Heaven and Hell (Black Sabbath album)
Heaven and Hell Studio album by Black Sabbath Released 25 April 1980 Recorded Criteria Recording Studios, Miami, Florida & Studio Ferber, Paris, France
1 October 1979 – 1 January 1980
Genre Heavy metal Length 40:02 Label Vertigo
Warner Bros. (US/Canada)
Producer Martin Birch Black Sabbath chronology Never Say Die!
Heaven and Hell
Heaven and Hell is the ninth studio album by British heavy metal band Black Sabbath, released in April 1980. This is their first album featuring Ronnie James Dio, and first with producer Martin Birch.
- 1 Album information
- 2 Lineup changes
- 3 Writing and composition
- 4 Artwork
- 5 Reception
- 6 Track listing
- 7 Track information
- 8 Singles
- 9 Personnel
- 10 Release history
- 11 Sales accomplishments
- 12 Covers
- 13 See also
- 14 References
Heaven and Hell became one of Black Sabbath's best-selling albums, revitalising Sabbath's fortunes after what many saw as the death of the group following original lead singer Ozzy Osbourne's departure. The album was re-released in the Black Sabbath box set The Rules of Hell.
This was the first album after singer Ozzy Osbourne was fired from the band and replaced with Ronnie James Dio. Geoff Nicholls of Quartz also joined the band as a possible replacement for Geezer Butler who had not been around through most of the writing sessions and was going through a divorce at the time. When Butler decided to stay with the group, Nicholls switched to keyboards. Nicholls remained as Black Sabbath's keyboard player for over twenty years, usually playing live shows from off-stage.
Former Elf and Rainbow bassist Craig Gruber also rehearsed with the band. Gruber's involvement appears to be a point of debate. In a 1996 interview, Tony Iommi mentions that Gruber played with the band for "a bit". Gruber has stated that his time with the band was much more substantial and that he only left the group once Butler decided to return.
Drummer Bill Ward completed this album and toured with the band through August, but drinking and other personal factors would eventually prevent him from completing the Black and Blue Tour which featured Black Sabbath and Blue Oyster Cult. Ward's mid-tour replacement Vinny Appice would become an official member.
Writing and composition
The exact origins of much of this album's material is still a topic of debate. Osbourne apparently attempted to record some of what would become "Heaven and Hell" before being fired; all of this material was scrapped. Sabbath had in fact begun demoing material with singer Ronnie James Dio before Osbourne was formally fired.
The song "Children of the Sea" was written by Dio and Iommi during their very first session. When Butler returned to the recording studio, all but one track ("Neon Knights") had already been written for the album. Craig Gruber claims that it is his bass playing that appears on the album. Gruber also claims that it was he who brought in the music for "Die Young", although he is not credited for it.
Bill Ward says he has "no memory" of making the album, due in part to his alcoholism.[page needed] It is unclear how much of the album, if any, was actually written by bassist Geezer Butler or drummer Bill Ward.
The album's cover art was taken from a painting by artist Lynn Curlee, entitled "Smoking Angels". Curlee was also commissioned to do an album cover for Blue Öyster Cult by Sandy Pearlman who was at the time manager of both Black Sabbath and Blue Öyster Cult. The same idea of this artwork is seen four years later in Van Halen's album 1984. This artwork features an angel with a cigarette in his hand, and two packs of cigarettes beside him.
Professional ratings Review scores Source Rating Allmusic  Drowned in Sound  Sputnikmusic  Rolling Stone 
The album was successful, becoming their highest-charting album (#9 UK, #28 USA) since 1975's Sabotage and the third highest-selling album of Black Sabbath behind Paranoid and Master of Reality, respectively.
In the U.K., it became the third Black Sabbath studio album to attain Silver certification (60,000 units sold) by the British Phonographic Industry, achieving this in November 1980. It subsequently attained Gold certification (100,000 units sold) in April 1982, the only Black Sabbath studio album to be thus certified.
- "Wishing Well" – 4:08
- "Die Young" – 4:46
- "Walk Away" – 4:26
- "Lonely Is the Word" – 5:53
2010 Deluxe Edition
2010 Deluxe Edition Disc 1
Disc One of the 2010 Deluxe Edition is the original album.
