The Oppian Hill,
a hill of Rome
In Latin / Italian Oppius mons /
Rione Esquilino People Oppius
The Oppian Hill (Latin, Oppius Mons; Italian: Colle Oppio) is the southern spur of the Esquiline Hill (Varro, LL V.50), one of the famous Seven Hills of Rome. It is separated from the Cispius on the north by the valley of the Subura, and from the Caelian Hill on the south by the valley of the Colosseum. The Oppius and the Cispius together form the Esquiline plateau just inside the line of the Servian Wall.
In the divisions of the Septimontium (seven hills – Fest. 341, 348) Fagutal appears as an independent locality, from which we can infer that originally "Oppius" was strictly applied to this spur except the western end (HJ 254–257; Mon. L. XV.782–785). The northern tip of this western end was also called Carinae, which extended between the Velian Hill and the Clivus Pullius, looked out to the southwest (across the swamps of the Palus Ceroliae towards the Aventine), incorporated the Fagutal and was one of ancient Rome's most exclusive neighborhoods.
At least for religious purposes the name Oppius continued in use to the end of the republic (CIL i2.1003 = vi.32455 — for this inscription, which mentions the Montani montis Oppi, cf. also Pagus Montanus; BC 1887, 156; Mitt. 1889, 278; DE II.2159‑61); no later instance has been found.
According to Varro (Fest. 348) its name derives from Oppius, a citizen of Tusculum who came to the Romans' assistance during Tullus Hostilius's siege of Veii. However, the word's true etymology is obscure. It may possibly be that of a clan that lived in this area (Jord. I.1.183–188) – it is noteworthy that it is a gens name of plebeian status. Detlefsen's conjecture (Bull. d. Inst. 1861, 18) that Oppius is derived from Oppidus was revived by Pinza (Mon. L. XV.782), who regards the name as comparatively late.
- Seven hills of Rome
- Aventine Hill (Aventino)
- Caelian Hill (Celio)
- Capitoline Hill (Capitolino)
- Cispian Hill (Cispio)
- Esquiline Hill (Esquilino)
- Janiculum Hill (Gianicolo)
- Monte Mario
- Palatine Hill (Palatino)
- Pincian Hill (Pincio)
- Quirinal Hill (Quirinale)
- Vatican Hill (Vaticano)
- Velian Hill (Velia)
- Viminal Hill (Viminale)
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Oppian — or Oppianus (Greek: Ὀππιανός) was the name of the authors of two (or three) didactic poems in Greek hexameters, formerly identified, but now generally regarded as two different persons: Oppian of Corycus (or Anazarbus) in… … Wikipedia
Palatine Hill — This article covers a subject of Ancient Rome The Palatine Hill, one of the seven hills of Rome … Wikipedia
Caelian Hill — The Caelian Hill, one of the seven hills of Rome In Latin / Italian Mons Caelius / Celio Rione Celio Buildings Baths of Caracalla, Villa Celimontana Churches Santi Giovanni e Paolo, S … Wikipedia
Esquiline Hill — Infobox Hill of Rome name =Esquiline Hill Latin name =collis Esquilinus Italian name =Esquilino rione =Esquilino buildings =Temple of Minerva Medica, Domus Aurea, baths of Trajan churches = palazzi = people = events = religion =Temple of Minerva… … Wikipedia
Velian Hill — Infobox Hill of Rome 2 name =Velian Hill Latin name =Velia Italian name =Velio rione =Monti buildings =Arch of Titus, Sepulcretum, domus Valeriorum palazzi = churches = people = events = religion =temple of the Penates mythology = sculptures… … Wikipedia
14 regions of Augustan Rome — See Regio (disambiguation) for other meanings. Augustus in 7 B.C. administratively divided Rome into 14 regions (Latin, regiones ).At the beginning these regions were referred to only by number; later they received names as well. Regions were… … Wikipedia
Baths of Trajan — The Baths of Trajan, begun in AD 104 and dedicated during the Kalends of July in 109, were a massive Roman bathing and leisure complex, built in Rome. Commissioned by Emperor Trajan, the complex of baths occupied space on the southern side of the … Wikipedia
Golden House of Nero — ▪ palace, Rome, Italy Latin Domus Aurea palace in ancient Rome that was constructed by the emperor Nero between AD 65 and 68, after the great fire of 64 (an occasion the emperor used to expropriate an area of more than 200 acres [81… … Universalium
Janiculum — The Janiculum Hill, a hill of Rome In Latin / Italian Janiculum / Gianicolo Rione Trastevere Buildings Academia de España in Rome, American Academy in Rome, Acqua Paola, Water Mill (site) Churches San Pietro in … Wikipedia
Seven hills of Rome — For the film starring Mario Lanza, see Seven Hills of Rome (film). Schematic map of Rome showing the seven hills The Seven Hills of Rome (Italian: Sette colli di Roma) east of the river Tiber form the geographical heart of Rome, within the walls… … Wikipedia