Global War on Terrorism Service Medal
Infobox Military Award
name=Global War on Terrorism Service Medal
caption=The Global War on Terrorism Service Medal
for= Direct support in service to the Global War on Terrorism.
established=March 12, 2003
Global War on Terrorism Expeditionary Medal
Korea Defense Service Medal
National Defense Service Medal
caption2=Ribbon bar & Streamer
The Global War on Terrorism Service Medal is a military decoration of the
United States militarywhich was created by Executive Order 13289 of President George W. Bushon 12 March, 2003. The decoration recognizes those military service members who have performed service in the War on Terrorismfrom September 11, 2001to a date to be determined.
To be awarded the Global War on Terrorism Service Medal, a military service member must perform duty in a designated anti-terrorism operation for a period of either 30 consecutive or 60 non-consecutive days of duty. For those who were engaged in combat, killed, or wounded in the line of the duty the time requirement is waived.
The medal is also awarded to personnel who perform support duty of an anti-terrorism operation but do not directly participate. The phrase "support" is defined as any administrative, logistics, planning, operational, technical, or readiness activity which provides support to an operation of the Global War on Terrorism. As of
2005, this blanket term has effectively awarded the Global War on Terrorism Service Medal to most personnel of the United States armed forces who performed service after September of 2001.
The initial authorized operation for the Global War on Terrorism Service Medal was the so called "
AirportSecurity Operation" which occurred between September 27 2001and May 31 2002. Additional operations, for which the Global War on Terrorism Service Medal is authorized, include the active military campaigns of Operation Enduring Freedom, Operation Noble Eagle, and Operation Iraqi Freedom. Future operations are at the discretion of United States component commanders upon approval from the United States Department of Defense.
A similar decoration, known as the
Global War on Terrorism Expeditionary Medal, also was created under the same Presidential Order that authorized the GWOT Service Medal. The primary difference between the two awards is that the service medal is intended for those who performed duty within the United States while the expeditionary medal recognizes those who were deployed to foreign countries.
For those participating in multiple operations, both the GWOT Service and GWOT Expeditionary Medal may be authorized, however both medals cannot be bestowed for service in a single operation. In addition, the Global War on Terrorism Expeditionary Medal may not be awarded, in lieu of the service medal, if duty was performed within the United States and not in an overseas deployed status.
ervice and battle stars
Only one award of this medal may be authorized for any individual; therefore, no
service stars are prescribed. Although qualifying circumstances would be extremely rare, battle stars may be applicable for personnel who were engaged in actual combat against the enemy involving grave danger of death or serious bodily injury. Only a Combatant Command can initiate a request for a battle star. This request will contain the specific unit(s) or individual(s) engaged in actual combat, the duration for which combat was sustained, and a detailed description of the actions against the enemy. The Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staffis the approving authority for the specific battle stars.
* [http://edocket.access.gpo.gov/2003/pdf/03-6445.pdf Executive Order 13289: Establishing the Global War on Terrorism Medals] (PDF)
* [http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2003/03/20030312-6.html White House press release]
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