name = Peter Saville
birth_date = birth year and age|1955
known_for = Design of record sleeves
Peter Saville (born 1955 in
Manchester) [ [http://www.btinternet.com/~comme6/saville/biography.htm Peter Saville ] ] is an English graphic designer based in London. [ [http://www.designmuseum.org/design/peter-saville Peter Saville / Designing Modern Britain - Design Museum Exhibition : - Design/Designer Information ] ]
St Ambrose College. He studied graphic design at Manchester Polytechnic (later Manchester Metropolitan University) from 1975 to 1978.
Peter Saville is famous for the design of record sleeves for
Factory Recordsartists, most notably for Joy Divisionand New Order.
Influenced by a fellow student,
Malcolm Garrett, who had begun designing for the Manchester punk group, the Buzzcocks, and by Herbert Spencer's " Pioneers of Modern Typography", Saville was inspired by Jan Tschichold, chief propagandist for the New Typography. According to Saville: "Malcolm had a copy of Herbert Spencer's "Pioneers of Modern Typography". The one chapter that he hadn't reinterpreted in his own work was the cool, disciplined "New Typography" of Tschichold and its subtlety appealed to me. I found a paralled in it for the New Wave that was evolving out of Punk." ["Eye", Number 17, Volume 5, Summer 1995.] [http://www.designmuseum.org/design/peter-saville]
Saville entered the music scene after meeting
Tony Wilson, the journalist and television presenter, whom he approached at a Patti Smithshow in 1978. This resulted in Wilson commissioning the first Factory Records poster (FAC 1). Saville became a partner of Factory Records along with Wilson, Rob Grettonand Alan Erasmus.
Saville's album design for Joy Division's last album, "Closer", released shortly after
Ian Curtis's suicide in May 1980, was controversialFact|date=February 2007 in its depiction of Christ's body entombed. However, the design pre-dated Curtis' death, a fact which rock magazine the New Musical Expresswas able to confirm, since it had been displaying proofs of the artwork on its walls for several months.Fact|date=February 2007
Saville's output from this period included reappropriation from art and design. Design critic
Alice Twemlowwrote: "...in the 1980s... he would directly and irreverently "lift" an image from one genre—art history for example—and recontextualize it in another. A Fantin-Latour "Roses" painting in combination with a colour-coded alphabet became the seminal album cover for New Order's " Power, Corruption and Lies" (1983), for example." [http://www.btinternet.com/~comme6/saville/interviewaiga.htm] AIGA article "The Dark Prince" by Alice Twemlow]
In the 2002 film
24 Hour Party Peoplebased on Tony Wilson and the history of Factory Records, Saville is portrayed by actor Enzo Cilenti. [ [http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0767696/ IMDb Profile] ] His reputation for missing deadlines is comically highlighted in the film.
Work beyond Factory Records
In 1979, Saville moved from Manchester to London and became art director of the Virgin offshoot,
DinDisc. He subsequently created a body of work which furthered his refined take on Modernism, working for artists such as Roxy Music, Duran Duran, Wham!and Orchestral Manoeuvres in the Dark. Saville founded the design agency Peter Saville Associates (still designing primarily for musical artists and record labels) before he was invited to close his office in 1990 to join the partner-owned Pentagram, one of the most respected and very few truly multidisciplinary design consultancies/agencies in the world - but was ousted due to insufficient turnover and project sales.
