- Team sport
A team sport is an activity in which a group of individuals, on the same team, work together to accomplish an ultimate goal which is usually to win. This can be done in a number of ways such as outscoring the opposing team. Team members set goals, make decisions, communicate, manage conflict, and solve problems in a supportive, trusting atmosphere in order to accomplish their objectives. This can be seen in sports such as hockey, football, baseball, soccer, basketball, volleyball, tennis, water polo, lacrosse, rugby league, rugby union, cricket, and many others.
Every team sport is different. Some team sports are practiced between opposing teams, where the players interact directly and simultaneously between them to achieve an objective. The objective generally involves teammates facilitating the movement of a ball or similar item in accordance with a set of rules, in order to score points. This usually involves careful strategic planning, good preparation, and a mental and physical toughness of each individual that is part of the team. Team sports rely on all of the players working together equally in order to succeed at the task at hand. Being part of a team sport requires that each athlete has patience and perseverance since the goals put forth to accomplish might take some time to meet. This involves a good deal of dedication, hard work, and good leadership over that span of time.
However, other types of team sports do not involve teammates facilitating the movement of a ball or similar item in accordance with a set of rules, in order to score points. For example, Swimming, Rowing, Sailing, Dragon Boat Racing, Track and Field among others are also team sports. In other types of team sports there may not be an opposing team or point scoring, for example, Mountaineering. Instead of points scored against an opposing team, the relative difficulty of the climb or walk is the measure of the achievement.
Olympic team sports
Team sports and individual sports have been around since the ancient times. Athletes from all of the world gather in one place to showcase their skills and represent their respected country. Some team sports include but are not limited to: water polo, badminton, canoeing, soccer, field hockey, handball, table tennis, tennis, volleyball, etc. Six team sports are currently on the program of the Summer Olympics out of a total of 33 sports. A seventh team sport, rugby union, will return to the Olympics in 2016. Cricket may or may not be included in 2020 Olympics, which depends on the decision of International Cricket Council and its members.
All Olympic team sports now include competitions for both men and women.
Sport Men Women First edition Editions First edition Editions Football at the Summer Olympics Paris 1900 25 Sydney 2000 3 Water polo at the Summer Olympics Paris 1900 24 Atlanta 1996 4 Field hockey at the Summer Olympics London 1908 21 Moscow 1980 8 Basketball at the Summer Olympics Berlin 1936 17 Montreal 1976 9 Volleyball at the Summer Olympics Tokyo 1964 12 Tokyo 1964 12 Handball at the Summer Olympics Berlin 1936 11 Montreal 1976 9 Ice hockey at the Winter Olympics Chamonix 1924 21 Nagano 1998 4 Curling at the Winter Olympics Chamonix 1924 5 Nagano 1998 4
- Filppu, Lucy, The Benefits of Team Sports, http://www.education.com/magazine/article/Ed_Benefits_Team_Sports/, retrieved 13 November 2010
- Dyer, William; Dyer Jr., William; Dyer, Jeffrey (2007). Team Building: Proven Strategies for Improving Team Performance. San Francisco, Ca.: Jossey-Bass. ISBN 978-0-7879-8893-7.
- Hanlon, Thomas (2009). The Sports Rules Book: Essential Rules, Terms, and Procedures for 54 Sports. Champaign, Il: Human Kinetics. ISBN 0880118075.
- Metzl, Jordan; Shookhoff, Carol, Personal Benefits, http://www.enotalone.com/article/22181.html, retrieved 13 November 2010
- Oak, Manali, List of Olympic Sports, http://www.buzzle.com/articles/list-of-olympic-sports.html, retrieved 14 November 2010
Interdependent team sports Basket sports Football codesGridiron codesHybrid codesMedieval football codesRugby codes Handball sports Bat-and-ball games Stick and ball sportsHockey sportsPolo sports Ball over a net sports Other sportsAirsoft · Basque pelota (frontenis, jai alai, xare) · Buzkashi · Curling · Cycle ball · Dodgeball · Gateball · Kabaddi · Kho kho · Lagori · Paintball · Pétanque · Rollball · Roller derby · Tchoukball · Ulama · Ultimate · Underwater rugby · Water polo (inner tube) · Wheelchair rugby · Underwater football · Whirlyball
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