Sixtus of Siena

Sixtus of Siena or Sixtus Senensis (1520 - 1569), a converted Jew, followed a Franciscan course of study and became a Roman Catholic theologian. Though he was convicted of heresy he was saved by a Dominican inquisitor, the future Pope Pius V, who repealed the condemnation when Sixtus recanted and pledged to transfer to the Dominican Order instead. He is considered one of the two outstanding Dominican scholars of his generation. [The other being Santes Pagnino (Benedict Ashley, "History of the Dominican Order").] He had as a master Lancelotto Politi, some of whose writings he later publicly criticised.

Sixtus coined the term "deuterocanonical" to describe certain books of the Old Testament that had not been accepted as canonical but which appeared in the Septuagint, and the definer for the Roman Catholics of the terms "protocanonical" and the ancient term "apocryphal".

His work "Bibliotheca sancta ex præcipuis Catholicæ Ecclesiæ auctoribus collecta" ["Sacred library collected from the precepts of the authorities of the Catholic Church".] (Venice 1566) treats the sacred writers and their works, the best manner of translating and explaining Holy Writ, and gives a copious list of Biblical interpreters, in eight books. It was the first of the genre of encyclopedic teaching repertories of dogma and Church tradition issued in the wake of the Council of Trent.

Notes

Further reading

*John Warwick Montgomery, 1963. "Sixtus of Siena and Roman Catholic Biblical Scholarship", "Archiv für Reformationsgeschichte" 54 p 214ff.
*Fernando Dominguez, "Sixtus von Siena", in: "Lexikon für Theologie und Kirche" 3 IX, 647.

External links

*http://www.ofmconvmalta.org/interconv/culture/schol.htm "Franciscan scholars": Sixtus of Siena]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • SIXTUS OF SIENA — (1520–1569), Italian convert and anti Jewish polemist. Sixtus was born in Siena. Shortly after his conversion he entered the Franciscan order and devoted himself to the study of the Bible. After a short while, he was charged with heresy and… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Sixtus — was a Roman name, a corruption of the Greek name polytonic|Ξυστος, meaning polished, and originally Latinized Xystus. It is not to be confused with the common Roman name Sextus, meaning sixth, though not necessarily denoting a sixth child.… …   Wikipedia

  • Sixtus V. — Sixtus V. Sixtus V. (* 13. Dezember 1521 in Grottammare, Marken; † 27. August 1590 in Rom), bürgerlicher Name Felice Peretti di Montalto, war von 1585 bis 1590 Papst der katholischen Kirche …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sixtus V —     Pope Sixtus V     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope Sixtus V     (FELICE PERETTI).     Born at Grottamare near Montalto, 13 December, 1521; elected 24 April, 1585; crowned 1 May, 1585; died in the Quirinal, 27 August, 1590. He belonged to a… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Sixtus IV —     Pope Sixtus IV     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope Sixtus IV     (FRANCESCO DELLA ROVERE)     Born near Abisola, 21 July, 1414; died 12 Aug., 1484. His parents were poor, and while still a child he was destined for the Franciscan order. Later… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Sixtus — Sixtus. I. Päpste: 1) S. I., römischer Bischof von 116 od. 119 bis 127 od. 128, soll die Feste vor Ostern eingeführt haben u. endlich enthauptet worden sein; er wird deshalb als Märtyrer verehrt. 2) S. II., wurde 257 Bischof u. 258 in der… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Sixtus — Sixtus, Name von fünf römischen Päpsten: 1) S. I., Heiliger, 116 (?) bis 125 (?), angeblich Märtyrer. Fest: 6. April. 2) S. II., Heiliger, 257 bis 258, Märtyrer in der valerianischen Verfolgung. Fest: 6. August. 3) S. III., Heiliger, 432 bis 19.… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Sixtus IV. — Papst Sixtus IV. ernennt Platina im griechischen Saal des Vatikans zum Präfekten der Bibliothek (Fresko von Melozzo da Forlì, ca. 1477 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sixtus V — (Felice Peretti) 1521 90, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 1585 90. * * * orig. Felice Peretti born Dec. 13, 1520, Grottammare, Ancona, Papal States died Aug. 27, 1590, Rome Pope (1585–90). A dedicated Franciscan and two time inquisitor general of… …   Universalium

  • Pope Sixtus IV — Sixtus IV Papacy began August 9, 1471 Papacy ended August 12, 1484 (13 years, 3 days) Predecessor …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.