In 1993, Saville left London and moved to Los Angeles and joined the ad agency
Frankfurt Balkindwith his longterm collaborator Brett Wickens. Saville soon returned to London. For a brief period, he founded The Apartment for the German advertising agency Meiré & Meiréfrom his modernist apartment in Mayfairthat also doubled as the London offices of the agency. (The same apartment is depicted in the record sleeve of Pulp's album " This Is Hardcore"). The Apartment produced works for clients such as Mandarina Duckand Smart Car before he returned to freelance under his own name and consider other collaborations (including John Warwicker at the Soho based Tomato). In 1999, Saville moved to offices in Clerkenwellto re-start Peter Saville Associates (later renamed Saville Parris Wakefield)
Saville grew in demand as a younger generation of people in advertising and fashion had grown up with his work for Factory Records. He reached a creative and a commercial peak with design consultancy clients such as Adobe,
Selfridges, EMIand Pringle. Other significant commissions came from the field of fashion. Saville's fashion clients include(d) Jil Sander, Martine Sitbon, John Galliano, Yohji Yamamoto, Christian Diorand Stella McCartney. Saville often worked in collaboration with his long time friend, fashion photographer Nick Knight. The two launched an art and fashion website [http://www.showstudio.com/ SHOWstudio] in November 2000. Notably the Belgian fashion designer, Raf Simonswas granted full access to the archives of Peter Saville's vintage Factory projects and made a personal selection of Saville-designed works to integrate them into Raf Simon's "Closer" Autumn/Winter 2003-4 collection.
Exhibition, book and soundtrack
Saville's reclaimed status and contribution to graphic design was firmly established when London's
Design Museumexhibited his body of work in 2003. Due to his notorious bad luck in following deadlines, he was never approached by the museum for the exhibition's marketing materials. The exhibition, called "The Peter Saville Show" was open from 23 May 2003 through 14 September 2003. [http://www.designmuseum.org/exhibitions/previous-exhibitions#] A book by Rick Poynor, "Designed by Peter Saville", accompanied the exhibition. " The Peter Saville Show Soundtrack" for the exhibition was performed and recorded by New Order, and was available to early visitors to the exhibition.
elected record and CD covers by Saville
*Joy Division – "
Unknown Pleasures", 1979
*Joy Division - "Closer", 1980
*Joy Division - "Still, 1981
*New Order – "Blue Monday", 1983
*New Order – "
Power, Corruption and Lies", 1983
*New Order – "
True Faith", 1987
*Joy Division - "Substance", 1988
*New Order – "Technique", 1989
Gay Dad– " Leisure Noise", 1999
*Pulp – "
We Love Life", 2001
*New Order – "Get Ready", 2001
* [http://www.savilleparriswakefield.com Official Peter Saville Website]
* [http://www.paulstolper.com Official Peter Saville Gallery Website]
* [http://www.designmuseum.org/design/peter-saville Design Museum biography of Saville] – includes timeline
* [http://www.btinternet.com/~comme6/saville/ Peter Saville Graphic Design] - includes biography, galleries, essays, articles, interviews and free downloadable fonts.
* [http://tosq.com/petersaville/ Sleeve designed by Peter Saville] - Japanese site.
*Jon Wozencroft on Peter Saville and Joy Division, TATE ETC., Issue 10, Summer 2007
* [http://www.imon.co.uk/saville/index.html A selection of Factory designs, primarily New Order]
* [http://www.cerysmaticfactory.info/saville.html Peter Saville @ Cerysmatic Factory]
* [http://www.spikemagazine.com/0903petersaville.php Spike Magazine Interview]
* [http://www.bluemondayownersclub.com Blue Mondays Owners Club]
* [http://www.adidas.com/adicolor Adicolor]
* [http://showstudio.com/projects/transmissions/section.php/7517/7522 Filmed interview on SHOWstudio]
* [http://www.ilovedesign.com/us/exclusives/?interview=9 Video Interview] on I love Design
* [http://www.jamsbio.com/lists/browse/peter_saville_album_covers_that_are_sick Peter Saville Album cover list] on JamsBio
Pioneers of Modern Typography
* "Designed by Peter Saville", by
Rick Poynor, Frieze, 2003. (ISBN 978-0952741428)
* "Eye", No. 17, Vol. 5, edited by
Rick Poynor, Emap Construct, London, Summer 1995.
* [http://showstudio.com/projects/sav/sav_start.html Webchat transcript] ,
* "Peter Saville Estate 1-127", by
Heike Munder, JRP|Ringier, 2007. (ISBN 978-3-905701-66-1)
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
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