Astyanax

:"This article is about the mythological character; for the fish genus, see Astyanax (fish). For the video game, see The Astyanax. For the MLB player, see Astyanax Douglass."

In Greek mythology, Astyanax (Ancient Greek: Ἀστυάναξ, "Astyánax") was the son of Hector and Andromache."Astyanax". "Oxford Classical Dictionary". Oxford, 1949, p. 111.] His birth name was Scamandrius (in Greek Σκαμάνδριος or Σκάμανδρος, after the river Scamander"A Classical Manual: Being a Mythological, Historical, and Geographical Commentary on Pope's Homer and Dryden's Aeneid of Virgil". J. Murray, 1833, p. 189.] ), but the people of Troy nicknamed him Astyanax (i.e. high king, or overlord, of the city), because he was the son of the city's great defender ("Iliad" VI, 403) and the heir apparent's firstborn son.

During the Trojan War, Andromache hid the child in Hector's tomb but the child was discovered, and his fate was debated by the Greeks, for if was allowed to live, it was feared he would avenge his father and rebuild Troy. In the version given by the "Little Iliad" and repeated by Pausanius (x 25.4), he was killed by Neoptolemus (also called Pyrrhus), who threw the infant from the walls. Another version is given in "Iliou persis". (It has also been depicted in some Greek vases that Neoptolemus kills Priam, who has taken refuge near a sacred altar, using Astyanax's dead body to club the old king to death, in front of horrified onlookers.Fact|date=August 2008) In Ovid's "Metamorphoses", the child is thrown from the walls by the Greek victors (13, 413ff). In Euripides's "The Trojan Women" (719 ff), the herald Talthybius reveals to Andromache that Odysseus has convinced the council to have the child thrown from the walls, and the child is in this way killed. In Seneca's version of "The Trojan Women", the prophet Calchas declares that Astyanax must be thrown from the walls if the Greek fleet is to be allowed favorable winds (365-370), but once led to the tower, the child himself leaps off the walls (1100-1103). Other sources for the story of the Sack of Troy and Astyanax's death can be found in the "Bibliotheca (Pseudo-Apollodorus)", Hyginus ("Fabula" 109), Tryphiodorus ("Sack of Troy" 644-6). [Graves, Robert. "The Greek Myths" (Volume 2). Pelican, 1955, 1960, p. 343.]

There are numerous traditions up through the Middle Ages and the Renaissance that have Astyanax survive the destruction of Troy:
*In one version, either Talthybius finds he can't bear to kill him or else kills a slave's child in his place. Astyanax survives to found settlements in Corsica and Sardinia.
*The "Chronicle of Fredegar" contains the oldest mention of a medieval legend linking the Franks to the Trojans. [fr icon Hasenohr, Geneviève and Zink, Michel (eds.) "Dictionnaire des lettres françaises: Le Moyen Age". Collection: La Pochothèque. Paris: Fayard, 1992. p. 472, ISBN 2253056626] One legend, as further elaborated through the Middle Ages, established Astyanax, renamed "Francus", as the founder of Merovingian dynasty and forefather of Charlemagne.
*In Matteo Maria Boiardo's "Orlando innamorato" (1495), Andromache saves Astyanax by hiding him in a tomb, replacing him with another child who is killed along with her by the Greeks. Taken to Sicily, Astyanax became the ruler of Messina, killed the giant king of Agrigento (named Agranor) and married the queen of Syracuse. He was killed treacherously by Aegisthus, but his wife escaped to Reggio and bore a son (Polidoro), from whom the epic hero Ruggiero is descended (III, v, 18-27). In this tradition, the epic hero Roland's sword Durendal was the very sword used by Hector, and Roland wins the sword by defeating a Saracen knight (almonte, the son of Agolant) who had defeated Ruggiero II.
*In Ludovico Ariosto's "Orlando Furioso", a continuation of Boiardo's poem, Astyanax is saved from Ulysses by Hector (36.70) who substitutes another baby. Astyanax arrives in Sicily and eventually becomes king of Messina, and his heirs later rule over Calabria (36.70-73). From these rulers is descended Ruggiero II, father of the hero Ruggiero, legendary founder of the house of Este.
* Based on the medieval legend, Jean Lemaire de Belges's "Illustrations de Gaule et Singularités de Troie" (1510-12) has Astyanax survive the fall of Troy and arrive in Western Europe. He changes his name to Francus and becomes king of Celtic Gaul (while, at the same time, "Bavo", cousin of Priam, comes to the city of Trier) and founds the dynasty leading to Pepin and Charlemagne. [fr icon Simonin, Michel (ed.) "Dictionnaire des lettres françaises - Le XVIe siècle". Paris: Fayard, 2001, p. 726, ISBN 2253056634]
*Lemaire de Belges' work inspired Pierre de Ronsard's epic poem "La Franciade" (1572). In this poem, Jupiter saves Astyanax (renamed "Francus"). The young hero arrives in Crete and falls in love with the princess Hyanthe with whom he is destined to found the royal dynasty of France.
*In Jean Racine's play "Andromaque" (1667), Astyanax has narrowly escaped death at the hands of Ulysses, who has unknowingly been tricked into killing another child in his place. Andromache has been taken prisoner in Epirus by Neoptolemus ("Pyrrhus") who is due to be married to Hermione, the only daughter of the Spartan king Menelaus and Helen of Troy. Oreste, son of Agamemnon and Clytemnestra, brother to Electra and Iphigenia, and by now absolved of the crime of matricide prophesied by the Delphic oracle, has come to the court of Pyrrhus to plead on behalf of the Greeks for the return of Astyanax.
*In David Gemmell's Troy Series, Astyanax is the son of Andromache and Aeneas/Helikaon(though he is unaware of this for most of the story). After the Trojan War, Aeneas escapes from Troy with Andromache and Astyanax to Seven hills, a colony in Italy Aeneas and Odysseus found.

