro
*Coun. Gilbert I. Gatchalian

Fast Facts:

City Mayor, Atty. Danilo A. Domingo, was chosen for two consecutive years (2006 & 2007) as the "Outstanding City Mayor" by the Association of Local Social Welfare and Development Officers on the Philippines Inc. [ [http://www.maloloscity.gov.ph/index.php?option=com_frontpage&Itemid=1 Official Website of Malolos City, Bulacan - Home ] ]

Economy

Commerce and Industry

The City of Malolos is steadily becoming industrialized due to its proximity to Metro Manila. Many corporations put up industrial plants and site, and commercial and banking etablisments in the key places in the city. Some of the businesses and industries include Agribusiness; Aquaculture; Banking; Cement Bag Making Ceramics; Construction; Courier; Education; Food/Food Processing; Furniture; Garments; Gifts, Houseware & Decorations; Hospitals; Hotels, Resorts & Restaurants; Information and Communications Technology; Insurance; Jewelry; leather & leather tanning; Manpower; Manufacturing; Marble; Printing Press; Realty/Real Property Development; Shoe Manufacturing; Textile; Trade; Transport Services; Travel & Tours; Other Services

Major Industries
* Industrial Estates
* Agriculture
* Aquaculture
* Banking
* Bag Making
* Flowers/Ornamental Plants
* Food/Food Processing
* Garments
* Gifts/Houseware/Decors
Major Products
* Bakeries Products (Enseymada Malolos, Otap Bread)
* Processed Meat
* Processed Food (Atsarang Kangkong, Bagoong Alamang)
* Metallic products
* Rice
* Fishes and other Seafoods.

Others
* "Pabalat" or pastillas wrapper making, an intricate art of paper cutting that turns ordinary pieces of Japanese paper into lace-like creations was once a prized skill amongst the old families of the province. It is a vanishing tradition in the province of Bulacan where it originated. Families proudly displayed tall dishes of this sweet treat for the benefit of visitors. With their fancy tails hanging down from the dish's rim and the light shining through the delicate paper, the wrapped candies looked like expensive handmade lace decorations, and were a welcome addition to the family's dining tables.
* Sweetened Lime skin (or "Minatamis na Balat ng Dayap" in Filipino)

Industrial Estates

First Bulacan Industrial City
MacArthur, Tikay, Malolos City

One Town One Product

The City has thirteen (13) One Town One Product (OTOP) Small and Medium Industries (SMEs)

Fashion & Accessories: "BAGS"
The Bag Industry is one of the key industry sectors in the City of Malolos which plays a major role in providing employment opportunities to local the city's residents particularly in barangays Pansahan, Taal, and Mambog where these industries are clustered.

Product Description. The bag manufacturers in the City of Malolos make all types of bags like backbags, ladies bags, traveling bags, vanity bags, shopping bags made of synthetic materials, canvass and oxford textiles. They have been supplying these products to major department stores around the country.

Product Lines. These bag manufacturers are mostly engaged in the production of various kinds of bags. However, some other types can also be produced depending on customer specifications. The most common types of bags that they manufacture are as follows: school bags, sports bags, ladies bags, luggages, vanity bags, traveling bags, seminar/conference bags, corporate giveaways, organizer bags.

