Magdalena Neuner

Magdalena Neuner
A blonde woman shown from the waist up in a predominantly black jacket, holding a black microphone, looks towards the camera and smiles slightly.
Neuner in Wallgau, Germany, in April 2011
Disciplines Biathlon
Club SC Wallgau[1]
Born 9 February 1987 (1987-02-09) (age 24)
Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany
Height 165 cm[1]
World Cup debut 13 January 2006[1]
Website magdalena-neuner.de
Olympics
Teams 1 (2010)[1]
Medals 3 (2 gold)
World Championships
Teams 5 (2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011)[1]
Medals 13 (10 gold)
World Cup
Seasons 6[1]
Wins 24
Podiums 45
Overall titles 2
Discipline titles 6
Infobox last updated on: 20 March 2011

Magdalena "Lena" Neuner (born 9 February 1987) is a German professional biathlete. She is the most successful woman of all time at Biathlon World Championships and a two-time Olympic gold medalist. At the age of 21, she became the youngest Overall World Cup winner in the history of the International Biathlon Union (IBU). With 24 World Cup wins, Neuner is ranked all-time third for career victories on the Biathlon World Cup tour.

Neuner started biathlon when she was nine years old and won five junior world championship titles from 2004 to 2006. She made her World Cup debut in 2006 and won her first World Cup race in January 2007. One month later, she claimed three gold medals in her first appearance at the Biathlon World Championships. In the 2007–08 season, Neuner won the Overall World Cup and once more claimed three titles at the 2008 World Championships. After a less successful winter in 2008–09, she participated in her first Winter Olympic Games in 2010, winning the gold medal in both the pursuit and the mass start, and silver in the sprint race. Neuner also claimed the 2009–10 Overall World Cup title. At the 2011 World Championships, she won three more gold medals.

As of March 2011, Neuner has won 24 World Cup races and has achieved 45 podium finishes. As part of Germany's World Cup team, she has won nine relay races and three mixed relay events. During five appearances at Biathlon World Championships, Neuner has claimed ten gold and three silver medals. In addition, she has won seven junior world championship titles. Neuner has established herself as one of the fastest cross-country skiers in biathlon, while she has been noted for her volatile shooting performances in the standing position, often at the expense of better results.

Neuner has lived in the Bavarian village of Wallgau since birth. At the age of 16, she joined the German Customs Administration to become a member of the government-funded Customs-Ski-Team. Since winning three world championship gold medals in 2007, Neuner is one of her home country's most popular female athletes. She was named German Sportswoman of the Year in 2007.

Contents

Early life

Magdalena Neuner was born in the German alpine resort town of Garmisch-Partenkirchen, the second of four children of bank clerk Paul Neuner and his wife Margit.[2] She has an elder brother Paul, and two younger siblings—her brother Christoph and her sister Anna. Her sister is also an aspiring biathlete who participates in junior competitions and is a member in the youth squad of the Bavarian Ski Association.[3]

Neuner grew up in the small Bavarian village of Wallgau, approximately 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) from Garmisch-Partenkirchen.[4] She started alpine skiing when she was four years old and later tried various other winter sports at her hometown ski club SC Wallgau.[2] At the age of 16, Neuner finished high school (Realschule) in Garmisch-Partenkirchen and decided to pursue a career in biathlon. Her parents were reluctant, but they eventually supported her ambition to become a professional biathlete.[5]

Career

Early career and World Cup debut

Neuner started biathlon when she was nine years old after she had participated in a try out course at her local ski club.[6] She won 29 races at the biathlon Student's Cup of the German Ski Association (DSV),[3] claiming the overall title in her respective age-group for four years in a row from 1999 to 2002.[2] After finishing school, Neuner joined the German Customs Administration in August 2003 to become a member in the government-supported Customs-Ski-Team (Zoll-Ski-Team). She officially holds the rank of Erste Zollhauptwachtmeisterin (first head customs officer),[7] although she is a full time professional athlete with no customs obligations. One of her team mates is alpine skiing world champion Maria Höfl-Riesch.[8]

In December 2003, Neuner won the German Cup for 17-year olds, which led to her appointment for the 2003–04 European Cup competition for juniors.[4] With four wins at European level, Neuner qualified for the 2004 Junior/Youth World Championships in Haute Maurienne, France, where she won the sprint and relay events, as well as silver in the pursuit.[4] One year later at the 2005 Junior/Youth World Championships in Kontiolahti, Finland, she claimed two silver medals (pursuit and relay), and again won the sprint discipline.[1] With her success at junior level, Neuner at 18 years old, was considered one of Germany's biggest biathlon talents ever. Even before achieving any results at senior level, she had signed a sponsorship deal.[9]

A young woman in multicoloured winter sportswear and with the number 19 on her jersey smiles into the camera, standing in a field covered with snow. A forest and many onlookers can be seen in the background. She holds ski poles in her right hand and has a rifle on her back.
Neuner at the World Cup in Antholz, January 2006

During the 2005–06 season, Neuner made her first appearances in the Biathlon World Cup. Germany's women's national coach Uwe Müßiggang had already considered her for the team two years earlier, however, her parents and her hometown coaches Bernhard Kröll and Herbert Mayer were reluctant to let her start prematurely.[2] On 13 January 2006, Neuner made her debut in the World Cup sprint race in Ruhpolding, Germany, where she substituted for the injured Uschi Disl. Although her first appearance ended unsuccessfully, coming in 41st place,[10] she was appointed for nine more World Cup races for the remainder of the season.[1]

Neuner returned as one of the favourites at the 2006 Junior/Youth World Championships in Presque Isle, Maine, United States, where she won two more titles (pursuit and relay) in addition to a silver medal in the sprint race.[1] She did not participate in the 2006 Winter Olympics for the German team. At the World Cup in Kontiolahti in March 2006, Neuner achieved her first top ten finishes: she was fourth in the sprint and came in ninth in the mass start race.[11][12]

Three world championship titles (2006–07 season)

While she had only competed in ten races during her first World Cup winter, Neuner became a fixture in the German team in the 2006–07 season.[4] She proved to be one of the fastest cross-country skiers in biathlon, and at 19 years old, regularly set the fastest course times.[13][note a] On 5 January 2007, Neuner won her first World Cup event, the sprint race in Oberhof, Germany.[14] Her victory on home soil, before a crowd of 19,000 people, received considerable media attention and put her into the national spotlight for the first time.[15] Two days later at the pursuit race, she forgot to reload her rifle after warm-up. She was handed a new magazine during the prone shooting and managed to finish third despite a total of six shooting errors.[16]

Neuner was scheduled to compete at the junior world championships in 2007. However, following her first World Cup win, she was instead appointed for the senior World Championships in Antholz, Italy.[4] On 3 February 2007, she won gold in the sprint, beating Sweden's Anna Carin Olofsson by 2.3 seconds.[17] It was her first world championship event ever and only her second victory at senior level.[note b] One day later, she also claimed the pursuit title, in spite of four shooting errors.[18] Following a 14th place in the mass start, Neuner, alongside Martina Beck, Andrea Henkel and Kati Wilhelm, also won gold in the relay race on 11 February 2007.[19] With three titles, she was the championship's most successful athlete and became the youngest triple world champion.[6]

At the end of the season, she continued her successful run with four more World Cup wins. In March 2007, Neuner won the pursuit and mass start races at Holmenkollen in Oslo, Norway,[20][21] and she won the sprint and pursuit events at the season final in Khanty-Mansiysk, Russia,[22][23] giving her seven career World Cup wins. She ended her first complete season fourth in the Overall World Cup standings and finished second in the pursuit discipline.[1] In the course of three months, Neuner had emerged from anonymity to become one of Germany's most popular female athletes. At the end of 2007, she had earned an estimated 1.3 million euros through sponsorship and endorsement deals.[24]

Overall World Cup winner (2007–08 season)

A woman cross country skis uphill towards the camera, holding a red ski pole in each hand. She wears black winter sportswear, a red cap and a yellow jersey with the number 7. A second skier behind her can be seen on the left.
Neuner in the yellow bib of the Overall World Cup leader, March 2008

After missing the podium at the 2007–08 season's first two World Cups, Neuner was part of Germany's winning relay team in Pokljuka, Slovenia in December 2007.[25] She claimed her eighth World Cup win at the mass start in Oberhof in January 2008,[26] and later that month won the relay race in Ruhpolding with the German team.[27] Shortly before her 21st birthday, Neuner decided to again compete at the Junior/Youth World Championships, held in Ruhpolding in January 2008—the last time she was eligible to enter.[28] She won gold in the sprint and the pursuit, but withdrew from the individual race to prepare for the senior world championships alongside her German team mates.[1]

