Ardrossan

Infobox UK place
official_name= Ardrossan
gaelic_name=
scots_name=
local_name=
country= Scotland
map_type= Scotland
population= 10,952 [cite web|publisher=Scotland's Census Results Online|title =Comparative Population Profile: Ardrossan Locality | url=http://www.scrol.gov.uk/scrol/browser/profile.jsp?profile=Population&mainArea=ardrossan&mainLevel=Locality | date = 2001-04-29| accessdate =2008-08-31 ] (2001 census)
est. 10,520 [http://www.gro-scotland.gov.uk/statistics/publications-and-data] (2006),
excluding Saltcoats & Stevenston
population_density=
os_grid_reference= NS232424
edinburgh_distance=
london_distance=
latitude= 55.6432
longitude= -04.8097
post_town= ARDROSSAN
postcode_area= KA
postcode_district= KA22
dial_code= 01294
constituency_westminster= North Ayrshire and Arran
civil_parish=
unitary_scotland= North Ayrshire
lieutenancy_scotland= Ayrshire and Arran
constituency_scottish_parliament= Cunninghame North

Ardrossan (Gaelic: "Aird Rosain") is a town located on the North Ayrshire coast in western Scotland. The name "Ardrossan" describes its physical position — 'ard' from the Gaelic "aird" meaning height, 'ros' a promontory and the diminutive suffix 'an'. "Height of the little promontary"

History

Ardrossan's roots can be traced back to the construction of its castle'Cannon Hill', thought to be around 1140, by Simon de Morville. The castle and estate then passed onto the Barclay family (also known as Craig) and it passed through successive heirs until the 14th century. Then it passed onto the Eglinton family on the death of Godfrey Barclay de Ardrossan, who died without leaving an heir.

In 1292, under the reign of John Balliol, the castle fell to the invading English army, who held it until 1296, when it was scene to an infamous event known as Wallace's Larder. William Wallace lured the English garrison out of the castle by setting a decoy fire in the village. He promptly slaughtered them, throwing their remains into the castle dungeon.

The castle stood until 1648, when Oliver Cromwell's troops had it destroyed, taking much of the stonework to Ayr to built the fort there. The ruins still stand, but are overgrown and in a dangerous condition.

Ardrossan developed quickly during the 18th and 19th centuries thanks to its position on the coast. Exports of coal and pig iron to Europe and North America were the main trade from the town's port, which also became a centre for shipbuilding. Fishing vessels and small cargo boats were the mainstay of the shipyard until the 1950s, when the yard all but ceased to exist as a result of foreign competition. A smaller yard, McCrindles operated until the 1980s before it too ceased trading.

Passenger services from Ardrossan harbour to Brodick on the Isle of Arran started in 1834, and services to Belfast in Ireland (and later Northern Ireland) and the Isle of Man followed in 1884 and 1892. Clyde sailings were operated initially by the Glasgow and South Western Railway Company from Winton Pier, and the Caledonian Railway from Montgomerie Pier. However, the Earl of Eglinton's ambitious plan for a canal link to Glasgow was never realised.

Between 1841 and 1848, Ardrossan was a part of the "West Coast Main Line" equivalent of its time. The fastest route from London to Glasgow was by train to stnlnk|Fleetwood, and thence by packet boat to Ardrossan. After 1848, the entire journey could be made by rail, avoiding Ardrossan. [Greville, M.D. and Holt, G.O. (1960) PDFlink| [http://www.ukrailarchive.org/lancs/rm02-1960-094.pdf "Railway Development in Preston—1"] , "Railway Magazine", vol 106, Feb 1960 no 706, p.96] [Welch, M.S. (2004) "Lancashire Steam Finale", Runpast Publishing, Cheltenham, ISBN 1 870754 61 1, p.28] [Suggitt, G. (2003, revised 2004) "Lost Railways of Lancashire", [http://www.countrysidebooks.co.uk Countryside Books, Newbury] , ISBN 1 85306 801 2, p.36]

The link to the Isle of Man no longer operates from Ardrossan, having first been moved to Stranraer then all Scottish services terminated altogether. Shell-Mex developed an oil refinery in Ardrossan from a World War II aviation-fuel canning-factory, and the harbour was expanded for the company's tanker ships to berth. Local residents blocked plans in the 1960s for further expansion of the refinery, limiting the operations that could be carried out there. Operations at Shell-Mex in Ardrossan ceased in 1986.