Tourism

Historical Sites

*Barasoain Church - Also known as "Our Lady of Mt. Carmel Parish".A national shrine, the historic Barasoain Church is the site of the Constitutional Convention of the first Philippine Republic, making the Philippines the very first Asian Government to promulgate a Constitution. It was the Seat of the First Philippine Republic on September 15, 1898 to the last week of February 1899 under the presidency of Pedro Paterno. In its convent the Universidad Literaria Cientifica de Filipinas (or Universidad Literaria de Filipinas) was first housed. It also boasts of a light and sound museum under the management of National Historical Institute.;
*Malolos Cathedral and Convent, known as "Minor Basilica of the Immaculate Conception" The 10th Basilica in the Philippines. Its convent was the presidential quarters ("Palacio Presidencial") of Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo of the First Philippine Republic in 1898, presently the seat of the Diocese of Malolos, and has been the bastion of faith for the past centuries.;
*Casa Real Shrine or "Casa Real de Malolos", built in 1580, it originally served as the seat of government of the town. It also became the town’s Casa Tribunal, Ayuntamiento, and Casa Presidencia Municipal. It served as the office of the Treasury and the office of the town’s gobernadorcillo during the Spanish period. It served as the national printing press of the First Republic, where the revolutionary organs La Independencia, El Heraldo de la Revolucion, Kalayaan and Kaibigan ng Bayan were printed. It was restored in 1852. When the Americans captured Malolos, Casa Real became the seat of their Military Government. It was turned into a hospital in 1923 and later became an annex of the Bulacan High School in 1941. It housed the Japanese Chamber of Commerce during the Japanese Occupation, and lastly, it was converted into a municipal library. Now a museum serving as final repository of existing memorabilia. One of the permanent exhibits of Casa Real Shrine are relics of the Brave Women of Malolos of whom Rizal wrote a poem to honor their courage of setting up a school against objections from the towns friars.;
*Barasoain Ecclesiastical Museum – Repository of religious items and relics of the entire province of Bulacan, a museum managed by National Historical Institute showcasing a collection of municipal antiques and priceless array of artifacts.;
*Siar Tree – Now known as the “Kalayaan Tree”. It was planted by Gen. Aguinaldo during a lull in the Malolos Convention. Aguinaldo is said to have conducted many political discussions here. Under the tree is a monument that symbolizes the meeting of Filipino revolutionaries represented by Gregorio del Pilar and Gen. Isidoro Torres; Don Pablo Tecson, an erudite legislator; Padre Mariano Sevilla, a nationalist leader of the church and Doña Basilia Tantoco, portraying a woman freedom fighter;
*Kamistisuhan Houses – These structures, located at the Pariancillo of Malolos, typify the intricate architectural designs of Spanish buildings of the late 19th century.A classic example of this is the house of Don Jose Bautista (Bautista Mansion), which was built in 1877. It housed the "Ministry of Interiors" during the first Philippine Republic. The Mansion is situated along the nostalgic Kamistisuhan Street, this ancestral mansion was visited by the national hero Dr. Jose Rizal to convince Triumvirate of the Ten Gentlemen of Malolos to join the La Liga Filipina;
*Barasoain Museum – A museum managed by the National Historical Institute where the religious artifacts of the province are displayed;
*Museo ng Bulacan – A museum housing a collection of valuable relics, mementos, articles, documents and handicrafts of the Philippine Revolution. Located in Malolos to promote the cultural heritage and tradition of the province. It is under the management of the Provincial Government of Bulacan.;
*Institute de Mujeres – The place where the "21 women of Malolos", addressed by Dr. Jose Rizal in his famous letter, conducted classes;
*Bulacan Provincial Capitol, seat of the provincial government of Bulacan;

Resorts

*"DJ Paradise Hotel and Resort" [ [http://www.djparadise.com.ph DJ Paradise Resort and Hotel: The Premiere Resort in Malolos City, Bulacan, Philippines ] ] in MacArthur Highway, Dakila;
*"Malolos Resort Club Royale" [ [http://www.MalolosClubRoyale.com Welcome to Malolos Resort Club Royale ] ] in Fausta Subd., Mabolo;
* "Palm Garden Resort" in Pinagbakahan;
*"Lucky Garden Resort" in Caniogan;
*"Villa Reina Resort" in Valenzuela St., Catmon;
* "Villa Leonila" Resort in Garville Subdivision, Lugam;
*"Manggahan Mini Resort & Pool" in Del Carmen Subdivision, Sumapang Matanda;
*"Luisky View Park and Fishing Ground" in Matimbo;
*"Soledad Farm Resort" in Bangkal;

Festivals

* Santa Cruzan - (Held during May 1-31), the procession in honor of the Holy Christ is held in practically all towns and cities in the whole province. Every parish hours however celebrates the ending of the Flores de Mayo during the last week.
* Singkaban Fiesta (Sining at Kalinangan ng Bulacan), a festival of arts and culture in honor of Capitol's patron saint, "Our Lady of Victory"", showcasing the traditional arts of "Balagtasan", "Kundiman" and folk dances amidst of the "Singkaban" arches. The festival is celebrated in every second week of September which is in conjunction with the "Linggo ng Bulakan". Linggo ng Bulacan (Held during September 8-15), A province-wide, week-long celebration consisting of various colourful cultural presentations, art and culinary exhibits, arts and skills contests, and the prestigious annual Dangal nf Lipi Awards Night. Yearly, its activities vary depending upon the chosen theme for the year.
* Santo Niño Festival - (Held during Last Sunday of January), The biggest expression of devotion of the Holy Child Jesus in the Luzon island, celebrated every last Sunday of January. The festivities begin with an exhibit of "Santo Niño" (Holy Child) and culminate in a grand procession of hundreds of folk, antique and new statues of the Holy Child different manifestations, e.g., as shepherd boy, as keeper of the world, as a sleeping child, etc.