Leading up to the 2008 World Championships in Östersund, Sweden, Neuner tried to lower expectations, stating a repeat of last year's performance would be impossible.[29] She failed to defend her titles in the sprint and pursuit races, with shooting errors preventing better results; she finished 17th and sixth respectively.[1] On 12 February 2008, she won the mixed relay with Sabrina Buchholz, Andreas Birnbacher and Michael Greis to claim her first gold medal.[30] Four days later, she won her second title in the mass start, beating Norway's Tora Berger by 3.0 seconds.[31] She had four shooting errors compared to Berger's one and skied side by side with the Norwegian for most of the last lap, in what she later described as her hardest fought victory ever.[32] Alongside Martina Beck, Andrea Henkel and Kati Wilhelm, Neuner also claimed gold in the relay race on 17 February 2008.[33] By winning three more titles, she became the youngest six-time world champion, solidifying her status as Germany's biggest biathlon star.[34]

In the following World Cups, she won the sprint races in Pyeongchang, South Korea, and in Khanty-Mansiysk—her tenth and eleventh World Cup victories.[35][36] With a second place finish in the penultimate mass start race of the season, Neuner won the 2007–08 Mass Start World Cup.[37] At the season final in Oslo, she also claimed the season's Sprint World Cup and took over the yellow bib of the Overall World Cup leader for the first time in her career.[38] In the last race of the season, a ninth place in the mass start ensured Neuner the 2007–08 Overall Biathlon World Cup victory.[39] She was the youngest Overall World Cup winner since the International Biathlon Union was established in 1993.[40][note c]

First setbacks (2008–09 season)

Neuner's preparation for the 2008–09 season was affected by several illnesses. In the summer, she battled an intestinal fungus which forced her to pause training for seven weeks;[41] she later attributed it to pressure of public expectations.[42] In October 2008, she contracted influenza and in November, a bacterial infection caused her to miss two weeks of training.[43] Subsequently, her ski speed saw a substantial drop at the start of the season. In the first four World Cups, Neuner only achieved two individual podiums; atypically courtesy of good shooting performances, not her skiing.[44][45]

A woman on cross country skies wearing a red cap, a white jersey with the number 15 and black trousers skies away from a shooting range covered in snow. Half a dozen people in the background are shooting while lying on the ground.
Neuner leaves the shooting range at the World Cup in Antholz, January 2009

Following the Christmas break, her skiing times had improved. In Ruhpolding in January 2009, Neuner was part of the winning German relay team.[46] She beat team mate Kati Wilhelm by 0.2 seconds in the Ruhpolding sprint and also won the following pursuit event, which marked her World Cup wins twelve and thirteen.[47][48] Neuner again missed the podium in Antholz. She was leading the mass start by 53.6 seconds before the final shooting, in which she missed all five targets, eventually finishing sixth.[49] This result received much public attention. She later described it as a pivotal moment in her career and called it the "total end of the world".[50]

Neuner suffered further setbacks at the 2009 World Championships in Pyeongchang, where she struggled with a cold and a high number of shooting errors.[51] She finished eighth in the sprint, in which she crashed on a downhill slope,[52] and came in eleventh in the pursuit race.[53] She was not appointed for the individual race and could not start in the mixed relay due to her cold. On 21 February 2009, Neuner claimed silver as part Germany's women's relay team, alongside Martina Beck, Andrea Henkel and Kati Wilhelm.[54] On the last day of the championships, she came in seventh in the mass start race.[55]

At the Olympic rehearsal in Vancouver, Canada, in March 2009, Neuner claimed the 2008–09 Individual World Cup, despite never having won a race in that discipline.[56] She also won the Vancouver relay race with the German team,[57] and was second in the sprint, 0.7 seconds behind Sweden's Helena Ekholm.[58] At the season final in Khanty-Mansiysk, Neuner won the pursuit race—her 14th World Cup win.[59] She ended the season fourth in the Overall Biathlon World Cup,[1] which was generally considered disappointing in the media.[6]

Neuner later revealed that due to public expectations and constant media attention, the 2008–09 season had been extremely difficult for her psychologically, and she even briefly contemplated retirement.[60] She started working with a psychologist and cut down her media appearances as much as possible in the summer.[61]

Double Olympic champion (2009–10 season)

Neuner competed at the Summer Biathlon World Championships for the first time in September 2009 when they were held in Oberhof. She only reluctantly agreed to interrupt training and participate in the summer event, which is contested on roller ski, however she went on to win gold in all three competitions (sprint, pursuit and mixed relay).[62] Neuner missed the first World Cup of the 2009–10 season due to a cold in December 2009. She returned at the following races in Hochfilzen, but was still affected by her cold and finished outside the top 20. Her first podiums of the winter came in Pokljuka, finishing third in the sprint and second in the pursuit race.[63][64] Thereby she secured her Olympic qualification within the German team.[65]

 A woman in multicoloured winter sportswear which features the Olympic rings on her cheast and the number 2 in the center, moves twoards the camera. She is pictured in an area covered in snow. A second person can be seen in the background to her right. An out of focus red-and-white flag covers the upper parts of the image.
Neuner shortly before crossing the finish line during the Olympic mass start race

Shortly before the Oberhof sprint in January 2010, Neuner injured her back during warm-up and had to withdraw.[66] She returned in Ruhpolding where she came in third in both the sprint and the mass start race.[67][68] In her first relay of the season, she dealt a blow to the German team by incurring two penalty loops, with Germany finishing fourth eventually.[69] With some top competitors missing in Antholz at the last World Cup before the 2010 Winter Olympics, Neuner won two events—the first individual race of her career as well as the sprint, giving her 16 career World Cup wins.[70][71] She also came in second in the pursuit, which marked her seventh consecutive podium finish.[72]

Neuner went into her first Winter Olympics in Vancouver with the declared aim of winning a gold medal. On 13 February 2010, she participated in the opening sprint, which was contested at Whistler Olympic Park in rainy conditions. With one shooting error, Neuner claimed the silver medal, finishing 1.5 seconds behind Slovakia's Anastasiya Kuzmina.[73] She uncharacteristically lost five seconds against the unheralded Slovak on the cross-country course, which lead to speculation of inferior ski preparation in the German media.[74] Three days later, Neuner won gold in the subsequent pursuit race. Despite missing two targets in the standing position, she beat sprint winner Kuzmina by 12.3 seconds.[75] In her third Olympic event, she finished tenth in the individual. She had three shooting mistakes and said it had been difficult for her to immediately get her concentration back after winning her first gold medal. On 21 February 2010, Neuner claimed her second gold of the Games in the mass start. After missing two targets she had been trailing by as much as 29 seconds, but she pushed the pace and a clean final standing shoot allowed her to overtake Russia's Olga Zaitseva on the last lap.[76] After the race Neuner made the surprising announcement not to participate in the relay, citing mental exhaustion and her desire to give all of her team mates the chance to win a medal. Her withdrawal allowed her friend Martina Beck a start in her last Olympic Games.[77] Neuner was Germany's most successful athlete in Vancouver and was chosen to carry the German flag at the closing ceremony.[78]

Following her Olympic success, Neuner continued her good form at the season's remaining three World Cups, finishing all races in the top ten. She came in second in the Kontiolahti pursuit,[79] and third in Oslo's mass start race,[80] which increased her World Cup lead after taking over the yellow bib in Vancouver. Neuner ended the season with her 19th World Cup win in Khanty-Mansiysk's mass start,[81] which ensured her the 2009–10 Overall World Cup, making her the first German woman to win the Biathlon World Cup for a second time. She also won the pursuit and mass start discipline World Cups. In the last event of the winter, the Mixed Relay World Championship, she won gold, alongside Simone Hauswald, Simon Schempp and Arnd Peiffer, to claim her seventh world title.[82]

Record world champion (2010–11 season)

During the summer, Neuner admitted struggling for motivation for the upcoming season, having won every title in the sport at only 23 years old. However, she vowed to continue her career at least until the 2012 world championships in Ruhpolding.[83] In December 2010 she suffered from a cold, missing the season's first World Cup in Östersund for the second year in a row. She started the 2010–11 season in Hochfilzen, where she managed two seventh place finishes, and was part of the winning German relay team. At the third stop of the season in Pokljuka, she won the sprint race in spite of two shooting errors, claiming her 20th career victory.[84]

