# Monad (Greek philosophy)

**Monad**(from Greek μονάς "monas", "unit"; "monos", "alone"), [*Compact Oxford English Dictionary.*] which according to thePythagoreans , was a term forGod or the first being, or the totality of all beings. Monad being the source or the One meaning without division.For the Pythagoreans, the generation of number series was related to objects of

geometry as well ascosmogony . [*Sandywell, p. 205. "The generation of the number-series is to the Pythagoreans, in other words, both the generation of the objects of geometry and also cosmogony. Since things equal numbers, the first unit, in generating the number series, is generating also the physical universe. (KR: 256) From this perspective ‘the monad’ or ‘One’ was readily identified with the divine origin of reality."*] According toDiogenes Laertius , from the monad evolved the dyad; from it numbers; from numbers, points; then lines, two-dimensional entities, three-dimensional entities, bodies, culminating in the four elements earth, water, fire and air, from which the rest of our world is built up. [] [Diogenes Laertius , " Lives of Eminent Philosophers."*This Pythagorean cosmogony is in some sense similar to a brief passage found in the*]Daoist "Laozi": "From the Dao came one, from one came two, from two came three, and from three came the ten thousand things." （道生一、一生二、二生三、三生萬物。） "Dao De Jing," Chapter 42The term monad was later adopted from

Greek philosophy byGiordano Bruno ,Leibniz (Monadology ), and others.**ee also***

Monism

*Dyad

*Triad

*Tetrad

*Pentad

*Decad

*Solar symbol

*Monad

*Circle with a point at its centre

*Tao **References****ources***Hemenway, Priya. "Divine Proportion: Phi In Art, Nature, and Science". Sterling Publishing Company Inc., 2005, p. 56. ISBN 1-4027-3522-7

*Sandywell, Barry. "Presocratic Reflexivity: The Construction of Philosophical Discourse C. 600-450 BC." Routledge, 1996.

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**Dyad (Greek philosophy)**— The Dyad is a title used by the Pythagoreans for the number two, representing the principle of twoness or otherness . Numenius said that Pythagoras gave the name of Monad to God, and the name of Dyad to matter.[1][Need quotation to verify]… … Wikipedia**Pentad (Greek philosophy)**— The pentad was a Pythagorean term for the number five. A pentagram, symbol of the pentad, was used by the as a secret sign to recognize each other.cite book |author=Ghyka, Matila C. |title=The geometry of art and life |publisher=Dover… … Wikipedia**Triad (Greek philosophy)**— The Triad is a Pythagorean title for the number three. According to Priya Hemenway they considered it the most beautiful number, as it is the only number to equal the sum of all the terms below it, and the only number whose sum with those below… … Wikipedia**Tetrad (Greek philosophy)**— The tetrad or number four is the first number formed by the addition and multiplication of equals. To the Pythagoreans, this symbol and number represented justice as it is the first number that is divisible every way into equal parts. [Hemenway,… … Wikipedia**Monad**— may refer to: Contents 1 Philosophy 2 Mathematics and computer science 3 Music 4 Biology 5 … Wikipedia**Monad (Gnosticism)**— The Monad in early Christian gnostic writings is an adaption of concepts of the Monad in Greek philosophy to Christian gnostic belief systems. The term monad comes from the Greek feminine noun monas (nominative singular, μονάς), one unit, where… … Wikipedia**Monad**— • The word monad is used by the neo Platonists to signify the One; for instance, in the letters of the Christian Platonist Synesius, God is described as the Monad of Monads Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Monad Monad … Catholic encyclopedia**Monad (philosophy)**— Monad (from Greek μονάς monas, unit from μόνος monos, alone ),[1] according to the Pythagoreans, was a term for Divinity or the first being, or the totality of all beings,[citation needed] Monad being the source or the One meaning without… … Wikipedia**monad**— monadic /meuh nad ik/, monadical, monadal, adj. monadically, adv. /mon ad, moh nad/, n. 1. Biol. a. any simple, single celled organism. b. any of various small, flagellate, colorless ameboids with one to three flagella, esp. of the genus Monas … Universalium**Monad (Technocracy)**— infobox Organization name = Technocracy Incorporated image border = size = 70px caption = The Technocracy Monad, representing balance, is the official symbol of Technocracy, Inc. msize = mcaption = abbreviation = TechInc motto = formation = 1933… … Wikipedia