Mineola, New York

Mineola, New York
—  Village  —
Old Nassau County Courthouse
Mineola, New York is located in New York
Mineola, New York
Coordinates: 40°44′50″N 73°38′17″W / 40.74722°N 73.63806°W / 40.74722; -73.63806Coordinates: 40°44′50″N 73°38′17″W / 40.74722°N 73.63806°W / 40.74722; -73.63806
Country United States
State New York
County Nassau
Government
 - Mayor Lawrence Werther
Area
 - Total 2.2 sq mi (4.8 km2)
 - Land 2.2 sq mi (4.8 km2)
 - Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 108 ft (33 m)
Population (2010)
 - Total 18,799
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 - Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 11501
Area code(s) 516
FIPS code 36-47636
GNIS feature ID 0957391

Mineola is a village in Nassau County, New York, USA. The population was 18,799 at the 2010 census. The name is derived from a Native American word meaning a "pleasant place."

The majority of the Village of Mineola is located in the Town of North Hempstead, with a small portion of its southern edge within the Town of Hempstead.[1] Old Country Road runs along the southern border of the village. The area serviced by the Mineola Post Office extends further south into the adjacent village of Garden City, New York, where the county seat of Nassau County[2] is located. Offices of many Nassau County agencies are located in both Mineola and Garden City.

Contents

History

The central, flat, grassy part of Long Island was originally named "Hempstead Plains". In the 19th century various communities were started. One of them was called "Hempstead Branch", and finally, "Mineola".

Long Island was part of Henry Hudson's original claim in the name of the Dutch East India Company dating as far back as 1609. In the 18th century the Dutch and English settlers worked to clear farmland to start their life on the Hempstead Plains. It was in 1858 when this land was named after an Algonquin Indian Chief, Miniolagamika meaning, "Pleasant Village". The name was later shortened and altered to "Mineola".

Voters selected Mineola (in the Town of North Hempstead) to be the county seat for the new county of Nassau in November 1898[3] (before Mineola incorporated as a village in 1906 and set its boundaries), winning out over Hicksville and Hempstead.[4] The Garden City Company (founded in 1893 by the heirs of Alexander Turney Stewart)[5] donated four acres of land for the county buildings just south of the Mineola train station and the present day Village of Mineola, in the Town of Hempstead.[6][7] The land and the buildings have a Mineola postal address, but are within the present day Village of Garden City,[8] which did not incorporate, nor set its boundaries, until 1919.

Mineola was legally incorporated in 1906 and run by a president. The president and Trustees worked to meet the needs of the growing community and later became the judicial and legislative heart of Nassau County. The County Seat found its home in Mineola on July 13, 1900, as Governor Theodore Roosevelt laid the cornerstone of the Nassau County Court House. A celebration was held to commemorate this momentous occasion on the barren 5-acre (20,000 m2) site at the corner of Old Country Road and Franklin Avenue. Many dignitaries were present to witness this history-making event such as Frederick Hicks, Congressman Townsend Scudder, Colonel William Youngs and Supervisors William Jones and Edwin Willits.

Winthrop-University Hospital, founded in 1896 by local physicians and residents as Nassau Hospital, was Long Island's first voluntary hospital. In 1897, it admitted 91 patients, performed 27 operations, and reported two births and eight deaths during the first year. The original hospital was constructed in 1900. Today, Winthrop is a nationally-recognized award-winning hospital and in 2004 was ranked among the Top 5 Percent of Acute-Care Hospitals in the Country.

British dirigible R-34 lands in Mineola in 1919

Mineola was also a familiar place to many of the most famous pilots in history. The Aero Club of America chose the area for the level plains. Glenn Curtiss brought the area to national attention in July 1909 with his second Scientific American Award flight of over 23 minutes and 15 miles. He also made some of the first public flights in America in his "Golden Flyer", while practicing for the Reims Aviation Meet in France. The Wright Brothers, Igor Sikorsky, Captain Rene Fonac, and the famed duo of Clarence Chamberlain and Bert Acosta, dubbed "twins of derring-do", all spent time in Mineola taking advantage of the rolling grasslands and favorable winds.

On November 1, 1915, Captain Raynal Cawthorne Bolling—a prominent New York attorney working at United States Steel—organized the Aviation Detachment, 1st Battalion, Signal Corps of the New York National Guard 106 Rescue Wing. It was the Guard's first genuine aviation unit. Subsequently, the organization was redesignated the lst Aero Company. Located at Mineola on Long Island, the unit rented and then purchased its own aircraft with funds donated by the Aero Club of America and other contributors. It was "provisionally recognized" on June 22, 1916 and then called into federal service on July 13, 1916 during the Mexican border crisis. However, instead of active service in the southwest, it remained at Mineola training and was released from federal service on November 2, 1916.

On May 20, 1927, at 7:52 a.m., Charles Lindbergh started his historic flight from nearby Roosevelt Field. Thirty-three hours later he landed in Paris and became the first person to complete a solo flight from the United States across the Atlantic Ocean.