A blonde woman, wearing a predominately black jacket and blue jeans, stands in front of a large poster of a winter landscape, smiles and looks to the right. She holds a microphone in her right hand and several gold medals in her left hand.
Neuner with her ten Biathlon World Championships gold medals

Neuner continued the winter with mixed results in January 2011. She reached the podium in the sprints of Oberhof and Ruhpolding, coming in second and third respectively.[85][86] In the relay in Oberhof, Neuner was part of Germany's team coming in sixth place, the team's worst result since 2005.[87] She also had her worst personal result in 13 months, finishing in 16th place in the Ruhpolding individual race, which ended her streak of 24 consecutive top ten finishes (including 15 podiums and 6 wins).[88] At the World Cup in Antholz, Neuner again struggled with illness. She only participated in the concluding mass start, coming in 6th place.[89]

At the World Cup stops in February in the United States, Neuner returned to good health and showed more consistency; her worst result was a 6th place finish. In Presque Isle, Maine, she won the mixed relay as part of the German team.[90] On week later in Fort Kent, Maine, Neuner finished all three races on the podium. She came in third in the sprint,[91] second in the pursuit,[92] and claimed her 21st World Cup win in the mass start—the last race before the world championships.[93]

At the 2011 World Championships in Khanty-Mansiysk, Neuner won three gold and two silver medals. She claimed silver, alongside Andrea Henkel, Arnd Peiffer and Michael Greis, in the opening mixed relay. On 5 March 2011, Neuner won the sprint race courtesy of a clean shooting performance.[94] She finished second in the pursuit and fifth in the individual subsequently. On 12 March 2011, Neuner won her second title in the mass start despite of four shooing errors.[95] The following day she also claimed gold in the women's relay, together with Andrea Henkel, Miriam Gössner and Tina Bachmann. Running the last leg for Germany, Neuner started in fourth, 67.5 seconds off the lead, but she pulled back the entire time and moved in front on the last lap.[96] Her five medals made her the most successful female athlete in the history of Biathlon World Championships.[97]

The season ended in disappointment for Neuner in Oslo. After claiming her 24th career win in the sprint, she had moved into second place in the Overall World Cup ranking.[98] However, she again suffered from a cold and had to pull out of the penultimate race of the winter, the pursuit in which she would have started 31 seconds in front. This effectively ended her hopes of retaining the World Cup crown. She eventually finished fifth in the overall standings, having missed five of the season's 26 races.[1]

Skiing

A woman in predominantly black winter sportswear, wearing a red cap and a bright red jersey with the number 13, is pictured in a forested area covered with snow. She leans slightly forward and holds ski poles in her hands. There is a green conifer tree behind her and a second person can be seen in the background out of focus on the right.
Neuner skies uphill at a World Cup race in Trondheim, March 2009

Neuner is one of the fastest female cross-country skiers in biathlon.[6][99] During 61 of her 126 World Cup races (48%), she has set the fastest course time (race time without time spent at the shooting range or in the penalty loop).[note a] In addition, she has been among the top three fastest skiers in 78% of her career races.[1]

In her first World Cup races in the 2005–06 season, Neuner achieved average course times; her best result was being fourth fastest in the pursuit race in Kontiolahti.[100] During her first full season in 2006–07, she finished among the top three fastest skiers in 19 of her 24 races and came in fastest in seven of them. Neuner won the 2007–08 Biathlon World Cup with dominating skiing performances. She set the fastest course time in 19 of her 25 races and was second or third fastest in the remaining six. At the beginning of the 2008–09 season, Neuner had a substantial drop in her skiing times due to a series of illnesses. However, she recovered and set the fastest course time in 14 of the remaining 18 races from January onwards. In the 2009–10 Olympic season, Neuner again started slowly in December, but came back finishing among the top three fastest skiers in 17 of her 21 races. She had her second best winter in 2010–11 when she set the fastest or second fastest skiing time in 90% of her 21 races.[1]

Neuner had been a fast cross-country skier from an early age. When she was eight years old, she won the first cross-country skiing competition she entered at her local ski club. At junior level, her lap times at the German Student's Cup were comparable to older or male opponents.[2] At the age of 15, Neuner managed to set the same skiing times as her coeval male training partners. In preparation for the 2006–07 season, Neuner skied 5,300 kilometres (3,300 mi) in training; she increased the volume to 6,000 kilometres (3,700 mi) for the 2007–08 season.[24] Because of her ski speed, she has often been able to compensate for one or sometimes two or three shooting errors (a penalty loop is 150 metres (160 yd) long and normally takes 21 to 26 seconds).[101]

During three of her 24 World Cup wins (2007 World Championships pursuit, 2008 World Championships mass start, and 2009 Ruhpolding pursuit), Neuner skied three additional penalty loops compared to the second place finisher.[18][31][48] In March 2008, she came in second in the Khanty-Mansiysk mass start race, despite completing five penalty loops.[102] She also reached third place in the Oberhof pursuit in January 2007 with six missed targets.[103] At Neuner's first World Cup victory in the individual discipline in January 2010, she compensated for a total time penalty of two minutes on the 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) cross-country course (incurred by two additional shooting errors).[70]

Skiing statistics

A woman stands on cross country skies, pictured from the side. She skies in an upright position leaning slightly forward onto her ski poles. She wears a red cap, a white and green jersey and black trousers and has a rifle on her back. An advertising board with ten people behind it can be seen in the background.
Neuner using the cross-country skating technique, March 2009
Course times 2005–06 season 2006–07 season 2007–08 season 2008–09 season 2009–10 season 2010–11 season Career
Fastest 0 / 10 0% 7 / 24 29% 19 / 25 76% 14 / 25 56% 9 / 21 43% 12 / 21 57% 61 / 126 48%
2nd fastest 0 / 10 0% 5 / 24 21% 4 / 25 16% 1 / 25 4% 7 / 21 33% 7 / 21 33% 24 / 126 19%
3rd fastest 0 / 10 0% 7 / 24 29% 2 / 25 8% 3 / 25 12% 1 / 21 5% 0 / 21 0% 13 / 126 10%
Other 10 / 10 100% 5 / 24 21% 0 / 25 0% 7 / 25 28% 4 / 21 19% 2 / 21 10% 28 / 126 22%
*Key:Number of respective times achieved / number of all races entered, percentage. Results in IBU World Cup races, no relay events.[1][104]
**Statistics as of 20 March 11.

Shooting

A woman in multicoloured winter sportswear, wearing a red cap and a jersey with the number 3, holds a rifle in a horizontal position. Her rifle has advertising on its side, while snow falls in the background.
Neuner shooting at the World Cup in Trondheim, March 2009.

As of the end of the 2010–11 season, Neuner has a career shooting accuracy of 77%. Her career average in the prone position is 88%, while her career average in the standing position is 67%. Her shooting results in the prone position are similar to other top contenders. The standing shoot has long been her weak point and her hit percentage is well below average in the World Cup field, although it has improved considerably since 2008.[1]

With a 78% accuracy, Neuner had solid shooting results during her 2005–06 season debut. Her average dropped to 74% in her first complete season in 2006–07. Neuner won the 2007–08 Biathlon World Cup with a shooting accuracy of 73%, which is the lowest result for an Overall World Cup winner ever and roughly ten per cent below the previous three winners' averages: Andrea Henkel (84%),[105] Kati Wilhelm (87%)[106] and Sandrine Bailly (81%).[107] She steadily increased her shooting percentages in the following two seasons with a 76% average in 2008–09, and her career best results of 82% in the 2009–10 Olympic season. In the 2010–11 season, she set her career high in the standing position with a 75% accuracy.[1]

Neuner's shooting performances have been a regular topic in the German media. At times she has been reluctant to discuss her shooting in interviews and has said the public's fixation on it contributes to the problem.[42] She has insisted her difficulties in the standing position are not due to technical weaknesses but psychological, and her training results are just as good as the results of her team mates.[108] She explained in interviews that she had developed a fear of the standing shooting over time, knowing she had to justify herself after the race if she missed.[109] In 2008, Neuner trained with Bundeswehr shooting coach and former large calibre world champion, Rudi Krenn, and subsequently changed her stance slightly.[110] Since 2009, she has worked with a psychologist, primarily focusing on mental techniques to build her confidence on the shooting range.[61] Her standing position average has improved from 60% to 75% from 2008 to 2011.[1] Neuner has been wearing ear plugs during some of the races in order to better concentrate while shooting.[24] The individual race, which places a high emphasis on shooting, has traditionally been her worst discipline (each shooting error results in a one minute time penalty, instead of a penalty loop).[101]