Today the harbour has been substantially redeveloped as a marina, though the regular passenger and vehicle ferry to Brodick is still operated by Caledonian MacBrayne.

Ardrossan was one of the last towns in Scotland to be made a Burgh in 1846, with a Provost, magistrates and commissioners. Its Burgh status was lost in 1974 on the formation of Strathclyde Regional Council, whereupon Ardrossan came under Cunninghame District. It is now part of North Ayrshire, which was created as a unitary authority in 1996.

Since 2006, Ardrossan has been part of a regeneration area, being overseen by [http://www.irvinebayurc.co.uk the Irvine Bay Urban Regeneration Company.] Their vision for Ardrossan is as a gateway to Arran and a good place to live and relax next to the sea in a regenerated town centre serving the existing and incoming community. This will be achieved through renewal of the town centre and the future development of the harbourside in a co-ordinated and overall plan.

Transport

Today Ardrossan is developing into a commuter town with a population of around 11,000, with frequent train and express coach links to Glasgow, aided by its location on the Glasgow to Largs/Ardrossan train line and its proximity to the A737 road.

There are three railway stations in Ardrossan: Ardrossan South Beach, which lies close to the boundary with Saltcoats; Ardrossan Town, a station which was in the centre of the town which reopened in 1987 after it had been closed since 1968; and Ardrossan Harbour.

Ayr lies 17 miles to the south and the town is part of the "three towns" mini-conurbation, together with Saltcoats and Stevenston. Frequent bus services to Irvine, Kilmarnock, Ayr and Greenock, as well as an extensive local network, are provided by Stagecoach Western.

The new A78 Three Towns Bypass was opened in December 2004 and has provided a much-needed improvement to local transport links, reducing local travelling-times significantly. The bypass has also helped to divert a significant amount of heavier traffic from the Three-Towns that were just passing through.

Culture

Ardrossan boasts some of the most notable buildings in North Ayrshire. For example, [http://www.baronystjohns.co.uk Barony St John's Church] and [http://www.saintpeterinchains.net St Peter-in-Chains Roman Catholic Church] . St Peter's is of modern construction in an all-brick, Swedish style. Its architects were the notable Gillespie, Kidd & Coia. Barony St John's dates from the mid-nineteenth century. Both buildings lie on the South Crescent of the town, overlooking South Beach and Irvine Bay. The crescent is lined by large villas dating from the 19th century, many of which have been converted into multiple residences.

Castlehill

aka 'Cannon Hill' by locals is a great place to visit, including a swing park.

Environment

While being an exemplar of post-industrial Scotland's socio-economic malaise, Ardrossan is located on the edge of an area of exceptional natural beauty. The towering peaks of the Isle of Arran are starkly visible on a cold sunny day. Beyond, one can see the Paps of Jura and the Mull of Kintyre.

Lying offshore from Ardrossan is a small island named Horse Isle. This is an RSPB reserve and is home to nationally important populations of herring gulls and lesser black backed gulls.The Holm Plantation area dividing Ardrossan and Saltcoats is a popular area for alternative walks to the seaside as the large villas surrounding it prove very attractive for visitors. The current regeneration of the area has led to the plantation receiving many new amenities such as lighting and landscaped flower areas.

Notable citizens and alumni

Arguably, the town's most notable son was physicist John Kerr.Fact|date=September 2008 From the core of its now gone industrial workers, Ardrossan has produced a number of people of individual note.Fact|date=September 2008

Former pupils of Ardrossan Academy include Flying Officer Kenneth Campbell, recipient of the Victoria Cross,Fact|date=September 2008 and Campbell Martin, former Independent Member of the Scottish Parliament for West of Scotland, and now editor of [http://www.the3towns.com the3towns.com] , an online local newspaper covering Ardrossan, Saltcoats and Stevenston.Fact|date=September 2008 [http://www.ardacad.co.uk/ Ardrossan Academy] has produced several former pupils that hold US and international patents for their scientific work. One of the most high-profile former pupils is Professor David T. Denver, Professor of Politics and International Relations at the University of Lancaster. [cite web| url=http://www.lancs.ac.uk/fass/politics/profiles/David-Denver/| title=Professor David Denver| publisher=Lancaster University| accessdate=2008-09-27] Professor Denver is a frequent media commentator on Scottish political issues and voting patterns and has published several books in the field of statistical analyses of voting patterns.Fact|date=September 2008

Calum Kennedy, the Scottish singer and entertainer, ran a hotel in Ardrossan towards the end of his life.Fact|date=September 2008

Government

Ardrossan lies in the Ayrshire North & Arran constituency in the House of Commons and Cunninghame North constituency in the Scottish Parliament. The Westminster seat is held by the Labour Party whereas the Holyrood seat was narrowly won from Labour by the Scottish National Party in the election of May 2007.