2010 Deluxe Edition Disc 2
- Children of the Sea (Live, Single B-Side, SAB3) - 6:24
- Heaven and Hell (Live, Single B-Side, SAB4) - 7:19
- Lady Evil (Mono Edit, 7" Single, WBS 495549) - 3:54
- Neon Knights (Live, Hartford, CT, USA, 1980) - 4:49
- Children of the Sea (Live, Hartford, CT, USA 1980) - 5:58
- Heaven and Hell (Live, Hartford, CT, USA 1980 & 12" Single Version) - 12:34
- Die Young (Live, Hartford, CT, USA 1980) - 4:36
"Children of the Sea"
This was the first song written by the new line-up of Sabbath and resulted from an impromptu jam session with Ronnie James Dio shortly before he joined the band. Bruce Dickinson of Iron Maiden said on his BBC 6 Music radio show, in an interview with Ronnie James Dio that the Iron Maiden song "Children of the Damned", from The Number of the Beast album, was inspired by "Children of the Sea".
"Heaven and Hell"
The music was written mainly by Tony Iommi, but credit is given to the entire band. The lyrics were written entirely by Dio. In Metal: A Headbanger's Journey, Dio explains the song is about how every individual has "heaven and hell" inside him or herself, as well as the ability and the choice whether to choose good or evil.
In live performances by Black Sabbath or Dio, the song was usually stretched out with extended guitar solos, audience participation and new or ad libbed lyrics. When Ian Gillan was in the band, "Heaven and Hell" featured on the US Tour and was included in the RKO "Captured Live" performance. Tony Martin also sang the song live with Black Sabbath as well as with his solo band.
The song is featured in the 2008 video game Grand Theft Auto IV on the radio station Liberty Rock Radio 97.8.
Thrash metal band, Anthrax covered part of this song during their performance at the Big Four Sonisphere tour in the middle of the song "Indians".
Year Song Chart positions US Singles Chart UK Singles Chart 1980 "Neon Knights" - 22 "Children of the Sea" - - "Die Young" - 41
- Black Sabbath
- Ronnie James Dio – vocals
- Tony Iommi – guitar
- Geezer Butler – bass
- Bill Ward – drums
- Additional performer
- Produced and engineered by Martin Birch
- Assistant engineer – Joe "C" Foglia
- Equipment: Graham Wright and Mickey Balla
- Remastered by Dan Hersch (2008 reissue)
- Smoking Angels by Lynn Curlee
- Back cover illustration by Harry Carmean
- Art direction by Richard Seireeni
Region Date Label United Kingdom 1980 Vertigo Records United States 1980 Warner Bros. Records United Kingdom 1996 Castle Communications United Kingdom 2004 Sanctuary Records United States 2008 Rhino Records
Date Designation Total Sales 6 January 1981 Gold 500,000 13 May 1986 Platinum 1,000,000 Date Designation Total Sales 4 November 1980 Silver 60,000 28 April 1982 Gold 100,000 Date Designation Total Sales 1 June 1982 Gold 50,000
- Queensrÿche covered "Neon Knights" on their 2007 album Take Cover.
- Iron Savior covered "Neon Knights" on their 1998 album, Unification.
- "Heaven and Hell" was covered by the American doom metal band Solitude Aeturnus on their album Adagio, and by San Diego-based band Benedictum on their debut album, Uncreation (which also featured a cover of Black Sabbath's "The Mob Rules").
- "Heaven and Hell" is briefly covered acoustically by Tenacious D for Dio's "Push" music video. At the beginning of the video, Jack Black and Kyle Gass are shown standing on a sidewalk busking and singing "Heaven And Hell" with a few alternate lyrics. They stop when Dio walks up to them and tells them that he'll pay them if they would just play some Tenacious D songs.
- Jørn Lande covers "Lonely is the Word" on his album Unlocking the Past.
- Stryper covered "Heaven and Hell" on their 2011 album, The Covering.
- Following Ronnie James Dio's death in 2010, Machine Head's Robb Flynn recorded an acoustic version of "Die Young".
- The Heavy Metal Band Manowar covered "Heaven and Hell" on the 2010 album Magic - A Tribute To Ronnie James Dio
- ^ Welte, Jim (22 April 2008). "Legends align for Metal Masters Tour". MP3.com. Archived from the original on 24 April 2008. http://web.archive.org/web/20080424114144/http://www.mp3.com/news/stories/11191.html. Retrieved 23 April 2008.
