Novospassky Bridge (Russian: Новоспасский Мост) is a steel plate girder bridge that spans [Moskva River], connecting Novospassky Monastery and Paveletsky rail terminal areas in Moscow, Russia (about 3 kilometers south-east from the Kremlin). It was built in 1911, as a triple-span steel arch bridge. Reconstruction in 2000 replaced arches with a simpler plate girder structure. Note that the memorial plaque on the bridge spells its name Ново-Спасский, with dash, despite tradition and spelling rules.
Wooden bridges at the site of fortified Novospassky monastery existed since 16th century. The last wooden causeway was demolished in 1910.
In 1911, the city builds a triple span arched bridge, similar to other pre-revolutionary Moscow bridges. Spans were 40.54+46.99+40.54 meters long, 21.2 meter wide (4 lanes including two tram lines). Each span was supported by 14 arches, 3.7 meter high for middle span, 3.3 meter high for side spans. Steel deck was paved with 13 centimeter thick timbers.
In 1937-1938, the bridge was reconstructed to the design by Yu.F.Werner (structural engineering), N.B.Sokolov and Yakovlev brothers (architectural design). They raised the deck by 2.7 meters, which increased water clearance 8.6 meters high, 30 meters wide (for heavy barge traffic after completion of Moscow Canal). This also enabled separating embankment and bridge traffic in two levels (street-level throughways under main deck), total length with ramps reached 502 meters. Timber pavement was replaced with concrete and asphalt .
Reconstruction of 2000
In 2000, the bridge was rebuilt with complete replacement of deck structure. Arches were replaced with a simple steel girder set covered with orthotropic deck, 24.4 meters wide. The architects tried to mimic the old outline with fake arch-like skirts; these look inadequately lightweight and are nowhere near the original. The structure itself is lightweight, excessively vibrating when trams pass by. Build quality is questionable. As soon as 2003, the granite-clad shoreside pillars and ramps were covered with rusty spots showing fast corrosion right under the surface. According to the authors of Bridges of Moscow, reconstruction of Novospassky is the worst of its kind ever done in Moscow .
- ^ Russian: Носарев В.А., Скрябина, Т.А., "Мосты Москвы", М, "Вече", 2004, стр.66 (Bridges of Moscow, 2004, p.66) ISBN 5-9533-0183-9
- ^ Bridges of Moscow, 2004, p.67
- ^ Bridges of Moscow, 2004, p.70
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