Parks and Museums

* Hardin ng Bayani at Sining also known as "Capitol Mini-Forest and Children's Park", in Provincial Capitol Compound
* Bulacan Heroes Park, inside the campus of Bulacan State University (BulSU)
* Mini Rizal Park, inside the BulSU campus
* Museo ng Bulacan, in Provincial Capitol Compound,
* Casa Real Shrine, serves as the City Museum
* Barasoain Ecclesiastical Museum, besides Barasoain Church in San Agustin

ocial Services

Housing

* The city hosts more than 50 residential subdivisions and a resettlement project of the national government (Northville 8 Resettlement Project).

The following comprises a listing of subdivisions in Malolos City. There may be other subdivisions in Malolos. Moreover, some of the listed subdivisions may be defunct, or may be frozen in the pre-development phase.


* Balaga Subdivision
* Capitol View Park Subdivision
* Casifina Ville
* Castro Compound
* Cyber Ville
* Del Carmen Subdivision
* Deogracias Subdivision
* Desta Homes
* Dimagiba Subdivision
* Domsal Subdivision
* Dream Crest Homes Subdivision
* Fausta Compound
* Felicisima Village
* Fisherman's Village
* Florida Villas
* Garden Ville Subdivision
* Golden Grain Villas
* Golden Ville Subdivision
* Grand Royale Subdivision

* Grand Town Village
* Guinhawa Subdivision
* Hiyas Subdivision
* Humel Heritage Homes
* Lapid's Ville
* Malolos Heights Estate Subdivision
* Masagana Homes
* Maunlad Homes Subdivision
* Maunlad Homes
* McArthur Village
* Menzyland Subdivision
* Menzyville Subdivision
* Metropolis North
* Miranda Subdivision
* North Highland
* Northfields Executive Village
* Pagtalunan Subdivision
* Pascual Subdivision
* Pleasant Ville Subdivision

* Providence Subdivision
* Provence Subdivision
* Regatta North Subdivision
* Royale Estates Subdivision
* Rufina Golden Village
* Rufina Homes
* Saint Agatha Homes
* Saint Ignatius Village
* Saint Paul Subdivision
* Saint Paul Village
* San Felipe Subdivision
* San Jose Subdivision
* Sionson Subdivision
* Socorro Subdivision
* Stanley Ville Subdivision
* TC Cabantog Subdivision
* Valeres Subdivision
* William Ville II Subdivision
* William Ville I

Education

Malolos is hailed as one of the centers of education in Central Luzon region. The city is host to numerous schools in the primary, secondary and tertiary level. Here are the partial list of schools, academies, institutes, colleges, and universities in Malolos.

Colleges and Universities

* Bulacan State University (BulSU) (Main Campus)
* Centro Escolar University (CEU) (Malolos Campus)
* University of Regina Carmeli (URC) (Catmon and Barasoain Campus)
* Bulacan Polytechnic College (BPC) (Malolos Campus)
* STI College
* AMA Computer College (AMACC)
* AMA Computer Learning Center (AMACLC)
* ABE International College of Business & Accountancy
* St. Augustine College of Nursing
* Informatics Computer Institute (James Tech. Inst. Inc)- Malolos Center
* Divine Colleges of Malolos City, Inc. (formerly Divine Arts & Sciences Computer College, Inc.)
* Datacase Computer Technology Inc.
* Manila Montessori College International - Malolos Campus
* Corinthian International College
* TESDA - Provincial Training Center - Bulacan (Malolos)
* Call Center Academy

High Schools, Elementary, and Pre-Schools

Public or Government-Subsidized Schools

* Bulacan State University Laboratory High School (BulSU-LHS)
* Pamarawan High School (MHPNHS Annex)
* Malolos Marine Fishery School & Laboratory
* Marcelo H. del Pilar National High School (MHPNHS)
* Bulihan National High School (Proposed), in "House Bill 02229", authored by Honorable Representative Ma. Victoria R. Sy-Alvarado, entitled "AN ACT ESTABLISHING A NATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL IN BARANGAY BULIHAN, CITY OF MALOLOS, PROVINCE OF BULACAN TO BE KNOWN AS THE BULIHAN NATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL AND APPROPRIATING FUNDS THEREFOR" and the status is still pending with the Committee on Basic Education and Culture since 2007-09-04.

