The Rugians ( _la. Rugii) were an East Germanic tribe whose ultimate origins have been traced to Rogaland in Norway, whose population probably was the "Rugii" that Jordanes mentioned as a tribe that still remained in Scandza. The connection is further supported by the fact that an old name for the province was "Rygiafylke" ("y" is an umlaut of "u", like the German "ü" in "Rügen"). However, at the time of Jordanes, there were many Rugii in Italy whose tribe had made a long journey to arrive there.Fact|date=February 2008

Long before this mention of the Scandinavian Rugians, a group had settled at the estuaries of the Oder, from where they are said to have been pushed away when the Goths arrived from Scandinavia.

The Rugians remained for a while in Pomerania, where they are said to have given their name to Rügen. In the beginning of the 4th century, they moved southwards and settled at the upper Tisza in what is now modern Hungary. They were later attacked the Huns but took part in Attila's campaigns in 451, but at his death they rebelled and created a kingdom of their own in what is presently Austria.

They were defeated by king Odovakar in 487, and joined the Heruls. Later they joined the Ostrogothic king Theodoric the Great when he invaded Italy in 489. In Italy, they formed their own division and disappeared with the Ostrogoths. Their name, however, was frequently misapplied in Latin sources to Rus of the 10th and 11th centuries.

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