official_name = Sarnia, Ontario
motto = "Sarnia Semper" (
Latinfor "Sarnia Always")
dot_mapsize = 250px
dot_map_caption = Location of PAGENAME
dot_x = 158 |dot_y = 216
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_type1 = Province
subdivision_type2 = County
subdivision_name2 = Lambton
leader_title = City Mayor
leader_name = Mike Bradley
leader_title1 = Governing Body
Sarnia City Council
leader_title2 = MPs
leader_title3 = MPPs
leader_name3 = Bob Bailey (OPC)
established_title = Established
established_date = as The Rapids
established_title2 = Renamed
established_date2 = Port Sarnia in 1836
area_total_km2 = 164.63
area_total_sq_mi = 63.6
population_as_of = 2006
population_total = 71419
population_density_km2 = 433.8
population_density_sq_mi = 1123.5
population_metro = 88793
population_density_metro_km2 = 111
timezone = Eastern (EST)
utc_offset = -5
timezone_DST = EDT
utc_offset_DST = -4
latd=42 |latm=58 |lats= |latNS=N
longd=82 |longm=22 |longs= |longEW=W
elevation_m = 191
elevation_ft = 627
postal_code_type = Postal code span
postal_code = N7S, N7T
website = [http://www.sarnia.ca/ City of Sarnia website]
Alt. Website = [http://www.forsaleinsarnia.cm/ Sarnia Classifieds website]
Sarnia is a
cityin Southwestern Ontario, Canada(city population 71,419, census area population 88,793, in 2006). It is the largest city on Lake Huronand is located where the three upper Great Lakesempty into the St. Clair River.
The city's natural harbour first attracted the French explorer La Salle, who named the site "The Rapids". The name "Sarnia" was the Latin name for
Guernseyin the Channel Islandsjust off the coast of Normandy, France. The Sarnia port is still an important centre for lake freighters and "salties" carrying cargos of grain and petroleumproducts. It is the largest community in Lambton County.
The aforementioned natural port and the salt caverns that exist in the surrounding areas, coupled with the oil discovered in nearby Oil Springs lead to the massive growth of the petroleum industry in this area. Since Oil Springs was the first place in North America to commercially drill for oil, the knowledge that was acquired there and strengthened in Sarnia led to Sarnians traveling the world teaching other nations how to drill for oil. What is now known as the Chemical Valley, located down river of Sarnia proper, once adorned the back of the Canadian ten dollar bill.
Sarnia was once the kissing capital of the world, but the
Chilean capital, Santiago ousted Sarnia in 2003. On February 14, 2004, the Filipino capital of Manilaclaimed the title and is now the official kissing capital of the world.Fact|date=January 2008
Since 1938, Sarnia has been the Canadian side of one of busiest U.S.–Canada border crossings. The
Blue Water Bridge(also known as the "Sarnia Bridge") links Sarnia's neighbouring village Point Edward to the city of Port Huron, Michigan.
From "The Rapids" to "Port Sarnia" to "Sarnia", the city has undergone many changes—from an Indian hunting ground to an up-and-coming settlement and an industrial centre. In 1812, Sir John Colborne was appointed Governor of the
Isle of Guernsey, one of the Channel Islands. In 1829, the area and Townships of Sarnia and Moore were surveyed by Boswell Mount, and named by Sir John Colborne.
Previously thought to be the Roman name for the Isle of Guernsey, it has now been found that the name Sarnia has a Celtic origin.
In 1835, Colborne paid his first visit to what is now the city of Sarnia, then known as "The Rapids". Previous to his visit, the villagers had decided that a change of name was necessary, but found it impossible to agree on a new name. The English settlers favoured the name "Buenos Aires" and the Scottish, "New Glasgow". To break the deadlock, Sir John Colborne suggested "Port Sarnia" and on
January 4, 1836, the name was formally adopted by a vote of 26 to 16.