Malolos has 38 public Elementary schools under the authority of Department of Education (DEPED) Division of City Schools of Malolos, the City Schools is divided into two educational district (EDDIS) for representation purposes. The office of DEPED Division of City Schools of Malolos is currently located at the Malolos Elementary School (also known as Malolos Central School).

Malolos North
* Balite ES
* Barasoain Memorial ES (Mojon)mn|Malolos_school|1
* Barihan ES
* Bulihan ES
* Bungahan ES
* Caingin ES
* Catmon ES
* Dakila ES
* Ligas ES
* Longos ES
* Look 2Nd ES
* Lugam Annex PS
* Look 1st Lugam ES
* Mabolo ES
* San Pablo PS
* Santor ES
* Sta. Isabel ES
* Stma. Trinidad ES
* Sumapa (Bata) PS
* Sumapa ES
* Tikay ES
Malolos South
* Anilao ES
* Atlag ES
* Babatnin ES
* Bagna ES
* Balayong PS
* Caliligawan ES
* Canalate ES
* Caniogan ES
* Gen. Isidoro Torres Memorial ES
* Malolos ES (Sto. Rosario)mn|Malolos_school|2mn|Malolos_school|3
* Mambog ES
* Masile ES
* Namayan ES
* Pamarawan ES
* Panasahan ES
* San Juan ES
* Taal ES

mnb|Malolos_school|1serves as the central school for Malolos North District

mnb|Malolos_school|2serves as the central school for Malolos South District

mnb|Malolos_school|3the Central School offers Special Education (SPED)

Private Schools
There are many privately-owned and church-operated schools established in the city. Private Schools are member of Malolos City Private Schools Association (MACIPRISA)
* AVM Motessori Center
* Bulacan Ecumenical School
* Darwin International School
* Holy Family School
* Hoy Infant School
* Holy Spirit Academy of Malolos
* Immaculate Conception School for Boys
* Immaculate Conception School of Malolos
* Ma. Therese Montessori School
* Malolos Adventist Elementary School
* Malolos Ecumenical Kindergarten
* Mary the Queen School of Malolos
* Montessori de Natividad
* Montessori School of Malolos
* St Clement Academy
* St. Ezekiel School
* St. Thomas Aquinas Academy
* Stella Orientis Scholl
* STI Prep School of Malolos, Inc.
* University of Regina Carmeli - Basic Education Department (High School & Grade School)

Health

Hospitals, Medical Center and Large Clinics
* Bulacan Medical Center (Bulacan Provincial Hospital)
* Sacred Heart Hospital (Sec.)
* Santos General Hospital of Malolos (Sec.)
* Malolos San Vicente Hospital (Sec.)
* Malolos San Ildefonso County Hospital (Sec.)
* Mary Immaculate Maternity Hospital
* Romel Cruz Hospital
* Ofelia Mendoza Maternity and General Hospital
* San Roque Hospital (Sec.)
* Santisima Trinidad Hospital (Sec.)
* Malolos Maternity Hospital (Sec.)
* Malolos EENT Hospital (Sec.)
* Saint Michael Clinic & Maternity Hospital (Pri.)
* Malolos Eye Center (Sec.)
* Santos Clinic, Inc. (Sec.)
* St. Vincent Polymedic Clinic
Health Centers (Sentrong Sigla Certified Health Facilities)
All barangays have its own Barangay Health Center.
* Malolos Rural Health Unit (RHS) I
* Malolos RHU II
** Malolos Healthy Lifestyle and Fitness Center
* Malolos RHU III
* Malolos RHU IV
* Bulihan BHS (Malolos RHU II)
* Catmon BHS (Malolos RHU)
* Mojon BHS (Malolos RHU II)

Infrastructures and Public Utilities

Popular Places: Infrastructure, Establisments, Etc.

