Greek mythology, Eurytus is the name of numerous characters.
King Eurytus, Erytus, or Eurýtos of
Oechalia(Oikhalia), Thessaly, was the son of Melaneusand either Stratonice or Oechalia.
Antiope, daughter of Pyloand had these children: Iphitus, Clytius, Toxeus, Deioneus, Molion, Didaeon, and a very beautiful daughter, Iole. A late legend also attributes Eurytus as the father of Dryope, by his first wife.
Eurytus' grandfather was
Apollo, the archer-god, and was also a famed archer. Eurytus has been noted by some as the one who taught Heraclesthe art of archery.
Homer, Eurytus became so proud of his archery skills that he challenged Apollo. The god killed Eurytus for his presumption, and Eurytus' bow was passed to Iphitus, who later gave the bow to his friend Odysseus. It was this bow that Odysseus used to killed the Suitors who had wanted to take his wife, Penelope.
A more familiar version Eurytus' death involves a feud with Heracles. Eurytus promised the hand of his daughter Iole to whoever who could defeat him and his sons in an archery contest. Heracles won the archery contest, but Eurytus reneged on his promise, fearing that Heracles would go mad and kill any children he had with Iole, just as he has slew the children he had with
Heracles left in anger, and soon after twelve of Eurytus' mares were stolen. Some have written that Heracles stole the mares himself, while others have said
Autolycusstole the mares and sold them to Heracles.
In the search for the mares, Iphitus, who was convinced of Heracles' innocence, invited Heracles to help and stayed as Heracles' guest at Tiryns. Heracles invited Iphitus to the top of the palace walls and, in a fit of anger, threw Iphitus to his death. For this crime, Heracles was forced to serve the Lydian queen Omphale as a slave for either one or three years.
After Heracles had married
Deianeira, he returned to Oechalia with an army. Revenge-driven, Heracles sacked the city and killed Eurytus and his sons, then took Iole as his concubine. The act eventually led to Heracles' own death, as Deianeira, fearing that Heracles loved Iole more, gave Heracles a robe smeared with the blood of the Centaur Nessus, believing it was a love-charm. The blood was actually a poison and the robe ate into Heracles' flesh.
The son of Poseidon
Eurytus was one of the twin sons of
Molio, by either Poseidonor Actor. His brother was Cteatus. They were called the Molionides.
The son of Hermes
Eurytus was the son of
Hermesand Antianira. He was one of the Argonauts, and also hunted the Calydonian Boar. Also known as Erytus.
The father of Hippasus
Eurytus was the father of
Hippasus, one of the men who hunted the Calydonian Boar. [ [http://www.theoi.com/Ther/HusKalydonios.html CALYDONIAN BOAR : Giant boar of Aetolia, labor Meleager ; Greek mythology ; pictures : HUS KALYDONIOS ] ] He was also one of Pythagoras' followers.
The son of Hippocoon
Eurytus, son of
Hippocoonwas killed, along with his brothers, by Heracles.
Eurytus from Elis
Eurytus was the Greek leader of the
Edeansand Taphiansduring the Trojan WarFact|date=July 2007. He was killed by Eurypylus.
Eurytus the Ethiopian
Eurytus was a chieftain at the court of king CepheusFact|date=July 2007, and was killed during the battle between
Perseusand Phineus. He was killed by Perseus.
Eurytus the Carian King
Eurytus was the king of
Cariaand the father of EidotheaFact|date=July 2007.
Eurytus, the Giant
Eurytus was one of the giant sons of
Gaea. He was killed, by Dionysos, during the battle of the giants versus the gods.
Eurytus, the Centaur
Eurytus was a
Centaurpresent at the wedding of Pirithousand Hippodamia. The most violent of the centaurs involved in the battle with the Lapiths, he was killed by Theseus.
Eurytus, Father of Clonus
Eurytus was the father of
Eurytus, the Spartan Warrior
Eurytus or Eurýtos was the name of a
Spartan warrior, one of the Three Hundred sent to face the Persiansat the Battle of Thermopylaein 480 BC. Eurytus and a companion, Aristodemus were stricken with eye infections and ordered to return home. Eurytus turned back and ordered his helot attendant to lead him back to the battle. He entered the battle blind and was slain. Aristodemusreturned to Sparta disgraced, but redeemed himself at the battle of Plataeathe following year, by fighting to his death.
*March, J., Cassell's Dictionary Of Classical Mythology, London, 1999. ISBN 0-304-35161-X
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