Comparison of web browsers

Wikimedia browser share pie chart.png
September 2011, web browser usage share.
Source: Median values from summary table.
  Internet Explorer (38.9%)
  Firefox (25.0%)
  Google Chrome (20.9%)
  Safari (8.0%)
  Opera (2.7%)
  Mobile browsers (6.7%)

The following tables compare general and technical information for a number of web browsers. Please see the individual products' articles for further information.

Contents

Web browser history

Web browsers by year

A rough estimation of usage share by percent of layout engines/web browsers as of Q2 2009, see usage share of web browsers.

This is a table of personal computer web browsers by year of release of major version, in chronological order, with the approximate number of worldwide Internet users in millions. Note that Internet user data is related to the entire market, not the versions released in that year. The increased growth of the Internet in the 1990s and 2000s means that current browsers with small market shares have more total users than the entire market early on. For example, 90% market share in 1997 would be roughly 60 million users, but by the start of 2007 9% market share would equate to over 90 million users.[1]

Year Web browsers Internet users
(in millions)[1][2]
1991 WorldWideWeb (Nexus) 4
1992 ViolaWWW, Erwise, MidasWWW, MacWWW (Samba) 7
1993 Mosaic, Cello,[3] Lynx 2.0, Arena, AMosaic 1.0 10
1994 IBM WebExplorer, Netscape Navigator, SlipKnot 1.0, MacWeb, IBrowse, Agora (Argo), Minuet 21
1995 Internet Explorer 1, Netscape Navigator 2.0, OmniWeb, UdiWWW,[4] WebRouser,[5] Internet Explorer 2, Grail 16-40
1996 Arachne 1.0, Internet Explorer 3.0, Netscape Navigator 3.0, Opera 2.0,
PowerBrowser 1.5,[6] Cyberdog, Amaya 0.9,[7] AWeb, Voyager
36-74
1997 Internet Explorer 4.0, Netscape Navigator 4.0, Netscape Communicator 4.0, Opera 3.0,[8] Amaya 1.0[7] 70-119
1998 iCab, Mozilla 147-186
1999 Amaya 2.0,[7] Mozilla M3, Internet Explorer 5.0 248-279
2000 Konqueror, Netscape 6, Opera 4,[9] Opera 5,[10] K-Meleon 0.2, Amaya 3.0,[7] Amaya 4.0[7] 361-393
2001 Internet Explorer 6, Galeon 1.0, Opera 6,[11] Amaya 5.0[7] 513-494
2002 Netscape 7, Mozilla 1.0, Phoenix 0.1, Links 2.0, Amaya 6.0,[7] Amaya 7.0[7] 587-673
2003 Opera 7,[12] Safari 1.0, Epiphany 1.0, Amaya 8.0[7] 719-783
2004 Firefox 1.0, Netscape Browser, OmniWeb 5.0 817-909
2005 Safari 2.0, Netscape Browser 8.0, Opera 8,[13] Epiphany1.8, Amaya 9.0,[7] AOL Explorer1.0, Maxthon 1.0, Shiira 1.0 1018-1021
2006 SeaMonkey 1.0, K-Meleon 1.0, Galeon 2.0, Camino 1.0, Firefox 2.0, Avant 11, iCab 3, Opera 9,[14] Internet Explorer 7, Sputnik 1093-1146
2007 Maxthon 2.0, Netscape Navigator 9, NetSurf 1.0, Flock 1.0, Safari 3.0, Conkeror 1319-1357
2008 Konqueror 4, Safari 3.1, Opera 9.5,[15] Firefox 3, Amaya 10.0,[7] Flock 2, Chrome 1, Amaya 11.0[7] 1574-1586
2009 Internet Explorer 8, Chrome 2 - 3, Safari 4, Opera 10,[16] SeaMonkey 2, Camino 2, Firefox 3.5 1802
2010 K-Meleon 1.5.4, Firefox 3.6, Chrome 4 - 8, Opera 10.50,[17] Safari 5, Opera 11 1971
2011 Chrome 9 - 15, Firefox 4 - 8, Internet Explorer 9, Maxthon 3.0, SeaMonkey 2.1 - 2.3, Opera 11.50, Safari 5.1 2095

Historical web browsers

This table focuses on operating system (OS) and browsers of the 1990s and turn of the century. The year listed for a version is usually the year of the first official release, with an end year being end of development, project change, or relevant termination. Releases of OS and browser from the early 1990s to before 2001-2002 time frame are the current focus.

Many early browsers can be made to run on later OS (and later browsers on early OS in some cases); however, most of these situations are avoided in the table. Terms are defined below.

Browser Years MS 2000/XP/Vista/7 98/Me NT 95 3.1 IBM OS/2 Mac OS X
(Intel/PPC)
Mac OS 9 Mac OS 8 System 7
(PPC/68k)
Linux BSD Unix
(HP-UX,
Solaris)
Other
Years (OS) - 2000/2001 1998 1993 1995 1992 1988 2001 1999 1997 1991 '94(1.0)/'91 1993 (1990s) -
AWeb 1996-Current No No No No No No No No No No No No No AmigaOS
MorphOS
Cello 1993-1994 No No Terminated (1.01a) No Terminated (1.01a) Terminated (1.01a) No No No No No No No No
DocZilla 2003-2005 Terminated (1.0) Terminated (1.0) Terminated (1.0) Terminated (1.0) No No No No No No Terminated (1.0) No No No
IBM WebExplorer 1994 No No No No Unknown Terminated (1.1h) No No No No No No No No
ICab 1998-Current No No No No No No Yes (4.25) Dropped (3.03) Dropped (2.9.9) Dropped (2.9.9) No No No No
Internet Explorer 1995-Current Included (Win 2000 dropped as of IE7, Win XP dropped as of IE9) Dropped (6.0 SP1) (included 4.0-5.5) Dropped (6.0 SP1) (included 2.0) Dropped (5.5) (possibly included 1.0-4.0) Dropped (5.0) No No No No No No No Dropped* (5.01 SP1) Windows Server 2008 included (7.0), Windows Server 2003 included (6.0)
IE Mac
(IE5, Tasman)
1996-2003 No No No No No No Terminated (5.2.3) Dropped (5.1.7) Dropped (5.1.7) Dropped (3.0) No No No No
K-Meleon 2000-Current Yes Yes (Older versions will work) Yes (Older versions will work) Yes (Older versions will work) No No No No No No No No No No
Konqueror 1996-Current Yes No No No No No Yes No No No Yes Yes Yes No
Lunascape 2004-Current Yes No No No No No No No No No No No No Windows Server 2008, Windows Server 2003
MacWeb 1994-1996 No No No No No No No No Unknown Terminated (2.0) No No No No
Mosaic 1993-1997 No No Terminated Terminated Terminated Terminated No Terminated (3.0) Terminated Terminated Dropped (2.6) Dropped (2.6) Dropped (2.6) OpenVMS
Mozilla
(restarted SeaMonkey)
2002-2006 Terminated (1.7.13 - Vista and 7 unsupported) Terminated (1.7.13) Terminated (1.7.13) Terminated (1.7.13) Dropped Terminated (1.7.13) Terminated (1.7.13) Dropped (1.2.1) Dropped (1.0.1) No Terminated (1.7.13) Terminated (1.7.13) Terminated (1.7.13) OpenVMS
Mozilla Firefox 2004 - Current Yes Dropped (3.0) Dropped (3.0) Dropped (3.0) No No Yes No No No Yes Yes No No
Netscape Navigator 9 2008 Terminated (Windows 7 unsupported Terminated No No No No Terminated
(Mac OS X v10.2)
No No No Terminated
(kernel 2.2.14)
No No No
Netscape Browser 2004-2007 Terminated (Vista and 7 unsupported) Terminated Terminated Terminated No No No No No No No No No No
Netscape 7
Netscape 6
2000-2004 Terminated (7.2 - Vista and 7 unsupported

XP also unsupported in Netscape 6)
Terminated (7.2) Terminated (7.2) Terminated (7.2) No No Terminated (7.2) Dropped (7.02) Dropped (7.02) Unknown Terminated (7.2) Terminated (7.2) Terminated (7.2) No
Netscape Communicator 1997-2002 Terminated (4.8 - XP/Vista/7 unsupported) Terminated (4.8) Terminated (4.8) Terminated Dropped (4.08) Terminated No Terminated (4.80) Terminated (4.80) Dropped (4.08) Dropped (4.77) Terminated Dropped (4.77) No
Netscape Navigator 1994-1998 No Terminated (4.08) Terminated Terminated Terminated (4.08) Terminated No Terminated (4.08) Dropped Dropped 3.0.4 Terminated (4.08) Terminated (4.08) Terminated (4.08) OpenVMS
OmniWeb 1995-Current No No No No No No Yes Dropped (4.0) Dropped Dropped No No No NeXTSTEP
Opera 1996-Current Yes Terminated Dropped (10.0)[18] Yes Dropped (3.62) Dropped (5.12) Yes Dropped (7.54u2) Dropped (6.03) Unknown Yes Yes Yes[note 1][note 2] Yes[note 3]
UdiWWW 1995-1996 No No Terminated (1.2.000) Terminated (1.2.000) Terminated (1.2.000) No No No No No No No No No
ViolaWWW 1992 No No No No No No No No No No No No Yes X11
WorldWideWeb 1991 No No No No No No No No No No No No No NeXTSTEP
OpenStep
Browser Years MS 2000/XP/Vista/7 98/Me NT 95 3.1 IBM OS/2 Mac OS X
(Intel/PPC)
Mac OS 9 Mac OS 8 System 7
(PPC/68k)
Linux BSD Unix
(HP-UX,
Solaris)
Other

[19][20]

  1. ^ Opera dropped support for Solaris in 10.10.
  2. ^ Ødegaard, Ruari. "The Setting Sun". Opera Desktop Team. Opera Software. http://my.opera.com/desktopteam/blog/2010/04/29/the-setting-sun. Retrieved 8 May 2010. 
  3. ^ Cell phones, Nintendo DS / Wii, Symbian, Windows Mobile, iOS (Opera Mini - available from App Store); BeOS (Dropped 3.62), QNX (Dropped 6.01)

General information

Basic general information about the browsers: creator/company, license/price etc.