*"BAYAN" (Malolos City Proper)
"Downtown Malolos"
** Malolos Cathedral, also known as "Minor Basilica of Immaculate Conception"
*** Immaculate Conception Basilica Convent
*** Basilica Patio
**** The "Kalayaan Tree"
**** The "Great Cross of Malolos"
** General Isodoro Torres Monument
** Veterans Federation of the Philippines Malolos Post - "World War II Filipino Veterans Monument"
** Malolos City Hall, (Main Hall and Annex Building) the seat of the City Government of Malolos
*** Malolos City Police Station, Philippine National Police (PNP) City Police Station.
** City Government of Malolos, Annex Building
*** Municipal Trial Court in City (MTCC)
*** Philippine Mediation Center (PMC) Bulacan unit
** Malolos Central Pharmacy
** Office of the Senior Citizen Affairs
** Malolos Fire Station
** City of Malolos Water District (CMWD) Building
** Malolos Public Market (Wet and Dry Market)
*** Malolos Fish Market
*** Malolos Slaughter House
** Malolos Shopping Center, Valmeña Mart & Maunlad Mall 1 & 2
*** Pinoy Bingo, top floor of Maunlad Mall 2
** Fast Food Stores
** M. Crisostomo Street, a Divisoria-like street with full of stores with cheap-priced products from Divisoria. This street leads you the public market
** Kamistisuhan District, Kamistisuhan Houses, Parancillo and F. Estrella streets and General Felipe Estrella bridge
*** Casa Real Shrine
*** General Felipe Estrella bridge
*** Convent of Malolos Cathedral, served as the "Palacio Presidencial de Aguinaldo"' or the Seat of the Aguinaldo’s Presidency.
*** Arcadio Ejercito House, at the corner of Parancillo and F. Estrella streets. This house served as the "Department of War" of the First Philippine Republic.
*** Erastro Cervantes House, located along the Parancillo street. It housed the "Department of Interior".
*** Adriano House, also along Pariancillo Street. This ancestral home was beautifully restored to its original state to house the Meralco Malolos branch. It served as the "Gobierno Militar de la Plaza" during Aguinaldo’s term.
*** Casa Tribunal Building or the "old Carcel", served as the jailhouse during Spanish era.
*** Institute de Mujeres
*** Lomotan House, located at the Sto. Niño street.
*** Bautista House, served as the as office of the "Secretaria de Fomento".
*** Lino and Maria Reyes House, located across the church along Estrella Street. This house served as the "office of Apolinario Mabini" when he was appointed as chief adviser to President Aguinaldo. It was said that Mabini and Aguinaldo were often heard arguing from this house.

*"CAPITOLYO" (Provincial Capitol Compound)
** Bulacan Provincial Capitol Building, the seat of the Provincial Government of Bulacan
** Hiyas ng Bulacan Convention Center
** Bulwagang Gat Blas F. Ople
*** "Museo ng Bulacan" (Bulacan Museum) (also known as "Hiyas ng Bulakan" Museum)
*** Provincial Library and E-Library Center
*** "Sentro ng Kabataan, Sining at Kultura ng Bulacan" Office
** Bagong Bulacan Capitol Gym
** Bulacan Packaging and Toll Packing Center (BPSTPC)
** Bulwagan ng Katarungan (Regional Trial Court)
** "'Camp General Alejo Santos, PNP Bulacan Provincial Police Office
** Panlalawigan Piitan ng Bulacan (Bulacan Provincial Jail)
** "Panlalawigang Kainan ng Bulacan" (Bulacan Provincial Food Court)
** Bulacan Provincial Hospital
*** Bulacan Medical Center
*** Bulacan Cancer Intitute, the top floor of the Bulacan Medical Center building.
*** Bulacan Blood Bank
** Commission on Audit building
** Philippine National Red Cross - Bulacan Chapter Office
** Department of Agriculture (DAR) Division of Bulacan Office
** Department of Education (DEPED) Division of Bulacan Office
** Department of Interior and Local Government (DILG) Bulacan Office
** Dapartment of Transportation and Communication (DOTC) Bulacan Office
** Land Transportation and Franchising Regulatory Board (LTFRB) Malolos Office
** Provincial Disaster Management Coordinating Council
** Boy Scouts of the Philippines (BSP) Bulacan Council Office
** Girl Scouts of the Philippines (GSP) Bulacan Council Office
** "'Integrated Bar of the Philippines
** Women Center
** DEPED Teacher's Training Center
** Philippine Post Office (PHILPOST)
** "'Kapisanan ng mga Dentista sa Bulacan (KADEBU)
** Hiyas ng Bulacan Building, located along MacArthur Highway, it houses school, banks and restaurants)