The sprint race in Khanty-Mansiysk in March 2007 and the 2011 World Championship sprint mark Neuner's only World Cup wins with a perfect shooting record.[22] She also shot clean on two other occasions, the sprint in Kontiolahti in March 2006, coming in fourth place,[111] and the Östersund sprint in December 2008, finishing third.[44] Her worst shooting performance came in December 2008, with a total of nine shooting errors at the World Cup pursuit in Hochfilzen.[112] Neuner's costliest shooting occurred during a mass start race in Antholz in January 2009. After 15 clean shots, she was leading by 53.6 seconds before the final shooting, in which she missed all five targets, eventually dropping to sixth place.[49]

Shooting statistics

A woman in predominantly black winter sportswear, looking concentrated, holds a rifle which points into the sky. She stands on a red mat and a photographer with a large object lens kneels on the right hand side. Parts of a shooting range covered in snow can be seen in the background.
Neuner prepares to shoot in the standing position in Antholz, January 2009
Shooting 2005–06 season 2006–07 season 2007–08 season 2008–09 season 2009–10 season 2010–11 season Career
Prone position 73 / 80 91% 176 / 205 85% 189 / 218 87% 191 / 223 86% 170 / 187 91% 175 / 198 88% 974 / 1111 88%
Standing position 52 / 80 65% 135 / 213 63% 133 / 222 60% 150 / 228 66% 137 / 189 72% 150 / 200 75% 757 / 1132 67%
Total 125 / 160 78% 311 / 418 74% 322 / 440 73% 341 / 451 76% 307 / 376 82% 325 / 398 81% 1731 / 2243 77%
*Key:Hits / shots, percentage. Results in all IBU World Cup races including relay events.[1][104]
**Statistics as of 20 March 2011.

Personal life

A blonde woman in casual clothes smilies into the camera. She wears a top with a narrow pattern of black and white strips and stands in a room with traditional Bavarian interior.
Neuner in Wallgau, Germany, May 2009

Neuner has lived in Wallgau, Bavaria, Germany, a small alpine village of 1,400 people, from birth.[4] In 2007, she bought her grandmother's house in Wallgau, where she now lives in her own flat.[5] Neuner plays the harp and owns an enduro motorcycle.[113] She has said she enjoys mountain biking, hiking and swimming during the off-season.[7]

Neuner had been involved in a nearly two-year relationship with Austrian ski technician and former biathlete Franz Perwein, whom she had met during the 2006 Junior/Youth World Championships.[114] Until the autumn of 2009, she then lived in a relationship with DSV chief biathlon technician Björn Weisheit for 19 months.[115] In December 2009, Neuner confirmed a romantic relationship with Josef Holzer, a school day friend from Wallgau.[116]

In the media

Biathlon is the most popular winter sport in Germany.[117] Each World Cup event is shown live on German television and the January World Cup races in Oberhof, Ruhpolding and Antholz are regularly seen by over five million viewers.[118] Following her three world championship titles in 2007, Neuner quickly became one of Germany's most popular female sport stars, often nicknamed "Gold Lena" in the media.[77] During her first two years in the spotlight she signed several endorsement deals and claimed numerous awards.[119] Neuner's popularity grew further with her success during the 2010 Winter Olympics. Her second gold medal win in the Olympic mass start was seen live by 9.75 million television viewers (a 31.5 per cent market share), the most watched programme of the Games in Germany.[120] Her withdrawal from the Olympic relay was one of the dominating stories of the Winter Olympics in Germany, leading to much media speculation whether pulling out had been entirely her decision.[121] She later received the Fair Play medal of Germany's Olympic Society for setting an example of "team spirit".[122]

Neuner won the Biathlon Award, chosen by the national coaches of the World Cup teams, for Female Athlete of the Year in both 2007 and 2008,[123] and she was awarded the Goldener Ski (Golden Ski), the highest award of the German Ski Association in 2007, 2008 and 2010.[124] The Forum Nordicum, a consortium of journalists form twelve countries, named her Biathlete of the Year in the 2007–08 and 2009–10 seasons, beating out her male counterparts Ole Einar Bjoerndalen and Emil Hegle Svendsen respectively.[125] Neuner was chosen as Germany's 2007 Sportswoman of the Year by the country's sports journalists.[126] The following years, she came in third for the 2008 award and was voted in second place in 2010.[127] Along with all Olympic medal winners, she received the Silberne Lorbeerblatt (Silver Laurel Leaf) in 2010, the highest state decoration for athletes in Germany.[128] In 2011, readers of Germany's top selling newspaper Bild voted Neuner the seventh greatest German sportsperson of all time.[129]

Neuner's interest in knitting has often been addressed by the German media and she maintains a knitting website, which includes detailed knitting instructions and a "knitting blog". She has stated that she usually takes knitting equipment on her travels during the season and that knitting is a way for her to relax.[130] In 2007, Neuner declined an offer to appear nude in the German edition of Playboy.[131] Outside of Germany, she is particularly popular in Russia, where she has a fan club and from where she has said to receive half of her fan mail.[24][132] In 2010, Neuner appeared in an advertising campaign for a lingerie line. She explained she tried to use it in a deliberate attempt to correct her media image, after becoming irritated with her public persona of "little sweet Lena".[133] She was an ambassador for the 2011 FIFA Women's World Cup in Germany.[134] and a member of the board of trustees for Munich's bid to host the 2018 Winter Olympics.[135]

Record

Olympic Games

A woman, wearing a predominately yellow and pink jacket and a black cap, stands in front of a blue background, looking to the right. She hold flowers in her hands and has a gold medal around her neck.
Neuner accepting her Olympic gold medal for the pursuit race

Neuner has won two gold medals and one silver medal at the Winter Olympic Games. At her first appearance at the 2010 Winter Olympics in Vancouver, Canada, she won gold in the pursuit and the mass start event. She also claimed silver in the opening sprint. After winning three medals, she decided not to participate in the concluding relay race.[1]

Event Individual Sprint Pursuit Mass Start Relay
2010 Winter Olympics, Vancouver 10th Silver Gold Gold

World Championships

Neuner is the most successful female biathlete in the history of Biathlon World Championships.[97][136] She has won thirteen medals—ten gold and three silver. At her debut during the 2007 World Championships in Antholz, Italy, Neuner won three titles (sprint, pursuit and relay). One year later at the 2008 World Championships in Östersund, Sweden, she again claimed three gold medals, winning the mass start, relay and mixed relay events. Neuner did not win a title at the 2009 World Championships in Pyeongchang, South Korea; her best result was the silver medal in the relay event. She won her second mixed relay gold in Khanty-Mansiysk, Russia, in 2010. At the 2011 World Championships, she won three more titles (sprint, mass start, relay) and two silver medals (pursuit and mixed relay).[1]

Event Individual Sprint Pursuit Mass Start Relay Mixed Relay
2007 Antholz, Italy Gold Gold 14th Gold
2008 Östersund, Sweden 17th 6th Gold Gold Gold
2009 Pyeongchang, South Korea 8th 11th 7th Silver
2010 Khanty-Mansiysk, Russia Not held in an Olympic season Gold
2011 Khanty-Mansiysk, Russia 5th Gold Silver Gold Gold Silver

World Cup

During her first World Cup season, Neuner only appeared in ten races, finishing 34th in the overall standings. In the 2006–07 season, she became a regular in the German team and ended the season in fourth place. Neuner won the Biathlon World Cup for the first time in 2007–08; she also won the sprint and mass start disciplines. She finished the 2008–09 season fourth, winning the individual discipline that year. In the 2009–10 season, Neuner won the overall World Cup for a second time; by winning the pursuit and mass start scores as well, she has claimed each World Cup title at least once. In 2010–11, she won the sprint discipline for a second time and finished fifth in the season ranking.[1]

Season Individual Sprint Pursuit Mass Start Overall
Races Points Position Races Points Position Races Points Position Races Points Position Races Points Position
2005–06 0/3 4/10 65 33rd 4/8 65 30th 2/5 34 30th 10/26 164 34th
2006–07 2/4 34 25th 10/10 285 4th 8/8 283 2nd 4/5 114 10th 24/27 720 4th
2007–08 2/3 33 20th 10/10 326 1st 8/8 232 5th 5/5 186 1st 25/26 818 1st
2008–09 3/4 129 1st 10/10 358 2nd 7/7 231 5th 5/5 146 8th 25/26 891 4th
2009–10 3/4 114 6th 8/10 334 2nd 6/6 256 1st 4/5 216 1st 21/25 933 1st
2010–11 3/4 99 14th 8/10 404 1st 5/7 221 6th 4/5 228 2nd 21/26 952 5th
*Key:Races—number of entered races/all races; Points—won World Cup points; Position—World Cup season ranking.[1]

