Principal photography

Principal photography

Principal photography is the phase of film production in which the movie is actually shot, as distinct from pre-production and post-production.

Principal photography is usually the most expensive phase of film production and generally marks a point of no return for the financiers. While it is not uncommon for a film to lose its greenlight status during pre-production (for example, because an important element such as a cast member drops out), it is extremely uncommon for finance to be withdrawn once principal photography has commenced (and is usually regarded as a catastrophe).

In the United Kingdom, since 2005, top independent production companies and major studios when dealing with major motion pictures have recently adapted the short term of Roll Programme which is similar to greenlighting, however it is commonly used by accountants and producers in highlighting the fact to all parties concerned that there is no abort, cancellation or any other route for the film apart from finishing the film under any circumstances. This is only used for very high cost films, as calling a halt to a major feature whilst in production will cost the studio or producer even more in penalty fees and insurance claims for non-completion of the project.

Once a film concludes principal photography it is said to have wrapped, and a wrap party may be organized to celebrate.

During post-production, it may become clear that certain shots or sequences are missing that are required to complete the film, or that a certain scene is not playing as expected, or even that a particular actor has failed to turn in a performance of the required caliber. In these circumstances, additional material may have to be shot. If the material has already been shot once, or is substantial, the process is referred to as a re-shoot, but if the material is new and relatively minor, it is often referred to as a pick-up.

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Principal Photography — F/A/V The main photography of a film and the time period during which it takes place. (Production) …   Audio and video glossary

  • Principal photography — PP The main period of filming in which shooting occurs with the main actors. This differs from visual effects photography and B camera shooting …   Audio and video glossary

  • principal photography —   refers to the filming of major and significant portions of a film production that involves the main/lead actors/actresses; contrast to second unit photography …   Glossary of cinematic terms

  • principal photography — noun The phase of film production during which the film is actually shot, as distinct from pre production and post production …   Wiktionary

  • Principal photography of The Lord of the Rings film trilogy — Principal photography for The Lord of the Rings film trilogy was conducted concurrently in New Zealand from October 11, 1999 through to December 22, 2000 for 274 days. Pick up shoots were conducted annually from 2001 to 2004. The trilogy was shot …   Wikipedia

  • photography, technology of — Introduction       equipment, techniques, and processes used in the production of photographs.  The most widely used photographic process is the black and white negative–positive system (Figure 1 >). In the camera the lens projects an image of… …   Universalium

  • photography, history of — Introduction       method of recording the image of an object through the action of light, or related radiation, on a light sensitive material. The word, derived from the Greek photos (“light”) and graphein (“to draw”), was first used in the… …   Universalium

  • principal point — As it relates to photography, it is the foot of the perpendicular to the photo plane through the perspective center. Generally, it is determined by the intersection of the lines joining opposite or diagonal collimating or fiducial marks. See also …   Aviation dictionary

  • second-unit photography —   in larger film productions, this refers to the less important scenes (large crowd scenes, scenery, foreign location backgrounds, various inserts, etc.) that are filmed by a smaller, secondary or subordinate crew, usually headed by a second unit …   Glossary of cinematic terms

  • Pulitzer Prize for Photography — The Pulitzer Prize for Photography was one of the Pulitzer Prizes. It was awarded from 1942 until 1967. In 1968, it was split into two separate prizes: the Pulitzer Prize for Feature Photography and the Pulitzer Prize for Spot News Photography… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.