Browser Creator Cost (USD) Open source Software license Current layout engine
Amaya W3C, INRIA Free Yes W3C Amaya
AOL Explorer America Online, Inc Free No Proprietary Trident
Arora Benjamin C. Meyer Free Yes GPL WebKit
Avant Avant Force Free No Proprietary Double Engine (Trident, Gecko)
Camino The Camino Project Free Yes MPL, MPL/GPL/LGPL tri-license Gecko
Chromium Google Free Yes BSD WebKit
Dillo Jorge Arellano Cid, Geerken, Rota, et al. Free Yes GPL Dillo
DocZilla CiTEC Free for non-commercial use Partial Proprietary (browser), MPL/GPL/LGPL (Gecko) Gecko
Dooble Dooble Team Free Yes GPL WebKit
ELinks Baudis, Fonseca, et al. Free Yes GPL built-in, based on Links
Epiphany GNOME Free Yes GPL WebKit
Flock Flock Inc Free Yes Proprietary (as of 3.0) WebKit
Galeon Marco Pesenti Gritti Free Yes GPL Gecko
Google Chrome Google Free Partial[note 1] Google Chrome Terms of Service (Google Chrome's closed-source features),
BSD (Chromium executable)
WebKit
GNU IceCat GNU Free Yes GPL, MPL/LGPL tri-license Gecko
iCab Alexander Clauss Free,
$20 (Pro)
Partial Proprietary (browser), GNU LGPL (WebKit) WebKit (Version 4+), iCab (Version 1-3)
Internet Explorer Microsoft,
Spyglass
requires a valid Windows license[21] No Proprietary Trident
Internet Explorer for Mac (Terminated) Microsoft Free No Proprietary Tasman
K-Meleon Dorian, KKO, et al. Free Yes GPL Gecko
Konqueror KDE Free Yes GPL KHTML, WebKit (optional, unstable)
Links Patocka, et al. Free Yes GPL built-in
Lunascape Lunascape Corporation Free Partial Proprietary (browser), ? Triple Engine (Trident, Gecko, WebKit)
Lynx Montulli, Grobe, Rezac, et al. Free Yes GPL built-in
Maxthon Maxthon International Limited Free No Proprietary WebKit, Trident
Midori Christian Dywan, et al. Free Yes LGPL WebKit
Mosaic Marc Andreessen and Eric Bina, NCSA Free for non-commercial use No Proprietary built-in
Mozilla Mozilla Foundation Free Yes MPL, MPL/GPL/LGPL tri-license Gecko
Mozilla Firefox Mozilla Foundation Free Yes MPL, MPL/GPL/LGPL tri-license Gecko
Netscape (v.6-7)[39] Netscape Communications Corporation, AOL Free Partial Proprietary (browser), MPL/GPL/LGPL (Gecko) Gecko
Netscape Browser (v.8)[note 2] Mercurial Communications for AOL Free Partial Proprietary (browser & Trident),
MPL/GPL/LGPL (Gecko)
Gecko, Trident
Netscape Communicator (v.4)[note 2] Netscape Communications Free No Proprietary Mosaic
Netscape Navigator (v.1-4)[note 2] Netscape Communications Free No Proprietary Mosaic
Netscape Navigator 9[note 2] Netscape Communications
(division of AOL)
Free Partial Proprietary (browser), MPL/GPL/LGPL (Gecko) Gecko
NetSurf The NetSurf Developers Free Yes GPL NetSurf built-in
OmniWeb The Omni Group Free Partial Proprietary (browser), GNU LGPL (WebKit) WebKit (Version 4.5+), OmniWeb (Version 1-4)
Opera Opera Software Free No Proprietary Presto
Opera Mobile Opera Software Free No Proprietary Presto
Origyn Web Browser Sand-labs Free Yes BSD License WebKit
Safari Apple Inc. Free Partial Proprietary (browser), GNU LGPL (WebKit) WebKit
SeaMonkey SeaMonkey Council Free Yes MPL, MPL/GPL/LGPL tri-license Gecko
Shiira Happy Macintosh Developing Team Free Yes BSD WebKit
Sleipnir Fenrir Inc. Free Partial Proprietary (browser & Trident),
MPL/GPL/LGPL (Gecko)
Gecko, Trident
SlimBrowser FlashPeak Inc. Free No Proprietary Trident
WorldWideWeb (Later renamed Nexus) Tim Berners-Lee Free Yes Public domain NeXTSTEP built-in
w3m Akinori Ito Free Yes MIT License ?
Browser Creator Cost (USD) Open source Software license Current layout engine
  1. ^ Only Chromium, which Google Chrome is based on, is open source; the additional features Google adds to Chrome, such as H.264 and ACC decoding, the built-in PDF viewer, an auto-updater system among other things are closed-source.
  2. ^ a b c d There are five different products which all carry the name Netscape: Netscape versions 1 to 4, properly called Netscape Navigator, was a browser based on the original Netscape engine. Netscape 4 also was available as an Internet suite, properly called Netscape Communicator. Netscape 6 and 7 was a new Internet suite based on the Gecko engine and the Mozilla Application Suite user interface. Netscape 8, properly called Netscape Browser, was a distinct browser based on Firefox that could use either the Gecko (Firefox) or Trident (Internet Explorer) engine. Netscape resumed use of the Navigator name from Netscape Navigator 9.0 beta 1. See Netscape for more info.

Release history

A brief overview of the release history.

Browser First public release date First public release version First stable release date First stable release version Latest stable release version date Latest testing release version date
Amaya 01996-11-14 November 14, 1996 0.9 01996-11-14 November 14, 1996 0.9 11.3.1  (December 9, 2009; 23 months ago (2009-12-09)) none  (n/a)
AOL Explorer 02005-06 June 2005 1.0 02005-06 June 2005 1.1 1.5  (May 10, 2006; 5 years ago (2006-05-10)) none  (n/a)
Avant 02004-08 August 2004 ? 02004-08 August 2004 ? 2012 build 8  (November 16, 2011; 6 days ago (2011-11-16)[22])
Camino 02002-02-13 February 13, 2002 0.1 02006-02-14 February 14, 2006 1.0 2.0.9  (September 14, 2011; 2 months ago (2011-09-14)) 2.1 Beta 2  (September 9, 2011; 2 months ago (2011-09-09))
Chromium 02009-06 June 2009  ? NA NA none  (n/a) 16.0  (September 11, 2011; 2 months ago (2011-09-11))
Dillo 01999-12 December 1999 0.0.0 01999-12 December 1999 0.0.0 3.0.1  (September 23, 2011; 60 days ago (2011-09-23)) none  (n/a)
DocZilla 02003-05 May 2003 1.0 02005-07 July 2005 2.7pre1 1.0  (May 31, 2003; 8 years ago (2003-05-31))
ELinks 02001-12 December 2001 ? 02001-12 December 2001 ? 0.11.7  (August 22, 2009; 2 years ago (2009-08-22)) 0.12pre5  (July 8, 2009; 2 years ago (2009-07-08))
Epiphany 02002-12-22 December 22, 2002 0.4 02003-09-08 September 8, 2003 1.0 3.2.1  (October 18, 2011; 35 days ago (2011-10-18)) 3.3.1  (October 24, 2011; 29 days ago (2011-10-24))
Flock 02005-10-24 October 24, 2005 0.4.9 02007-11-02 November 2, 2007 1.0 3.6.4  (February 3, 2011; 9 months ago (2011-02-03)) none  (n/a)
Galeon 02000-06 June 2000 0.6 02000-06 June 2000 0.6 2.0.7 September 27, 2008; 3 years ago (2008-09-27) none
Google Chrome 02008-09-02 September 2, 2008 0.2.149.27 02008-12-11 December 11, 2008 1.0.154.36 15.0.874.121  (November 16, 2011; 6 days ago (2011-11-16))

16.0.912.36 (Beta)  (November 10, 2011; 12 days ago (2011-11-10))

[{{fullurl:Template:Latest preview software release/Google Chrome DUDDUUEFSO{DHVO"NOSDUHG{OSBNFG|action=edit}} 17.0.942.0 (Dev)]  (November 17, 2011; 5 days ago (2011-11-17))

iCab 01999-02-17 February 17, 1999 Preview 1.0 01999-02-17 February 17, 1999 Preview 1.0 4.8a  (July 18, 2010; 15 months ago (2010-07-18)) none  (n/a)
Internet Explorer 01995-08 August 1995 1.0 01995-08 August 1995 1.0 9.0.2  (August 11, 2011; 3 months ago (2011-08-11)) [note 1] 10.0.8102.0 Platform Preview 3  (September 13, 2011; 2 months ago (2011-09-13))
Internet Explorer for Mac 01996-01-23 January 23, 1996 2.0b 01996-04-23 April 23, 1996 2.0 5.2.3  (June 16, 2003; 8 years ago (2003-06-16)) none  (n/a)
K-Meleon 02000-11-26 November 26, 2000 0.2 02000-11-26 November 26, 2000 0.2 1.5.4  (March 5, 2010; 20 months ago (2010-03-05)) 1.6.0 Beta 2  (December 12, 2010; 11 months ago (2010-12-12))
Konqueror 02000-10 October 2000 ? 02000-10 October 2000 ? 4.7.3  (2 November 2011; 20 days ago (2011-11-02))[23] none  (n/a)
Links 01999-11-24 November 24, 1999 0.8 01999-11-24 November 24, 1999 0.8 2.3  (August 14, 2011; 3 months ago (2011-08-14)) none  (n/a)
Lunascape 02005-09-12 September 12, 2005 3.0 02005-09-12 September 12, 2005 3.0 6.5.6  (September 16, 2011; 2 months ago (2011-09-16)) none  (n/a)
Lynx 01993-07-08 July 8, 1993 2.0.10 01993-07-08 July 8, 1993 2.0.10 2.8.7rel.2  (June 21, 2010; 16 months ago (2010-06-21)) 2.8.8dev.8  (January 10, 2011; 10 months ago (2011-01-10))
Maxthon 02002-07-11 July 11, 2002 0.1 (as MyIE2) 02005-09-08 September 8, 2005 1.0.0250 3.2.2.1000  (17 November 2011; 5 days ago (2011-11-17)[24]) 3.2.1.600  (October 2011, 27; 26 days ago (27-10-2011))
Midori 02009-04-19 April 19, 2009 0.1.6 02008-10-19 October 19, 2008 0.1.0 0.4.0  (August 2, 2011; 3 months ago (2011-08-02)) none  (n/a)
Mosaic 01993-04-22 April 22, 1993 1.0 01993-04-22 April 22, 1993 1.0 3.0  (1997; 13 years ago (1997)) none  (n/a)
Mozilla 01998-12-07 December 7, 1998 "Preview" 01999-03-19 March 19, 1999 M3 1.7.13  (April 21, 2006; 5 years ago (2006-04-21)) none  (n/a)
Mozilla Firefox 02002-09-23 September 23, 2002 0.1 02004-11-09 November 9, 2004 1.0 8.0.1  (November 21, 2011; 1 day ago (2011-11-21))[25] 9.0 Beta 2  (November 18, 2011; 4 days ago (2011-11-18))[26]
Netscape 02000-04-05 April 5, 2000 6 Preview Release 1 02000-11-14 November 14, 2000 6.0 7.2  (August 17, 2004; 7 years ago (2004-08-17)) none  (n/a)
Netscape Browser 02004-11-30 November 30, 2004 0.5.6+ 02005-05-19 May 19, 2005 8.0 8.1.3  (April 2, 2007; 4 years ago (2007-04-02)) none  (n/a)
Netscape Communicator 01997-06 June 1997 4.0 01997-06 June 1997 4.0 4.8  (August 22, 2002; 9 years ago (2002-08-22)) none  (n/a)
Netscape Navigator 01994-10-13 October 13, 1994 0.9 01994-10-13 October 13, 1994 0.9 4.08  (November 9, 1998; 13 years ago (1998-11-09)) none  (n/a)
Netscape Navigator 9 02007-06-05 June 5, 2007 9.0 Beta 1 02007-10-15 October 15, 2007 9.0 9.0.0.6  (February 20, 2008; 3 years ago (2008-02-20)) none  (n/a)
NetSurf 02002-06 June 2002 0.00 02007-05-19 May 19, 2007 1.0 2.8  (September 21, 2011; 2 months ago (2011-09-21)) Public Autobuilder  (n/a)
OmniWeb 01994 1994 0.5 01995-03-17 March 17, 1995 1.0 5.11  (June 20, 2011; 5 months ago (2011-06-20)) none  (n/a)
Opera 01996-09 September 1996 2.1b1 01996-12 December 1996 2.1 11.52 (Build 1100)  (October 19, 2011; 34 days ago (2011-10-19)) 11.60 Beta 1  (November 10, 2011; 12 days ago (2011-11-10))
Safari 02003-01-07 January 7, 2003 0.8 02003-06-23 June 23, 2003 1.0 5.1.1  (October 12, 2011; 41 days ago (2011-10-12))[27][note 2] 5.1.2  (November 3, 2011; 19 days ago (2011-11-03))[28]
SeaMonkey 02005-09-15 September 15, 2005 1.0a 02006-01-30 January 30, 2006 1.0 2.4.1  (September 29, 2011; 54 days ago (2011-09-29))[29] 2.5 Beta 4  (November 9, 2011; 13 days ago (2011-11-09))
Shiira 02004-05-28 May 28, 2004 0.9 02004-05-28 May 28, 2004 0.9 2.3  (August 11, 2009; 2 years ago (2009-08-11)) none  (n/a)
Sleipnir 02005-06 June 2005 2.00 alpha 02005-10 October 2005 2.00 2.9.8  (September 8, 2011; 2 months ago (2011-09-08)) 3.0 RC2  (July 8, 2011; 4 months ago (2011-07-08))
WorldWideWeb 01990-12 December 1990 ? 01991-02-26 February 26, 1991 ? 0.18  (January 14, 1994; 17 years ago (1994-01-14)) none  (n/a)
w3m 01995 1995 ? ? ? 0.5.3  (January 15, 2011; 10 months ago (2011-01-15)) none  (n/a)
Browser First public release date First public release version First stable release date First stable release version Latest stable release version date Latest testing release version date
  1. ^ As of February 2007, at least Windows XP SP2 or Windows Server 2003 SP2 is required to install the latest version (8.0) of Internet Explorer for Windows. Internet Explorer 6.0 SP1 is the last version that supports Windows 98, Windows Me, Windows NT 4.0 SP6a, and Windows 2000. Internet Explorer 7 is bundled with Windows Vista and Windows Server 2008, Internet Explorer 8 is part of Windows 7.
  2. ^ Safari is included with Mac OS X and the latest version is always available only from the OS install or OS updates.