World Cup wins

Over the course of six seasons, Neuner has reached 24 personal World Cup wins. In the history of the International Biathlon Union she is ranked third behind Magdalena Forsberg (42) and Uschi Disl (30) for all-time career victories.[137][138] In addition, she has won nine relay races and three mixed relay events as part of the German World Cup team. Neuner has often started slowly at the beginning of a winter season and has claimed only one of her individual victories before Christmas. Consequently 15 of her 36 wins came in the month of March. Geographically most of her wins occurred in Khanty-Mansiysk, Russia (9) and Antholz, Italy (5).[1]

Individual wins (24)
No. Date Location Discipline
1 5 January 2007 Oberhof, Germany Sprint
2 3 March 2007 Antholz, Italy (WCH) Sprint
3 4 March 2007 Antholz, Italy (WCH) Pursuit
4 10 March 2007 Oslo, Norway Pursuit
5 11 March 2007 Oslo, Norway Mass Start
6 15 March 2007 Khanty-Mansiysk, Russia Sprint
7 17 March 2007 Khanty-Mansiysk, Russia Pursuit
8 6 January 2008 Oberhof, Germany Mass Start
9 16 February 2008 Östersund, Sweden (WCH) Mass Start
10 28 February 2008 Pyeongchang, South Korea Sprint
11 6 March 2008 Khanty-Mansiysk, Russia Sprint
12 16 January 2009 Ruhpolding, Germany Sprint
13 18 January 2009 Ruhpolding, Germany Pursuit
14 28 March 2009 Khanty-Mansiysk, Russia Pursuit
15 20 January 2010 Antholz, Italy Individual
16 22 January 2010 Antholz, Italy Sprint
17 17 February 2010 Vancouver, Canada (OG) Pursuit
18 21 February 2010 Vancouver, Canada (OG) Mass Start
19 27 March 2010 Khanty-Mansiysk, Russia Mass Start
20 18 December 2010 Pokljuka, Slovenia Sprint
21 13 February 2011 Fort Kent, United States Mass Start
22 5 March 2011 Khanty-Mansiysk, Russia (WCH) Sprint
23 12 March 2011 Khanty-Mansiysk, Russia (WCH) Mass Start
24 17 March 2011 Oslo, Norway Sprint
Relay wins (12)
No. Date Location Discipline
1 11 February 2007 Antholz, Italy (WCH) Relay
2 16 December 2007 Pokljuka, Slovenia Relay
3 9 January 2008 Ruhpolding, Germany Relay
4 12 February 2008 Östersund, Sweden (WCH) Mixed Relay
5 17 February 2008 Östersund, Sweden (WCH) Relay
6 21 December 2008 Hochfilzen, Austria Relay
7 14 January 2009 Ruhpolding, Germany Relay
8 14 March 2009 Vancouver, Canada Relay
9 28 March 2010 Khanty-Mansiysk, Russia (WCH) Mixed Relay
10 11 December 2010 Hochfilzen, Austria Relay
11 5 February 2011 Presque Isle, United States Mixed Relay
12 13 March 2009 Khanty-Mansiysk, Russia (WCH) Relay
*Key:WCH—World Championships; OG—Olympic Games. Statistics as of 20 March 2011.[1]

Overall record

As of the end of the 2010–11 season, Neuner has competed in a total of 145 races at senior level, winning 36 of them (a 24.83 win percentage). She has claimed at least one win in each discipline of biathlon and has scored World Cup points in all but three of her races.[note b] Neuner has reached a total of 62 World Cup podiums (45 in individual races and 17 in team events). In addition, she has achieved 109 top ten finishes—75.17 per cent of all the races she has entered.[1]

Result Individual Sprint Pursuit Mass Start Relay Mixed Relay Total
1st Place 1 10 6 7 9 3 36
2nd Place 3 5 1 3 2 14
3rd Place 1 8 1 2 12
Top 10 9 35 26 20 14 5 109
Points 12 49 37 25 14 5 142
Other 1 1 1 3
Starts 13 50 38 25 14 5 145
*Results in all IBU World Cup races including relay events. Statistics as of 20 March 2011.[1]

Junior/Youth World Championships

Neuner has won seven gold and four silver medals at the Biathlon Junior/Youth World Championships. With the exception of the individual discipline, she has won a medal in every race she entered. In 2004, at her first junior world championships in Haute Maurienne, France, Neuner won two titles (sprint and relay). One year later, she claimed gold in the sprint race in Kontiolahti, Finland, and in 2006, she again won two titles (pursuit and relay) in Presque Isle, Maine, United States. Neuner did not participate in the 2007 event. She returned to the junior world championships in 2008 when they were held in Ruhpolding, Germany, winning two more gold medals (sprint and pursuit).[1]

Event Individual Sprint Pursuit Relay
2004 Haute Maurienne, France Gold Silver Gold
2005 Kontiolahti, Finland 4th Gold Silver Silver
2006 Presque Isle, United States 7th Silver Gold Gold
2008 Ruhpolding, Germany Gold Gold

Achievements and honours

A shiny golden statue, which is shaped abstractly in human form, is pictured in front of a blue background.
Two identical trophies, glass columns with globes on top, the right one closer to the camera, are pictured in front of a blue background.
A shiny golden medal is pictured in front of a blue background. The medal has a blue and black ribbon with white writing on it.
A shiny golden medal is pictured in front of a blue background. The medal has a blue and black ribbon with white writing on it.
Several of Neuner's trophies on temporary display at Wallgau's town hall (from left to right): 2007 German Sportswoman of the Year award, 2007–08 and 2009–10 Overall World Cup crystal globes, 2010 Olympic pursuit and mass start gold medals

International titles

  • Winter Olympic Games – 2 gold medals[1]
    • 2010: Pursuit, Mass Start
  • Overall Biathlon World Cup winner – 2007–08, 2009–10[1]
  • Individual World Cup winner – 2008–09[1]
  • Sprint World Cup winner – 2007–08, 2010–11[1]
  • Pursuit World Cup winner – 2009–10[1]
  • Mass Start World Cup winner – 2007–08, 2009–10[1]
  • Biathlon World Championships – 10 gold medals[1]
    • 2007: Sprint, Pursuit, Relay
    • 2008: Mass Start, Relay, Mixed Relay
    • 2010: Mixed Relay
    • 2011: Sprint, Mass Start, Relay
  • Biathlon Junior/Youth World Championships – 7 gold medals[1]

Awards

Notes

a. a f Course times are a measure for a biathlete's skiing performance. They indicate the net skiing time (sum of all lap times), excluding time spent at the shooting range, in the penalty loop or time penalties (individual discipline only).[28]
b. b g World Championship and Olympic results are included in Biathlon World Cup scores; gold medals are recognised as World Cup wins.[28]
c. c Jirina Pelcová was six months younger when she won the Overall World Cup in 1990 still under the UIPMB, not recognised by the IBU.[139]

