Eastern Orthodox Church Roman Catholic Church Coptic Church
Thabatha, south of Gazain Palestine
prayer_attrib=St. Hilarion (291-371) was an
anchoritewho spent most of his life in the desert according to the example of Saint Anthony of Egypt.
Hilarion was born in
Thabatha, south of Gazain Palestineof pagan parents. He successfully studied rhetorics with a Grammarian in Alexandria. It seems that he was converted to Christianity in Alexandria. After that, he shunned the pleasures of his day-- theatre, circus and arena--and spent his time attending church. According to St. Jerome, he was a thin and delicate youth of fragile health.
Beginnings of Monastic Life
After hearing of Saint Anthony, whose name "was in the mouth of all the races of
Egypt" (according to St. Jerome), Hilarion, at the age of fifteen, went to live with him in the desert for two months. As Anthony's hermitage was busy with visitors seeking cures for diseases or demonic affliction, Hilarion returned home along with some monks. At Thabatha, his parents having died in the meantime, he gave his inheritance to his brothers and the poor and left for the wilderness.
His Time at Majoma
Hilarion went to the area southwest of
Majoma, the port of Gaza, that was limited by the sea at one side and marshland on the other. It was the abode of robbers.With him he took only a shirt of coarse linen, a cloak of skins given to him by St. Anthony, and a coarse blanket. He led a nomadic life, subsisting only on dried figs, which he ate after sunset.
After he was beset by carnal thoughts, he reduced his diet to the juice of herbs and less figs. Cold showers not being available, he took to praying, singing, the hoeing of the soil and the production of baskets made from rushes. Although he was quite starved, "so wasted that his bones scarcely held together" (Jerome) he still had visions of naked women, voluptuous meals, chariots and gladiatorial contests. Often he heard voices, of infants or of domestic animals, which he identified as demons.
He finally built a hut of reeds and sedges in which he lived for four years. Afterwards, he constructed a tiny low-ceilinged cell, "a tomb rather than a house", where he slept on a bed of rushes, and recited the bible or sang hymns.
He never washed his clothes, changed them only when they fell apart and shaved his hair only once a year. He was once visited by robbers, but they left him alone when they learned that he did not fear death (and had nothing worth stealing, anyway), promising to mend their ways.
Jerome gives a detailed account of his diet:
*from 20-23: half a pint of lentils moistened with cold water
*23-27: dry bread with salt and water
*27-30: wild herbs and roots
*31-35: six ounces of barley bread, and boiled vegetables without oilAfter that, he suffered from signs of malnutrition, his eyesight grew poor, his body shrivelled and he developed dry mange and scabs, so he had to slightly modify his diet.
*35-63: six ounces of barley bread, and boiled vegetables with oil
*63-80: six ounces of water, boiled vegetables with oil and a broth made from flour and crushed herbs, taken after sunset
After he had lived in the wilderness for 22 years, he became quite famous in Palestine. Visitors started to come, begging for his help.
His first miracle was when he cured a woman from
Eleutheropolis(a Roman city in Palestine) who had been barren for 15 years. Later, he cured blindness, raised children from the dead, healed a paralysed charioteer, and expelled demons. He even cured horses affected by evil magic and tamed a mad Bactrian Camel.
In time, a monastery grew around his cell, which was so beset by visitors, especially females, that Hilarion fled.
After numerous adventures, always beset by enthusiastic visitors seeking his help, Hilarion died in
Cyprusin 371 AD.
In 390 AD at
Bethlehem, Jerome wrote of Hilarion's life. According to Jerome, Bishop Epiphanius of Salamis, had already described his virtues in a well-known letter, which has not been preserved.See also St. hilarion-Aziz Hilarion in Templos- legends of CyprusSt. Hilarion Castle in Turkish: "101 houses", see the article Templos
Hermann Hesse adapted a biography of St. Hilarion as one of the three "Lives of Joseph Knecht"', making up his Nobel Prize winning novel "The Glass Bead Game" (also known as "Magister Ludi").
* [http://www.newadvent.org/fathers/3003.htm The life of St. Hilarion]
* [http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/07347a.htm The life of St. Hilarion from Catholic Encyclopedia]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Hilarion — de Gaza Pour les articles homonymes, voir Saint Hilarion et Saint Hilarion. Hilarion de Gaza, l un des … Wikipédia en Français
Hilarion — oder Ilarion (aus griechisch/lateinisch: der Fröhliche) ist der Name von: Ilarion Alfejew (* 1966), russisch orthodoxer Metropolit von Wolokolamsk und Leiter des Außenamtes des Moskauer Patriarchats Ilarion Ciobanu (1931–2008), rumänischer… … Deutsch Wikipedia
HILARION — saint (291 env. env. 371) On n’a conservé ni écrit, ni enseignement d’Hilarion, mais le récit de sa vie, composé vers 386 391 par saint Jérôme, a enchanté des générations de lecteurs. Celui ci a certainement amplifié le rôle de son héros et… … Encyclopédie Universelle
Hilarion — Hilarion, der Heilige, gegen Ende des 3. Jahrh. zu Tabatha bei Gaza (Palästina) geboren, in Alexandria zum Christentum bekehrt, ging, vom heil. Antonius (s. d. 1, S. 596). beeinflußt, in die Wüste, wo er zwischen Gaza und Ägypten 22 Jahre lang… … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
Hilarion — Hilarĭon, der Heilige, geb. 288 zu Tabatha bei Gaza, Schüler des heil. Antonius, gest. 371 auf Cypern; Begründer des Mönchswesens in Palästina und Syrien … Kleines Konversations-Lexikon
Hilarion, St. — Hilarion, St., geb. 288 zu Tabathe bei Gaza, gest. 372 in den unzugänglichen Bergen der Insel Cypern, war ein Schüler des hl. Antonius (s. d.) u. nach diesem der eifrigste Förderer des Mönchthums, das er in Palästina und Syrien verbreitete … Herders Conversations-Lexikon
HILARION — Eremita clarus, in Syria Monachorum institutum adauxit, qui cum signis et miraculis iam claresceret, in Gaza urbe tres cuiusdam matronae filios, simul repente morbo correptos, invocato nomine Iesu, extemplo curavit: quod postquam auditum est,… … Hofmann J. Lexicon universale
Hilarion, S. (7) — 7S. Hilarion, Abb. (21. Oct.) Dieser hl. Abt Hilarion, dessen Leben der hl. Hieronymus beschrieben hat, war in dem Flecken Tabatha, fünf Meilen südlich von Gaza in Palästina, im J. 291 von heidnischen Eltern geboren. Dieselben mußten vermöglich… … Vollständiges Heiligen-Lexikon
Hilarión — San Hilarión Fundador de la vida monástica en Palestina Nacimiento 292 Fallecimiento 372 … Wikipedia Español
Hilarion, S. (4) — 4S. Hilarion, Abb. (6. Juni, al. 6. Juli). Auch dieser Abt Hilarion, welcher nach den Bollandisten (Jul. II. 249) bei Castellanus am 6. Juli steht, führt zur Unterscheidung von dem anderen berühmteren Abte Hilarion7 den Beinamen der Jüngere. (Vgl … Vollständiges Heiligen-Lexikon