The town contains two diplomatic missions, having both a Danish and a Norwegian consulate. [cite web| url=http://www.fco.gov.uk/resources/en/pdf/consular-outside-london-june| title=Consular Representation Outside London| publisher=Foreign and Commonwealth Office| format=PDF| accessdate=2008-09-27]

Other places with the same name

The name Ardrossan has also been given to places elsewhere in the world:
* Ardrossan, South Australia
* Ardrossan, Alberta
* Ardrossan is the name of a large estate outside Philadelphia, once owned by Robert Leaming Montgomery. His daughter, Helen Hope Montgomery Scott, was the inspiration for Tracy Lord, heroine of "The Philadelphia Story". [cite news| title=Scott has a plan for storied estate| author=Diane Mastrull| work= [http://www.philly.com/inquirer Philadelphia Inquirer] | page=A01| date=2007-09-16 and cite news| title=Society in its highest sense| author=Art Carey| work= [http://www.philly.com/inquirer Philadelphia Inquirer] | page=A19| date=2007-05-06]

Amenities

*Eglinton Country Park is linked to Ardrossan via the Sustrans Cyclepath.

References

Further reading

*McSherry, R&M (1996) "Old Ardrossan"

External links

* [http://www.the3towns.com the3towns.com]
* [http://www.ardrossancc.co.uk Ardrossan Cricket Club]
* [http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/scotland/glasgow_and_west/5208306.stm News on a crackdown on derelict properties]
* [http://www.ardacad.co.uk Ardrossan Academy's prizewining website]
* [http://www.ardrossanphotographs.net Photographs of every street in Ardrossan]


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Ardrossan —    ARDROSSAN, a parish, in the district of Cunninghame, county of Ayr; including the thriving town of Ardrossan, and the greater part of Saltcoats, 74 miles (W. S. W.) from Edinburgh; and containing 4947 inhabitants. This place derives its name,… …   A Topographical dictionary of Scotland

  • Ardrossan — ist der Name folgender Orte: Ardrossan (Schottland), eine Hafenstadt in North Ayrshire, Schottland Ardrossan (Australien), eine Hafenstadt am Gulf Saint Vincent in South Australia, Australien Diese Seite i …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ardrossan — (Androsen, spr. Ardrossen), Marktflecken u. Hafen in der schottischen Grafschaft Ayr; 5600 Ew., mit Seebad u. Kanal von hier über Paisley nach Glasgow …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Ardrossan — (spr. ahrdróssĕn), Hafenstadt und Seebadeort in der schott. Grafsch. Ayr, am Firth of Clyde, (1901) 5933 E …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Ardrossan — Ardrossan, Stadt in Schottland, Grafschaft Ayr, mit 6000 E.; Hafen, Seebäder, mit Glasgow und Edinburgh durch eine Eisenbahn verbunden; Kanal nach Glasgow …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Ardrossan — 1 Original name in latin Ardrossan Name in other language Androssan, Ardrossan, Port Androssan, Ардроссан State code AU Continent/City Australia/Adelaide longitude 34.42217 latitude 137.91907 altitude 25 Population 1122 Date 2013 08 03 2 Original …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Ardrossan —  Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différentes localités partageant un même nom. Ardrossan en Australie ; Ardrossan au Canada ; Ardrossan en Écosse. Catégorie : Homonymie de localités …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ardrossan — /aˈdrɒsən/ (say ah drosuhn) noun a town and port on Gulf St Vincent, SA. {named after Ardrossan, Scotland} …   Australian English dictionary

  • Ardrossan (Schottland) — Ardrossan Koordinaten 55° 39′ N …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ardrossan railway station — can refer to one of several railway stations in the town of Ardrossan, North Ayrshire, Scotland: *Ardrossan Harbour railway station *Ardrossan South Beach railway station *Ardrossan Town railway station *Ardrossan Montgomerie Pier railway station …   Wikipedia


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