Caudron G.3


Caudron G.3

Infobox Aircraft
name=G.3


caption= Caudron G.3 replica, displayed in "Museo del Aire", Cuatro Vientos, Madrid, Spain
type=Reconnaissance aircraft
manufacturer=Caudron
designer=
first flight=Late avyear|1913
introduced=avyear|1914Holmes, 2005. p 26.]
retired=
status=
primary user="Aéronautique Militaire"
more users=US Army Air Service
Finnish Air Force
Polish Air Force
produced=
number built=
unit cost=
developed from=Caudron G.2
variants with their own articles=
The Caudron G.3 was a single-engined French biplane built by Caudron, widely used in World War I as a reconnaissance aircraft and trainer. In comparison to its competitors, it had a better rate of climb and it was considered especially suitable in mountainous terrainFact|date=February 2007.

Development

The Caudron G.3 was designed by René and Gaston Caudron as a development of their earlier Caudron G.2 for military use. It first flew in May 1914 at their Le Crotoy aerodromecite book |author=Donald, David (Editor)
|title=The Encyclopedia of World Aircraft
publisher=Aerospace Publishing
year=1997
id= ISBN 1-85605-375-X
.

The aircraft had a short crew nacelle, with a single engine in the nose of the nacelle, and twin open tailbooms. It was of sesquiplane layout, and used wing warping for lateral control, although this was replaced by conventional ailerons fitted on the upper wing in late production aircraft.

Following the outbreak of the First World War, it was ordered in large quantities. The Caudron factories built 1423 aircraft (2450 total were built in France) and it was built under licence in several other countries (233 were built in England and 166 were built in Italy). The Caudron brothers did not charge a licencing fee for the design, as an act of patriotism.

Usually, the G.3 was not equipped with any weapons, although sometimes light, small calibre machine guns and some hand-released small bombs were fitted to it.

It was followed in production by the Caudron G.4, which was a twin engined development.

Operational history

The G.3 equipped Escadrille C.11 of the French Aéronautique Militaire at the outbreak of war, and was well-suited for reconnaissance use, proving tough and reliable. As the war went on however, its low performance and the fact that it was unarmed made it vulnerable in front line service, and so the French withdrew it from front line operations in mid-1916. The Italians also used the G.3 for reconnaissance on a wide scale until 1917, as did the English RFC (continuing operations until October 1917),who also fitted some with light bombs and machine guns for ground attack. It continued in use as a trainer after ceasing combat operations until after the end of the war. Caudron G.3 in Chinese hands, namely the air force of Fengtian clique warlords remained in service in training roles until the Mukden Incident, when most of them were captured by Japanese, and their eventual fate is unknown.

Versions

Most G.3s were the A.2 model, used by various airforces for fire spotting on the West front, in Russia and in the Middle East. G.3 D.2 was a two-seated trainer aircraft, equipped with dual controls and the E.2 was a basic trainer. The R.1 version, which had been developed from the basic version was used by France and by the USA for taxi training, with fabric removed from large areas of the wing to prevent its becoming airborne. The last version, the G.3.12, was equipped with a more powerful 100 hp Anzani 10 radial engine.

In Germany, Gotha built copies of the G.3 as the LD.3 and LD.4 ("Land Doppeldecker" - "Land Monoplane").

Survivors

Caudron G.3s are displayed in several museums, including at the RAF Museum Hendon, the Musée de l'Air et de l'Espace, Paris, the Royal Army and Military History Museum, Brussels and the Airspace Museum (Musal), Rio de Janeiro. One aircraft (1E.18) is currently being repaired at the Hallinportti Aviation Museum.

Operators

;ARG:;AUS:
*Mesopotamian Half Flight
*Central Flying School AFC at Point Cook, Victoria.;BEL:;China as ROC:;COL: Three aircraft only. The first military aircraft in the history of this country, flown by José Ignacio Forero.;DEN:;ESA: Three aircraft only. ;FIN: The Finnish Air Force purchased twelve aircraft from France in 1920. Six of these were built in Finland by "Santahaminan ilmailutelakka" (today a part of Patria Aviation) between 1921 - 1923. Two aircraft and spares were purchased from Flyg Aktiebolaget on April 26, 1923 (production numbers 6 and 4396) together with a Caudron G.4 for 100,000 Finnish markka. The aircraft was easy to fly and repair and thus very suitable as a trainer. The Finnish-constructed aircraft had worse flying characteristics than the French machines due to a bad wing profile. The FAF used a total of 19 Caudron G.3 aircraft, which carried the designation codes 2A.490 - 2A.495, later 1B.1 - 1B.7 and 1D.8 - 1D.12. Aircraft constructed in Finland carried designation codes 1D.12 and 1E.14 - 1E.18, and the one purchased from Flyg Aktiebolaget carried designation code 1B.19. The aircraft was called Tutankhamon in Finland. The G.3 was used by the FAF between 1920-1924.;FRA: operated by 38 "escadrilles.;GRE:;flag|Italy|1861-state:;JPN:;PER: One aircraft only.;POL:;flag|Romania|1867:;RUS:;SRB:;flagicon|Spain|1785 Kingdom of Spain: Spain purchased eighteen Caudron G.3 in June 1919. They were posted in flight schools in Getafe, Seville and Los Alcázares. These planes remained in service until they were replaced by Avro 504 K in 1924.;UK:
*Royal Flying Corps
**No. 1 Squadron RFC
**No. 4 Squadron RFC
**No. 5 Squadron RFC
**No. 19 Squadron RFC
**No. 23 Squadron RFC
**No. 25 Squadron RFC
**No. 29 Squadron RFC;USA:

