Bourne House, East Woodhay

BOURNE HOUSE, East Woodhay:

Bourne house lies at the north western tip of the parish of Widehaye; Estweydehay; Wodehay; Estwydhay; Widhay; Woodhay in the Evingar hundred, in the county of Hampshire.

Bourne house, with a then small but neat estate of 30 acres, five cottages, etc, was still described as "Bourne cottage" when it was sold to divine and writer Philip Antoine de Teissier (1819-1891) in 1872.Whether cottage ornée, 17 hearth villa, or today’s dacha, back in 1853, a notice advertising its impending sale by auction in "The Times" of 1 March 1853 (page 12, column e) called it thus :

‘...a very valuable FREEHOLD ESTATE: comprising a compact gentleman’s residence, called BOURNE COTTAGE, with excellent yard, garden, barn, stable, and orchard..…bounded on the north by a beautiful stream*, … situate in a most desirable and highly respectable neighbourhood, and together forms a very pretty estate…The scenery around is very extensive and picturesque...’
(* trout stream = the River Auborn, Enn or Enborne).

The Rev. Philip Antoine de Teissier was the third son of James (first Baron) de Teissier (1794-1868), of Woodcote Park, Epsom, Surrey, who had been created a Baron of France by the French King Louis XVIII on 4th December 1819:::'‘in consideration for the kindness shown by his father [Lewis, a merchant of London] during the French Revolution to French subjects, and in acknowledgement of the loyalty of the head of the family Jean Antoine (de Teissier) 3rd Baron of Marquerittas who was guillotined 20 May 1794'’.

The De Teissiers had the house from 1872 to 1910.

After Corpus Christi College, Oxford (matric. 1837), Philip de Teissier held about 12 curacies between 1842 and 1871.He wrote five books including "Voices of the Dead" (London, 1875) and "Sermons upon the Lord’s Supper" (London, 1878).In 1891 Philip de Teissier, (by then third Baron de Teissier) died unmarried and childless at the Westminster Palace Hotel, London, leaving effects valued at £57,170.The house passed to his brother General (Henry) Price (fourth Baron) de Teissier (1820-1895), described as ‘of Fetcham-grove, Leatherhead’, and then of both of ‘Fetcham-grove and Bourne-house’.General Baron de Teissier is unlikely to have used it much in the four years before he died and it then passed to his son, Henry (fifth) Baron de Teissier (1862-1931). This later Henry also does not appear to have occupied. He lived in various parts of London. In 1904, for example, he was at 27, Prince’s Gardens, Kensington. He sold Bourne House in 1910. Sir Ernest Wills, third Bart., (1869-1958), of the Bristol tobacco firm W. D. & H. O. Wills, had the house for three and a half years, 1920-1923, after the First World War just before and after he inherited his baronetcy and another house on the comparatively early death of his brother in October 1921. Up to 1920 he had lived at Ramsbury manor, Wiltshire. He died in 1958, effects valued at £766,556.Bourne House would have been a convenient short term home for such a keen breeder of racehorses, follower of the Craven and Tedworth hounds and player of tennis. In 1920 he already had Meggernie Castle, Glenlyon, Perthshire, Scotland, and went on to possess the convert|8000|acre|km2|sing=on Littlecote estate near Hungerford (leased from 1922, freehold from 1929). A director of Imperial Tobacco, he was the last of his family to be directly involved in the business.

John William Douglas had the house for five years from 1923 to 1928. His most obvious legacy were the brass labels for the keys to the outbuildings, which suggests that he therefore at the same time may have sorted everything else out. The bell board was probably his.

Irish Peer, Sir Arthur Southwell, seventh Bart., the fifth Viscount Southwell (1872-1944) and his family had it for 17 years from 1929 to 1946. Southwell was in the Royal Monmouthshire Engineers Militia, the Shropshire Yeomanry and was a Lt. Colonel in the Machine Gun Corps. During WW2 Southwell lead the local A.R.P., the dining-room at Bourne house was therefore used as the control room. They were probably responsible for the south front bay window extensions.He married Dorothy Walrond in 1897. She, who died in 1952, was the daughter of the first Lord Waleran. She created a Japanese garden, some plants and the rockery of which were extant in 2006.
right|thumb|150px|">"Fane De Salis".Residents: 1946-2006

Then the 1946 sale particulars described it as a :

‘...Particularly Attractive Country Residence…Ten bedrooms, Four Bathrooms, Domestic Offices,... Main Electric Light, Telephone... The Residence is of moderate size, fitted with modern conveniences and easily run ... Two loose Boxes, Harness Room with loft over, Cowhouse for two Cows, Four dog kennels, Men’s E.C., Potting Shed, Apple Store ... Excellent Sporting and Residential neighbourhood’

Main local events:
*1818: enclosures
*1847: Newbury station on the Berks and Hants Railway, aka, Great Western Railway, Hungerford Branch, opens.
*1850: separate ecclesiastical parish of Woolton Hill formed.
*1882: Line Newbury to Didcot opens.
*1885: Woodhay station (one mile away) on the Didcot, Newbury and Southampton Railway opens (closes 1960).
*1946: The first Heathrow Airport departure, January.
*1972: M4 reaches junction 13.
*1985: Vodafone was launched, January 1.
*1998: Second Newbury bypass opens (part of the A34, Preston to Winchester Trunk Road).


*R. de Salis, "Cottage to House, the dewellers of Bourne House", 2005.
*Victoria County History of Hampshire (VCH), ed. William Page, vol. 4, Constable, London, 1911, p. 39.

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