A tortilla chip is a
snack foodmade from corn tortillas, which are cut into wedges and then fried (alternately they may be discs pressed out of corn masathen fried or baked). Corn tortillas are made of corn, vegetable oil, saltand water. Although first mass-produced in Los Angeles in the late 1940s, tortilla chips are considered to be a Mexican food. Though usually made of yellow corn (as pictured), they can also be made of white, blue, or red corn.
The tortilla chip was popularized by Rebecca Webb Carranza as a way to make use of misshapen tortillas rejected from the automated tortilla manufacturing machine that she and her husband used at their Mexican delicatessen and tortilla factory in southwest
Los Angeles. [cite news
title = Rebecca Carranza; a pioneer of the tortilla chip; 98
The San Diego Union-Tribune
publisher = Union-Tribune Publishing Co.
date = February 24, 2006
url = http://www.signonsandiego.com/uniontrib/20060224/news_1m24carranza.html
accessdate = 2007-11-04 ] Carranza found that the discarded tortillas, cut into triangles and fried, were a popular snack, and she sold them for a dime a bag at the El Zarape Tortilla Factory. In 1994, Carranza received the Golden Tortilla award for her contribution to the Mexican food industry. She died in
Phoenix, Arizona, on January 19, 2006, at the age of ninety-eight.
Tortilla chips are the quintessential and often complimentary
appetizerin Tex-Mex and Mexican restaurantsin the U.S. and elsewhere. Their popularity outside of California saw a steady rise in the late 1970s when they began to compete with corn chips, the dipping chip of choice during the first three quarters of the 20th century. They are typically served with a dip, such as salsa, chili con queso, or guacamole. When not served with a dip, the chips are often seasoned with herbs and spices. Although now available worldwide, the United Statesis one of the main markets for tortilla chips. Commercial brand names for tortilla chips include Tostitosand Doritos.
A more elaborate dish utilizing tortilla chips is
nachos, which consists tortilla chips served with melted or shredded cheese, although often other toppings are added or substituted, such as meat, salsa (such as pico de gallo), refried beans, guacamole, sour cream, diced onions, olives, and pickled jalapeños. More elaborate nachos are often baked for a short period of time to warm the tortillas and melt shredded cheese. First created circa 1943 by Ignacio "Nacho" Anaya, nachos may represent the earliest known creation of tortilla chips.
A similar fried corn snack is the
corn chip, which is not made from a tortilla, but from corn meal which has been processed into a particular shape, typically a small scoop. Fritosare an example of this. The principal difference between the corn in tortilla and corn chips is that the corn in a tortilla chip has undergone a process known as nixtamalization, which involves processing the raw corn with quicklime. Note that both tortilla and corn chips are referred to as "corn chips" in Australiaand Oceania. The main snack food competing with tortilla and corn chips is fried chips made from potatoes, known as potato chipsor "crisps".
Other fried or baked
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Tortilla chip — Tortilla chips. Bowl con … Wikipedia Español
Tortilla-Chip — Tortilla Chips mit diversen Dips Ein Tortilla Chip ist ein kleines, meist dreieckig geformtes Maismehl Salzgebäck. Tortilla Chips ähneln Kartoffelchips, werden aber aus einer Tortilla hergestellt. Diese wird dazu in Dreiecke zerschnitten, die… … Deutsch Wikipedia
tortilla chip — noun a small piece of tortilla • Hypernyms: ↑corn chip • Hyponyms: ↑nacho * * * noun, pl ⋯ chips [count] : a thin, hard piece of food (called a chip) that is made from corn and usually salted We had salsa and tortilla chips as an appetizer. * * * … Useful english dictionary
tortilla chip — tortilla chips N COUNT: usu pl Tortilla chips are thick crisps made from corn which are often served with dips such as salsa … English dictionary
tortilla chip — noun A chip or crisp made from baked corn tortillas … Wiktionary
tortilla chip — tor tilla .chip n a small hard flat piece of food made from corn, similar to a ↑crisp … Dictionary of contemporary English
Tortilla — es el nombre de diversos alimentos propios de diferentes países, el nombre proviene de torta pequeña; en cada país se llama tortilla a secas la que es más común en la zona. Gastronomía Tortilla afgana, especie de pan. Tortilla chip de la cocina… … Wikipedia Español
Tortilla (desambiguación) — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Tortilla es un alimento elaborado con diversos ingredientes, los cuales difieren de las diversas culturas que la consumen: tortilla de maíz, en México y Centroamérica , una oblea de masa de maíz nixtamalizado o de… … Wikipedia Español
Tortilla-Chips — mit Chili con Carne Dip Ein Tortilla Chip ist ein kleines, meist dreieckig geformtes Maismehl Salzgebäck. Tortilla Chips ähneln Kartoffelchips, werden aber aus einer Tortilla hergestellt. Diese wird dazu in Dreiecke zerschnitten, die anschließend … Deutsch Wikipedia
Tortilla — steht für: Tortilla (Spanien), spanische Variante des Omeletts Tortilla (Mexiko), mexikanisches Fladenbrot aus Mais oder Weizenmehl Tortilla Chip, kleines, meist dreieckig geformtes Maismehl Salzgebäck Siehe auch: Tortilia, Schmetterlingsart … Deutsch Wikipedia