Jasper Heywood

Jasper Heywood, SJ (1535 – January 9, 1598), son of John Heywood, translated into English three plays of Seneca, the "Troas" (1559), the "Thyestes" (1560) and "Hercules Furens" (1561).

He was a fellow of Merton College, Oxford, but was compelled to resign from that society in 1558. In the same year he was elected a fellow of All Souls College, but, refusing to conform to the changes in religion at the beginning of the reign of Elizabeth I, he gave up his fellowship and went to Rome where he was received into the Society of Jesus.

For seventeen years he was professor of moral theology and controversy in the Jesuit College at Dillingen, Bavaria. In 1581 he was sent to England as superior of the Jesuit mission, but his leniency in that position led to his recall.

On his way back to the Continent, a violent storm drove him back to the English coast. He was arrested on the charge of being a priest, but, although extraordinary efforts were made to induce him to abjure his opinions, he remained firm. He was condemned to perpetual exile on pain of death, and died at Naples on the 9th of January 1598.

His translations of Seneca were supplemented by other plays contributed by Alexander Neville, Thomas Nuce, John Studley and Thomas Newton. Newton collected these translations in one volume, "Seneca, his tenne tragedies translated into Englysh" (1581). The importance of this work in the development of English drama can hardly be over-estimated.

His nephew was the poet and preacher John Donne.

References

*Dr. J.W. Cunliffe, "On the Influence of Seneca upon Elizabethan Tragedy" (1893).
*CathEncy|url=http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/07319a.htm|title=Jasper and John Heywood

ee also

*Canons of Elizabethan poetry


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