- Judah Leon ben Moses Mosconi
Judah Leon ben Moses Mosconi (born 1328) was a Bulgarian scholar and
Talmudistborn at Ocrida. Owing to the wars which agitated Bulgariain the 14th century, Mosconi left his native country about 1360. He traveled in all the three continents of the Old World. He was in Chiosand Cyprus, in Négropont (where he became the pupil of Shemariah ben Elijah al-Iḳriṭi), in Laodicea, and later in Egypt(where he studied under Obadiah Miẓri, to whom he owed "the greatest part of his learning"). He was afterward in Morocco, in Italy, and in France. In Perpignanhe made the acquaintance of several scholars, among them Moses Narboniand David Bongoron.
Mosconi was well versed in philosophical works, both Hebrew and Arabic; but, having a predilection for metaphysics, he occupied himself particularly with
Ibn Ezra's commentary on the Pentateuch, on which he wrote a supercommentary. Most of the 30 supercommentaries on Ibn Ezra which Mosconi examined during his wanderings were, in his opinion, worthless. According to Mosconi, Ibn Ezra wrote his commentary on the Prophets and Hagiographabefore that on the Pentateuch, which he wrote 11 years before his death.
Mosconi insisted on the necessity of studying grammar; and he blamed the commentators who neglected it. In his commentary he quotes the other works of Ibn Ezra, those of
Samuel ben Hophni, Saadia's Arabic translation of the Pentateuch, Maimonides' commentary on the "Aphorisms" of Hippocrates, Averroes, and the other Arabian philosophers. Simultaneously with his supercommentary, Mosconi began to write other treatises, e.g.: "En Gedi," an explanation of certain metaphysical passages disseminated in different works; "Reaḥ Niḥoaḥ," a treatise on sacrifices; "Ṭa'ame ha-Mibṭa," on grammar—all these works being left unfinished on account of the persecutions which he underwent.
Mosconi's preface to his commentary, in which he gives this information, was published by
Abraham Berlinerin "Oẓar Ṭob" (1878, pp. 1-10). Mosconi also revised the " Yosippon" and wrote a preface to it (published by Berliner, l.c. pp. 17-23). Steinschneider("Hebr. Bibl." xiv. 90) thinks that the Moses Mosconi mentioned by Moses Bagiin his "Ohel Mosheh" as having written against the Karaite Aaron b. Elijahis identical with Judah Leon Mosconi, whose name was incorrectly given by Bagi.
Jewish Encyclopedia bibliography
Abraham Berliner, in "Magazin," iii.41-51;
Moritz Steinschneider, ib. pp. 94-100, 140-153, 190-206;
*idem, "Hebr. Bibl." xiv.90, xix.57 et seq.;
Henri Gross, "Gallia Judaica," p. 469.
* [http://www.jewishencyclopedia.com/view.jsp?artid=822&letter=M Mosconi Jewish Encyclopedia article for Judah Leon ben Moses Mosconi] , by
Herman Rosenthaland M. Seligsohn.
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