- Bombardier Aerospace
Bombardier Aerospace is a division of the
Bombardiergroup. It is the third largest [ [http://www.thestar.com/Business/article/308345 Business demand lifts Bombardier deliveries] ] aircraft company in the world in terms of yearly delivery of commercial airplanes (behind Boeingand Airbus).
The aerospace division was launched with the 1986 acquisition of
Canadair, at the time owned by the Government of Canada and a company that had recorded the then largest loss in history of any Canadian corporation. Politically, the Federal Government could not allow the Montreal, Quebecbased company to close, and any hints that it might do so were met with media stories of the Government's Avro Arrowdisaster.
After acquiring Canadair and restoring it to profitability, Bombardier acquired in 1989 the near-bankrupt
Short Brothersaircraft manufacturing company in Belfast, Northern Ireland. This was followed in 1990 by the acquision of the bankrupt Learjet Company of Wichita, Kansas, builder of the world-famous Learjetbusiness aircraft and finally the money-losing Boeingsubsidiary de Havilland Aircraft of Canada based in Toronto, Ontarioin 1992. [http://www.bombardier.com/index.jsp?id=0_0&lang=en&file=/en/0_0/0_0_1_6_2.html]
Bombardier builds business jets, short-range
airliners and fire-fighting amphibious aircraft and also provides defence-related services. Their aircraft were originally delivered with the same names as the original companies, but Bombardier has re-branded all of their current offerings under the Bombardier name.
The primary product line includes the
Learjet, Challenger and Global family of business jets developed from Lear designs, the CRJseries developed from the Challenger, the Q series turboprops developed from the de Havilland Canada Dash 8, and the Bombardier 415 water bomber, developed from the Canadair CL-215.
Both commercial aircraft models (the Dash-8 and CRJ) have similar 2x2 seating, overhead bin storage, lavatories, and galleys. The latest Dash-8 models have an advanced noise and vibration suppression (NVS) system that reduces noise considerably. This system has led to the adoption of the name "Q-Series." In this designation, the original aircraft name is shortened, using only the sub-designation of the aircraft model. For example, the de Haviland DHC-8-400 becomes the "Q400", with the "Q" standing for "Quiet."
These aircraft are selling well and are enabling some less popular routes to be profitably served by scheduled air services with relatively low environmental impact at the airports. They have recently mounted and endured some unusual legal battles with a key competitor
Embraerof Brazilfocused upon allegations of unfair state assistance in export markets.
The amphibious fire-fighting aircraft is the
CL-415, with a derivative amphibious utility aircraft. The CL-415is a CL-215equipped with turboprop engines and other upgrades.
Each model is available in different versions:
Bombardier 415(formerly CanadairCL-415) is an amphibious aircraftpurpose-built as a water bomber. It is the only aircraft designed and built specifically for aerial firefighting, and is based on the company's CL-215.
Government Subsidization Controversy
Both Bombardier and its main competitor,
Embraer, were engaged in a subsidy dispute in the late 90s and early 2000s. It was found by the World Trade Organization(WTO), in a 2000 ruling, that Embraer has received illegal subsidies from the Government of Brazil. In its ruling, the WTO ordered Brazil to eliminate its Proex export subsidies program, which was found to aid Embraer. [ [http://www.businessweek.com/archives/2001/b3715141.arc.htm Embraer: The Sky's the Limit] ] On October 19 2001, the WTO ruled against Canada, just as it had ruled against Embraer, over low interest loans from the Canadian government designed to aid Bombardier in gaining market share. [ [http://www.cbc.ca/money/story/2001/10/19/wto_011019.html WTO rules against Canada over low-interest loans for Bombardier deal] ]
Fiscal year ends January 31st.
BOMBARDIER MANUFACTURING FACILITIES
Belfast, Northern Ireland
Dorval, Québec, Canada
Mirabel, Québec, Canada
North Bay, Ontario, Canada
Santiago de Querétaro, Mexico
St-Laurent, Québec, Canada
Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Wichita, Kansas, USA
BOMBARDIER COMPLETIONS CENTRES
Montréal, Québec, Canada
Wichita, Kansas, USA
ORIGINAL EQUIPMENT MANUFACTURER (OEM) SERVICE CENTRES
Belfast, Northern Ireland (components MRO only)
Bridgeport, West Virginia, USA
Dallas, Texas, USA
Fort Lauderdale, Florida, USA
Hartford, Connecticut, USA
Tucson, Arizona, USA
Wichita, Kansas, USA
Lufthansa Bombardier Aviation Services (LBAS)*, Berlin, Germany
*Joint venture with Bombardier Inc., Lufthansa Technik AG and ExecuJet Aviation Group.
Tokyo, Japan (fully operational 2007)
January 31 2008Bombardier Aerospace has 28104 employees,
"Commercial Aircraft and Airline Markings" by Christopher Chant.
* [http://www.aerospace.bombardier.com Bombardier Aerospace]
* [http://www.yearoflearjet.com Year of Learjet website]
* [http://www.learjet85.com Learjet 85 website]
* [http://www.businessaircraft.bombardier.com Bombardier Business Aircraft]
* [http://www.regionalaircraft.bombardier.com Bombardier Regional Aircraft]
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