- ^ Hotten, John. Black Sabbath - The Dio Years. p. 4. Archived from the original on 24 January 2009. http://web.archive.org/web/20090124161532/http://images.radcity.net/6340/2165303.pdf.
- ^ "The Iron Man Speaks". black-sabbath.com. March 1996. http://www.black-sabbath.com/interviews/iommi_0496.html. Retrieved 14 September 2011.
- ^ a b c Cramer, Jeff (14 November 2009). "A Very Candid Conversation with Craig Gruber". Stone Cold Crazy. jeffcramer.blogspot.com. http://jeffcramer.blogspot.com/2009/11/very-candid-conversation-with-craig.html. Retrieved 14 September 2011.
- ^ "Craig Gruber: ‘I Played On The Heaven & Hell Album’". Classic Rock (Future Publishing). 10 January 2009. ISSN 1464-7834. http://www.classicrockmagazine.com/news/craig-gruber-i-played-on-the-heaven-hell-album. Retrieved 14 September 2011.
- ^ Brien, Jeb (producer/director); Hardiman, Monica (producer/director) (1999). Black Sabbath: the Last Supper (Documentary/Concert). Automatic Productions. http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0218847/.
- ^ Prato, Greg. "Black Sabbath: Heaven and Hell at Allmusic. Retrieved 24 September 2011.
- ^ Stannard, Joseph (8 April 2010). "Black Sabbath: Heaven and Hell; Mob Rules; Live Evil (remastered)". Drowned in Sound. http://drownedinsound.com/releases/15276/reviews/4139637. Retrieved 24 September 2011.
- ^ Munro, Tyler (15 August 2006). "Black Sabbath: Heaven and Hell". Sputnikmusic. http://www.sputnikmusic.com/review/8744/Black-Sabbath-Heaven-and-Hell/. Retrieved 24 September 2011.
- ^ "Black Sabbath: Album Guide". Rollingstone.com. http://www.rollingstone.com/music/artists/black-sabbath/albumguide. Retrieved 24 September 2011.
- ^ "Heaven and Hell: Charts & Awards > Billboard Albums" at Allmusic. Retrieved 30 January 2009.
- ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Heaven and Hell (CD) album notes. Warner Bros. Records, Inc.. 1980. pp. 2-3.
- ^ "Heaven and Hell" at Allmusic. Retrieved 8 February 2009.
- ^ "Vh1 Top 100 Hard Rock Songs". music.spreadit.org. 1 January 2009. http://music.spreadit.org/vh1-top-100-hard-rock-songs/. Retrieved 4 February 2009.
- ^ "American album certifications – Black Sabbath – Heaven and Hell". Recording Industry Association of America. http://www.riaa.com/goldandplatinumdata.php?artist=%22Heaven+and+Hell%22. If necessary, click Advanced, then click Format, then select Album, then click SEARCH
- ^ "British album certifications – Black Sabbath – Heaven and Hell". British Phonographic Industry. http://www.bpi.co.uk/certifiedawards/search.aspx. Enter Heaven and Hell in the field Search. Select Title in the field Search by. Select album in the field By Format. Click Go
- ^ "Canadian album certifications – Black Sabbath – Heaven & Hell". Music Canada. http://www.musiccanada.com/GPSearchResult.aspx?st=Heaven+%26+Hell&sa=Black+Sabbath&smt=0.
Black Sabbath Studio albums Live albums Compilations Unofficial albums Singles
and other songs
- "Evil Woman"
- "The Wizard"
- "Iron Man"
- "War Pigs"
- "Fairies Wear Boots"
- "Sweet Leaf"
- "Children of the Grave"
- "Into the Void "
- "Sabbath Bloody Sabbath"
- "Symptom of the Universe"
- "Rock 'n' Roll Doctor"
- "Dirty Women"
- "Never Say Die!"
- "Neon Knights"
- "Heaven and Hell"
- "Die Young"
- "The Mob Rules"
- "Turn Up the Night"
- "Disturbing the Priest"
- "Zero the Hero"
- No Stranger to Love"
- "TV Crimes"
- "Psycho Man"
- "The Devil Cried"
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