- Simon Baron-Cohen
image_width = 150px
name = Simon Baron-Cohen
nationality = British
University of Cambridge
New College, Oxford University College London King's College London
known_for = Autism research
Simon Baron-Cohen is a professor of
developmental psychopathologyin the departments of psychiatryand experimental psychology, a Fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge, and director of the Autism Research Centre at the University of Cambridge, in the United Kingdom. [ [http://www.autismresearchcentre.com/arc/staff_member.asp?id=33 ARC people: Professor Simon Baron-Cohen, Director.] Autism Research Centre. Retrieved on 2008-02-16.] He is best known for his work on autism, including his early theory that autism involves degrees of 'mindblindness' (or delays in the development of theory of mind), and his later theory that autism is an extreme form of the 'male brain', which involved a reconceptualization of typical psychological sex differences in terms of empathy and systemizing.
Baron-Cohen earned degrees in
Human Sciencesfrom New College, Oxford, a PhD in Psychologyfrom University College London, and an M.Phil. in Clinical Psychology at the Institute of Psychiatry, King's College London.
Baron-Cohen published "Does the autistic child have a 'theory of mind'?" in 1985 with
autismresearchers Uta Frithand Alan Leslie. [cite journal |author=Baron-Cohen S, Leslie AM, Frith U|title=Does the autistic child have a 'theory of mind'? |journal=Cognition |volume=21 |issue=1 |pages=37–46 |year=1985 |doi=10.1016/0010-0277(85)90022-8 |pmid=2934210 |url=http://ruccs.rutgers.edu/~aleslie/Baron-Cohen%20Leslie%20&%20Frith%201985.pdf |format = PDF | accessdate=2008-02-16] It proposed that children with autism show social and communication difficulties as a result of a delay in the development of a theory of mind.
In his 1995 book "Mindblindness" (MIT Press), he suggested that an individual's theory of mind depends on a set of brain mechanisms that develop in early childhood, including the eye direction detector (EDD), the shared attention mechanism (SAM), and the intentionality detector (ID). Baron-Cohen singled out SAM as a key precursor to
theory of mind, giving rise to the Checklist for Autism in Toddlers (CHAT). [ [http://depts.washington.edu/dataproj/chat.html CHAT - The Checklist for Autism In Toddlers.] University of Washington. Retrieved on 2008-02-16.]
Baron-Cohen's theory, outlined in his 2003 book "The Essential Difference" (Penguin/Basic Books), attempted to link the fields of typical sex differences in psychology with the field of autism. He proposed that on average, females develop faster in empathy and on average males develop faster in systemizing. People with autism, he argued, show an extreme of the typical male profile in having a disability in empathy alongside intact or even superior systemizing.
In his 2005 book "Prenatal Testosterone in Mind" (MIT Press), Baron-Cohen demonstrated that foetal
testosterone(FT) levels (measured in the amniotic fluid) inversely predict social behaviour (e.g., eye contact at 12 months), language development (e.g., vocabulary size at 24 months), quality of social relationships at 4 years, and empathy at 8 years. FT levels also positively predict systemizing at 8 years. A single biological mechanism (FT) thus appears to influence both empathy and systemizing, in opposite ways. He is testing if autism is associated with elevated FT.
In addition to basic research into the biomedical causes of autism, Baron-Cohen and his colleagues have produced practical tools for people with autism, including "Mind Reading: An Interactive Guide to Human Emotions", [ [http://www.jkp.com/mindreading Mind Reading.] Jessica Kingsley Publishers. Retrieved on
2008-02-16.] which is educational software for helping to improve emotion-recognition skills. More recently, he created "The Transporters", [ [http://www.transporters.tv Home page.] The Transporters. Retrieved on 2008-02-16.] a children's animation series. The series superimposed real human faces showing emotions onto animated vehicles, as a way of harnessing the strong interest in systems (vehicles being an example of a system) that even preschoolers with autism show, to help make faces and emotional expressions more autism-friendly and predictable.
Baron-Cohen has also done research on
synesthesia, a neurological disorder involving the "crossing" of sensory wiring in the mind.
