Sixtus of Siena
Sixtus of Siena or Sixtus Senensis (1520 - 1569), a converted Jew, followed a
Franciscancourse of study and became a Roman Catholic theologian. Though he was convicted of heresyhe was saved by a Dominican inquisitor, the future Pope Pius V, who repealed the condemnation when Sixtus recanted and pledged to transfer to the Dominican Orderinstead. He is considered one of the two outstanding Dominican scholars of his generation. [The other being Santes Pagnino(Benedict Ashley, "History of the Dominican Order").] He had as a master Lancelotto Politi, some of whose writings he later publicly criticised.
Sixtus coined the term "
deuterocanonical" to describe certain books of the Old Testamentthat had not been accepted as canonical but which appeared in the Septuagint, and the definer for the Roman Catholics of the terms " protocanonical" and the ancient term " apocryphal".
His work "Bibliotheca sancta ex præcipuis Catholicæ Ecclesiæ auctoribus collecta" ["Sacred library collected from the precepts of the authorities of the Catholic Church".] (Venice 1566) treats the sacred writers and their works, the best manner of translating and explaining Holy Writ, and gives a copious list of Biblical interpreters, in eight books. It was the first of the genre of encyclopedic teaching repertories of
dogmaand Church tradition issued in the wake of the Council of Trent.
*John Warwick Montgomery, 1963. "Sixtus of Siena and Roman Catholic Biblical Scholarship", "Archiv für Reformationsgeschichte" 54 p 214ff.
*Fernando Dominguez, "Sixtus von Siena", in: "Lexikon für Theologie und Kirche" 3 IX, 647.
*http://www.ofmconvmalta.org/interconv/culture/schol.htm "Franciscan scholars": Sixtus of Siena]
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