Operating system support

Browsers are compiled to run on certain operating systems, without emulation. For a given browser/OS combination, browser support status can be one of six possibilities:

  • No means that it does not exist or was never released.
  • Partial means that the browser works, but lacks important functionality or is very unstable compared to versions for other OSs, that is to say it has roughly alpha or pre-alpha quality, and it is still being developed.
  • Beta means that a version of the browser is fully functional and has been released, but is still in development, e.g., for stability.
  • Yes means that the browser has been officially released in a fully functional, stable version.
  • Dropped means that the latest stable version of the browser does not work on the operating system, although an older version is available that does. The number in parentheses is the last known stable version which was officially released for that OS.
  • Included means that the browser comes pre-packaged as part of or has been integrated into the operating system.

This list is not exhaustive, but rather reflects the most common OSs today (e.g. Netscape Navigator was also developed for OS/2 at a time when Mac OS X did not exist) but does not include the growing appliance segment (for example, the Opera web browser has gained a leading role for use in mobile phones, smartphones, the Nintendo DS and Wii, and Personal Digital Assistants, and is also used in Interactive televisions). Both the web browser and OS means most recent version, example: Windows 7 with Internet Explorer 8.

Browser Windows Mac OS X Linux BSD Other Unix
Amaya Yes Yes Yes Yes No
AOL Explorer Yes No No No No
Arora Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Avant Yes No No No No
Camino No Yes No No No
Chromium Yes Yes Yes Yes No
Dillo Partial Yes Yes[note 1] Yes Yes
DocZilla Yes No Yes No No
Dooble Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
ELinks Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Epiphany No Yes Yes Yes Yes
Flock Yes Yes Yes Yes No
Galeon No Yes Yes Yes Yes
Google Chrome Yes Yes[note 2] Yes No No
iCab No Yes No No No
Internet Explorer Included Dropped No No Dropped (5.0)[note 3]
K-Meleon Yes No No No No
Konqueror Partial Yes Yes Yes Yes
Links Partial Yes Yes Yes Yes
Lunascape Yes No No No No
Lynx Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Maxthon Yes No No No No
Midori Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Mozilla Firefox Yes Yes Yes[note 4] Yes Yes
NetSurf No No Yes Yes Yes
OmniWeb No Yes No No No
Opera Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Safari Yes Included No No No
SeaMonkey Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Shiira No Yes No No No
Sleipnir Yes Partial No No No
WorldWideWeb (NeXTSTEP only) No No No No No
w3m Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Browser Windows Mac OS X Linux BSD Other Unix
  1. ^ Dillo is included in some Linux distributions, i.e. Damn Small Linux and Feather Linux.
  2. ^ Google Chrome is not available for PowerPC.
  3. ^ Internet Explorer for UNIX was available for Solaris and HP-UX.
  4. ^ Most Linux distributions which include a graphical user interface include a version of Firefox or a rebranded version of Firefox such as GNU IceCat.

Browser features

Information about what common browser features are implemented natively (without third-party add-ons).

Browser Bookmark management Download management Password managing[note 1] Form managing Spell checking Search engine toolbar Per-site security configuration Privacy mode Auto-updater
Amaya No No Yes No Yes No ? No No
AOL Explorer Yes No No Yes No Yes ? No ?
Arora Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes ? Yes ?
Avant Yes No Yes Yes No [note 2] Yes ? No ?
Camino Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes ? No Yes
Dillo Partial No No No No Partial ? No No
DocZilla Yes Yes Partial No No No Partial No No
Dooble No Yes Yes No No Yes ? Yes ?
ELinks Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No No ?
Epiphany Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes ? No Yes
Flock Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Partial [note 3] No Yes
Galeon Yes Yes Yes No No Yes ? No Yes
Google Chrome Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes [note 4] Yes
iCab Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes ? No ?
Internet Explorer Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes (included in IE10) Yes Yes Yes [note 5] Yes [note 6]
Internet Explorer for Mac Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes ? No ?
K-Meleon Yes No Yes Yes No Yes ? No ?
Konqueror Yes Yes [note 7] Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes [note 8] No Partial [note 9]
Links Yes Yes No No No No ? No ?
Lunascape Yes Yes Yes Yes Partial[30] Yes Partial[30] Partial[30] Yes[31]
Lynx Yes No No No No [note 10] No ? No ?
Maxthon Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Beta Yes
Midori Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes No No No
Mosaic Yes No No No No No ? No No
Mozilla Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes
Mozilla Firefox Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes [note 11] Yes
Netscape Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes ? No No
Netscape Browser Yes Yes Yes Yes ? Yes ? No Yes
Netscape Navigator Yes No No No No No ? No No
Netscape Navigator 9 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes ? No Yes
NetSurf Yes Yes No No No No No No No
OmniWeb Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Partial [note 12] No Yes
Opera Yes Yes Yes Yes [note 13] Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Safari Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
SeaMonkey Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Partial [note 3] No Yes
Shiira Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes ? Yes ?
Sleipnir Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Notification only
WorldWideWeb Yes No No No Yes No ? No No
w3m Yes No No No No No ? No No
Browser Bookmark management Download management Password managing [note 1] Form managing Spell checking Search engine toolbar Per-site security configuration Privacy mode Auto-updater
  1. ^ a b In many integrated password saving tools there are often leaks that make them unsafe.[33]
  2. ^ Spell checking can be added by installing an add-on like ieSpell.
  3. ^ a b Mozilla based browsers like Firefox, SeaMonkey and Flock can handle per-site settings for cookies, pop-ups, add-on installs and images. For more settings, an add-on is needed ~ for example, NoScript.
  4. ^ Starting with version 4, Google Chrome can disable Cookies, Images, JavaScript, Plugins, Popups, and Geolocation individually.
  5. ^ Internet Explorer 8 supports InPrivate Browsing.
  6. ^ There is no online update facility built into IE, but it gets updated by Windows Update when enabled.
  7. ^ For the download manager kdenetwork needs to be installed.
  8. ^ Konqueror can handle per-site settings for cookies, pop-ups, JavaScript, Java and NPAPI modules (eg. Flash).
  9. ^ Updates happen with the rest of KDE. This happens through the system package manager if used by the system. On Windows, this happens through KDE's updater.
  10. ^ Lynx is able to edit text with an external editor, which can provide spell checking.
  11. ^ Firefox 3.5 adds the Privacy mode. Older versions of Firefox can use the Stealther extension.
  12. ^ OmniWeb supports per-domain settings of options including support for disabling scripting, ad-blocking, java and cookies. These settings only work on top level domains.[32]
  13. ^ Opera can auto-complete forms with your personal information and website usernames. Also there is extension AutoComplete which can complete forms with form history.

Accessibility features

Information about what common accessibility features are implemented natively (without third-party add-ons). Browsers that do not support pop-ups have no need for pop-up blocking abilities, so that field is marked as N/A.

Browser Tabbed browsing Pop-up blocking [note 1] Incremental finding Ad filtering Page zooming [note 2] Full-text search of history Content-modal dialogs[note 3]
Amaya Yes N/A No No Yes No ?
AOL Explorer Yes Yes No No Yes No ?
Arora Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No No
Avant Yes Yes No Yes Yes No ?
Camino Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No ?
Dillo Yes N/A No No No No ?
DocZilla Yes Partial Yes No Partial Partial ?
Dooble Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes ?
ELinks Yes N/A Yes N/A N/A No ?
Epiphany Yes Yes Yes No [note 4] Yes Yes ?
Flock Yes Yes Yes Yes No No ?
Galeon Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No No
Google Chrome Yes Yes Yes No [note 5] Yes Yes No[note 6]
iCab Yes Yes No Yes Yes No ?
Internet Explorer Yes [note 7] Yes [note 8] Yes [note 9][note 10] Yes Yes Yes [note 11] [34] No
Internet Explorer for Mac No No No No No No ?
K-Meleon Yes Yes Yes No [note 12] Partial No ?
Konqueror Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No ?
Links No Yes Yes Yes No No No tabs
Lunascape Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Partial ?
Lynx No N/A No N/A N/A No No tabs
Maxthon Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No ?
Midori Yes No Yes Yes Yes No ?
Mosaic No N/A No No No No ?
Mozilla Yes Yes Yes Yes [note 12] Yes No No
Mozilla Firefox Yes Yes Yes Yes [note 12] Yes Yes Yes[note 13]
Netscape Yes Yes Yes No [note 12] No No No
Netscape Browser Yes Yes Yes No [note 12] No No No
Netscape Navigator No No No No No No No
Netscape Navigator 9 Yes Yes Yes No [note 12] No No No
NetSurf Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No ?
OmniWeb Yes Yes No Yes Yes No ?
Opera Yes Yes Yes Yes [note 14] Yes Yes Yes
Safari Yes Yes [note 15] Yes No [note 16] Yes [note 17] Yes (only Mac) [note 18] No
SeaMonkey Yes Yes Yes Yes [note 12] Yes [35] No ?
Shiira Yes Yes No No Yes No ?
Sleipnir Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No ?
WorldWideWeb No N/A No No No No ?
w3m Yes N/A Yes No No No ?
Browser Tabbed browsing Pop-up blocking [note 1] Incremental finding Ad filtering Page zooming [note 2] Full-text search of history Content-modal dialogs[note 3]
  1. ^ a b A more complete list of Pop-Up blockers and addons / programs are in the following article List of pop-up blocking software.
  2. ^ a b Page zooming is different from text resizing, as it resizes not only characters, but also multimedia objects and web page layout
  3. ^ a b Mozilla Developer Network - Using tab-modal prompts
  4. ^ Epiphany supports AdBlock as an official extension, in the epiphany-extensions package.
  5. ^ Ad filter support can be added by installing an extension such as AdSweep, AdThwart or Adblock.
  6. ^ Chromium Issue 456: Javascript alerts are modal to Chrome UI, not to individual tab.
  7. ^ IE6 had no tabbed browsing support.
  8. ^ IE6 included pop-up blocking with Windows XP Service Pack 2 [1]
  9. ^ For IE7, several extensions are available through the Windows Marketplace [2][dead link], including "Inline Search for Internet Explorer"[3][dead link]. This function is included in IE8 [4].
  10. ^ IE8 supports incremental find.
  11. ^ Full-text history search is available through a Windows Search iFilter[34]
  12. ^ a b c d e f g Most Gecko browsers has options to block chosen images and cookies. Extended Ad filter support can be added by installing an extension such as Adblock Plus.
  13. ^ Bug 59314 - JavaScript alerts should be content-modal, not window-modal
  14. ^ Opera 9 introduced a content blocker for webpages. [5]. Earlier releases support wildcard protocol/domain/path and filetype blocking using a filter.ini [6] file. More advanced Ad filtering for Opera can also be done with external software [7].
  15. ^ Does not allow selective blocking of pop-ups. Safari can only block all pop-ups, or none.
  16. ^ Ad filter support can be added by installing extensions [8]
  17. ^ Page zooming supported in the iPhone version of Safari. Screen zooming is built in to Mac OS X.
  18. ^ Full-text history search is available through Spotlight, a feature of the Mac OS X operating system.

Accessibility features (continued)

Information about what common accessibility features are implemented natively (without third-party add-ons).