Main Street was the center of village business as well as a popular meeting place for farmers and the business community alike. The general store offered an array of goods that would fulfill most everyday needs, such as hardware, toys, wool, dry goods, clothing and food. The small glass-fronted mail and delivery boxes filled the existing six-foot post office. As the Mineola population grew, the post office was relocated to the Meyer Building on Mineola Boulevard and then twice more to 3rd Street and 2nd Street. It eventually found its permanent home on 1st Street and Main Street.

The Mineola Post Office

Mineola's first theatre named Allen's Hall drew in many early moviegoers to see "the flickers". Motion picture success drew in other theaters to the area, the most lavish being the Century Opera House. Most theaters had a showing in the morning and in the evening, usually featuring a live pianist who kept up with the action of the movie while playing music that suited the story.

As years passed, Jericho Turnpike became the commercial "main street", farmland was sold off, and homes and offices were built. Mineola has continued to be a community of growth and development.

Mineola held its centennial celebration in 2006.

Geography

Mineola is located at 40°44′50″N 73°38′17″W / 40.747188°N 73.638088°W / 40.747188; -73.638088.[9]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 1.9 square miles (4.9 km2), all of it land.

The villages bordering Mineola are Garden City, New Hyde Park, Old Westbury, East Williston, and Williston Park. Mineola also borders the hamlets (CDP) of Herricks, Garden City Park and Carle Place.

The village gained territory between the 1990 census and the 2000 census.[10]

Climate

Climate data for Mineola, New York
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 38
(3)
40
(4)
49
(9)
58
(14)
68
(20)
78
(26)
83
(28)
81
(27)
74
(23)
63
(17)
53
(12)
43
(6)
60.67
Average low °F (°C) 25
(−4)
27
(−3)
34
(1)
41
(5)
51
(11)
60
(16)
66
(19)
64
(18)
57
(14)
47
(8)
39
(4)
30
(−1)
45.08
Precipitation inches (mm) 4.01
(101.9)
2.96
(75.2)
4.28
(108.7)
4.26
(108.2)
4.26
(108.2)
3.66
(93)
3.88
(98.6)
3.74
(95)
3.98
(101.1)
3.53
(89.7)
4
(102)
3.8
(97)
46.36
(1,177.5)
Source: The Weather Channel[11]

Demographics

As of the census[12] of 2000, there were 20,169 people, 7,473 households, and 4,954 families residing in the village. The population density was 10,337.3 people per square mile (3,992.6/km²). There were 7,650 housing units at an average density of 4,111.5 per square mile (1,588.0/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 63.1% White, 1.6% African American, 0.1% Native American, 12.3% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 4.7% from other races, and 3.7% from two or more races. 22.9% of the population is Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 7,473 households out of which 27.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.2% were married couples living together, 9.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.7% were non-families. 29.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 3.20.

In the village the population was spread out with 20.2% under the age of 18, 7.4% from 18 to 24, 34.1% from 25 to 44, 22.6% from 45 to 64, and 15.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 92.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.6 males.

The median income for a household in the village was $60,706, and the median income for a family was $71,042. Males had a median income of $47,182 versus $37,057 for females. The per capita income for the village was $28,890. About 2.6% of families and 4.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.5% of those under age 18 and 5.4% of those age 65 or over.

Government

The legislative body of the village, the board of trustees, is composed of the mayor and four trustees. Each member is elected to a two-year term. The board is charged with management of village property and finances, and may take all measures under the law for the good government of the village. The trustees may adopt a wide range of local laws to address village concerns.

They are appointed to be liaison officers to various community organizations throughout the village and report back to the board with updates at board meetings.[13]

The current trustees are:

  • Mayor Scott Strauss
  • Deputy Mayor Paul Pereira
  • Trustee George Durham
  • Trustee Paul Cusato
  • Trustee Lawrence Werther

Police force

In 2005-2006, as a result of numerous recommendations from the community that Mineola increase its police force, a Mineola Police Task Force was appointed by Mayor Jack M. Martins to evaluate the feasibility of withdrawing from the Nassau County Police Department and establishing a village police force. The Mayor indicated to the Task Force at its inception that if the feasibility study resulted in a positive report, Mineola would only have its own police department if the residents approved such through a Village-wide referendum.[14]

The village board was split 3-2 in favor of the police force with Mayor Jack Martins, Deputy Mayor Werther and Trustee Davanzo supporting it while Trustees Fargrieve and Cusato opposed it. On December 5, 2006 the measure was defeated by a 2-1 margin.[15]

Education

Mineola is mostly served by the Mineola Union Free School District, which encompasses the communities of Mineola, Garden City Park, Williston Park, Albertson, and Roslyn Heights.[1] Smaller sections of Mineola are in the East Williston, Carle Place and Garden City School Districts.