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar International Biathlon Union. Magdalena Neuner. IBU Datacenter. Accessed 12 August 2011.
  2. ^ a b c d e Neuner, Magdalena. Vita. Magdalena-Neuner.de. Accessed 12 August 2011. (German)
  3. ^ a b Bayerischer Skiverband. Magdalena Neuner (SC Wallgau). bsv-ski.de. 12 September 2002. Accessed 12 August 2011. (German)
  4. ^ a b c d e f Grätz, Harald. Magdalena Neuner (Archived). Microsoft Encarta. Accessed 12 August 2011.(German).
  5. ^ a b Wiedemann, Roland. Magdalena Neuner, Biathlon-Star und Profi-Strickerin. Spiegel Online. 30 November 2007. Accessed 12 August 2011. (German)
  6. ^ a b c d The New York Times Company. Magdalena Neuner – Athlete Biography. NYTimes.com. Accessed 12 August 2011.
  7. ^ a b German Federal Ministry of Finance. Magdalena Neuner. Zoll.de. Accessed 20 September 2011. (German)
  8. ^ German Federal Ministry of Finance. Maria Höfl-Riesch. Zoll.de. Accessed 20 September 2011. (German)
  9. ^ Kreisl, Volker. Die Stubenmusik ist vorbei. Süddeutsche Zeitung. 8 December 2006. Accessed 12 August 2011. (German)
  10. ^ International Biathlon Union. E.ON Ruhrgas World Cup 5 – Ruhpolding (GER) – Women 7.5 km Sprint. IBU Datacenter. Accessed 12 August 2011.
  11. ^ International Biathlon Union. E.ON Ruhrgas World Cup 8 – Kontiolahti (FIN) – Women 7.5 km Sprint. IBU Datacenter. Accessed 12 August 2011.
  12. ^ International Biathlon Union. E.ON Ruhrgas World Cup 8 – Kontiolahti (FIN) – Women 12.5 km Mass Start. IBU Datacenter. Accessed 12 August 2011.
  13. ^ Blume, Klaus. Fräulein Neuner und das erstaunliche Gespür für Schnee. kicker online. 7 December 2006. Accessed 12 August 2011. (German)
  14. ^ International Biathlon Union. E.ON Ruhrgas World Cup 4 – Oberhof (GER) – Women 7.5 km Sprint. IBU Datacenter. Accessed 12 August 2011.
  15. ^ Ruwald, Helen. „Ich dachte, ich fliege“. Der Tagesspiegel. 6 January 2007. Accessed 12 August 2011. (German)
  16. ^ Sport-Informations-Dienst. Grubben und Bailly jagen Neuner erfolgreich. FOCUS Online. 7 January 2007. Accessed 12 August 2011. (German)
  17. ^ International Biathlon Union. Biathlon World Championships – Antholz-Anterselva (ITA) – Women 7.5 km Sprint. IBU Datacenter. Accessed 12 August 2011.
  18. ^ a b International Biathlon Union. Biathlon World Championships – Antholz-Anterselva (ITA) – Women 10 km Pursuit. IBU Datacenter. Accessed 12 August 2011.
  19. ^ International Biathlon Union. Biathlon World Championships – Antholz-Anterselva (ITA) – Women's 4x6 km Relay. IBU Datacenter. Accessed 12 August 2011.
  20. ^ International Biathlon Union. E.ON Ruhrgas World Cup 8 – Oslo Holmenkollen (NOR) – Women 10 km Pursuit. IBU Datacenter. Accessed 12 August 2011.
  21. ^ International Biathlon Union. E.ON Ruhrgas World Cup 8 – Oslo Holmenkollen (NOR) – Women 12.5 km Mass Start. IBU Datacenter. Accessed 12 August 2011.
  22. ^ a b International Biathlon Union. E.ON Ruhrgas World Cup 9 – Khanty-Mansiysk (RUS) – Women 7.5 km Sprint. IBU Datacenter. Accessed 12 August 2011.
  23. ^ International Biathlon Union. E.ON Ruhrgas World Cup 9 – Khanty-Mansiysk (RUS) – Women 10 km Pursuit. IBU Datacenter. Accessed 12 August 2011.
  24. ^ a b c d Wolfsgruber, Axel. "Wie eine echte Königin". Focus. 49/2007. Accessed 12 August 2011. (German)
  25. ^ International Biathlon Union. E.ON Ruhrgas World Cup 3 – Pokljuka (SLO) – Women's 4x6 km Relay. IBU Datacenter. Accessed 12 August 2011.
  26. ^ International Biathlon Union. E:ON Ruhrgas World Cup 4 – Oberhof (GER) – Women 12.5 km Mass Start. IBU Datacenter. Accessed 12 August 2011.
  27. ^ International Biathlon Union. E.ON Ruhrgas World Cup 5 – Ruhpolding (GER) – Women's 4x6 km Relay. IBU Datacenter. Accessed 12 August 2011.
  28. ^ a b c International Biathlon Union. IBU Event and Competition Rules. Biathlonworld. Accessed 12 August 2011.
  29. ^ Gross, Alexandra. Magdalena Neuner und ihre schwierigste Saison. WELT Online. 1 Dezember 2007. Accessed 12 August 2011. (German)
  30. ^ International Biathlon Union. World Championships – Oestersund (SWE) – Mixed 2 x 6 + 2 x 7.5 km Relay. IBU Datacenter. Accessed 12 August 2011.
  31. ^ a b International Biathlon Union. World Championships – Oestersund (SWE) – Women 12.5 km Mass Start. IBU Datacenter. Accessed 12 August 2011.
  32. ^ Deutsche Presse-Agentur. Die schnellste Maus von Östersund. Frankfurter Allgemeine. 16 February 2008. Accessed 12 August 2011. (German)
  33. ^ International Biathlon Union. World Championships – Oestersund (SWE) – Women's 4x6 km Relay. IBU Datacenter. Accessed 12 August 2011.
  34. ^ Dunker, Robert. Magdalena Neuner ist der Liebling der Sponsoren. WELT Online. 17 March 2008. Accessed 12 August 2011. (German)
  35. ^ International Biathlon Union. E.ON Ruhrgas World Cup 7 – Pyeong Chang (KOR) – Women 7.5 km Sprint. IBU Datacenter. Accessed 12 August 2011.
  36. ^ International Biathlon Union. E.ON Ruhrgas World Cup 8 – Khanty-Mansiysk (RUS) – Women 7.5 km Sprint. IBU Datacenter. Accessed 12 August 2011.
  37. ^ International Biathlon Union. E.ON Ruhrgas World Cup 8 – Khanty-Mansiysk (RUS) – Women 12.5 km Mass Start. IBU Datacenter. Accessed 12 August 2011.
  38. ^ International Biathlon Union. E.ON Ruhrgas World Cup 9 – Oslo Holmenkollen (NOR) – Women 7.5 km Sprint. IBU Datacenter. Accessed 12 August 2011.
  39. ^ International Biathlon Union. E.ON Ruhrgas World Cup 9 – Oslo Holmenkollen (NOR) – Women 12.5 km Mass Start. IBU Datacenter. Accessed 12 August 2011.
  40. ^ Associated Press. World Cup Affects an American Accent. The Washington Post. 17 March 2008. Accessed 12 August 2011.
  41. ^ Klein, Tom. German men are trim, women ailing. Biathlonworld. 25 November 2008. Accessed 12 August 2011.
  42. ^ a b Wolfsgruber, Axel. „An Pleiten wächst man“. Focus. 9 February 2009. Accessed 12 August 2011. (German)
  43. ^ Rheinische Post. Magdalena Neuner fährt nicht ins Trainingslager. RP Online. 19 November 2008. Accessed 12 August 2011. (German)
  44. ^ a b International Biathlon Union. E.ON Ruhrgas IBU World Cup – Oestersund (SWE) – Women 7.5 km Sprint. IBU Datacenter. Accessed 12 August 2011.
  45. ^ International Biathlon Union. E.ON Ruhrgas IBU World Cup – Oestersund (SWE) – Women 15 km Individual. IBU Datacenter. Accessed 12 August 2011.
  46. ^ International Biathlon Union. E.ON Ruhrgas IBU World Cup – Ruhpolding (GER) – Women's 4x6 km Relay. IBU Datacenter. Accessed 12 August 2011.
  47. ^ International Biathlon Union. E.ON Ruhrgas IBU World Cup – Ruhpolding (GER) – Women 7.5 km Sprint. IBU Datacenter. Accessed 12 August 2011.
  48. ^ a b International Biathlon Union. E.ON Ruhrgas IBU World Cup – Ruhpolding (GER) – Women 10 km Pursuit. IBU Datacenter. Accessed 12 August 2011.
  49. ^ a b Palme, Jürgen. Iourieva profits from Neuner´s disaster. Biathlonworld. 25 January 2009. Accessed 12 August 2011.
  50. ^ Mey, Alexander. Neuner: "Das war totaler Weltuntergang". Spox.com. 9 February 2009. Accessed 12 August 2011. (German)
  51. ^ Deutsche Presse-Agentur. Bangen um Biathlon-Star: "Schnupfennase" stoppt Neuner. Frankfurter Rundschau. 19 February 2009. Accessed 12 August 2011. (German)
  52. ^ International Biathlon Union. IBU Biathlon World Championships – Pyeong Chang (KOR) – Women 7.5 km Sprint. IBU Datacenter. Accessed 12 August 2011.
  53. ^ International Biathlon Union. IBU Biathlon World Championships – Pyeong Chang (KOR) – Women 10 km Pursuit. IBU Datacenter. Accessed 12 August 2011.
  54. ^ International Biathlon Union. IBU Biathlon World Championships – Pyeong Chang (KOR) – Women's 4x6 km Relay. IBU Datacenter. Accessed 12 August 2011.
  55. ^ International Biathlon Union. IBU Biathlon World Championships – Pyeong Chang (KOR) – Women 12.5 km Mass Start. IBU Datacenter. Accessed 12 August 2011.
  56. ^ International Biathlon Union. E.ON Ruhrgas IBU World Cup – Vancouver (CAN) – Women's 15 km Individual. IBU Datacenter. Accessed 12 August 2011.
  57. ^ International Biathlon Union. E.ON Ruhrgas IBU World Cup – Vancouver (CAN) – Women's 4x6 km Relay. IBU Datacenter. Accessed 12 August 2011.
  58. ^ International Biathlon Union. E.ON Ruhrgas IBU World Cup – Vancouver (CAN) – Women 7.5 km Sprint. IBU Datacenter. Accessed 12 August 2011.
  59. ^ International Biathlon Union. E.ON Ruhrgas IBU World Cup – Khanty-Mansiysk (RUS) – Women 10 km Pursuit. IBU Datacenter. Accessed 12 August 2011.
  60. ^ Dunker, Robert. Silber in der Tasche, Gold im Blick. WELT Online. 15 February 2010. Accessed 12 August 2011. (German)
  61. ^ a b Futterman, Matthew. The Skier Who Can't Shoot Straight. Wall Street Journal. 16 February 2010. Accessed 12 August 2011.
  62. ^ Deutsche Presse-Agentur. Neuner mit Titel-Hattrick bei Sommer-WM. Sport1.de. 27. September 2009. 11 August 2011. (German)
  63. ^ International Biathlon Union. E.ON Ruhrgas IBU World Cup – Pokljuka (SLO) – Women 7.5 km Sprint. IBU Datacenter. Accessed 12 August 2011.
  64. ^ International Biathlon Union. E.ON Ruhrgas IBU World Cup – Pokljuka (SLO) – Women 10 km Pursuit. IBU Datacenter. Accessed 12 August 2011.
  65. ^ Deutsche Presse-Agentur. Endlich oben. Der Tagesspiegel. 20 December 2009. Accessed 12 August 2011. (German)
  66. ^ Deutsche Presse-Agentur. Neuner wieder fit – Biathleten heiß auf Ruhpolding. Hamburger Morgenpost. 12 January 2010. Accessed 12 August 2011. (German)
  67. ^ International Biathlon Union. E.ON Ruhrgas IBU World Cup – Ruhpolding (GER) – Women 7.5 km Sprint. IBU Datacenter. Accessed 12 August 2011.
  68. ^ International Biathlon Union. E.ON Ruhrgas IBU World Cup – Ruhpolding (GER) – Women 12.5 km Mass Start. IBU Datacenter. Accessed 12 August 2011.
  69. ^ International Biathlon Union. E.ON Ruhrgas IBU World Cup – Ruhpolding (GER) – Women 4 x 6 km Relay. IBU Datacenter. Accessed 12 August 2011.