Browser Access keys Tabbing navigation Spatial navigation Caret navigation Mouse gesture Text-to-speech Voice control Tab Stacking
Amaya Yes Yes ? Yes No No No No
AOL Explorer Yes Yes No No No No No No
Arora Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No No
Avant Yes Yes No No Yes No No No
Camino Yes Yes No Yes No [note 1] No [note 2] No No
Dillo Yes No No No No No No No
DocZilla ? Yes No No No No No No
Dooble Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No No
ELinks Yes Yes Yes [note 3] Yes No No No No
Epiphany Yes Yes No Yes No [note 4] No No No
Flock Yes Yes No Yes No [note 5] No No No
Galeon ? Yes ? Disabled Yes No No No
Google Chrome Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes [note 6] Yes [note 6] Yes [note 6] No 
iCab Yes No No No No No [note 2] No No
Internet Explorer Yes Yes Yes Yes[note 7] No [note 8] No[note 9] Yes[note 10] No
Internet Explorer for Mac Yes Yes No No No No No No
K-Meleon Yes Yes No Disabled Yes No No No
Konqueror Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes [note 11] Depends [note 12] No No
Links Yes Yes ? Yes Yes No No No
Lunascape No No No Yes Yes No No No
Lynx ? No No ? No No No No
Maxthon Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No
Midori Yes Yes Yes No Yes No No No
Mosaic No No No No No No No No
Mozilla Yes Yes Yes Yes No [note 5] No[note 13] Yes No
Mozilla Firefox Yes Yes No [note 14] Yes No [note 5] No[note 13] Yes No
Netscape Yes Yes No Yes No No No No
Netscape Browser Yes Yes No Yes No No No No
Netscape Navigator ? ? No No No No No No
Netscape Navigator 9 Yes Yes No Yes No No No No
NetSurf No Yes No No No No No No
OmniWeb Yes Yes No No No [note 1] Yes Yes No
Opera Yes Yes Yes No [note 15] Yes Yes Yes Yes
Safari Yes Yes Yes Yes (only Mac) [note 16] Yes (only Mac) [note 1] Yes (only Mac) [note 2] Yes (only Mac) [note 2] No
SeaMonkey Yes Yes No Yes No No No No
Shiira ? Yes Yes Yes No Yes No No
Sleipnir Yes Yes No No Yes No No No
WorldWideWeb ? ? ? ? No No No No
w3m ? Yes Yes Yes No No No No
Browser Access keys Tabbing navigation Spatial navigation Caret navigation Mouse gesture Text-to-speech Voice control Tab Stacking
  1. ^ a b c On Mac systems, gestures are available systemwide via multitouch sensing on trackpads and mice.
  2. ^ a b c d On Mac OS X, text-to speech and speech recognition are available systemwide and is available from menu in native Cocoa browsers.
  3. ^ ELinks 0.12 supports spatial navigation.
  4. ^ Epiphany supports mouse gestures as an official extension, in the epiphany-extensions package.
  5. ^ a b c Mouse gesture support can be added by installing extensions like All-in-One Gestures (Firefox-only) [9] and Mouse Gestures [10].
  6. ^ a b c Google Chrome can be given these features using extensions like smooth gestures, speechify and voice control for google chrome.
  7. ^ Internet Explorer 8 supports caret browsing.
  8. ^ Mouse gesture support can be added by installing Easy Go Back add-on [11] or similar applications.
  9. ^ Internet Explorer does not have built-in Text to speech/read aloud functions, however it can work with third-party screen readers.
  10. ^ Internet Explorer can be controlled by applications which use the operating system Speech API. A built-in application called Windows Speech Recognition ships with Windows Vista and later client versions.
  11. ^ Mouse gesture support is available system-wide in KDE
  12. ^ Text-to speech support depends on the kttsd application in the kdeaccessibility package
  13. ^ a b Firefox works with a number of screen readers such as JAWS [12][dead link] and Microsoft SAPI 5 TTS [13][dead link] through extensions.
  14. ^ Doug Turner, the Minimo lead developer, has introduced spatial navigation to some special Firefox builds [14]. It may build as a default part of Firefox [15].
  15. ^ opera : a sort of caret navigation can be enabled by a button or a shortcut [16]
  16. ^ On Mac OS X systems, caret navigation (called "Full Keyboard Access") can be enabled systemwide.

Acid Scores

The Acid tests are online test suites to determine aspects of standards compliance, to expose web page rendering flaws, and to rate the performance of browsers. Upon each test's release, they are designed so that no existing browser can pass without further development. In order for a browser to pass any Acid test, the latest public release of the browser (not an alpha, beta, release candidate, or other version under development or testing procedures) must meet the requirements shown below. In addition, the browser should be tested upon completion of installation, with no add-ons installed (some browsers make this easy by providing a "safe mode" option) and all the factory settings (no options have been changed from their defaults).

Acid1:

  • Final rendering looks exactly like the rendering provided by the Acid tests website.
  • Text can be highlighted and radio buttons can be selected.

Acid2:

  • Final rendering looks exactly like the rendering provided by the Acid tests website.
  • Smiley's nose turns blue when hovered over.

Acid3:

  • Final score of 100/100.
  • No error messages on final rendering.
  • Render-in-progress loads smoothly (no pausing).
  • Final rendering looks exactly like the rendering provided by the Acid tests website.
Browser Acid1 Acid2 Acid3
Amaya No No No
AOL Explorer No No No
Arora Yes Yes 100/100
Avant No No No
Camino Yes No 93/100
Comodo Dragon Yes Yes 100/100
Dillo ? No ?
DocZilla ? No ?
ELinks No No ?
Epiphany Yes Yes 100/100
Flock Yes Yes 72/100
Galeon ? Yes 72/100
Google Chrome Yes Yes Yes
iCab ? Yes 100/100
Internet Explorer Yes Yes 100/100
Internet Explorer for Mac ? No No
K-Meleon Yes No 53/100
Konqueror Yes Yes 91/100 (100/100)[note 1]
Links ? No No
Lunascape ? Yes 100/100[36]
Lynx ? No No
Maxthon Yes Yes 100/100
Midori Yes Yes 98/100
Mosaic ? No No
Mozilla Yes No ?
Mozilla Firefox Yes Yes 100/100
Netscape ? No ?
Netscape Browser Yes No ?
Netscape Navigator ? No ?
Netscape Navigator 9 Yes No 52/100
NetSurf No No No
OmniWeb ? Yes No
Opera Yes Yes 100/100
Safari Yes Yes Yes
SeaMonkey Yes Yes 100/100
Shiira ? Yes 74/100
Sleipnir Yes Yes No
WorldWideWeb No No No
w3m No No No
Browser Acid1 Acid2 Acid3

HTML5 support

The specifications for HTML5 are still under development, but many current browsers already support many of the new features in the draft specifications. An HTML5 test suite is also under development that, while it does not test all of the new features nor the functionality of those it does detect, rates browsers' support. New tests are expected to be added to the suite as time goes by.[37]

Browser HTML5 Test Points
Apple Safari 293/450
Google Chrome 341/450
Internet Explorer 153/450
Mozilla Firefox 313/450
Opera 286/450

[38]

Web technology support

Information about what web standards, and technologies the browsers support, except for JavaScript. External links lead to information about support in future versions of the browsers or extensions that provide such functionality.

Browser CSS2.1 [note 2] Frames Nav LINKs [note 3] XSLT XHTML 1.0 [note 4] XHTML 1.1 [note 4] MathML XForms Web Forms 2.0 VoiceXML / X+V SMIL VML CSS Presentation / projection mode[note 5]
Amaya Yes No ? No Yes Yes Yes No No No ? No ?
AOL Explorer Partial Yes No Yes No No No [note 6] No No No Yes[39] Yes ?
Avant Partial Yes ? Yes No No No No No No Yes[39] Yes ?
Arora Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No No ? No ?
Camino Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No No No ?
Dillo Partial Partial [note 7] No No No No No No No No ? No ?
DocZilla Partial Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes ? No No No No ?
Dooble Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No No ? No ?
ELinks Partial Yes ? No No No No No No No ? No ?
Epiphany Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No No ? No ?
Flock Yes Yes ? Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No No No [note 8]
Galeon Yes Yes ? Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No ? No ?
Google Chrome Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes No No No No No No ?
iCab Yes Yes Yes No No No No No No No ? No ?
Internet Explorer Yes [note 9] Yes No [note 10] Yes Yes Yes No [note 6] No [note 11] No [note 12] No Yes[39] Yes ?
Internet Explorer for Mac Partial Yes ? Partial No Yes No No No No ? ? ?
K-Meleon Yes Yes ? Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No No No ?
Konqueror Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes No No No No ? No ?
Links No Yes Yes No No No No No No No ? No ?
Lunascape Yes [42] Yes Depends [note 10] Yes Yes [42] Yes [42] Yes [42] Yes [42] No No Yes [42][39] Yes [42] ?
Lynx No Partial Yes No No No No No No No No No ?
Maxthon Partial Yes ? Yes No No No No No No Yes[39] Yes ?
Midori Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes No No No No ? No No[note 8]
Mosaic No No ? No No No No No No No No No No
Mozilla Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No No No ?
Mozilla Firefox Yes Yes No [note 10] Yes Yes Yes [note 13] Yes Yes [note 14] Yes [note 15] No Yes No No [note 8]
Netscape Yes Yes ? Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No No No ?
Netscape Browser Depends [43] Yes ? Yes Depends [43] Depends [43] Depends [43] No No No No No ?
Netscape Navigator No Yes No No No No No No No No No No ?
Netscape Navigator 9 Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No No ?
NetSurf Yes Yes No No No No No No No No ? No ?
OmniWeb Yes Yes ? No Yes Yes No No No No ? No ?
Opera Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes No Yes[note 16]
Safari Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes No No No No No No No[note 8]
SeaMonkey Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No No ?
Shiira Yes Yes ? Yes Yes Yes No No No No ? No ?
Sleipnir Partial Yes No [note 10] Yes No No No [note 6] No No [note 12] No Yes[39] Yes ?
WorldWideWeb No No ? No No No No No No No No No No
w3m ? Yes ? No Yes ? No ? No No ? No ?
Browser CSS2.1 [note 2] Frames Nav LINKs [note 3] XSLT XHTML 1.0 [note 4] XHTML 1.1 [note 4] MathML XForms Web Forms 2.0 VoiceXML / X+V SMIL VML CSS Presentation / projection mode[note 5]
  1. ^ Konqueror scores 91/100 when using KHTML and 100/100 when using WebKit but still does not pass.
  2. ^ a b CSS 2, a W3C recommendation since 1998, is the current stable version of CSS, nevertheless, CSS 2.1 corrects a few errors in CSS2 (the most important being a new definition of the height/width of absolutely positioned elements, more influence for HTML's "style" attribute and a new calculation of the 'clip' property), and adds a few highly requested features which have already been widely implemented. CSS 2.1 is derived from and is intended to replace CSS 2. Conformance criteria are detailed at at the W3C website. (CSS 3 is only in draft status at present.) For more detailed information please see comparison of layout engines (CSS).
  3. ^ a b c d XHTML is based on HTML but is an application of XML, which means that XHTML must be stricter than equivalent HTML code. XHTML is meant to be read by an XML parser but for backward compatibility reasons can also be parsed as HTML; this table only notes the browsers that are able to parse XHTML as XML. For more detailed information please see comparison of layout engines (XHTML).
  4. ^ a b Presentation mode is the ability to read styles targeted to the CSS projection media type.
  5. ^ a b c Available with the MathPlayer plugin.
  6. ^ Dillo displays frames as links that the user can click on.
  7. ^ a b c d S5 is a CSS/JavaScript alternative for browsers that do not support a presentation mode.
  8. ^ Microsoft claims Internet Explorer 8 has full CSS2.1 support,[40] however independent testing revealed several bugs.[41]
  9. ^ a b c d Not in standard install, but provided by extension.[17][18]
  10. ^ Available with the FormsPlayer plugin and several other plugins.
  11. ^ a b Web Forms 2.0 can be emulated in IE using DHTML behaviours, available from SourceForge.
  12. ^ XHTML1.1 includes Ruby markup (see [19]) which is not supported. There exists add-on for adding RUBY support. [20]
  13. ^ XForms is supported experimentally in nightly builds dated after 28 January 2005 [21]. Requires installation of an extension.
  14. ^ Web Forms 2.0 functionality is currently being added to Gecko, there should be at least partial support for Gecko 1.9 (Firefox 3.0). See bug #344614.
  15. ^ Opera switches to presentation mode on full screen. [22]

Mobile Web technology support

Information about what web standards, and technologies the browsers support, except for JavaScript. External links lead to information about support in future versions of the browsers or extensions that provide such functionality.

