- Vestibule (architecture)
A vestibule (pronEng|ˈvɛstɨbjuːl) is a lobby, entrance
hall, or passage between the entrance and the interior of a building.
The same term can apply to structures in modern or ancient roman architecture. In modern architecture "vestibule" typically refers to a small room or hall between an entrance and the interior of the building or house. In Roman architecture, "vestibule" (
Latin: vestibulum) referred to a partially enclosed area between the interior of the house and the street.Vestibule. "The Oxford English Dictionary." [http://www.oed.com http://www.oed.com] Online edition, December 2006]
In contemporary usage, a vestibule constitutes an area surrounding the exterior door. It acts as an
ante-chamberbetween the exterior and the interior structure. Often it connects the doorway to a lobbyor hallway. It is the space one occupies once inside the door, but not yet into the main interior of the building.
Although vestibules are common in private residences as a modified
mud room, they are especially prevalent in buildings designed to elicit a sense of grandeur, such as government buildings. The residence of the White Housein the United Statesis just such an example. It contains a vestibule between the entrance at the North porticoand the main interior hall. Many government buildings mimic the classical architecturefrom which the vestibule originates.
The vestibule on a
railroadpassenger car is an enclosed area at the end of the carbody, usually separated from the main part of the interior by a door, which is power-operated on most modern equipment. Entrance to and exit from the car is through the side doors, which lead into the vestibule. When passenger cars are coupled, their vestibules are joined by mating faceplate and diaphragm assemblies to create a weather-tight seal for the safety and comfort of passengers who are stepping from car to car.
Vestibules were common in ancient Greek temples. Due to the construction techniques available at the time, it was not possible to build large spans. Consequently many entrance ways had two rows of columns that supported the roof and created a distinct space around the entrance. [cite web
title =A History of Ancient Greek Art.
accessdate = 3-2-2006]
In ancient Roman architecture, the origin of the term, a vestibule was a space between the interior of a building and the street. The structure was a mixture between a modern
halland porch. Upon entering a Roman house or domus, one would have to pass through the vestibule before entering the atrium. [cite web
title =Sample Plan of a Roman House
publisher =The College of New Rochelle
accessdate = 3-2-2006]
From the fifth century vestibules were used in Christian churches in both the east and west. [CathEncy|wstitle=Vestibule (Porch)]
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