Other uses

Another Astyanax was the son of Heracles and Epilais, daughter of Thespius. Astyanax is a genus of fish in the American freshwater family Characidae.

References

External links

* [http://www.pantheon.org/articles/a/astyanax.html Encyclopedia Mythica - Astyanax]


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  • Astyanax — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda ? Mojarras Astyanax Astyanax jordani Clasificación cientí …   Wikipedia Español

  • Astyanax — [as tī′ə naks΄] n. 〚L < Gr〛 Gr. Myth. the young son of Hector and Andromache: he is killed at Troy by the Greek conquerors * * * As·ty·a·nax (ə stīʹə năks ) n. Greek Mythology The young son of Hector and Andromache, killed when the Greeks… …   Universalium

  • ASTYANAX — Dans la légende grecque, fils d’Hector et d’Andromaque. Les Troyens l’appelaient Astyanax («prince de la cité»), mais son père lui donnait le nom de Scamandrios, du fleuve arrosant Troie. Lors de la prise de cette ville, le guerrier grec… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Astyanax [1] — ASTYĂNAX, actis, (⇒ Tab. XXXI.) Hektors und der Andromache Sohn, Hygin. Fab. 109. hieß eigentlich Skamander, Hom. Il. Ζ. v. 400. wurde aber Astyanax, d.i. ein König oder Erhalter der Stadt genannt, Cerda ad Virgil. Aen. II. v. 457. & Potter. ad… …   Gründliches mythologisches Lexikon

  • ASTYANAX — unicus Hectoris ex Andromache fil. natus, post inchoatum bellum Troianum, quem Ulysses, naves e Sigeo solvens, de turri dedit in praeceps. Ovid. Met. l. 13. v. 415. Mittitur Astyanax illis de turribus, unde Pugnantem pro se, proavitaque regna… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Astyănax — Astyănax, Sohn des Hektor u. der Andromache. Da er nach einer alten Weissagung das Trojanische Reich wieder herstellen sollte, so stürzten ihn die Griechen nach der Einnahme Trojas von den Mauern herab …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Astyănax — (s. Skamandrios), Sohn des Hektor und der Andromache, wurde von Neoptolemos von der Mauer gestürzt, weil er sonst nach dem Ausspruch des Kalchas Troja rächen sollte …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Astyanax — Astyănax, eigentlich Skamandrios, Sohn des Hektor und der Andromache, wurde nach Trojas Fall von der Stadtmauer herabgestürzt …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Astyanax — Astyanax, s. Andromache und Hektor …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Astyanax — ASTYĂNAX, actis, Ἀστυάναξ, ακτος, (⇒ Tab. XVII.) einer von des Herkules Söhnen, welchen er mit der Epilais, einer von des Thespius Töchtern, zeugete. Apollod. lib. II. c. 7. §. 8 …   Gründliches mythologisches Lexikon

  • Astyanax — Astyanax,   griechisch Astyạnax, griechischer Mythos: ehrender Name (»Herr der Stadt«) von Skamandrios, dem Sohn des Hektor und der Andromache. Nach dem Fall der Stadt Troja wurde er von den Mauern der Stadt hinabgestürzt.   …   Universal-Lexikon

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