Browser C-HTML HDML I-mode XHTML Mobile Profile WML WBMP
Amaya ? ? ? ? No ?
AOL Explorer ? ? ? ? No ?
Avant ? ? ? ? No ?
Camino ? ? ? ? No ?
Dillo ? ? ? ? No ?
DocZilla ? ? ? ? No ?
ELinks ? ? ? ? ? ?
Epiphany ? ? ? ? No ?
Flock Partial [note 1] No No Partial [note 1] No [note 2] ?
Galeon ? ? ? ? No ?
Google Chrome ? ? ? ? No ?
iCab ? ? ? ? No ?
Internet Explorer ? ? ? No [note 3] No [note 3] ?
Internet Explorer for Mac ? ? ? ? No ?
Internet Explorer Mobile ? ? ? Yes[note 3] Yes Yes
K-Meleon Partial [note 1] No No Partial [note 1] No ?
Konqueror ? ? ? Yes No ?
Links ? ? ? ? No ?
Lynx ? ? ? ? No ?
Maxthon ? ? ? ? No ?
Microsoft Mobile Explorer Yes [note 4] ? Yes[note 4] Yes[note 4] Yes[note 4] Yes
Mosaic ? ? ? ? No ?
Mozilla Partial [note 1] No No Partial [note 1] No [note 2] ?
Mozilla Firefox Partial [note 1] No No Partial [note 1] No [note 2] ?
Netscape ? No No ? No ?
Netscape Browser ? No No ? No ?
Netscape Navigator ? No No ? No ?
Netscape Navigator 9 ? No No ? No ?
NetSurf ? ? ? ? No ?
OmniWeb ? ? ? ? No ?
Opera Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes
Safari ? ? ? ? No ?
SeaMonkey Partial [note 1] No No Partial [note 1] No [note 2] ?
Shiira ? ? ? ? No ?
Sleipnir ? ? ? ? No ?
WorldWideWeb No No No No No No
w3m ? ? ? ? No ?
Browser C-HTML HDML I-mode XHTML Mobile Profile WML WBMP
  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Gecko-based browsers render C-HTML and XHTML Mobile Profile as an ordinary XHTML. In most cases this is quite enough to browse mobile Web.
  2. ^ a b c d Gecko-based browsers do not support WML natively, this issue is being discussed at bug 35995. There is an extension called wmlbrowser [23], [24] which adds a partial WML support to Firefox, SeaMonkey, Mozilla Suite and Flock (without card navigation and WMLScript). In most cases this is quite enough to browse mobile Web.
  3. ^ a b c Internet Explorer Mobile 6 supports XHTML Mobile Profile.
  4. ^ a b c d Microsoft Mobile Explorer was discontinued in 2002.[44]

Plugins and syndicated content support

Information about what web standards, and technologies the browsers support. External links lead to information about support in future versions of the browsers or extensions that provide such functionality. Java support is for built-in support by the browser without a plugin.

Browser ActiveX [note 1] NPAPI [note 1] Java Gears RSS Atom other web feed
Amaya No ? ? No No No ?
AOL Explorer Yes No ? No Yes [note 2] Yes [note 2] ?
Avant Yes No ? ? Yes [note 2] Yes [note 2] ?
Camino No Yes ? ? Partial Partial ?
Dillo No ? ? No No No ?
DocZilla No Yes ? No ? ? ?
ELinks No ? ? ? No No ?
Epiphany No ? ? ? No [note 3] No [note 3] ?
Flock No Yes No Yes Yes Yes ?
Galeon No Yes ? Yes No No ?
Google Chrome No Yes Yes Yes[note 4] No No ?
iCab No Yes ? ? Yes No ?
Internet Explorer Yes No [note 5] No Yes Yes [note 2] Yes [note 2] Yes [note 6]
Internet Explorer for Mac No Yes ? No No No No
K-Meleon No ? ? ? Yes Yes ?
Konqueror No Yes No No Yes [note 7] Yes [note 7] ?
Links No ? ? No No No ?
Lynx No ? ? No No No No
Maxthon Yes No ? ? Yes Yes ?
Mosaic No No ? No No No No
Mozilla No Yes No No No No ?
Mozilla Firefox No Yes No Yes Yes Yes ?
Netscape No Yes No No No No ?
Netscape Browser No Yes No No Yes Yes ?
Netscape Navigator No Yes No No No No ?
Netscape Navigator 9 No Yes No No Yes Yes ?
NetSurf No No No No No No No
OmniWeb No ? ? ? Yes Yes ?
Opera No Yes No No Yes Yes No
Safari No Yes Yes[note 8] Partial[note 9] Yes Yes ?
SeaMonkey No Yes No Yes Yes Yes ?
Shiira No ? ? ? Yes Yes ?
Sleipnir Yes ? ? Yes Yes [note 2] Yes [note 2] ?
WorldWideWeb No No No No No No No
w3m No No ? No No No ?
Browser ActiveX [note 1] NPAPI [note 1] Java Gears RSS Atom other web feed
  1. ^ a b c d Internet Explorer (and Shells) is the only browser to natively support the Component Object Model (popularly known as ActiveX). Most other browsers use the NPAPI plugin architecture. ActiveX is more powerful than NPAPI in terms of the control it affords over the browser, but it is specific to Windows whereas NPAPI is cross-platform. There is a third-party plugin that adds partial ActiveX support, that is available for certain older versions of Mozilla Suite, Mozilla Firefox and Netscape Navigator. The default settings in earlier versions of Internet Explorer allowed the automatic download, installation, and running of new ActiveX controls with minimal user intervention ~ this made it possible to use ActiveX on web pages to install viruses, spyware, etc. onto a user's computer.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h Internet Explorer 7 and later
  3. ^ a b RSS and ATOM feed autodetection in Epiphany depends on the Newsfeed extension which is included with Epiphany-extensions.
  4. ^ Except on linux
  5. ^ Internet Explorer did for a time support NPAPI plugins. Plugins that functioned in the Netscape browser also functioned in Internet Explorer. This was due to a small ActiveX control implemented within a "plugin.ocx" file that acted as a shim between the ActiveX based browser and the NPAPI plugin. The IE browser would load the control and use it to host plugins specified within the page. However, Microsoft made the claim that the NPAPI plugins (or the IE implementation of the API) were a security issue and dropped support for them in version 5.5 SP2.[45][46][47]
  6. ^ Internet Explorer 8 supports syndicated content in hAtom / hSlice microformat by the name of a feature known as Web Slices.
  7. ^ a b RSS and ATOM feed autodetection in Konqueror depends on the aKregator package which is installed with kdepim.
  8. ^ Safari has Java only on Mac OS X. Safari for Windows needs a plugin.
  9. ^ Safari has Gears only on Mac OS X 10.4+. Windows is not supported

JavaScript support

Information about what JavaScript technologies the browsers support. Note that although XPath is used by XSLT, it is only considered here if it can be accessed using JavaScript. External links lead to information about support in future versions of the browsers or extensions that provide such functionality.

Browser JavaScript ECMAScript 3 DOM 1 DOM 2 DOM 3 XPath DHTML XMLHttpRequest Rich editing
Amaya No [note 1] No [note 1] No [note 1] No No No No No No
AOL Explorer Yes Yes Partial Yes No No Yes Yes Yes
Avant Yes Yes Partial No No No Yes Yes Yes
Camino Yes Yes Yes Yes No [note 2] Yes Yes Yes Yes
Dillo No No No No No No No No No
DocZilla Yes No Yes Yes Partial Yes Yes Yes No
ELinks Partial Partial No No No No No No No
Epiphany Yes Yes Yes Yes No [note 2] Yes Yes Yes Yes
Flock Yes Yes Yes Yes No [note 2] Yes Yes Yes Yes
Galeon Yes Yes Yes Yes No [note 2] Yes Yes Yes Yes
Google Chrome Yes Yes Yes Yes Partial Yes Yes Yes Yes
iCab Yes Yes Partial Partial No No Yes Yes No
Internet Explorer Yes Yes Yes Partial [note 3] Partial Yes Yes Yes Yes
Internet Explorer for Mac Yes Yes Partial No No No Yes No No
K-Meleon Yes Yes Yes Yes No [note 2] Yes Yes Yes Yes
Konqueror Yes Yes Yes Yes Partial No Yes Yes No
Links No [note 4] No No No No No No No No
Lynx No No No No No No No No No
Maxthon Yes Yes Partial No No Yes Yes Yes Yes
Midori Yes Yes Yes Yes Partial [note 5] Yes [note 5] Yes Yes Yes
Mosaic No No No No No No No No No
Mozilla Yes Yes Yes Yes No [note 2] Yes Yes Yes Yes
Mozilla Firefox Yes Yes Yes Yes Partial [note 2] Yes Yes Yes Yes
Netscape Yes Yes Yes Yes No [note 2] Yes Yes Yes Yes
Netscape Browser Yes Yes Depends [43] Depends [43] No [note 2] Depends [43] Yes Yes Yes
Netscape Navigator Yes Partial No No No No Yes No No
Netscape Navigator 9 Yes Yes Yes Yes No [note 2] Yes Yes Yes Yes
NetSurf No No No No No No No No No
OmniWeb Yes Yes Yes Yes No No Yes Yes No
Opera Yes Yes Yes Yes Partial Yes Yes Yes Yes
Safari Yes Yes Yes Yes Partial [note 5] Yes Yes Yes Yes
SeaMonkey Yes Yes Yes Yes No [note 2] Yes Yes Yes Yes
Shiira Yes Yes Yes Yes No No Yes Yes Yes
Sleipnir Yes Yes Partial No [note 3] No Yes Yes Yes Yes
WorldWideWeb No No No No No No No No No
w3m No No No No No No No No No
Browser JavaScript ECMAScript 3 DOM 1 DOM 2 DOM 3 XPath DHTML XMLHttpRequest Rich editing
  1. ^ a b c It is possible to compile Amaya with JavaScript enabled, using the CVS version and SpiderMonkey. However, this is still experimental and only a small subset of DOM 1 is available.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k XPath is a part of DOM 3, but is considered separately here. A large subset of DOM 3 is accessible by extensions but not by websites.
  3. ^ a b Internet Explorer 5 and above has its own event registration model and its own style sheets model, but these are incompatible with DOM 2.
  4. ^ Support for Javascript has been removed in version 2.1pre29 (change log)
  5. ^ a b c SVG / XPath / (partial) DOM 3 is only available in the WebKit nightlies so far.

See what parts of DOM your browser supports.

Protocol support

Information about what internet protocols the browsers support. External links lead to information about support in future versions of the browsers or extensions that provide such functionality.