Simon Baron-Cohen's son is the independent film maker
Sam Baron. His brother is film director Ash Baron Cohen, and his first cousins are Erran Baron Cohen, composer and musician, and Sacha Baron Cohen, [ [http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0056187/bio Biography for Sacha Baron Cohen.] IMDb. Retrieved on 2008-02-16.] the actor and comedian famous for his characters Boratand Ali G. His maternal grandfather's brother was Robert Greenblatt, professor of endocrinology at the Medical College of Georgia, whose research led to the development of the oral contraceptive pill. [Mahesh, Virenda B. [http://www.georgiaencyclopedia.org/nge/Article.jsp?id=h-1224 Robert B. Greenblatt (1906-1987).] The New Georgia Encyclopedia, 2006-02-10. Retrieved on 2008-02-16.]
In April 2008 he was a guest on "
Private Passions", the biographical music discussion programme hosted by Michael Berkeleyon BBC Radio 3. [ [http://www.bbc.co.uk/radio3/privatepassions/ Radio 3: "Private Passions"] .]
Simon Baron-Cohen has written five books, including "Mindblindness" (1995) and "The Essential Difference: Male and Female Brains and the Truth About Autism" (2003). He has edited three books, including "Understanding Other Minds" (1993), with a second edition in 2001. Baron-Cohen has also studied synaesthesia, and has edited a book on it: "Synaesthesia: Classic and contemporary readings" (1997).
Autism Spectrum Quotient
* [http://www.guardian.co.uk/print/0,3858,4649492-111414,00.html They just can't help it] , Simon Baron-Cohen,
The Guardian(17 April 2003)
* [http://www.nytimes.com/2005/08/08/opinion/08baron-cohen.html?ex=1281153600&en=497fba7d39bb5396&ei=5090&partner=rs The Male Condition] , Simon Baron-Cohen,
The New York TimesOp-Ed Section, (8 August 2005)
* [http://edge.org/3rd_culture/baron-cohen05/baron-cohen05_index.html The Assortative Mating Theory: A Talk with Simon Baron-Cohen] ,
Edge Foundationdiscussion, 2005
* [http://www.eqsq.com EQSQ.com: How Does Your Mind Work] - Brain-function psychological tests developed by Professor Simon Baron-Cohen, Sally Wheelwright, and their team.
* [http://www.ganinfo.org/videos.aspx GanInfo.org: Simon Baron-Cohen Discusses Autism] - Austim Presentation in Irvine California, USA
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Simon Baron-Cohen — Contenido 1 Simon Baron Cohen 2 Educación … Wikipedia Español
Simon Baron-Cohen — (* 15. August 1958) ist ein britischer Psychologe und der Direktor des Autismus Forschungszentrums (ARC) in Cambridge (Großbritannien). Baron Cohen studierte 1978 bis 1981 Medizin am New College Oxford. 1982 bis 1985 führte er seine Studien am… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Simon Baron-Cohen — (né le 15 août 1958) est professeur de psychopathologie du développement dans les départements de psychiatrie et de psychologie expérimentale à l université de Cambridge au Royaume Uni. Dans cette université, il est directeur du Centre de… … Wikipédia en Français
Baron-Cohen — (bzw. Baron Cohen) ist der Familienname von Sacha Baron Cohen (*1971), britischer Komiker Simon Baron Cohen, britischer Psychologe … Deutsch Wikipedia
Baron-Cohen — is a surname. Baron Cohen (without hyphen) is part of the name or title of several notable people, some of whom belong to a family with surname that might be written Baron Cohen, but choose not to use the hyphen. These people include the… … Wikipedia
Baron Cohen — bzw. Baron Cohen ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Sacha Baron Cohen (* 1971), britischer Komiker und Schauspieler Simon Baron Cohen (* 1958), britischer Psychologe Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zu … Deutsch Wikipedia
Sacha Baron Cohen — Baron Cohen mit dem Golden Globe (2007) Sacha Noam Baron Cohen (* 13. Oktober 1971 in Hammersmith, London) ist ein britischer Komiker und Schauspieler, der bes … Deutsch Wikipedia
Sacha Baron Cohen — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Baron et Cohen. Sacha Baron Cohen … Wikipédia en Français
Sacha Baron Cohen — Infobox Comedian name = Sacha Baron Cohen caption = Baron Cohen at the E! after party with Golden Globe, January 2007 birth name = Sacha Noam Baron Cohen birth date = birth date and age|1971|10|13|df=y birth place = Hammersmith, London, England… … Wikipedia
Erran Baron Cohen — is a British composer and trumpet player. He is also the brother of the actor Sacha Baron Cohen (famous for his characters Ali G, Borat, and Bruno; see, in the page about Sacha Baron Cohen, the names of other famous members of this family).Erran… … Wikipedia