*"MALOLOS CROSSING"
"Uptown Malolos"
** Malolos Flyover, a 280-meter permanent steel flyover located at the crossing of MacArthur Highway, Paseo del Congreso road and Mabini street. It is one of the flyovers of President's Bridge Programs, Tulay ng Pangulo Project of the Department of Public Works and Highways (DPWH). The construction of the flyover was built in just 60 days.
** Fast Food Stores
** "Bahay-Pawid" and "Carinderia" Food Stores
** Golden City
** North Rail Transit site
*** the old Philippine National Railways (PNR) Malolos Station

*"BARASOAIN" (in barangay San Agustin)
** Barasoain Church
** General Emilio Aguinaldo Monument
** Our Lady of Mount Carmel Parish Covent
*** Barasoain Ecclesiastical Museum
*** Barasoain Museum
** University of Regina Carmeli ("The Only Catholic University in Bulacan"), Barasoain Campus

*"SANTA ISABEL" (in barangay Bagong Bayan)
** Bulacan Sports Complex
** Marcelo H. del Pilar National High School
** "Private Schools" (Holy Spirit Academy, Holy Infant School, International Montessori School, etc.)
** DJ Paradise Hotel and Resort

*"OTHERS"
** Malolos City "Welcoming" Arch
** Bulacan State University Main Campus
** Malolos Elementary School, also known as "Malolos Central School", located at barangay Santo Rosario.
** Malolos Lodge No. 46, one of the Masonry Lodges of Grand Lodge of Free and Accepted Masons in the province, located in front of Malolos Central School.
** Radio Veritas 846 Transmitter Station
** The Cabanas Mall, the premier town center in the city
** Atlag United Methodist Church, founded in 1901, considered as the one of the oldest Protestant church in the country and the oldest in the City, as well in the Province.

Malls, Supermakets and Public Markets

* [http://www.thecabanas.ph The Cabanas] , a 2.3 hectare garden mall with Cinemas (October 2008), Venue area (October 2008), Restaurants, Mixed-Commercial, and Wellness Cabanas (ready for turnover), a Supermarket & Chapel of St. Jude Thaddeus (June 2009).
* Malolos Public Market (Pamilihang Panlungsod ng Malolos in Filipino) - Wet and Dry Market
* Malolos Shopping Arcade
* Malolos Shopping Center
* Maunlad Mall 1 & 2
* Mega Magic Malolos
* PureGold Duty Free (soon to open)
* South Supermaket
* Super 8 Supermarket
* Uniwide Sales - US Warehouse Club
* Valmeña Mart

Hotels, Motels, Hostels, Inns, and Apartells

* DJ Paradise Hotel and Resort
* Malolos Resort Club Royale Hotel
* BULSU Hostel, inside Bulacan State University Main Campus
* BarCIE (Barasoain Center for Innovative Education) International Center (Hotel), inside University of Regina Carmeli Catmon Campus
* Lucky Seven Inn
* Seven Seven Traveller's Inn and Coffee Shop
* Malolos Apartelle Park
* Green Ville Apartelle
* Mila’s Hotel
* Barasoain Hotel
* Barasoain Leaf Lodge

Gyms, Sports and Gaming Centers, & Recreation Facilities

* Bulacan Sports Complex, in "Santa Isabel" Bagong Bayan
* Bagong Bulacan Capitol Gym, in Provincial Capitol Compound
* Malolos Sports Center & Cockpit Arena
* CEU Centrodome, inside Centro Escolar University Malolos Campus
* Valencia Hall, also known as BULSU Gym, inside Bulacan State University Main Campus
* Citywalk Badminton Sports Center,
* Shuttles Best/ JCAS Sports Alley, in Mabolo
* Red Oil Badminton Court,
* "'DJ Paradise Bowling Center
* Malolos Aikido Club, inside Malolos Mason Lodge in Santo Rosario
* Malolos Tennis Club, inside the campus of Bulacan State University
* Chess Institute, inside the campus of Bulacan State University
* IDEAL Airsoft Gamesite, [ [http://www.filairsoft.com/forum/showthread.php?t=15114 New Malolos Gamesite!!! - Filipino Airsoft (FAS) ] ] in Bungahan.
* Rufina Driving Range, inside the Rufina Golden Village in Santo Cristo