Browser HTTP E-mail [note 1] FTP [note 2] NNTP (Usenet[note 3] SSL EV IRC Gopher IDN data:URI BitTorrent IPv6 Proxy possibilities
Amaya Yes No No No No No No No ? No No ? ?
AOL Explorer Yes No Yes No Yes [note 4] Yes No No [note 5] No [note 6] No No Yes ?
Avant Yes No Yes No Yes[note 4] Yes No No [note 5] No [note 6] No No Yes ?
Camino Yes No Yes No Yes ? No Yes Yes Yes No Yes ?
Dillo Yes No Yes No No [note 7] No No No No Yes No Yes ?
DocZilla Yes No Yes No Yes ? No Yes ? ? No ? Yes
ELinks Yes No Yes Yes Yes ? No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes ?
Epiphany Yes No Yes No Yes ? No Yes Yes Yes No Yes ?
Flock Yes No Yes No Yes ? No [note 8] Yes Yes Yes No Yes ?
Galeon Yes No Yes No Yes ? No Yes Yes Yes ? Yes ?
Google Chrome Yes No Yes No Yes Yes No No Yes Yes No ? Yes
iCab Yes No Yes No Yes ? No No Yes No No Yes ?
Internet Explorer Yes No Yes No Yes [note 4] Yes No Dropped [note 5] Yes [note 6] Partial [note 9] No Yes Yes
Internet Explorer for Mac Yes No Yes No Yes No No Yes No No No ? ?
K-Meleon Yes No Yes No Yes ? No Yes Yes Yes No Yes ?
Konqueror Yes No Yes No Yes No No No [note 10] Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Links Yes No Yes No Yes No No No No No No No ?
Lynx Yes No Yes Yes Yes No No Yes ? No No Yes ?
Maxthon Yes No Yes No Yes [note 4] Yes No No [note 5] Yes [note 6] No No Yes Yes
Mosaic Partial [note 11] No Yes Yes No No No Yes No No No No ?
Mozilla Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes [note 12] Yes No No Yes
Mozilla Firefox Yes No Yes No [note 13] Yes Yes No [note 8] Dropped [note 14] Yes [note 12] Yes Partial [note 15] Yes Yes
Netscape Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No No [note 8] Yes Yes Yes No ? ?
Netscape Browser Yes No Yes No Yes No No Depends [43] Depends [43] Depends [43] No ? ?
Netscape Navigator Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No No Yes No No No ? ?
Netscape Navigator 9 Yes No Yes No Yes No No [note 8] Yes Yes [note 12] Yes No Yes ?
NetSurf Yes No Yes No Yes No No No No Yes No Yes ?
OmniWeb Yes No Yes No Yes ? No Yes[49] Yes Yes No Yes ?
Opera Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No [note 16] Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Safari Yes No Partial No Yes Yes No No Yes Yes No Yes Yes
SeaMonkey Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes [note 12] Yes No Yes Yes
Shiira Yes No ? ? Yes ? No No Yes ? No Yes ?
Sleipnir Yes No Yes No Yes [note 4] Yes No No [note 5] Yes [note 6] No No Yes ?
WorldWideWeb Yes No Yes Yes No No No No No No No No ?
w3m Yes No Yes No Yes ? No Yes ? ? No Yes ?
Browser HTTP E-mail [note 1] FTP [note 2] NNTP (Usenet[note 3] SSL EV IRC Gopher IDN data:URI BitTorrent IPv6 Proxy possibilities
  1. ^ a b Many browsers have purposely avoided support for e-mail, as this is reserved for their mail-client counterparts. For a comparison of such counterparts see Comparison of e-mail clients.
  2. ^ a b Many browsers have FTP support as read-only and have no upload capitilies. Read-only is marked as yes. For a comparison of clients that support upload opportunities see Comparison of FTP client software.
  3. ^ a b Many browsers have purposely avoided support for e-mail and newsgroups, as these are reserved for their mail-client counterparts. For a comparison of such counterparts see comparison of e-mail clients and Comparison of Usenet newsreaders.
  4. ^ a b c d e Support for 256-bit ciphers (AES for example) for SSL/TLS is only available in Windows Vista and above[50][51]
  5. ^ a b c d e Internet Explorer 7 has no support of gopher; gopher support is disabled in IE6
  6. ^ a b c d e Internet Explorer 7 and later support IDN, [25]. IE6 IDN support can be added by installing VeriSign i-Nav Plug-In.
  7. ^ Dillo has experimental SSL integration that is by standard turned off.[26] There is no certificate caching and NO AUTHENTICATION performed.
  8. ^ a b c d IRC support can be added by installing ChatZilla.
  9. ^ Microsoft has limited support to certain "non-navigable" content, such as in <img> tags and CSS rules, for security reasons, including concerns that JavaScript embedded in a data URI may not be interpretable by script filters such as those used by web-based email clients.[48]
  10. ^ Konqueror has full Gopher support when the kgopher KIO plugin is installed.
  11. ^ Mosaic reached only HTTP 0.9 compliance, and does not support secure communications in any way.
  12. ^ a b c d For security reasons, IDN domains are displayed as punycode if they contain certain characters or if the top level domain has not been whitelisted [27].
  13. ^ NNTP support can be added by installing the add-on infoRSS.
  14. ^ Firefox support for the Gopher protocol will be dropped in Firefox 4 (Gecko 1.9.3) per bug 388195.
  15. ^ Using third party extension FireTorrent [28]
  16. ^ Includes a proxy capability for gopher support.

Image format support

Information about what image formats the browsers support. External links lead to information about support in future versions of the browsers or extensions that provide such functionality.

Browser JPEG JPEG 2000 JPEG XR GIF PNG APNG MNG TIFF [note 1] SVG [note 2] PDF [note 3] 2D Canvas XBM BMP
Amaya Yes ? No Yes Yes No No Yes Partial No No ? ?
AOL Explorer Partial [note 4] No No Yes Partial [note 5] No No disable No No No [note 6] No [note 7] ?
Avant Partial [note 4] No No Yes Partial [note 5] No No disable No No No [note 6] No [note 7] ?
Camino Yes No No Yes Yes No No No Partial [note 8] No No Yes ?
Dillo Yes No No Yes Yes No No No No No No No ?
DocZilla Yes No No Yes Yes No ? Yes Partial No ? Yes ?
ELinks No No No No No No No No No No No No ?
Epiphany Yes No No Yes Yes Yes No No Partial [note 8] [note 9] No [note 10] Yes [note 9] Yes ?
Flock Yes No No Yes Yes Yes No No Partial [note 8] No Yes Yes ?
Galeon Yes No No Yes Yes Yes No No No No No Yes ?
Google Chrome Yes No No[40] Yes Yes No No No Partial Yes Yes Yes Yes
iCab Yes ? No Yes Yes No No No No Yes No ? ?
Internet Explorer Yes No Yes Yes Yes No No Yes Partial No Yes [52], [note 6] Dropped [note 7] Yes
Internet Explorer for Mac Yes No No Yes Yes No No No No No No ? ?
K-Meleon Yes No No Yes Yes No No No No No No ? ?
Konqueror Yes Yes [note 11] No Yes Yes No Yes Yes Partial [note 12] Yes [note 13] Yes ? Yes
Links Yes ? No Yes Yes No No Yes No No No Yes ?
Lynx No No No No No No No No No No No No No
Maxthon Partial [note 4] No No Yes Partial [note 5] No No disable No No No [note 6] No [note 7] Yes
Midori Yes Yes [note 14] No Yes Yes No No Yes Partial [note 15] No Yes Yes ?
Mosaic Yes No No Yes Yes No No No No No No Yes ?
Mozilla Yes No No Yes Yes No Dropped [note 16] No No No No Yes ?
Mozilla Firefox Yes No[41] No[42] Yes Yes Yes [note 17] No[43] No[44] Partial [note 8] No [note 10] Yes Dropped [note 18] Yes
Netscape Yes No No Yes Yes No Dropped [note 19] No No No No Yes ?
Netscape Browser Yes No No Yes Depends [43] No No No No No No Yes ?
Netscape Navigator Yes No No Partial No No No No No No No Yes ?
Netscape Navigator 9 Yes No No Yes Yes No No No Partial No Yes Yes ?
NetSurf Yes No No Yes Yes No Yes No Partial No No No ?
OmniWeb Yes Yes No Yes Yes No No Yes Partial No No Yes ?
Opera Yes No No Yes Yes Yes No No Partial [note 20] No Yes Yes Yes
Safari Yes Yes [note 14] No Yes Yes No No Yes Partial [note 15] Yes (Mac only) Yes Yes Yes
SeaMonkey Yes No No Yes Yes Yes [note 17] No No Partial [note 8] No [note 10] Yes Yes Yes
Shiira Yes ? No Yes Yes No No Yes Partial No Partial Yes ?
Sleipnir Partial [note 4] No No Yes Partial [note 5] No No disable No No No [note 6] No [note 7] ?
WorldWideWeb Yes No No Yes No No No No No No No ? ?
w3m Yes No No Yes Yes No ? ? ? ? No ? ?
Browser JPEG JPEG 2000 JPEG XR GIF PNG APNG MNG TIFF [note 1] SVG [note 2] PDF [note 3] 2D Canvas XBM BMP
  1. ^ a b Most browsers support TIFF by using a plugin installed by the user.
  2. ^ a b SVG here refers to SVG 1.1 Full. There are also two simplified profiles known as SVG 1.1 Tiny and SVG 1.1 Basic, which are intended for user agents with limited capabilities.
  3. ^ a b Most browsers support PDF by installing an Adobe plugin which takes over the browser window. Listed here are browsers which also support inline PDFs within other hypertext documents (such as within HTML's <img/> tag). Note that PDF (in strictly speaking) is not an image format, but a scriptable rich text document format that can contain different types of multimedia content, including vector and bitmap graphics, audio, video, forms, intra- and inter-document hypertext links and a hierarchical contents listing. The format is also the native display format under Mac OS X.
  4. ^ a b c d Internet Explorer does not support progressive display of progressive JPEG[citation needed].
  5. ^ a b c d Internet Explorer supports PNG images but is unable to correctly display images with gamma correction or color correction[citation needed]. Versions of Internet Explorer prior to version 7 are unable to correctly display images with alpha channel (for transparency) without additional coding [29].
  6. ^ a b c d e Support for the canvas element was added to Internet Explorer 9. Earlier versions of Internet Explorer can be made to emulate canvas using the excanvas script.
  7. ^ a b c d e Internet Explorer support for XBM files was removed in Version 6.
  8. ^ a b c d e Firefox and SeaMonkey partially support SVG 1.1 Full. Modules that are implemented or not implemented and details of their implementation: [30].
  9. ^ a b Support for these features depends on the version of the Gecko rendering engine that Epiphany was built with.
  10. ^ a b c With the addition of the new Cairo version in Gecko 1.9 it will be natively possible to save pages to PDFs but not read them. This feature is not included in Firefox 3.5, however it is possible with the new Cairo backend.
  11. ^ Konqueror supports JPEG2000 if KDE's viewer is compiled with Jasper library.
  12. ^ KDE has developed its own SVG plugin for Konqueror, known as KSVG [31]. KSVG1 development has ended, but work on the next-generation KDOM-based KSVG2 has been very active [32]. KSVG2 is slated to be moved into the core KDE [33] meaning at some point KSVG2 should become part of Konqueror.
  13. ^ Inline PDF viewing in Konqueror requires KPDF which is included in kdegraphics.
  14. ^ a b Safari supports JPEG2000 through QuickTime plugin, which is an optional software bundle for Safari installation on Windows, and an integrated component in Mac OS.
  15. ^ a b Safari 3 is able to render SVG documents, but not fully [34].
  16. ^ Support of MNG/JNG was dropped since 6 June 2003 [35] [36]. There are unofficial obsolete builds with MNG/JNG called Mngzilla [37].
  17. ^ a b Mozilla applications rebranded by the Debian project, such as GNU IceCat or Iceape do not support APNG.
  18. ^ In Gecko 1.9.2 (Firefox 3.6) XBM support was dropped.
  19. ^ Netscape 6.0, 6.01 and 7.0 included native support for MNG until the code was removed in 2003 due to code size and little actual usage.
  20. ^ Opera supports SVG 1.1 Basic. [38]

Internationalization

Most browsers are available in more than one language.