In 2005, Assistant Superintendent John Jackson was arrested for stealing money and labor from the district totaling over $90,000. He pleaded guilty and in January 2006 was sentenced to 5 years probation and 90 days in jail. Reggie Carter, former basketball player for the New York Knicks, was Assistant Principal of Mineola High School (New York) until his death in 1999.

Mineola Union Free School District Schools

  • Mineola High School (grades 8-12)
  • Mineola Middle School (grades 5 to 7)
  • Cross Street School (located in Williston Park)
  • Hampton Street School
  • Jackson Avenue School
  • Willis Avenue School
  • Meadow Drive School (located in Albertson)

Private schools

Mineola is also the location of Chaminade High School, a Catholic school with a history as an academically rigorous and highly disciplined school that has produced such graduates as Al D'Amato, U.S. Senator.[16]

Sports

Mineola was the center of amateur soccer on Long Island during the 2008/2009 season, where its only represented team, the Mineola Portuguese Soccer Club of the Mineola Portuguese Center won 4/6 championships and 1 runners-up trophy. The Long Island Soccer-Futebol League presented the MPSC with its Division 1 East Title, Division 1 Championship Title, and its Super "Cangero" Cup trophy to the Portuguese of Mineola in addition to the "Sportsmanship Trophy", which highlighted the teams lack of yellow and red cards. Additionally the Eastern New York State Soccer Association presented the MPSC with its Manning Cup Runner's Up trophy after the amateur team lost in the finals against semi-pros NYGA in Yonkers.

Notable residents

Prosecutor William Dowdell Denson examines a witness during the Dachau trial

Miscellany

  • Mineola has a central railroad station and MTA Long Island Bus hub station. Mineola has become a bedroom community for many residents who take advantage of the close proximity to NYC. Many businesses are also nearby (e.g., Canon USA).
  • Near the center of the village, Mineola Memorial Park commemorates the victims of the September 11 attacks with a monument. Mineola's own Memorial Library and private and public schools surround the park, creating a relaxing, open environment. The Memorial Tablet and surrounding paths were an Eagle Project by Troop 45 Eagle Scout Edward Kaiser.
  • Mineola is home to large Portuguese communities, and has been for years. Portuguese restaurants and businesses and the Portuguese language are a common feature throughout the neighborhood.
  • The Mineola Hotel burned down in 1966 as the result of arson. One man was killed.
  • Bill O'Reilly, political commentator, author, and host of the The O'Reilly Factor, graduated from Chaminade High School in 1967.

References

Notes
  1. ^ a b "Comprehensive Master Plan for the Village of Mineola" (pdf). http://www.mineola-ny.gov/cmp/FinalCompPlan.pdf. Retrieved 2008-10-21.  especially see page 5
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Counties/Pages/FindACounty.aspx. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "Mineola Chosen Nassau County's Seat". New York Times. 1898-11-10. http://query.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=9506EEDA1F3DE433A25753C1A9679D94699ED7CF. Retrieved 2010-06-06. 
  4. ^ "County of Nassau Elections". New York Times. 1898-09-01. http://query.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=9A02EEDE1438E433A25752C0A96F9C94699ED7CF&scp=3&sq=mineola+%22county+seat%22&st=p. Retrieved 2010-06-06. 
  5. ^ "Incorporated Village of Garden City: History". Incorporated Village of Garden City. http://www.gardencityny.net/history1.htm. Retrieved 2010-06-06. 
  6. ^ "Sites for Nassau County Buildings". New York Times. 1898-09-29. http://query.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=9F00EEDB1F3DE433A2575AC2A96F9C94699ED7CF&scp=1&sq=nassau+%22county+seat%22+garden+city&st=p. Retrieved 2010-06-06. 
  7. ^ "The History of Nassau's County Seat". rootsweb. http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~nynassa2/populationsurvey2.htm. Retrieved 2010-06-06. 
  8. ^ Fischler, Marcelle S (1998-11-15). "An Immigrant's Vision Created Garden City". The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/1998/11/15/nyregion/an-immigrant-s-vision-created-garden-city.html?pagewanted=all. Retrieved 2010-06-06. 
  9. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  10. ^ "New York: 2000 Population and Housing Unit Counts". September 2003. p. III-9. http://www.census.gov/prod/cen2000/phc-3-34.pdf. Retrieved 2010-12-22. 
  11. ^ "Monthly Averages for Mineola, New York". Weather.com. 2010. http://www.weather.com/weather/wxclimatology/monthly/USNY0926. Retrieved 2010-04-01. 
  12. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  13. ^ http://www.mineola-ny.gov/
  14. ^ http://www.mineola-ny.gov/Police%20Operational%20Report.pdf
  15. ^ http://www.newsday.com/news/local/longisland/ny-liforc1206,0,600347.story?coll=ny-top-headlines
  16. ^ Chaminade High School
  17. ^ Emmer retires as lacrosse's winningest active coach, United States Military Academy, May 27, 2005, retrieved June 1, 2010.

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