A Field Army, usually referred to simply as an Army, is a term used by many national
militaryforces for a formation superior to a corpsand beneath an army group. Sometimes, we can name it Area Army, such as: the nihongo| Japanese First Area Army|第1方面軍|Dai-ichi hōmengun. A Field Army is composed of a headquarters, and usually controls at least two corps, beneath which are a variable number of divisions. A battle is influenced at the Field Army level by transferring divisions and reinforcements from one corps to another to increase the pressure on the enemy at a critical point. Armies are controlled by a Generalor Lieutenant General.
A particular army can be named or numbered to distinguish it from military land forces in general. For example, the
First United States Armyand the Army of Northern Virginia. In the British Armyand United States Army, it is normal to spell out the ordinal number of an army (e.g. First Army), whereas corps use Roman numerals (e.g. III Corps) and lower formations use figures (e.g. 1st Division).
Armies (as well as
army groups and theaters) are large formations which vary significantly between armed forces in size, composition, and scope of responsibility.
In the Soviet
Red Armyand the Soviet Air Force, "Armies" were actually corps-sized formations, subordinate to an Army Group-sized "front" in wartime. In peacetime, a Soviet army was usually subordinate to a military district.
Air Armies are an equivalent formation, in some
Sixth United States Army.] The distinguishing flag of a United States army is bicoloured, white over red, measuring 91.4 centemetres (36 inches) hoist by 121.9 centemetres (48 inches) fly, with gold fringe. In the center is a rendering of the army's shoulder-sleeve insignia, measuring 38.1 centemetres (15 inches) in height. [Paragraph 5-11, Army Regulation 840-10.]
For the hierarchy of land forces organizations, see
List of armies
List of armies by country
List of armies by number
List of countries by size of armed forces
List of countries by number of active troops
List of countries by number of total troops
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