Browser Languages Total
Amaya[53][54] English (en), French (fr), Finnish (fi), German (de), Italian (it), Portuguese (pt), Russian (ru), Spanish (es), Chinese (zh-cn and zh-tw), Turkish (tr), Slovak (sk), Russian (ru), Norwegian (no), Georgian (ka), Japanese (ja), Hungarian (hu), Dutch (du), Ukrainian (uk) 19
AOL Explorer English (en), French (fr), German (de) 3
Avant English (en), Arabic, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Chinese Traditional, Danish, Dutch, French (fr), Frisian, German (de), Greek, Hebrew (he), Hungarian, Italian (it), Japanese (ja), Korean, Persian, Polish (pl), Portuguese (Brazilian) (pt-BR), Russian (ru), Spanish (es), Thai, Turkish, UK English, Ukrainian (uk) 27
Camino[55] Chinese (Simplified and Traditional) (zh), Czech (cs), Danish (da), Dutch (nl), English (en), French (fr), German (de), Italian (it), Japanese (ja), Lithuanian (lt), Norwegian (Bokmål) (no), Norwegian (Nynorsk) (nn), Portuguese (pt), Slovak (sk), Spanish (es), Swedish (sv) 17
Dillo[56] English (en) , Japanese (ja), Polish (pl), Russian (ru) 4
DocZilla English (en) 1
ELinks[57] Bulgarian (bg), Croatian (hr), Czech (cs), Danish (da), English (en), French (fr), German (de), Hungarian (hu), Italian (it), Polish (pl), Portuguese (pt), Slovak (sk), Ukrainian (uk) 13
Epiphany[58] Amharic (am), Arabic (ar), Azerbaijani (az), Belarusian (be), Belarusian Latin (be@Latin), Bulgarian (bg), Bengali (bn), Bosnian (bs), Catalan (ca), Czech (cs), Welsh (cy), Danish (da), German (de), Dzongkha (dz), Greek (el), English (en), Spanish (es), Estonian (et), Basque (eu), Persian (fa), Finnish (fi), French (fr), Irish (ga), Galician (gl), Gujarati (gu), Hebrew (he), Hindi (hi), Croatian (hr), Hungarian (hu), Indonesian (id), Icelandic (is), Italian (it), Japanese (ja), Georgian (ka), Korean (ko), Kurdish (ku), Limburgian (li), Lithuanian (lt), Latvian (lv), Malagasy (mg), Maori (mi), Macedonian (mk), Malayalam (ml), Mongolian (mn), Marathi (mr), Malay (ms), Norwegian (Bokmål) (no), Norwegian (Nynorsk) (nn), Nepali (ne), Dutch (nl), Oriya (or), Punjabi (pa), Polish (pl), Portuguese (pt), Romanian (ro), Russian (ru), Kinyarwanda (rw), Slovak (sk), Slovenian (sl), Albanian (sq), Serbian (sr), Swedish (sv), Tamil (ta), Telugu (te), Thai (th), Turkmen (tk), Turkish (tr), Ukrainian (uk), Vietnamese (vi), Walloon (wa), Chinese (zh) 70
Flock[59] Arabic (ar), Chinese (Simplified) (zh-CN), Chinese (Traditional) (zh-TW), English (en), Finnish (fi), French (fr), Georgian (ka), German (de), Hungarian (hu), Korean (ko), Polish (pl), Portuguese (Portugal) (pt-PT), Russian (ru), Slovak (sk), Spanish (Latin American) (es-AR), Spanish (Spain) (es-ES) 16
Galeon Amharic (am), Azerbaijani (az), Belarusian (be), Bulgarian (bg), Bosnian (bs), Catalan (ca), Czech (cs), Danish (da), German (de), Greek (el), English (en), Spanish (es), Estonian (et), Basque (eu), Finnish (fi), French (fr), Irish (ga), Galician (gl), Croatian (hr), Hungarian (hu), Italian (it), Japanese (ja), Korean (ko), Lithuanian (lt), Latvian (lv), Macedonian (mk), Malayalam (ml), Mongolian (mn), Malay (ms), Dutch (nl), Norwegian (Bokmål) (no), Norwegian (Nynorsk) (nn), Punjabi (pa), Polish (pl), Portuguese (pt), Romanian (ro), Russian (ru), Kinyarwanda (rw), Slovak (sk), Slovenian (sl), Albanian (sq), Serbian (sr), Swedish (sv), Tamil (ta), Turkish (tr), Ukrainian (uk), Vietnamese (vi), Walloon (wa), Chinese (Simplified) (zh) 49
Google Chrome Arabic (ar), Portuguese (Brazilian) (pt-BR), Bengali (bn), Bulgarian (bg), Catalan (ca), Chinese (Simplified and Traditional) (zh), Croatian (hr), Czech (cs), Danish (da), Dutch (nl), English (UK/US), Estonian (et), Filipino, Finnish (fi), French(fr), German (de), Greek (el), Gujarati, Hebrew (he), Hindi (hi), Hungarian (hu), Indonesian (id), Italian (it), Japanese (ja), Kanada, Korean (ko), Latvian (lv), Lithuanian (lt), Malayalam (ml), Marathi (mr), Norwegian (no), Oriya (or), Polish (pl), Portuguese (pt), Romanian (ro), Russian (ru), Serbian (sr), Slovak (sk), Slovenian (sl), Spanish (es), Spanish for Latin America (es-LA), Swedish (sv), Tamil (ta), Telugu (te), Thai (th), Turkish (tr), Ukrainian (uk), Vietnamese (vi)[60] 50
iCab[61] German (de), English (en), Japanese (ja), Danish (da), French (fr), Spanish (es), Russian (ru), Norwegian (no), Chinese (Simplified) (zh) 9
Internet Explorer[62][63] Afrikaans, Albanian, Amharic, Arabic, Armenian, Assamese, Azerbaijani, Bangla (Bangladesh), Basque, Bengali (India), Bosnian (Cyrillic), Bosnian (Latin), Bulgarian, Catalan, Chinese (Hong Kong SAR), Chinese (Simplified), Chinese (Traditional), Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English (US), Estonian, Filipino, Finnish, French, Galician, Georgian, German, Greek, Gujarati, Hausa, Hebrew, Hindi (India), Hungarian, Icelandic, Igbo, Indonesian, Inuktitut, Irish, isiXhosa, isiZulu, Italian, Japanese, Kannada, Kazakh, Khmer, Kiswahili, Konkani, Korean, Kyrgyz, Latvian, Lithuanian, Luxembourgish, Macedonian, Malay (Brunei Darussalam), Malay (Malaysia), Malayalam, Maltese, Maori, Marathi, Nepali, Norwegian (Bokmål), Norwegian (Nynorsk), Oriya, Persian, Polish, Portuguese (Brazilian), Portuguese (Portugal), Punjabi, Quechua, Romanian, Russian, Serbian (Cyrillic), Serbian (Latin), Sesotho, Setswana, Sinhala, Slovak, Slovenian, Spanish (Spain), Swedish, Tamil, Tatar, Telugu, Thai, Turkish, Ukrainian, Urdu, Uzbek, Vietnamese, Welsh, Yoruba 93
Internet Explorer for Mac German (de) English (en) Spanish (es) French (fr) Italian (it) Japanese (ja) Swedish (sv) 7
K-Meleon[64] English (en), German (de), Spanish (es), French (fr), Russian (ru) 5
Konqueror Afrikaans (af), Arabic (ar), Belarusian (be), Bulgarian (bg), Bengali (bn), Bosnian (bs), Catalan (ca), Chinese (zh), Chinese (Simplified) (zh), Czech (cs), Welsh (cy), Danish (da), German (de), Greek (el), English (en), Esperanto (eo), Spanish (es), Estonian (et), Basque (eu), Persian (fa), Finnish (fi), French (fr), Galician (gl), Hebrew (he), Hindi (hi), Croatian (hr), Hungarian (hu), Icelandic (is), Italian (it), Japanese (ja), Mongolian (mn), Malay (ms), Dutch (nl), Norwegian (Nynorsk) (nn), Norwegian (Bokmål) (no), Punjabi (pa), Polish (pl), Portuguese (pt), Romanian (ro), Russian (ru), Slovak (sk), Slovenian (sl), Serbian (sr), Swedish (sv), Tamil (ta), Tajik (tg), Turkish (tr), Ukrainian (uk), Uzbek (uz) 40
Links Belarusian (be), Brazilian Portuguese (pt-BR), Bulgarian (bg), Catalan (ca), Croatian (hr), Czech (cs), Danish (da), Dutch (nl), English (en), Estonian (et), Finnish (fi), French (fr), Galician (gl), German (de), Greek (el), Hungarian (hu), Icelandic (is), Indonesian (id), Italian (it), Lithuanian (lt), Norwegian (no), Polish (pl), Portuguese (pt), Romanian (ro), Russian (ru), Serbian (sr), Slovak (sk), Spanish (es), Swedish (sv), Turkish (tr), Ukrainian (uk), Upper Sorbian (hsb) 32
Lunascape Chinese (Simplified and Traditional) (zh), English (en), French (fr), German (de), Italian (it), Japanese (ja), Korean (ko), Portuguese (pt), Russian (ru), Spanish (es) 11
Lynx Catalan (ca), Czech (cs), Danish (da), German (de), Estonian (et), English (en), French (fr), Hungarian (hu), Italian (it), Japanese (ja), Dutch (nl), Portuguese (Brazilian) (pt-BR), Russian (ru), Kinyarwanda (rw), Slovenian (sl), Swedish (sv), Turkish (tr), Ukrainian (uk), Vietnamese (vi), Chinese (Simplified and Traditional) (zh) 21
Maxthon Arabic (ar), Bosnian (bs), Belarusian (be), Bulgarian (bg), Chinese (zh), Croatian (hr), Czech (cs), Danish (da), Dutch (nl), English (en), Estonian (et), Persian(fa), Finnish (fi), French (fr), Frisian, Galician (gl), German (de), Greek (el), Hebrew (he), Hungarian (hu), Italian (Italy, Rome and Milan) (it), Japanese (ja), Korean (ko), Lithuanian (lt), Malay (ms), Norwegian (no), Piedmontese, Polish (pl), Portuguese (pt), Portuguese (Brazilian) (pt), Romanian (ro), Russian (ru), Serbian Cyrillic (sr), Serbian (Latin) (sr), Slovak (sk), Slovenian (sl), Spanish (es), Spanish (Argentina) (es), Swedish (sv), Thai (th), Turkish (tr), Ukrainian (uk) 42
Mosaic English (en) 1
Mozilla Catalan (ca), Chinese (zh), Czech (cs), Danish (da), English (en), Finnish (fi), French (fr), German (de), Greek (el), Hebrew (he), Irish (ga), Italian (it), Japanese (ja), Korean (ko), Lithuanian (lt), Macedonian (mk), Norwegian (no), Polish (pl), Portuguese (pt), Punjabi (pa), Romanian (ro), Russian (ru), Slovak (sk), Slovenian (sl), Spanish (es), Swedish (sv), Turkish (tr), Welsh (cy) 28
Mozilla Firefox[65] Afrikaans (af), Akan (ak), Albanian (sq), Arabic (ar), Armenian (hy), Assamese (as), Asturian (ast), Basque (eu), Belarusian (be), Bengali (India and Bangladesh)(bn), Bosnian (bs), Breton (br), Bulgarian (bg), Catalan (ca), Chinese (Simplified and Traditional) (zh), Croatian (hr), Czech (cs), Danish (da), Dutch (nl), English (Britain, South Africa, and US) (en), Esperanto (eo), Estonian (et), Finnish (fi), French (fr), Frisian (fy), Friulian (fur) 1, Gaelic (gd), Galician (gl), Georgian (ka), German (de), Greek (el), Gujarati (gu), Hebrew (he), Hindi(hi), Hungarian (hu), Icelandic (is), Indonesian (id), Irish (ga), Italian (it), Japanese (ja), Kannada (kn), Kazakh (kk), Korean (ko), Kurdish (ku), Latvian (lv), Lithuanian (lt), Luganda (lg), Macedonian (mk), Maithili (mai), Malayalam (ml), Marathi (mr), Northern Sotho (nso), Mongolian (mn) 2, Norwegian (Bokmål) (no), Norwegian (Nynorsk) (nn), Occitan (oc), Oriya (or), Persian (fa), Polish (pl), Portuguese (Brazil and Portugal) (pt), Punjabi (pa), Romanian (ro), Romansh (rm), Russian (ru), Serbian (sr), Sinhala (si), Slovak (sk), Slovenian (sl), Songhai (son), Spanish (Argentina, Chile, Mexico, and Spain) (es), Swedish (sv), Tamil (ta), Tamil (Sri Lanka) (ta), Tatar (tt) 1, Telugu (te), Thai (th), Turkish (tr),Ukrainian (uk), Vietnamese (vi), Welsh (cy), Zulu (zu) 89
Netscape[66] Chinese (zh), English (en), French (fr), German (de), Japanese (ja), Portuguese (pt), Spanish (es) 7
Netscape Browser English (en), English (Canadian) (en) 2
Netscape Navigator[67] Portuguese (Brazilian) (pt), Chinese (zh), Czech (cs), English (en), Danish (da), Finnish (fi), French (fr), German (de), Greek (el), Hungarian (hu), Italian (it), Japanese (ja), Korean (ko), Norwegian (no), Polish (pl), Russian (ru), Slovenian (sl), Spanish (es), Swedish (sv), Turkish (tr) 20
Netscape Navigator 9 English (en) 1
NetSurf Dutch (nl), English (en), French (fr), German (de) 4
OmniWeb[68] Danish (da), Dutch (nl), English (en), French (fr), German (de), Japanese (ja), Swedish (sv) 7
Opera[69] Afrikaans (af), Azerbaijani (az), Belarusian (be), Bengali (bn), Bulgarian (bg), Chinese (Simplified and Traditional) (zh), Croatian (hr), Czech (cs), Danish (da), Dutch (nl), English (en-GB, en-US), Estonian (et), Finnish (fi), French (fr-FR, fr-CA), Frisian (fy), Georgian (ka), German (de), Greek (el), Hindi (hi), Hungarian (hu), Indonesian (id), Italian (it), Japanese (ja), Korean (ko), Lithuanian (lt), Macedonian (mk), Malay (ms), Montenegrin, Norwegian (Bokmål) (no), Norwegian (Nynorsk) (nn), Polish (pl), Portuguese (pt, pt-BR), Punjabi (pa), Romanian (ro) Russian (ru), Serbian (sr), Slovak (sk), Spanish (es-ES, es-LA), Swedish (sv), Tagalog (tl), Tamil (ta), Thai (th), Telugu (te), Turkish (tr), Ukrainian (uk), Uzbek (uz), Vietnamese (vi), Zulu (zu) 51
Safari Dutch (nl), English (en), French (fr), German (de), Italian (it), Japanese (ja), Spanish (es), Danish (da), Finnish (fi), Korean (ko), Norwegian (no), Portuguese (pt), Russian (ru), Swedish (sv), Chinese (zh) 15
SeaMonkey[70] Belarusian (be), Catalan (ca), Chinese (Simplified), Czech (cs), Dutch (nl), English (en-GB, en-US), Finnish (fi), French (fr), Galician (gl), Georgian (ka), German (de), Hungarian (hu), Italian (it), Japanese (ja), Lithuanian (lt), Norwegian (no), Polish (pl), Portuguese (pt), Russian (ru), Slovak (sk), Spanish (es-ES, es-LA), Swedish (sv), Turkish (tr) 23
Shiira Chinese (Simplified and Traditional) (zh), Danish (da), Dutch (nl), English (en), Finnish (fi), French (fr), German (de), Italian (it), Korean (ko), Norwegian (no), Polish (pl), Portuguese (pt), Slovak (sk), Spanish (es), Swedish (sv) 15
Sleipnir Chinese (Simplified and Traditional) (zh), English (en), Japanese (ja) 3
WorldWideWeb English (en) 1
w3m English (en), French (fr), German (de), Italian (it), Japanese (ja), Spanish (es), Polish (pl), Portuguese (pt), Swedish (sv) 9
Browser Languages Total

