Maximin Isnard

Maximin Isnard

Maximin Isnard (November 16, 1755 Grasse, Alpes-Maritimes - March 12, 1825 Grasse), French revolutionary, was a dealer in perfumery at Draguignan when he was elected deputy for the département of the Var to the Legislative Assembly, where he joined the Girondists.


Before the French Revolution

Born in 1755, he was the last son of Maximin Isnard and Anne-Thérèse Fanton. He became perfumer in Draguignan before opening a factory specializing in silk and soap.

Legislative Assembly

Isnard was quickly a revolutionary in accepting "new ideas" at the beginning of the Revolution, in 1789-1790.

On September 9, 1791, he was elected member of Legislative Assembly by the department of Var, in southeastern of France (district of Draguignan.

Isnard was linked to Brissot and sat at the left of the Assembly. He was very violent in his talks. For example, in his opinion, the French State had to deport all priests who have not accepted the Revolution.

He supported the "brissotins" who wanted a war against foreign countries, in order to strengthen Revolution.

Attacking the court, and the Austrian committee in the Tuileries, he demanded the disbandment of the king's bodyguard, and reproached Louis XVI for infidelity to the constitution. But on 20 June 1792, when the crowd invaded the palace, he was one of the deputies who went to place themselves beside the king to protect him.

Member of the National Convention

Elected to the National Convention in September 1792, he was sent to the army of the North, near Nice, to justify the insurrection ; he announced the take of Sospel and went back to Paris in autumn.

He voted for the death of Louis XVI in January 1793 and became a member of the Committee of General Security.

The committee, consisting of 25 members, proved unwieldy, and on 4 April, Isnard presented, on behalf of the Girondist majority, the report recommending a smaller committee of nine, which two days later was established as the Committee of Public Safety.

President of the National Convention (May 1793)

He was elected President of the Convention on May 16, 1793.

Isnard was presiding at the Convention when a deputation of the commune of Paris came to demand that Jacques René Hébert should be set at liberty, and he made the famous reply: "If by these insurrections, continually renewed, it should happen that the principle of national representation should suffer, I declare to you in the name of France that soon people will search the banks of the Seine to see if Paris has ever existed" [1]

The running away

On 2 June 1793 he offered his resignation as representative of the people, but was not comprised in the decree by which the Convention determined upon the arrest of twenty-nine Girondists. On 3 October, however, his arrest was decreed along with that of several other Girondist deputies who had left the Convention and were fomenting civil war in the departments.


Initially proscribed during the Thermidorian Reaction, he was allowed to return to the Convention on December 4, 1794.[2]

Seating to the Right, he became an adversary of more extremist revolutionaries.

On May 1795, he was sent to the département of Bouches-du-Rhône to uncover and prosecute fleeing Jacobins, which led him to being suspected of royalist sympathies.


On October 13, 1795, now regarded as a royalist, he was elected deputy for the Var to the Council of Five Hundred, where he played a very insignificant role.

In 1797 he retired to Draguignan.

End of life

In 1802, he published a pamphlet titled De l'immortalité de l'âme (“Immortality of Soul”), in which he praised Catholicism, and in 1804 another pamphlet, Réflexions relatives au sénatus-consulte du 28 floréal an XII, an enthusiastic apology for the Empire.

He was a supporter of Napoléon Ier, who named him Baron in 1813.

Upon the restoration he professed such royalist sentiments that he was not disturbed, in spite of the law of 1816 proscribing regicide ex-members of the Convention.

In 1825, he died in Grasse, in a deep anonymity.

See FA Aulard, Les Orateurs de la Legislative et de la Convention (Paris, 2nd ed., 1906).

See also


Others References

  1. ^ “Si jamais la Convention était avilie, si jamais par une de ces insurrections qui depuis le 10 mars se renouvellent sans cesse, et dont les magistrats n'ont jamais averti la Convention [...] Si par ces insurrections toujours renaissantes il arrivait qu'on portât atteinte à la représentation nationale, je vous le déclare, au nom de la France entière, Paris serait anéanti... ”. He said also : « Bientôt, on chercherait sur les rives de la Seine la place où cette ville aurait existé ».
  2. ^ Isnard, Maximin (1794). Proscription d'Isnard. Paris. 

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  • Maximin Isnard — (* 1751/55/58?; † 1825) war Politiker während der Französischen Revolution. Er war ein Parfümhändler in Draguignan, als er für das Départment Var als Abgeordneter in die Gesetzgebende Versammlung gewählt wurde. Dort schloss er sich den… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Maximin Isnard — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Isnard. Maximin Isnard Maximin Isna …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Isnard — ist der Name folgender Personen: Antoine Tristan Danty d’Isnard (1663–1743), französischer Botaniker Clemente José Carlos de Gouvea Isnard (1917–2011), brasilianischer Bischof Clément Isnard († 1612), Bischof von Glandèves 1593–1612 Jean Esprit… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Isnard — (spr. isnár), Maximin, Girondist, geb. 16. Febr. 1751 zu Grasse in der Provence, gest. daselbst 1830, ward 1791 in die Gesetzgebende Versammlung gewählt, schloß sich den Girondisten an und trug durch seine leidenschaftliche Beredsamkeit das… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

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  • Saint-maximin-la-sainte-baume — Saint Maximin la Sainte Baume …   Wikipédia en Français

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  • Orgue Joseph Isnard de l'église Notre-Dame de L'Assomption de Lambesc — Orgue Joseph Isnard de l église Notre Dame de l’Assomption à Lambesc Localisation Pays …   Wikipédia en Français

  • St-Maximin-la-Sainte-Baume — Saint Maximin la Sainte Baume …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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