Memorial Parks and Cemeteries

* Malolos Municipal Cemetery
* Malolos Memorial Park
* Santa Isabel Cemetery
* Barasoain Memorial Park
* Saint Vincent Memorial Park.
* Krus sa Wawa Memorial Park
* Legacy Memorial Park

Roads and Transportation

Vehicular Traffic

On average, there are 499 private cars per hour plying the Mac Arthur highway, Malolos section. If private trucks, delivery vans, and motorcycles are included, the hourly average goes up to 816 vehicles. On the other hand, there is an hourly average of 432 public vehicles including buses, jeepneys, and tricycles.

Only private cars and public jeepneys follow a pattern of peaks and troughs in a day. Peak volume is at 10 am to 11 am in the morning and again at 5 pm to 7 pm in the evening. Lowest traffic volume during the day is observed from 12 pm to 1 pm.

Most of the traffic comes from Malolos going towards Calumpit (or North-bound), representing approximately 66% of the total traffic.

Major Roads

There are some major roads traverse Malolos City -
* MacArthur Highway (or Manila North Road), a national road which stretches from Monumento in Caloocan City to Pangasinan. It traverses the city from Tabang, Guiguinto - Tikay, Malolos to Lungos, Malolos - Lungos, Calumpit.
* Plaridel-Bigaa road, a provincial road that connects Quingua (Plaridel) and Bigaa (Balagtas). It tranverse the Plariel-Malolos (Mabini Street and Paseo del Congreso road) and Malolos-Balagtas roads (F. Estrella Street, Malolos-Bulacan and Bulacan-Balagtas roads).
** Paseo del Congreso Road, a historic road that links Malolos City Proper "Bayan" and Malolos "Crossing"
** Felipe Estrella Street
** Mabini Street
* Malolos-Hagonoy road, a provincial road that connects the Malolos "Bayan" to the town propers of Paombong and Hagonoy.
* Bulihan Road, a provincial road that links Malolos "Bayan" to Bulihan and Longos (northern barangays in Malolos). It used to be the link toward Pampanga and northern provinces before MacArthur Highway was created.
* Gat. Blas Ople Diversion Road (formerly known as Catmon-Anilao-Bulihan Diversion Road). The road connects Barangay Catmon in Malolos City and Santo Niño in Paombong. It was created to make a short-cut from the Uptown "Crossing" to Paombong and Hagonoy, instead of taking Malolos-Hagonoy road in the "Bayan"
* Santo Cristo - Mabolo Diversion Road, a diversion road that serves as an option (short-cut) from the "Bayan" to reach the Highway. It links the F. Estrella Street in Santo Cristo and Lucero Street in Mabolo.
* Ten Tanjeco Street in San Vicente
* Lucero Street in Mabolo
* T. Jacinto Street, portion of Malolos-Hagonoy road.
* "'Gat. Damaso Kaluag Ave.(formerly Lucero St. ?) starting from Barangay San Vicente to Barangay San Pablo in Santa Isabel.Through Tabang Spur Road entrance/exit (or Tabang Exit) in Guiguinto of North Luzon Expressway, it links the city to the "Metro" with the convenience of fast driving through the Expressway. Malolos City is only 40-50 minutes drive away to Balintawak in Quezon City.

Public TransportationPublic transportation within the city, like in most of the urban areas in the Philippines, is facilitated mostly using inexpensive Tricycles, jeepneys, taxis, and buses. Motored boats (or "Bancas") are used to transport goods and bring people to the barangays (or islands), like Pamarawan, Babatnin and Masile) that can only be reached by boats.

Tricycles are used for short distances. It can take you to the parts of the barangays and subdivions with no jeepney routes.

Various jeepney routes also ply the roads between the city and neighboring cities and towns in Metro Manila (Cities of Valenzuela and Caloocan), in Bulacan (Paombong, Hagonoy, Plaridel, Pulilan, Calumpit, Guiguinto, Balagtas, Bocaue, Santa Maria, Marilao and Meycauayan City), and in Pampanga (Apalit and the City of San Fernando).