A year previous to the adoption of the name Port Sarnia, the village was composed of 44 taxpayers, 9 frame houses, 4 log houses, 2 brick dwellings, 2 taverns and 3 stores. An Act to incorporate the Town of Sarnia was assented to on
June 19, 1856. The name Port Sarnia was officially changed to "The Town of Sarnia" effective January 1, 1857. The population of the Town was mentioned in the Act at upwards of 1,000 inhabitants and there were three wards.
An Act to Incorporate the City of Sarnia was assented to on
April 20, 1914. The name Town of Sarnia would be officially changed to "The Corporation of the City of Sarnia" effective May 7, 1914. This day was marked by the visit of Canada’s Governor General, H.R.H. the Duke of Connaught, and his daughter Princess Patricia. It was also on this day that Sarnia adopted the title of "The Imperial City". The population of the City was mentioned at 10,985 in the Act, and there were six wards.
January 1, 1991, The Corporation of the City of Sarnia and the Corporation of the Town of Clearwater (formerly the Township of Sarnia) officially became "The Corporation of the City of Sarnia-Clearwater". The new city would consist of four wards.
January 1, 1992, the name of The Corporation of the City of Sarnia-Clearwater was changed to "The Corporation of the City of Sarnia".
Early in the 1830s, the first settlers arrived in the Sarnia area and established a community known as "The Rapids". In 1836, the name "Port Sarnia" was adopted, and the community grew steadily over the years being incorporated as a town in 1856 and, finally, as the "City of Sarnia" on
May 7, 1914. For many years Alexander Mackenzie was an editor of the Sarnia Observer. He had set off to Sarnia during the year of 1845, when he had met a lord's daughter and set up a buisness. He had died in 1892, Aged 70, from a stroke related to a fall. He was buried in Sarnia, having died in Toronto.
The City of Sarnia and the neighbouring Town of Clearwater amalgamated on
January 1, 1991, to become the "City of Sarnia-Clearwater". The new community has a population of 70,000 and a total land area of 44,000 acres (180 km²).
January 1, 1992, the name became "City of Sarnia."
The early growth of Sarnia was stimulated by the wealth of adjoining stands of timber, by the discovery of oil nearby and by the arrival of The Great Western Railway in 1858 and the Grand Trunk Railway in 1859. These rail lines were later linked directly to the United States by the opening of a rail tunnel under the St. Clair River at Sarnia in 1889. A convenient link for vehicular traffic was provided when the Bluewater Bridge was opened in 1938.
Sarnia became a prominent deep water port during the 1920s when many of the shipping facilities that exist today were constructed, including the winter harbour, the elevator slip and the large grain elevators.
While there had been a petroleum industry in the Sarnia area since the mid-1800s, the establishment of the Polymer Corporation in 1942 to manufacture synthetic rubber during World War II was the first step in establishing Sarnia as a major petrochemical centre.
The city includes the neighbourhoods of Blackwell, Brights Grove, Bunyan, Fourth Line, Froomfield, Lucasville, Mandaumin, Mitton Village, Robertsville, Sherwood Village, Whiltshire, Twin Lakes and Vyner.
The climate of Sarnia is considered a mild climate for Canadian standards. Winters are mild to cold and summers are warm to hot/humid. Lake Huron can create large temperature differences within the city in spring and early summer. Humidex readings can be quite high at times from late May to late September. Thunderstorms can become quite severe from April to September. The area enjoys a longer growing season than cities at similar latitudes, such as
London, Ontario; Madison, Wisconsin; or Lansing, Michigandue to the lake influence. The mild climate of Sarnia is one of the reasons that Sarnia has attracted retirees.
The growth of the city received a major boost when North America's first jay discovery was made at nearby Oil Springs, Ontario in the 1850s. In 1938, the
Blue Water Bridgewas built to join Sarnia with Port Huron, Michigan; in 1997, the bridge was twinned. Today linking Ontario Highway 402 with the US I-94 and I-69, the bridge is one of the most important gateways on the north/south truck routes. This bridge to the United Stateshad been preceded by the construction of the St. Clair tunnelin 1891—the first rail tunnel ever to pass under a river. The tunnel was an engineering marvel in its day, achieved through the development of original techniques for excavating in a compressed air environment.
