Laomedon


Laomedon

In Greek mythology, Laomedon was a Trojan king, son of Ilus, brother of Ganymedes and father of Priam, Astyoche, Lampus, Hicetaon, Clytius, Cilla, Proclia, Aethilla, Clytodora, and Hesione. Tithonus is also described by most sources as Laomedon's eldest legitimate son; and most sources omit Ganymedes from the list of Laomedon's children, but indicate him as his uncle instead. Laomedon's two wives are Strymo (or Rhoeo) and Leucippe; by the former he begot Tithonus and by the latter King Priam (see John Tzetzes' "Scholia in Lycophronem" 18 («Polytonic|ὁ μὲν γὰρ Πρίαμος ἦν Λευκίππης, ὁ δὲ Τιθωνὸς Ῥοιοῦς ἢ Στρυμοῦς τῆς Σκαμάνδρου θυγατρὸς υἱός»)). He also had a son named Bucolion by the nymph Abarbarea, as recounted by Homer in the Iliad (6.22).

Laomedon owned several horses with divine parentage, with whom Anchises secretly bred his own mares.

According to one story, Laomedon's son, Ganymedes, was kidnapped by Zeus, who had fallen in love with the beautiful boy. Laomedon grieved for his son. Sympathetic, Zeus sent Hermes with two horses so swift they could run over water. Hermes also assured Laomedon that Ganymedes was immortal and would be the cupbearer for the gods, a position of much distinction. However, Ganymedes is more usually described as a son of Tros, an earlier King of Troy and grandfather of Laomedon. Laomedon himself was son of Ilus, son of Tros.

Poseidon and Apollo, having offended Zeus, were sent to serve King Laomedon. He had them build huge walls around the city and promised to reward them well, a promise he then refused to fulfill. In vengeance, before the Trojan War, Poseidon sent a sea monster to attack Troy.

Laomedon planned on sacrificing his daughter Hesione to Poseidon in the hope of appeasing him. Heracles (along with Oicles and Telamon) rescued her at the last minute and killed the monster. Laomedon had promised them the magic horses as a reward for their deeds, but when he broke his word, Heracles and his allies took vengeance by putting Troy to siege, killing Laomedon and all his sons save Podarces, who saved his own life by giving Heracles a golden veil Hesione had made (and therefore was afterwards called "Priam", from "priamai" 'to buy'). Telamon took Hesione as a war prize and married her; they had a son, Teucer.

Family Tree

Trivia

Laomedon is also the name of the son of Heracles and Meline, daughter of Thespius.


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Laomedon — Laomédon Pour les articles homonymes, voir Laomédon (homonymie). Héraclès sur le point de tuer Laomédon, flacon en terra sigillata …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Laomedon — LAOMEDON, ontis, Gr. Λαομέδων, οντος, (⇒ Tab. XXXI.) des Ilus und der Eurydice Sohn, heurathete nach einigen die Strymno, Skamanders Tochter, nach andern aber, die Placia, eine Tochter des Atreus, und zeugete mit ihr den Tithon, Lampon, Klytius,… …   Gründliches mythologisches Lexikon

  • Laomedon — Laomedon,   griechisch Laomẹdon, griechischer Mythos: König von Troja und Vater des Priamos; er verweigerte Poseidon und Apoll, die ihm zusammen mit Aiakos die Mauern der Stadt erbauten, den Lohn (nach anderer Version hütete ihm Apoll die… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Laomedon — {{Laomedon}} König von Troja, Vater des Priamos*. Zu ihm kamen Apollon* und Poseidon* in Menschengestalt und boten ihm ihre Dienste an. Laomedon versprach ihnen reichen Lohn, wenn sie seine Stadt ummauerten. Die Götter leisteten gute Arbeit –… …   Who's who in der antiken Mythologie

  • Laomedon — [lā äm′ə dän΄] n. [L < Gr Laomedōn] Gr. Myth. father of Priam and founder of Troy …   English World dictionary

  • Laomĕdon — Laomĕdon, 1) König von Ilion, Sohn des Ilos u. der Eurydike, Vater des Priamos, Tithonos u. der Hesione; ihm dienten Apollo u. Poseidon, indem sie ihm die Mauern von Ilion bauen halfen, jener auch seine Heerde weidete. Da aber L. diesen Göttern… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Laomedon — Laomedon, König von Troja, Sohn des Ilos, Vater des Priamos, Tithonos und der Hesione. Apollon und Poseidon dienten ihm um Lohn, ersterer weidete seine Rinder, letzterer baute (allein oder mit Apollon) die Stadtmauern. Da er beide um den… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Laomedon — Laomĕdon, Sohn des Ilos, König von Troja, betrog Poseidon und Apollon um den bedungenen Lohn für die Erbauung der Stadtmauern von Troja und die Hut seiner Herden. Das Seeungeheuer, das sie zur Strafe schickten und dem L.s Tochter Hesione… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Laomedon — Laomedon, myth. König von Troja, betrog Neptun und Apollo um den versprochenen Lohn für die Erbauung der Stadtmauern; das Seeungeheuer, das sie zur Strafe schickten (s. Hesione), wurde von Herkules getödtet und als L. auch gegen diesen… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Laomédon — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Laomédon (homonymie). Héraclès sur le point de tuer Laomédon, flacon en terra sigillata de Gaule du Sud, fin du …   Wikipédia en Français


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