Floris III, Count of Holland

Floris III of Holland (1141 – August 1, 1190), Count of Holland from 1157 to 1190. He was a son of Dirk VI and Sophie of Luxemburg, heiress of Bentheim.

Life

On September 28, 1162 he married Ada, sister of king William I of Scotland, also known as William the Lion. The county of Holland adopted from him the rampant lion in the coat of arms and the name of William.

Floris III was a loyal vassal to Frederick I Barbarossa. He accompanied the emperor on two expeditions to Italy in 1158 and 1176-1178. Frederick thanked him by making Floris part of the imperial nobility. The emperor gave Floris the toll right of Geervliet, the most important toll station in Holland at that time. This was actually the legalisation of an existing situation, because the counts of Holland had charged tolls illegally since the start of the 11th century.

Many farmers came to Holland to turn the swamps into agricultural lands. Dikes and dams were build and the border between Holland and the bishopric of Utrecht had to be determined. There was a dispute between Floris and the bishop of Utrecht about a new dam in the Rhine at Zwammerdam in 1165, which had to be settled by emperor Frederick. The brother of Floris, Baldwin became bishop of Utrecht in 1178.

War broke out between Flanders and Holland. Count Philip of Flanders wanted to have Zeeland. Floris was captured in Brugge and had to accept Flemish overlordship in Zeeland as ransom in 1167.

During his reign Floris III had troubles with West Friesland and a war with Philip count of Flanders concerning their respective rights in West Zeeland, in which he was beaten. In 1170 a great flood caused immense devastation in the north and helped to form the Zuider Zee.

In 1189 Floris accompanied Frederick Barbarossa upon the third Crusade, of which he was a distinguished leader. He died in 1190 at Antioch of pestilence and was buried there.

Two sons of Floris III became Count of Holland: Dirk VII in 1190 and William I in 1203.

Family and children

He married 28 August 1162 Ada of Huntingdon, daughter of Henry of Scotland, 3rd Earl of Huntingdon and Ada de Warenne. Their children were:
# Dirk VII, Count of Holland.
# William I, Count of Holland.
# Floris (d. 1210), bishop of Glasgow.
# Baldwin (d. 1204).
# Ada (d. after 1205), married 1176 Margrave Otto I of Brandenburg.
# Margaret (d. after 1203), married 1182 Count Dietrich IV of Cleves.
# Elizabeth
# Hedwig
# Agnes (d. 1228), Abbess at Rijnsburg.


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Floris V, Count of Holland — Floris V of Holland Count of Holland This is Count Floris, King Williams son, and [he] was the fifteenth Count of Holland Floris V as imagined in the 17th century Reign Count of Holland: 1256–1296 …   Wikipedia

  • Floris I, Count of Holland — Infobox Monarch|name=Floris I of Holland title=Count in Frisia caption=Floris I as imagined in the 16th century reign=13 January 1049 – 28 June 1061 coronation= othertitles= full name= predecessor=Dirk IV successor=Dirk V consort=Gertrude of… …   Wikipedia

  • Dirk III, Count of Holland — Dirk III of Holland Count in Frisia Dirk III as imagined in the 16th century Reign 1005 – 27 May 1039 Born …   Wikipedia

  • Count of Holland — See also: County of Holland and Countess of Holland Coat of arms of the Counts of Holland The Counts of Holland ruled over the County of Holland in the Low Countries between the 10th and the 16th century …   Wikipedia

  • Dirk VI, Count of Holland — Dirk VI of Holland Count of Holland Dirk VI as imagined in the 16th century Reign 2 March 1121 – 5 August 1157 Born …   Wikipedia

  • William I, Count of Holland — Infobox Monarch|name=William I of Holland title=Count of Holland caption=William I as imagined in the 16th century reign=1203 – 4 February 1222 coronation= othertitles= full name= predecessor=Ada successor=Floris IV consort=Adelheid of Guelders… …   Wikipedia

  • Dirk VII, Count of Holland — Dirk VII of Holland (died November 4, 1203, Dordrecht[1]), Count of Holland from 1190 to 1203. He was elder son of Floris III and Ada of Huntingdon. There was civil war in the Holy Roman Empire, so the emperor had to give to make friends. Henry… …   Wikipedia

  • John I, Count of Holland — Infobox Monarch|name=John I of Holland title=Count of Holland caption=John I as imagined in the 16th century reign=Count of Holland: 1296–1299 coronation= othertitles= full name= predecessor=Floris V successor=John II consort=Elizabeth of England …   Wikipedia

  • Dirk IV, Count of Holland — Dirk IV of Holland Count in Frisia Dirk IV as imagined in the 16th century Reign 27 May 1039 – 13 January 1049 Born …   Wikipedia

  • Dirk V, Count of Holland — Picture of Dirk V, Count of Holland Dirk V (1052 – June 17, 1091) was Count of Holland (which was called Frisia at that time) from 1061 to 1091. Dirk V succeeded Floris I, under the guardianship of his mother, Gertrude of Saxony. William I,… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.