Marcus Annius Libo

Marcus Annius Libo

Marcus Annius Libo (Greek: Μαρκου Αννιου Λιβωνος, died 162) was a Roman who lived in the 2nd century. He was the son of Roman consul Marcus Annius Verus and Rupilia Faustina. He was consul in 128 and suffect consul in 161.

Libo’s father was Spanish, but was of Roman descent and came from a senatorial family. His mother was a daughter to suffect consul Lucius Scribonius Libo Rupilius Frugi Bonus and Salonina Matidia (niece of the Roman Emperor Trajan). Libo’s elder sister was Empress Faustina the Elder (mother of Empress Faustina the Younger) and his younger brother Marcus Annius Verus, was the father of Emperor Marcus Aurelius and paternal grandfather to Emperor Commodus. His cognomen Libo, he inherited from his maternal grandfather.

Libo was consul in 128. In this year, his name is mentioned on a marriage contract was written in Greek and Aramaic on papyrus. This papyrus was dated 4 April 128 and was found in 1961 Naham Hever in the Desert of Judea. During the reign of his brother-in-law, Emperor Antoninus Pius (reigned 138-161), named Libo in a Senatus Consultum (see, Senatus consultum ultimum) and became a senator.

Libo married a noblewoman called Fundania. Fundania bore Libo, two children who were:

  • Son, Marcus Annius Libo, he was Legatus of Syria in 162. In that year, he was with the joint Emperors Marcus Aurelius and Lucius Verus, in Syria as apart of the Parthian Military Campaign. He died suddenly, possibly from poisoning. There were rumors, that the joined emperors were involved in his death, strengthened due to the dissensions between Marcus Aurelius and Lucius Verus.
  • Daughter, Annia Fundania Faustina

When Libo died, against the wishes of Marcus Aurelius, Lucius Verus married Fundania to a Greek Freedman called Agaclytus. Aurelius did not attend the ceremony or the banquet.

Political offices
Preceded by
Lucius Aemilius Iuncus ,
Gnaeus Minicius Faustinus Sextus Julius Severus
Consul of the Roman Empire
with Lucius Nonius Calpurnius Torquatus Asprenas,
Lucius Caesennius Antoninus
Succeeded by
Marcus Junius Mettius Rufus,
Quintus Pomponius Maternus
Preceded by
Marcus Aurelius ,
Lucius Verus
Consul of the Roman Empire
with Quintus Camurius Numisius Junior
Succeeded by
Junius Rusticus,
Lucius Titius Plautius Aquilinus

Nerva–Antonine family tree

  • (1) = 1st spouse
  • (2) = 2nd spouse (not shown)
  • (3) = 3rd spouse
  • SMALL CAPS = posthumously deified (Augusti, Augustae, or other)
  • dotted lines indicate adoption or (in the case of Hadrian and Antinous) alleged lovers
NERVA (r. 96–98)
TRAJAN, adoptive son (r. 98–117)
Aelius Afer
Paulina Major
Libo Rupilius Frugi (3)
L. Vibius Sabinus (1)
Rupilia Annia
M. Annius Verus
Rupilia Faustina
HADRIAN, adoptive son (r. 117–138)
Paulina Minor
Domitia Lucilla
M. Annius Verus
M. Annius Libo
ANTONINUS PIUS, adoptive son (r. 138–161)
Aelius, adoptive son
Julia Paulina
MARCUS AURELIUS, adoptive son (r. 161–180)
Aurelia Fadilla
two infant sons
VERUS, adoptive son (r. 161–169)
COMMODUS (r. 177–192)
nine other children


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