World War IIthreatened tropical sources of natural latexfor rubber, Sarnia was selected as the site to spearhead development of synthetic petroleum-based rubbers for warmaterials, and Polymer corporationwas built by Dow Chemicalat the request of the Government of Canada[cite book |last=Brandt |first=E.N.|authorlink= |coauthors= |title=Growth Company: Dow Chemical's First Century |year=1997 |publisher=Michigan State University Press |location=East Lansing, MI |isbn=0-87013-426-4 ] . Large pipelines bring Albertaoil to Sarnia, where oil refining and petrochemical production have become mainstays of the city's economy. Shell Canada, Imperial Oil, and Suncor Energy( Sunoco) operate refineries in Sarnia. Large saltbeds found under the city became a source of chlorineand another significant ingredient in the success of the "Chemical Valley". Chemical companies operating in Sarnia include NOVA Chemicals, Bayer(LANXESS and H.C. Starck), Imperial Oil, Dow Chemical, Royal Group Technologies, Cabot Corporationand Ethyl Corporation. Dow has announced plans to leave the area permantly by the end of 2008 [http://news.dow.com/dow_news/corporate/2006/20060831g.htm] .
While industry expanded south along the St. Clair, Sarnia's population tended to move out eastward along the Lake Huron shoreline. The sandy
fresh waterbeaches are a popular tourist attraction, while the sheltered harbour houses marinas for recreational sailing. Since 1925, the 250-mile (400 km) Mackinac race from Sarnia/Port Huron to Mackinac Island, at the north end of the lake, has been the highlight of the sailing season, drawing more than 3000 sailors each year.
Portions of several films have been shot in Sarnia. Scenes from the 1994 film "Renaissance Man" and the 2000 film "
Bless the Child" were both filmed at the Blue Water Bridge.
Michael Moorefilmed segments of his documentary " Bowling for Columbine" in Sarnia. He interviewed residents outside the local Taco Bell, the plaza beside it, the Famous Players' Lambton 9 movie theaterand at a gun show in nearby Point Edward. In the summer of 2004 Sarnia mayor Mike Bradley (who was also interviewed in the film), offered to name Moore an honorary citizen of Sarnia. In his 2007 film " Sicko", Michael Moore returned to Sarnia to film and interview his relatives at Searsand in the Marina restaurant at the former St. Clair Parkway site.
title=Filmmaker Moore targeted over election remarks|accessdate = 2007-02-25
author=CTV.ca News Staff
title=Michael Moore broke election law, alleges young Tory
accessdate = 2007-02-25
Sarnia City Council consists of nine elected members, including the Mayor, four City and County Council members, and four City Council members.
City and County Council members are elected to serve on both the City of Sarnia and Lambton County Councils, along with the Mayor. City Councillors serve on City Council only.
All Council members are elected for 4 year terms (as of November 2006 elections).
The current Mayor, Mike Bradley, has held the position since 1988 and is the longest serving person in this position. He was subsequently elected in 1991, 1994, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2006.
Lambton Kent District School Boardis responsible for the 13 elementary and 5 secondary public schools ( [http://northern.lkdsb.net/ Northern Collegiate Institute & Vocational School (N.C.I.V.S.)] , [http://amss.lkdsb.net/ Alexander MacKenzie Secondary School] , [http://scits.lkdsb.net/ Sarnia Collegiate Institute & Technical School (S.C.I.T.S.)] , [http://lccvi.lkdsb.net/ Lambton Central Collegiate & Vocational Institute (L.C.C.V.I.)] , and [http://scss.lkdsb.net/ St. Clair Secondary School] ) located within Sarnia's boundaries. The St. Clair Catholic District School Boardis responsible for the city's 7 elementary and 2 secondary Catholic schools ( [http://www.stchris.ca/ St. Christopher's] and [http://www.st-clair.net/schools/patrick/ St. Patrick's] ). Both boards also provide French immersion education. The French Catholic School Board—the Conseil scolaire de district des écoles catholiques de Sud-Ouest, Saint-Francois-Xavier and Saint Thomas d'Aquin represents the two French Catholic schools in the city. As well as two French public schools from the Conseil Scolaire de District du Centre Sud-Ouest (CSDCSO) with its elementary school, École Les Rapides and secondary school, École Secondaire Franco-Jeunesse. Franco-Jeunesse is located in the Northern high-school.