pecifications (G.3)

aircraft specifications

plane or copter?=plane
jet or prop?=prop

ref=Suomen ilmavoimien lentokoneet

crew=1
capacity=
length main=6.40 m
length alt= 21 ft 0 in
span main=13.40 m
span alt= 44 ft 0 in
height main=2.50 m
height alt= 8 ft 3 in
area main=27.00 m²
area alt= 290 ft²
airfoil=
empty weight main= 420 kg
empty weight alt= 933 lb
loaded weight main= kg
loaded weight alt= lb
useful load main= kg
useful load alt= kg
max takeoff weight main=710 kg
max takeoff weight alt= 1577 lb
more general=

engine (prop)=Le Rhone C
type of prop=rotary
number of props=1
power main= 60 kW
power alt=80 hp
power original=

max speed main=106 km/h
max speed alt= 57 knots, 68 mph
cruise speed main=
cruise speed alt=
stall speed main=
stall speed alt=
never exceed speed main=
never exceed speed alt=
range main=
range alt= 4 h
ceiling main= 4300 m
ceiling alt= 14,110 ft
climb rate main=
climb rate alt=
loading main=
loading alt=
thrust/weight=
power/mass main=
power/mass alt=
more performance=

armament= One small calibre machine gun (optional) and some hand released bombs (optional)

avionics=

ee also

aircontent
related=Caudron G.4

Caudron R.4

Caudron R.11

References

*

Sources

* [http://www.airminded.net/caug3/caug3.html Caudron G3 (airminded.net)]
* [http://www.rafmuseum.org.uk/caudron-g3.htm RAF Museum]
* [http://ajbs.com/Anglais/MuseeGB/Caudron-GIII-UK-Html/Caudron-GIII-History-UK.htm]
* Kalevi Keskinen, Kyösti Partonen, Kari Stenman: "Suomen Ilmavoimat I 1918-27", 2005. ISBN 952-99432-2-9.
* Kalevi Keskinen, Kari Stenman, Klaus Niska: "Suomen ilmavoimien lentokoneet 1918-1939', Tietoteos, 1976.


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Caudron — Flugzeug 1914 Die Caudron Flugzeuggesellschaft (Aussprache [kɔˈdʁɔ̃]) (Société des avions Caudron) war ein französisches Flugzeugbauunternehmen, das 1909 von den Brüdern Gaston Caudron (1882 1915) und René Caudron (1884 1959) gegründet wurde.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Caudron 11 — Caudron R.11 Caudron R.11 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Caudron 6 — Caudron G.6 Caudron G.6 Constructeur …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Caudron 4 — Caudron G.4 Caudron G.4 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Caudron G.3 — [1914] Лётно технические характеристики • Двигатель • Авиационное артиллерийское оружие • Авиационные средства поражения • Классификаторы • Факты • Использование в иностранных ВВС • Модификации • Галерея …   Военная энциклопедия

  • Caudron G.4 — [1915] Лётно технические характеристики • Двигатель • Авиационное артиллерийское оружие • Авиационные средства поражения • Классификаторы • Факты • Использование в иностранных ВВС • Модификации • Галерея …   Военная энциклопедия

  • Caudron — Forme normande ou picarde de Chaudron, surnom donné en principe à un fabricant de chaudrons …   Noms de famille

  • caudron — /köˈdrən/ a Spenserian form of ↑cauldron …   Useful english dictionary

  • Caudron — The Caudron Airplane Company ( Société des avions Caudron ) was a French aircraft company founded in 1909 by brothers Gaston Caudron (1882 1915) and René Caudron (1884 1959). It was one of the earliest aircraft manufacturers in France and… …   Wikipedia

  • Caudron G.3 — Caudron G.3 …   Wikipédia en Français


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.