Henry G. Davis

Infobox Senator |name=Henry Gassaway Davis

jr/sr=United States Senator
state=West Virginia
term_start=March 4, 1871
term_end=March 3, 1883
preceded=Waitman T. Willey
succeeded=John E. Kenna
date of birth=November 16, 1823
place of birth=Woodstock, Maryland
date of death=March 11, 1916 (aged 92)
place of death=Washington, D.C.

Henry Gassaway Davis (November 16, 1823 – March 11, 1916) was a self-made millionaire and U.S. Senator (1871-1883) from West Virginia. He was the Democratic Party's nominee for Vice President in 1904. His brother was the U.S. Congressman Thomas Beall Davis.


Early life

Born near Woodstock, Maryland to Caleb Davis and Louisa Brown, Davis worked on a farm until 1843, when he began to work for the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad as a brakeman and conductor. Later he was put in charge of the Piedmont, West Virginia terminal of the railroad, and soon went into coal mining and banking in Piedmont.

Political and commercial life

In 1865 Davis was elected a member of the West Virginia House of Delegates. The following year, he founded the Potomac and Piedmont Coal and Railway Company with the intent of furnishing transportation to his coal mining and timbering interests. The company was given the right to construct railroads grades in Mineral, Grant, Tucker and Randolph Counties. He became a state senator in 1869. In 1871, he was elected to the United States Senate, serving two terms, with his service ending in 1883.

Following his service in the Senate, Davis retired to Elkins, West Virginia, where he resumed banking and coal mining. Davis’s company now controlled 135,000 acres, employed 1,600 men of sixteen nationalities, operated two power plants, and worked over 1,000 coke ovens and 9 mines within one mile of the central office at Coketon in Tucker County. By 1892, the Davis Coal and Coke Company, a partnership between Davis and his son-in-law, Senator Stephen Benton Elkins, was among the largest coal companies in the world.

Davis represented the U.S. at the Pan-American Conferences of 1889 and 1901.

Candidate for Vice President

In 1904, Davis became the Democratic nominee for Vice President on a ticket with Alton B. Parker. Parker and Davis lost to the Republican ticket of Theodore Roosevelt and Charles Fairbanks. At age 80, Davis was (and is) the oldest person to be nominated for President or Vice President on a major party ticket.

In 1909, the wife of his son John T. Davis was aboard the White Star liner "RMS Republic", when it collided with another ship and sank off Nantucket. Her children Hallie Elkins Davis (later Mrs. George A. Percy) and Henry Gassaway Davis II were with her.

Last years

Davis in his last years acted as chairman of the permanent Pan American Railway Committee (1901-1916). He died in Washington, D.C. at age 92. Davis also donated land to build Davis and Elkins College in Elkins, West Virginia.



ee also

*Davis and Elkins College, in Elkins, WV; named for Senators Davis and Elkins

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Henry G. Davis — Henry Gassaway Davis (* 16. November 1823 bei Woodstock, Howard County, Maryland; † 11. März 1916 in Washington D.C.) war ein US amerikanischer Unternehmer und Politiker, der den Bundesstaat …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Henry Winter Davis — (August 16 1817 ndash; 30 December 1865) was a United States Representative from the fourth and third districts of Maryland, well known as one of the Radical Republicans during the Civil War.Early life and careerBorn in Annapolis, Maryland, his… …   Wikipedia

  • Henry G. Davis — Henry Gassaway Davis Le sénateur Henry G. Davis. Henry Gassaway Davis (né à Woodstock, dans le Maryland, le 16 novembre 1823 mort à Washington le 11 mars 1916) est un homme d affaires et un homme politique américain, membre du Parti démocrate.… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Henry Gassett Davis — (November 4 1807, Trenton, Maine – November 18 1896, Everett, Massachusetts) was an orthopedic surgeon.He founded the traction school of orthopedic surgery and created the first splint for traction and protection of the hip joint.Henry was a… …   Wikipedia

  • Henry Hague Davis — (September 10, 1885 – June 30, 1944) was a Canadian lawyer and Puisne Justice of the Supreme Court of Canada.Born in Brockville, Ontario, the son of William Henry Davis and Eliza Dowsley, he received a Bachelor of Arts in 1907, a Master of Arts… …   Wikipedia

  • Henry Gassaway Davis — Le sénateur Henry G. Davis. Henry Gassaway Davis (né à Woodstock, dans le Maryland, le 16 novembre 1823 mort à Washington le 11 mars 1916) est un homme d affaires et un homme politique américain, membre du Parti démocrate. Biographie D origine… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ralph Henry Carless Davis — (7 October 1918 – 12 March 1991), always known publicly as R. H. C. Davis, was a British historian specialising in the European Middle Ages. He was a leading exponent of strict documentary analysis and interpretation, was keenly interested in… …   Wikipedia

  • Ralph Henry Carless Davis — (7 octobre 1918 12 mars 1991), toujours connu publiquement comme RHC Davis, était un historien britannique spécialisé dans le Moyen Âge européen. Il était un chef de file de l analyse documentaire et de l interprétation stricte, et s est montré… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Kettlewell , Henry Bernard Davis — (1907–1979) British geneticist and lepidopterist Kettlewell was educated at Cambridge University and St. Bartholomew s Hospital, London, where he gained his medical qualification in 1933. He practiced in Cranleigh and then worked as an… …   Scientists

  • Henry Davis — may refer to: Henry Davis (clergyman) (1771–1852) Henry Davis (performer) (1886–1946), an American Broadway singer and actor Henry G. Davis (1823–1916), a U.S. senator from West Virginia and Democratic Vice Presidential candidate Henry Gassett… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.