There are also 3 independent Christian elementary schools in Sarnia: [http://www.sarniachristian.com Sarnia Christian School] , [http://www.templebaptist.com/tca/ Temple Christian Academy] , and [http://www.lighthouse.ws Bluewater Lighthouse Christian Academy] . A new Christian highschool, [http://www.patmoscollege.ca Patmos College] will open in September 2007.
Lambton Collegeis one of Ontario's 21 Colleges of Applied Arts and Technology. It has a full time enrollment of 2,500 and a part-time enrollment of about 8,000. It is the city's only post-secondary school.
In 2005 The
University of Western Ontarioopened a Research and Development Park in Sarnia to work on a variety of research innovations.
People connected with Sarnia
Famous people from Sarnia include:
Richard Beland, photographer
Andy Brandt, former city alderman and mayor, former head of the Ontario Progressive Conservative party, and former chairman and CEO of the LCBO
Shawn Burr, NHL hockeyplayer who played 878 career games and finished with 181 goals and 440 points
Jim Chevalier, Juno Award-winning musician
*David Chilton, author of "
The Wealthy Barber"
Dino Ciccarelli, NHL hockeyplayer who played 1232 career games, scored 608 goals and is eligible for the Hockey Hall of Fame
Susan Clark, actress
Jack Dennahower, Environment Canada meteorologist
James Doohan, actor, "Scotty" on " Star Trek", attended [http://scits.lkdsb.net/ Sarnia Collegiate Institute & Technical School (S.C.I.T.S.)]
Graig Earle, Juno-nominated and Danish Music Award-winning jazz bassist
Marian Engel, author
Lance Evers, professional wrestler known as Lance Storm
Kerry Fraser, NHL referee
Ted Garvin, NHLand AHL coach winner of the Turner Cup
Mike Gardiner, MLB baseballplayer with the Seattle Mariners, Boston Red Sox, Montreal Expos, and the Detroit Tigers.
*Amanda Grennan(Junior Dragster Champion)
David Greene, CSC, filmmaker and cinematographer, winner of Genie, Gemini and American Spirit Award
Chris Hadfield, astronautfor whom Sarnia's airport is named. He was the first Canadian to walk in space.
*Peter Henderson, veteran radio personality
Sunny LeoneModel and actress in the adult entertainment industry.
Alexander Mackenzie, the second Prime Minister of Canadafor whom one of Sarnia's high schools is named, is buried in Sarnia's Lakeview Cemetery. Cite web
url = http://www.lakeviewcemetery.ca/default.asp?q=searchdetails&autoid=1584
title = Lakeview Cemetery & Crematorium Burial Database
accessdate = 2006-11-28 ] Cite web
url = http://www.biographi.ca/009004-119.01-e.php?&id_nbr=6252
title = Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online: Mackenzie, Alexander
accessdate = 2006-11-28 ]
*Dave Madden, actor; Reuben Kincaid from "
The Partridge Family"
Cameron Mathison, " All My Children" actor
Pauline Mills McGibbon, 22nd Lieutenant Governor of Ontario
Tony McKegney, NHL hockeyplayer who scored 20 or more goals in 8 seasons of his 900+ game career
Wayne Merrick, NHL hockeyplayer who played 774 career games
Kim Mitchell, rock musician
Steve Molitor, boxer, International Boxing Federation (IBF) super bantamweight champion
Harry Neale, CBC hockey commentator
George Andrew Olah, winner of 1994 Nobel Prizefor chemistry
Marie Prevost, actress
Patricia Rozema, film director
Norman "Red" Ryan, notorious criminal, who died in a liquor store robbery in Sarnia on May 23, 1936
R. Murray Schafer, composer
Mike Stapleton, former NHL player and son of Pat Stapleton
Pat Stapleton, former NHL player and current owner of the Strathroy RocketsJunior 'B" hockey Team.