  70. ^ a b International Biathlon Union. E.ON Ruhrgas IBU World Cup – Antholz-Anterselva (ITA) – Women 15 km Individual. IBU Datacenter. Accessed 12 August 2011.
  71. ^ International Biathlon Union. E.ON Ruhrgas IBU World Cup – Antholz-Anterselva (ITA) – Women 7.5 km Sprint. IBU Datacenter. Accessed 12 August 2011.
  72. ^ International Biathlon Union. E.ON Ruhrgas IBU World Cup – Antholz-Anterselva (ITA) – Women 10 km Pursuit. IBU Datacenter. Accessed 12 August 2011.
  73. ^ Agence France-Press. Biathlon: Unheralded Kuzmina makes Slovakia breakthrough, Olympic.cn. 13 February 2010. Accesed 11 August 2011.
  74. ^ Dunker, Robert. Hat das deutsche Team Neuners Gold verwachst?. WELT Online. 14 February 2010. Accessed 12 August 2011. (German)
  75. ^ Futterman, Matthew. Germany's Neuner Wins Women's Biathlon Pursuit. Wall Street Journal. 16 February 2010. Accessed 12 August 2011.
  76. ^ Karen, Mattas. Neuner wins women's 12.5K mass start at Olympics. The Seattle Times. 21 February 2010. Accessed 12 August 2011.
  77. ^ a b Vignal, Patrick. Olympics – Biathlon – Germany's Neuner skips treble chance. Reuters. 22 February 2010. Accessed 12 August 2011.
  78. ^ Sport-Informations-Dienst. Magdalena Neuner trägt die deutsche Fahne. Focus Online. 27 February 2010. Accessed 12 August 2011. (German)
  79. ^ International Biathlon Union. E.ON Ruhrgas IBU World Cup – Kontiolahti (FIN) – Women 10 km Pursuit. IBU Datacenter. Accessed 12 August 2011.
  80. ^ International Biathlon Union. E.ON Ruhrgas IBU World Cup – Oslo Holmenkollen (NOR) – Women 12.5 km Mass Start. IBU Datacenter. Accessed 12 August 2011.
  81. ^ International Biathlon Union. E.ON Ruhrgas IBU World Cup – Khanty-Mansiysk (RUS) – Women 12.5 km Mass Start. IBU Datacenter. Accessed 12 August 2011.
  82. ^ International Biathlon Union. E.ON Ruhrgas IBU World Cup – Khanty-Mansiysk (RUS) – Mixed 2 x 6 + 2 x 7.5 km Relay. IBU Datacenter. Accessed 12 August 2011.
  83. ^ AFP. Biathlon heroine Neuner takes aim at home glory. Google News. 25 November 2010. Accessed 12 August 2011.
  84. ^ International Biathlon Union. E.ON Ruhrgas IBU World Cup – Pokljuka (SLO) – Women 7.5 km Sprint. IBU Datacenter. Accessed 12 August 2011.
  85. ^ International Biathlon Union. E.ON Ruhrgas IBU World Cup – Oberhof (GER) – Women 7.5 km Sprint. IBU Datacenter. Accessed 12 August 2011.
  86. ^ International Biathlon Union. E.ON Ruhrgas IBU World Cup – Ruhpolding (GER) – Women 7.5 km Sprint. IBU Datacenter. Accessed 12 August 2011.
  87. ^ Deutsche Presse-Agentur. Frauen-Staffel enttäuscht auf Platz sechs. Spiegel Online. 6 January 2011. Accessed 12 August 2011. (German)
  88. ^ International Biathlon Union. E.ON Ruhrgas IBU World Cup – Ruhpolding (GER) – Women 15 km Individual. IBU Datacenter. Accessed 12 August 2011.
  89. ^ International Biathlon Union. E.ON Ruhrgas IBU World Cup – Antholz-Anterselva (ITA) – Women 12.5 km Mass Start. IBU Datacenter. Accessed 12 August 2011.
  90. ^ International Biathlon Union. E.ON Ruhrgas IBU World Cup – Presque Isle, ME (USA) – Mixed 2x6 + 2x7.5 km Relay. IBU Datacenter. Accessed 12 August 2011.
  91. ^ International Biathlon Union. E.ON Ruhrgas IBU World Cup – Fort Kent, ME (USA) – Women 7.5 km Sprint. IBU Datacenter. Accessed 12 August 2011.
  92. ^ International Biathlon Union. E.ON Ruhrgas IBU World Cup – Fort Kent, ME (USA) – Women 10 km Pursuit. IBU Datacenter. Accessed 12 August 2011.
  93. ^ International Biathlon Union. E.ON Ruhrgas IBU World Cup – Fort Kent, ME (USA) – Women 12.5 km Mass Start. IBU Datacenter. Accessed 12 August 2011.
  94. ^ International Biathlon Union. IBU World Championships – Khanty-Mansiysk (RUS) – Women 7.5 km Sprint. IBU Datacenter. Accessed 12 August 2011.
  95. ^ International Biathlon Union. IBU World Championships – Khanty-Mansiysk (RUS) – Women 12.5 km Mass Start. IBU Datacenter. Accessed 12 August 2011.
  96. ^ International Biathlon Union. IBU World Championships – Khanty-Mansiysk (RUS) – Women 4 x 6 km Relay. IBU Datacenter. Accessed 12 August 2011.
  97. ^ a b Berg, Markus. Neuner und der Goldrausch in Sibirien. WELT Online. 14 March 2011. Accessed 12 August 2011. (German)
  98. ^ International Biathlon Union. E.ON Ruhrgas IBU World Cup – Oslo Holmenkollen (NOR) – Women 7.5 km Sprint. IBU Datacenter. Accessed 12 August 2011.
  99. ^ Palme, Jürgen. "We're pretty drained anyways" – Interview with Magdalena Neuner. Biathlonworld. 21 January 2009. Accessed 12 August 2011.
  100. ^ International Biathlon Union. E.ON Ruhrgas World Cup 8 – Kontiolahti (FIN) – Women 10 km Pursuit. IBU Datacenter. Accessed 12 August 2011.
  101. ^ a b International Biathlon Union. The individual Competition. Biathlonworld. Accessed 12 August 2011.
  102. ^ International Biathlon Union. E.ON Ruhrgas World Cup 8 – Khanty-Mansiysk (RUS) – Women 12.5 km Mass Start. IBU Datacenter. Accessed 12 August 2011.
  103. ^ International Biathlon Union. E.ON Ruhrgas World Cup 8 – Oberhof (GER) – Women 10 km Pursuit. IBU Datacenter. Accessed 12 August 2011.
  104. ^ a b Biathlon Federation of Ukraine. Neuner Magdalena. Biathlon.com.ua. Accessed 12 August 2011.
  105. ^ International Biathlon Union. Andrea Henkel. IBU Datacenter. Accessed 12 August 2011.
  106. ^ International Biathlon Union. Kati Wilhelm. IBU Datacenter. Accessed 12 August 2011.
  107. ^ International Biathlon Union. Sandrine Bailly. IBU Datacenter. Accessed 12 August 2011.
  108. ^ Janz, Thomas & Kunze, Fabian. Neuner: "Weiß, dass ich es drauf habe". Focus Online. 8 February 2010. Accessed 12 August 2011. (German)
  109. ^ Franke, Viktoria. Interview mit Magdalena Neuner. Netzathleten.de. 21 September 2009. Accessed 12 August 2011. (German)
  110. ^ Rheinische Post. Neuner nimmt jetzt Nachhilfe. RP Online. 26 January 2009. Accessed 12 August 2011. (German)
  111. ^ International Biathlon Union. E.ON Ruhrgas World Cup 8 – Kontiolahti (FIN) – Women 7.5 km Sprint. IBU Datacenter. Accessed 12 August 2011.
  112. ^ International Biathlon Union. E.ON Ruhrgas IBU World Cup – Hochfilzen (AUT) – Women 10 km Pursuit. IBU Datacenter. Accessed 12 August 2011.
  113. ^ Börlein, Daniel. Rumbrettern und abrocken. SPOX.com. 29 November 2007. Accessed 12 August 2011. (German)
  114. ^ Bunte. Magdalena Neuner: Beziehungs-Aus nach fast zwei Jahren. Bunte Online. 9 January 2008. Accessed 12 August 2011. (German)
  115. ^ Rheinische Post. Neuner liebt ihren Wachser. RP Online. 13 February 2008. Accessed 12 August 2011. (German)
  116. ^ Windisch, Michael & Felske, Thorsten. Neuner: Neue Liebe & Olympia-Quali. Bild am Sonntag. 19 December 2008. Accessed 12 August 2011. (German)
  117. ^ Dunker, Robert. "Deutschland-Cup" mit ausländischer Beteiligung. WELT Online. 12 January 2008. Accessed 12 August 2011. (German)
  118. ^ Weis, Manuel. Dank Biathlon und Handball: Starke ARD. Quotenmeter.de. 25 January 2010. Accessed 12 August 2011. (German)
  119. ^ Stracke, Peter. Magdalena Neuner im Porträt. sueddeutsche.de. 22 December 2007. Accessed 12 August 2011. (German)
  120. ^ Mantel, Uwe. Bestwert: Fast zehn Mio. Zuschauer beim Biathlon. DWDL.de. 22 February 2010. Accessed 12 August 2011. (German)
  121. ^ Sport-Informations-Dienst. Zwei Goldmedaillen machen Neuner müde. FAZ.net. 22 February 2009. Accessed 12 August 2011. (German)
  122. ^ Deutsche Presse-Agentur. Magdalena Neuner gets Fair Play medal. Monstersandcritics.com. 2 June 2010. Accessed 12 August 2011.
  123. ^ a b c Franke, Viktoria. Biathlon-Award 2008: Sieger stehen bereits fest. Biathlon-online.de. 12 December 2008. Accessed 12 August 2011. (German)
  124. ^ a b Deutscher Skiverband. Magdalena Neuner. Ski-online.de. 21 October 2008. Accessed 12 August 2011. (German)
  125. ^ a b Deutsche Presse-Agentur. Neuner Biathletin des Jahres – Ammann Ski-König. Financial Times Deutschland. 20 April 2010. Accessed 12 August 2011. (German)
  126. ^ a b Sportlern des Jahres. Sportler des Jahres: Sportlerinnen des Jahres seit 1947. Sportler-des-Jahres.de. Accessed 12 August 2011. (German)
  127. ^ Deutsche Presse-Agentur. Maria Riesch, Vettel und die Nationalelf. Frankfurter Allgemeine. 19 December 2010. Accessed 12 August 2011. (German)
  128. ^ a b Deutsche Presse-Agentur. Olympioniken erhalten höchste Ehrung. Frankfurter Rundschau. 30 April 2010. Accessed 12 August 2011. (German)
  129. ^ Deutsche Presse-Agentur. Schumi ist der Größte. Bild.de. 15 June 2011. Accessed 12 August 2011. (German)
  130. ^ Biathlon2b Redaktion. "It's me – Magdalena Neuner". biathlon2b.com. 24 September 2007. Accessed 12 August 2011. (German)
  131. ^ Mölter, Joachim. Plötzlich mit Gefolge. Süddeutsche Zeitung. 10 February 2007. Accessed 12 August 2011. (German)
  132. ^ Sport-Informations-Dienst. Neuner ohne Maskottchen und Schminke. Focus Online. 2 March 2011. Accessed 12 August 2011. (German)
  133. ^ Dieterle, Claus. "Ich will nicht mehr die kleine, süße Lena sein". Frankfurter Allgemeine. 12 December 2010. Accessed 12 August 2011. (German)
  134. ^ Organising Committee Germany. The magnificent eleven. FIFA.com. 30 September 2008. Accessed 12 August 2011.
  135. ^ Deutscher Olympischer Sportbund. München 2018: Berger und Graumann im Kuratorium. DOSB.de. 13 April 2011. Accessed 20 September 2011. (German)
  136. ^ Clarey, Christopher. No Shortage of Winter Winners. The New York Times. 25 March 2011. Accessed 19 August 2011.
  137. ^ International Biathlon Union. Magdalena Forsberg. IBU Datacenter. Accessed 12 August 2011.
  138. ^ International Biathlon Union. Uschi Disl. IBU Datacenter. Accessed 12 August 2011.
  139. ^ International Biathlon Union. Jirina Pelcova. IBU Datacenter. Accessed 12 August 2011.