Note (1):Officially endorsed language pack

Note (2):Dropped in Mozilla Firefox 3.6+ due to collaboration difficulties[71]

Vulnerabilities

This comparison of unpatched publicly known vulnerabilities in latest stable version browsers is based on vulnerabilities reports by SecurityFocus and Secunia. See computer security for more details about the importance of unpatched known flaws.

Browser Known unpatched vulnerabilities
Secunia SecurityFocus
Extremely critical
(number / oldest)
Highly critical
(number / oldest)
Moderately critical
(number / oldest)
Less critical
(number / oldest)
Not critical
(number / oldest)
Total
(number / oldest)
Google Chrome 15 0 0 0 0 0 0
Internet Explorer 6 0 0 4
17 November 2004;
7 years ago
 (2004-11-17)
8
27 February 2004;
7 years ago
 (2004-02-27)
11
5 June 2003;
8 years ago
 (2003-06-05)
473
20 November 2000;
11 years ago
 (2000-11-20)
Internet Explorer 7 0 0 1
30 October 2006;
5 years ago
 (2006-10-30)
4
6 June 2006;
5 years ago
 (2006-06-06)
8
5 June 2003;
8 years ago
 (2003-06-05)
26
15 August 2006;
5 years ago
 (2006-08-15)
Internet Explorer 8 0 0 0 1
26 February 2007;
4 years ago
 (2007-02-26)
6
5 June 2003;
8 years ago
 (2003-06-05)
62
14 January 2009;
2 years ago
 (2009-01-14)
Internet Explorer 9 0 0 0 0 0 22
5 March 2011;
8 months ago
 (2011-03-05)
Firefox 3.6 0 0 0 0 0 0
Firefox 8 0 0 0 0 0 0
SeaMonkey 2 0 0 0 0 0 0
Opera 11 0 0 0 0 0 1
28 October 2011;
25 days ago
 (2011-10-28)
Safari 5 0 0 0 1
8 June 2010;
17 months ago
 (2010-06-08)
0 0
Browser Extremely critical
(number / oldest)
Highly critical
(number / oldest)
Moderately critical
(number / oldest)
Less critical
(number / oldest)
Not critical
(number / oldest)
Total
(number / oldest)
Secunia SecurityFocus
Known unpatched vulnerabilities

See also

Footnotes

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  4. ^ Großmann, Prof. Dr. Hans Peter. "Department of Information Resource Management". University of Ulm. http://www.uni-ulm.de/uni/veroeff/fb/93-95/126.html.en. Retrieved 22 March 2010. 
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  6. ^ "Oracle Introduces PowerBrowser". Oracle Corporation. 18 June 1996. http://www.ncns.com/browser.html. Retrieved 2007-10-31. 
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "Release history". W3C. http://www.w3.org/Amaya/User/New.html. Retrieved 2009-05-02. 
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  9. ^ "Opera 4.0 for Windows Released" (Press release). Opera Software. 2000-06-27. http://www.opera.com/press/releases/2000/06/27/. Retrieved 2008-12-10. 
  10. ^ "The Browser War Lights Up in Europe" (Press release). Opera Software. 2000-12-06. http://www.opera.com/press/releases/2000/12/06_2/. Retrieved 2008-12-10. 
  11. ^ "Opera 6.0 for Windows launched after record-breaking beta" (Press release). Opera Software. 2001-11-29. http://www.opera.com/pressreleases/en/2001/11/20011129.dml. Retrieved 2008-02-19. 
  12. ^ "Opera 7 Ready to Rock the Web" (Press release). Opera Software. 2003-01-28. http://www.opera.com/pressreleases/en/2003/01/28/. Retrieved 2008-02-19. 
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  14. ^ "Your Web, Your Choice: Opera 9 Gives You the Control" (Press release). Opera Software. 2006-06-20. http://www.opera.com/press/releases/2006/06/20/. Retrieved 2008-12-10. 
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  21. ^ License Terms for Internet Explorer
  22. ^ Avant Browser changelog
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  24. ^ Maxthon Changelog
  25. ^ Mozilla Firefox Release Notes, November 21, 2011, https://www.mozilla.org/en-US/firefox/8.0.1/releasenotes/ 
  26. ^ Mozilla Firefox Beta Release Notes, November 11th, 2011, https://www.mozilla.org/en-US/firefox/9.0b1/releasenotes/ 
  27. ^ Safari 5.1.1 - Changelog - Softpedia, October 12th, 2011, http://mac.softpedia.com/progChangelog/Safari-Changelog-25616.html 
  28. ^ "Safari 5.1.2 beta seeded to developers, includes PDF viewing bug fixes", Apple Intelligence (9to5Mac.com), November 3, 2011 at 5:15 pm, http://9to5mac.com/2011/11/03/safari-5-2-1-beta-seeded-to-developers-includes-pdf-viewing-bug-fixes/ 
  29. ^ The SeaMonkey Project
  30. ^ a b c Depending on user's choice of rendering engine
  31. ^ Users can receive auto-notification when updates are available.
  32. ^ "OmniWeb / Site Preferences". The Omni Group. http://www.omnigroup.com/applications/omniweb/. Retrieved 20 June 2008. 
  33. ^ Prince, Brian (15 December 2008). "Test Finds Google Chrome, Apple Safari Weakest in Browser Password Management". eweek. http://www.eweek.com/c/a/Security/Google-Chrome-and-Apple-Safari-Lead-Poor-Showing-by-Browsers-in-Password-Management-Test/. Retrieved 22 May 2009. 
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  36. ^ Default Engine: Webkit, Lunascape ver.6.1.4.
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  41. ^ "IE8 Bugs". James Hopkins. http://idreamincode.co.uk/ie8-bugs. Retrieved 26 July 2009. 
  42. ^ a b c d e f g Depends on the layout engine which is chosen: Trident or Gecko or WebKit.
  43. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Depends on the layout engine which is chosen: Trident or Gecko.
  44. ^ "Microsoft Mobile Explorer 3.0 Provides Tomorrow's WAP 2.0 Functionality Today" (Press release). Microsoft. 19 February 2001. http://www.microsoft.com/presspass/press/2001/feb01/02-19mmepr.mspx. Retrieved 17 May 2009. 
  45. ^ "Netscape-style plug-ins do not work after upgrading Internet Explorer". Microsoft. 21 May 2004. http://support.microsoft.com/kb/303401. Retrieved 17 May 2009. 
  46. ^ Giannandrea, J. (4 September 2001). "Microsoft breaks Web Plugins in Windows XP". Archived from the original on 16 Oct 2007. http://web.archive.org/web/20071016233843/http://www.meer.net/jg/broken-plugins.html. Retrieved 17 May 2009. 
  47. ^ "Description of Internet Explorer Support for Netscape-Style Plug-ins". Microsoft. 31 January 2007. http://support.microsoft.com/kb/306790. Retrieved 17 May 2009. 
  48. ^ "data Protocol". MSDN. http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc848897%28VS.85%29.aspx. Retrieved 5 January 2009. 
  49. ^ "For Immediate Release: OmniWeb 5.9.2 now includes Gopher support!". OmniGroup. 1 April 2009. http://blog.omnigroup.com/2009/04/01/for-immediate-release-omniweb-592-now-includes-gopher-support/. Retrieved 3 April 2009. 
  50. ^ "TLS/SSL Cryptographic Enhancements". Microsoft. 27 February 2008. http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc766285.aspx. Retrieved 17 May 2009. 
  51. ^ "Windows Internet Explorer 8 Expert Zone Chat (August 14, 2008)". Microsoft. 14 August 2008. http://www.microsoft.com/windowsxp/expertzone/chats/transcripts/08_0814_ez_ie8.mspx. Retrieved 27 March 2009. 
  52. ^ 'Internet Explorer 9 HTML5, CSS3, Compatibility, and More | MSDN', [Retrieved May 30, 2011], <http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/ie/aa740469>
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  54. ^ Vatton, Irène (9 December 2009). "Amaya Binary Releases". World Wide Web Consortium. http://www.w3.org/Amaya/User/BinDist.html. Retrieved 10 July 2010. 
  55. ^ "Camino L10N". Camino on mozdev. http://caminol10n.mozdev.org/. Retrieved 22 May 2009. 
  56. ^ "Frequently Asked Questions Section Q: Internationalization and Localization (i18n & l10n)". Dillo. http://www.dillo.org/FAQ.html#q1. Retrieved 22 May 2009. 
  57. ^ paski. "ELinks". Freshmeat. http://freshmeat.net/projects/elinks. Retrieved 22 May 2009. 
  58. ^ "Epiphany Webbrowser". Gnome. http://l10n.gnome.org/module/epiphany. Retrieved 22 May 2009. 
  59. ^ "Download Flock!". Flock. http://flock.com/download/versions. Retrieved 22 May 2009. 
  60. ^ "Basic settings: Browser interface language". Google. http://www.google.com/support/chrome/bin/answer.py?hl=en&answer=95415. Retrieved 15 May 2010. 
  61. ^ "iCab Download". iCab. http://www.icab.de/dl.php. Retrieved 22 May 2009. 
  62. ^ "Internet Explorer 6: Worldwide Downloads". Microsoft. http://www.microsoft.com/windows/ie/ie6/worldwide/ie6sp1downloads.mspx. Retrieved 22 May 2009. 
  63. ^ "Internet Explorer 8: Worldwide sites". Microsoft. http://www.microsoft.com/windows/internet-explorer/worldwide-sites.aspx. Retrieved 22 May 2009. 
  64. ^ "Localization". K-Meleon. http://kmeleon.sourceforge.net/wiki/index.php?id=Localization. Retrieved 22 May 2009. 
  65. ^ "Firefox web browser | International versions: Get Firefox in your language". Mozilla. http://www.mozilla.com/en-US/firefox/all.html. Retrieved 15 December 2009. 
  66. ^ "Netscape 7s FTP Archive". ftp://ftp.netscape.com/pub/netscape7/. Retrieved 28 May 2009. 
  67. ^ "Netscapes FTP Archive". ftp://ftp.netscape.com/pub/communicator/. Retrieved 28 May 2009. 
  68. ^ "The OmniGroup — OmniWeb — Download". OmniGroup. http://www.omnigroup.com/applications/omniweb/download/. Retrieved 22 May 2009. 
  69. ^ "Opera browser language files 10.50 for Windows". Opera Software. http://www.opera.com/download/languagefiles/. Retrieved 6 June 2010. 
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  71. ^ http://blog.mozilla.com/seth/2009/09/16/firefox-mongolian-direct-outreach/

References

External links


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