Floris III, Count of Holland
Floris III of Holland (1141 –
August 1, 1190), Count of Hollandfrom 1157 to 1190. He was a son of Dirk VI and Sophie of Luxemburg, heiress of Bentheim.
September 28, 1162he married Ada, sister of king William I of Scotland, also known as William the Lion. The county of Holland adopted from him the rampant lion in the coat of armsand the name of William.
Floris III was a loyal
vassalto Frederick I Barbarossa. He accompanied the emperor on two expeditions to Italyin 1158 and 1176-1178. Frederick thanked him by making Floris part of the imperial nobility. The emperor gave Floris the tollright of Geervliet, the most important toll station in Holland at that time. This was actually the legalisation of an existing situation, because the counts of Holland had charged tolls illegally since the start of the 11th century.
Many farmers came to Holland to turn the swamps into agricultural lands. Dikes and dams were build and the border between Holland and the bishopric of Utrecht had to be determined. There was a dispute between Floris and the bishop of Utrecht about a new dam in the Rhine at
Zwammerdamin 1165, which had to be settled by emperor Frederick. The brother of Floris, Baldwin became bishop of Utrecht in 1178.
War broke out between
Flandersand Holland. Count Philip of Flanders wanted to have Zeeland. Floris was captured in Bruggeand had to accept Flemish overlordship in Zeeland as ransom in 1167.
During his reign Floris III had troubles with West Friesland and a war with Philip count of Flanders concerning their respective rights in West
Zeeland, in which he was beaten. In 1170 a great flood caused immense devastation in the north and helped to form the Zuider Zee.
In 1189 Floris accompanied Frederick Barbarossa upon the
third Crusade, of which he was a distinguished leader. He died in 1190 at Antiochof pestilence and was buried there.
Two sons of Floris III became Count of Holland: Dirk VII in 1190 and William I in 1203.
Family and children
28 August 1162 Ada of Huntingdon, daughter of Henry of Scotland, 3rd Earl of Huntingdonand Ada de Warenne. Their children were:
Dirk VII, Count of Holland.
# William I, Count of Holland.
# Floris (d. 1210),
bishop of Glasgow.
# Baldwin (d. 1204).
# Ada (d. after 1205), married 1176 Margrave Otto I of Brandenburg.
# Margaret (d. after 1203), married 1182 Count
Dietrich IV of Cleves.
# Agnes (d. 1228), Abbess at
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