Theopompus (king of Sparta)
Theopompus was the son and successor to Nicander.
The major event of his reign was the First Messenian War, which resulted in the defeat of the
Messenians, for which, Pausanias reports, Tyrtaeuscredits Theompompus [Pausanias, tr. W.H.S. Jones and H.A. Ormerod (1918) "Description of Greece". Robert Hale Ltd., London, Book 4, VI, 5.] :
:"To our king beloved of the gods, Theopompus, through whom we took Messene with wide dancing-grounds."
Pausanias reports that Theopompus was succeeded by his grandson
Zeuxidamasor great-grandson Anaxidamus, Theopompus' son Archidamus having predeceased him [Pausanias, tr. W.H.S. Jones and H.A. Ormerod (1918) "Description of Greece". Robert Hale Ltd., London, Book 3, VII, 5-6.] , though there is some evidence that his successor was Anaxandridas I.
Plutarch, it was in Theopompus' reign that the ephorswhere introduced in Sparta.
*Pausanias, "Description of Greece"
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