Further reading

English

German

External links

Awards
Preceded by
Kati Wilhelm
German Sportswoman of the Year
2007
Succeeded by
Britta Steffen
Preceded by
 Andrea Henkel (GER)
Women's Biathlon World Cup winner
2008
Succeeded by
 Helena Jonsson (SWE)
Preceded by
 Helena Jonsson (SWE)
Women's Biathlon World Cup winner
2010
Succeeded by
 Kaisa Mäkäräinen (FIN)



Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Magdalena Neuner — Verband Deutschland …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Magdalena Neuner — Magdalena Ne …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Magdalena Neuner — Nacimiento …   Wikipedia Español

  • Magdalena Wallin — Magdalena Forsberg Voller Name Magdalena Forsberg V …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Neuner — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Angelika Neuner (* 1969), österreichische Rodlerin Bernd Neuner Duttenhofer (* 1943), deutscher Kochmoderator Doris Neuner (* 1971), österreichische Rodlerin Gerhart Neuner (1929–2008), SED Funktionär und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Magdalena — ist ein weiblicher Vorname. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Herkunft und Bedeutung des Namens 2 Varianten 3 Namenstag 4 Bekannte Namensträgerinnen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Magdaléna — Magdalena Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Magdalena est une variante du prénom hébreu Magdalene. Elle est notamment présente dans les langues allemande, suédoise, roumaine espagnole,… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Magdalena — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Magdalena est une variante du prénom hébreu Magdalene. Elle est notamment présente dans les langues allemande, suédoise, roumaine, espagnole, polonaise,… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Neuner — may refer to: People Angelika Neuner (born 1969), Austrian luger Doris Neuner (born 1971), Austrian luger Frank Neuner (born 1971), professor of Clinical Psychology Magdalena Lena Neuner (born 1987), German biathlete See also Places The Neuner,… …   Wikipedia

  • Lene — Magdalena ist ein weiblicher Vorname. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Herkunft und Bedeutung des Namens 2 Varianten 3 Namenstag 4 Bekannte Namensträgerinnen 4.1 Fürstinnen namens Magdalena …   Deutsch Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.