Mike Stevens, legendary harmonica virtuoso, regular on the " Grand Ole Opry"
Keegan Connor Tracy, actress, born Tracy Armstrong
Pat Verbeek, NHL hockeyplayer
Mike Weir, PGA Tour golfer, winner of the 2003 Masters
John Wing, Jr., comedian and frequent " Tonight Show with Jay Leno" guest
* 1070 AM—CHOK, country/news/sports
* 90.3 FM—CBEG,
CBC Radio One
* 99.9 FM—CFGX,
* 101.5 FM—License-Exempt rebroadcaster of CHOK at
Sarnia Sports and Entertainment Centre
* 103.3 FM—CKTI-1, rebroadcaster of
First Nationscommunity station from Kettle Point
* 103.9 FM—CHOK-1 (rebroadcaster of CHOK AM)
* 106.3 FM—CHKS,
Sarnia does not have any originating television stations of its own, although the city does have
rebroadcasters of several television stations originating in other markets, as well as being able to directly receive stations from Windsor, Detroit and London.
* Cable channel 3 / UHF channel 29—CIII-29, Global
* Cable channel 8 / UHF channel 68—CBLFT-17, Radio-Canada
* Cable channel 13 / UHF channel 42—CKCO-3, CTV (maintains an office in Sarnia, and a permanent reporter, Rick Smith)
* Cable channel 17 / UHF channel 51—CHCH-2, E!
* Cable channel 18 / UHF channel 34—CBLN-2, CBC
As in all Canadian cities, Sarnia has a
community channel, TV Cogeco, on Cogeco Cable.
The city's main daily newspaper is the "
Sarnia Observer", owned by Osprey Media. The community publications "Sarnia This Week", "Lambton County Smart Shopper" and "Business Trends" are owned by Bowes Publishing. The monthly business oriented newspaper "First Monday" is owned by Huron Web Printing and Graphics.
Sarnia's only lifestyle magazine, [http://www.livingmagonline.com/ LIVING] , is owned by iMedia Worldwide Inc.
Environment Canada's local weather recording can be heard by phoning (519) 464-5121. Environment Canada also has a 24 hour broadcast that can be heard over Weather Radios and many two-way radios and scanners.
Sarnia Transitprovides public transportation within the City of Sarnia. This includes conventional bus transit; transportation of people with disabilities (Care-A-Van) ; transportation support for major events; charter services.
Sarnia is also served by private cab companies,
Canadian Red Crossand Lambton Elderly Outreach.
During the Christmas season, the city of Sarnia hosts the annual Celebration of Lights in Centennial Park. It was originally run by Centre by the Bay and Telus, however, both organizations are no longer affiliated with the event. As of 2006, The St. Clair Parkway has been shut down and is no longer involved with the event either. Rogers Communications now helps with sponsorship.
Sarnia Bayfest, which began in 1995 as "Festival by the Bay", is an annual concert festival that featured rock bands, typically during the third weekend of July. The festival has included big name acts such as Bon Jovi, The Black Crowes, Motley Crue, Kid Rock, Aerosmith, Def Leppard, Our Lady Peace, David Lee Roth, The Foo Fighters, The Guess Who, Blink 182, Sum 41, ZZ Top, Collective Soul, among many others. Bayfest has since added Country and Westernacts as it headlined Gretchen Wilson, Keith Urbanand Brooks and Dunnwith great success.
Sarnia is home to the
Sarnia Sting, an Ontario Hockey Leagueteam. Dino Ciccarelli, a former NHL player, is a part owner of the team.
1996 Population: 72,738
2001 Population: 70,876
2006 Population: 71,419
According to the 2006
*% Change (2001-2006): +0.8%
*Median Age: (not yet published)
*Median Income (persons over 15): (not yet published)
*Density (persons per km²): 433.8
*Area (km²): 164.63
* [http://www.city.sarnia.on.ca Corporation of the City of Sarnia official web site]
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