While the "FX" and "L300" van taxis, from their terminals, and Provincial Buses (Baliwag Transit, Royal Eagle and Victory Liner), which passes through the MacArthur Highway, can take you to key places in the "Metro" (Monumento in Caloocan City; Cubao in Quezon City; Divisoria in Manila; and Pasay City) and to northern provinces (Apalit, Guagua, San Fernando City in Pampanga; and as far as Olongapo City in Zambales).

"Karatig"

The City has its unique PUJ (Public Utility Jeepney) service called "Karatig."" The Karatig is a short, modified owner-type jeepney used as a public utility vehicle. It has three routes, from its terminal in Maunlad (Menzyland Homes) in Mojon, it ply through the Plaridel-Malolos road, then through the Provincial Capitol Compound (Provincial Hospital, Hiyas Convention, Capitol Building, etc.), and to the gates of Bulacan State University (Gate 2 and Centennial gate). When it reached the highway, the first route (original) is called "Deretso", take you to the Malolos Crossing, turn left to the Paseo del Congreso road (where you can find the famous Barasoain Church & Casa Real shrine), and it take you around the Basilica Minore and the City Proper (where you can find the City Hall, Public Market, and business establishments). The second route is called "Fausta", after exiting the capitol compound, it ply through the flyover at the Malolos Crossing, turn left to the Fausta Subdivision in Mabolo, and passes through the access road to the Malolos Public Market before entering the City Proper. The Last route called "Capitol-View Park", because after it enters to the highway, it turn to Capitol-View Park Subdivision (in front of the main gate of BulSU), passes through the small road along Catmon, San Gabriel (road at the back of Barasoain Church), and Caingin before it enters to the City Proper. After it take you around the City Proper, it goes back to the terminal to the same roads they passes through.

Water

The bulk of water requirement of the city is being serve by the City of Malolos Water District (CMWD). Recently, the CMWD is now categorized as a "Large Water District", because it supplies clean water to the whole city and some barangays of Paombong. While some subdivisions have their own independent water supply system.

Power

Power distribution in the city is being undertaken by the Manila Electric Company MERALCO.

Telecommunications and Communications

Landline telephone systems are being provided by the Digitel and PLDT.

Mobile telephony services are provided by Smart Communications, Globe Telecom & Sun Cellular from Digitel.

Internet services are provided through DSL and Cable broadband coverage is provided by PLDT, Digitel, Mozcom Internet, and Pacific Internet; and Wireless broadband is provided by (Smart Bro) Smart Communications.

Cable Television are provided by Skywatch CATV (in San Juan, Malolos) and Home Cable Bulacan located on Balagtas.

References

External links

* [http://en.wikipilipinas.org/index.php?title=Malolos_City Malolos City - WikiPilipinas: The Hip 'n Free Philippine Encyclopedia]
* [http://www.maloloscity.gov.ph Official Website of the City Government of Malolos]
* [http://elibrary.supremecourt.gov.ph/republic_acts.php?doctype=Republic%20Acts&docid=a45475a11ec72b843d74959b60fd7bd6461bc2d31cf2e#sam Malolos City Charter]
* [http://www.senate.gov.ph/lis/bill_res.aspx?congress=14&q=SBN-1986 Senate Bill 1986 - Amending Malolos City Charter, "THE LONE CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT OF THE CITY OF MALOLOS"]
* [http://www.bulacan.gov.ph Official Website of the Province of Bulacan]
* [http://www.bulacan.gov.ph/malolos/index.php Malolos City on the Official Website of Bulacan]
* [http://www.msc.edu.ph/centennial/republic.html The Malolos Republic]
* [http://www.univie.ac.at/Voelkerkunde/apsis/aufi/pop/malolos.htm The First Philippine Republic at Malolos]
* [http://www.msc.edu.ph/centennial/constitution.html The Malolos Contitution (Translated in English)]
* [http://www.womenofmalolos.org/ Women of Malolos Foundation, Inc. official Website]
* [http://www.nscb.gov.ph/activestats/psgc/default.asp Philippine Standard Geographic Code]
* [http://www.census.gov.ph/data/pressrelease/2008/pr0830tx.html 2007 Philippine Census Information]


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